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ment-and if he have no quick cattle, then three shillings and sixpence for a dead Heriot.
2. On the death of every Copyholder for life, three shillings and sixpence for a dead' Heriot, and no more.
3. If any person to whom a right of Copyhold shall descend, shall die before admittance, one quick Heriot is due for every messuage or tenement, and no more, and for want of a quick Heriot, three shillings and sixpence for a dead Heriot. (This is understood to mean for every distinct Copyhold).
4. If a surrender be made to any person being no copyholder before, then, he is to fine at the will of the Lord, and to pay three shillings and sixpence for a dead Heriot, and no relief.
5. If a surrender be made of a Copyhold to any Copyholder, there is due to the Lord three shillings and sixpence for a dead Hariot, and a relief, which is the extent of the rent (i. e. the quit rent) by the year due to the Lord, and no
6. Copyholds descend to the youngest son, and if no son, then to the youngest daughter, and so to the youngest in every degree.
7. All Copyholders who have any estate of inheritance, may strip and waste, but the tenant for life may do neither.
8. No Copyholder may let a lease of his Copyhold without licence of the Lord, for more than three years, and is to give to the Lord for every year that he is to have licence to let his Copyhold, sixpence, and no more.
At the Court Leet and Baron, which is held annually in Easter week, are appointed Constables, Headboroughs, Aleconners, Fleshtasters, and other Officers.
Formerly the King's writs were executed and returned by the bailiff.
The quit rents are collected by the Reeves annually chosen by the homage jury, at the general Court Baron: there are eight Reeves-wick lands; (that is eight estates, the owners of which are liable to be chosen to serve the office of Reeve) the Reeves are generally chosen in rotation.
There are also eight Beadle-wick lands, the owners of which in their turn, serve the office of Beadle-they collect the fines and amercements. To neither of the offices of Reeve or
Beadle is any pecuniary consideration allowed for the duties performed.
When the revenues of the Archbishop were seized at the time of Cromwell's usurpation, the annual value of the manor, palace, and lands in Croydon, were computed at £274 19 9. The land being valued at ten shillings per acre, the Copices at from three to five shillings, the timber and underwood at £3456 1 4.-In the woods of Norwood such extreme waste was at this time committed, that there remained but 9200 oaken pollards, and 80 timber trees.
The Park Hill
Is a very agreeable spot, about half a mile East of the town of Croydon, beautifully situated on an elevation, from which it commands extensive views of Windsor, Blackheath, and part of Middlesex. It has always belonged to the manor and See of Canterbury, except during a short interval, when Henry VIII. obliged Archbishop Cranmer to give it him in exchange for some other lands. But it reverted to the See by grant from Edward VI.
William Walworth, the famous Lord Mayor of London, who slew Wat Tyler, upon his in
sulting Richard II. was keeper of this park, and probably resided here. In the reign of Charles I. and at the usurpation, Francis Leigh, gentleman, was the keeper, and had a patent for a lodge in the park; was Reeve of the woods, had all the small spray, the doted and rotten trees, the bark of all trees felled, with grass for two cows in the park, and a fee of two pence per day.
This mansion has always been inhabited by respectable families, lately by Robert Boxall, Esq. who died here in 1807, and is at present in the possession of P. P. Barraud, Esq.
It was in contemplation that an Act of Parliament should be passed for the erection of a Palace here, for the residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury; but the purchase of the house at Addington rendered this proceeding unnecessary.
Waddon Hamlet, and Manor.
Waddon is a village about half a mile from Croydon Church. Its name is Saxon, and is supposed by Dr. Ducarel to be derived from Woden, the Idol formerly worshipped there. It was given in the year 1127 by Henry I. to the monks of Bermondsey, who in 1390 trans
ferred it to Archbishop Courtney in exchange for the appropriation of the Church of Croydon; and ever since that time it has continued annexed to the See of Canterbury.
A Court Baron is held here annually in Easter week, when a Constable is appointed for the Hamlet. Before the manor House is a considerable spring of water sufficient to work the corn mill situated here, and to supply the large head of water mentioned by Ducarel; which mi is mentioned in Domesday. In this village reside R. D. Warrington, John Mills, and J. H. Cazenove, Esqrs.
Is pleasantly situated at the South-end of the town, in the centre of a beautiful park covered with well-grown timber. In this park is that fine grove of exotics, and ever-greens, refer
* Dr. Ducarel quoting from the Regula Generales de nominibus locorum, at the end of the Saxon Chronicle, gives the words Inge in nominibus locorum designat pratum; (Igne in the names of places means a meadow) Sanctus, (holy) in Saxon, continues the Doctor is halig, and from thence is derived the old English word All-hallows, for All Saints, and therefore it is not unlikely that Halig may mean the Holy