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to him on shore, jumped into the in the French papers, and such a boats, and surrounded the Cadmus doubt sufficiently speaks the nature with shouts of “ Vive La Fayette," of their allegiance. Ferdinand himwhich were re-echoed by the crews self is in a small village called Saceof all the American vessels in the don, occupied alternately in framing road, who had, in compliment to their violent decrees, and regulating a guest, hoisted the national flag. “On little theatre which he attends every this occasion,” says the private letter evening, accompanied by his now from which we extract this account, favourite, M. de Colamarde, and “ M. de Villele has more reason to where he himself performs the funcboast of his zeal than his address.” tions of the police, ordering silence We were the first to announce, in our with his own legitimate voice. It last, the probable publication of Na- is said, that the famous Empecinado, poleon's Will, and the fact has since who was in prison at Boa, has been proved the authenticity of our intel- released, partly by force and partly ligence. The conduct of the French by stratagem; we hope it may turn government on this subject is ludi- out so. The Spanish government crous. Finding they cannot deny its are deplorably in want of money, genuineness, they affect to despise and, as a dernier resort, Ferdinand is and denounce it, taking care at the said to have entered into a contract same time, however, to clos the with some English resident speculaeyes of the French people against its tors, to let to them for certain fixed possible perusal. The editors of the sums the privilege of collecting the Courier Français were imprudent duties on the entry of the merchanenough to insert it, and the whole dise into the large towns! In the impression was instantly confiscated meantime the measure of the purifiby the police.
cation, as it is called, is proceeding We believe that we alluded in our in with great vigour ; it is, in fact, a last to the arrival of Haytian com- mean subterfuge by which obnoximissioners in Paris; these commis- ous persons may be sacrificed under sioners, it is said, had proceeded the colour of an official investigation, thither at the express request of M. Amongst those who were declared by de Villele; but after much negocia- the judges impurificado, is the celebrattion it appeared that, as a sine qua ed General Castanos, who, of course, non, the independence of their re- must quit the capital. Ferdinand, it public was insisted on by the Hay- appears, is so angry with the King tians, and this France not being of Portugal for having convened the disposed to concede, the commis- Cortes, that he refuses to send sioners departed. It is not easy to representative to that Court. No conceive what rational hope France doubt he must be highly delighted can now entertain of the recovery of at the vigorous measures of his broher empire over St. Domingo. ther of Austria, who has actually
The accounts from Spain are just issued a decree prohibiting three or such as might have been expected. four English ladies and Lord Holland Amongst the people themselves there from entering his dominions; the is nothing but distrust or hatred; charge against the latter is, that he and the animosity against their is such a radical ! The Pope too French protectors has risen to such ought to come in for his share of a height, that it is said General Di- favour, he having by a late Bull regeon has formally demanded his re- stored the Jesuits, in which holy call from his government, unless order the nephew of Chateaubriand Ferdinand be restrained in the odious has just been enrolled. policy which he is pursuingOpen By advices which have been recombats have taken place even in ceived from the Brazils, we learn the streets of Madrid, between the that a great alarm existed at Rio French and Spanish soldiery; and Janeiro, relative to an expected inDigeon had at length succeeded in vasion from Portugal. The blockade getting two Spanish regiments, which of Pernambuco was raised, and all were under the orders of Quesada in the vessels employed in it were rethe capital, removed to Ceuta, a called for the defence of the capital. kind of exile ; their concurrence, The Emperor had issued two very however, in this demand is doubted strong proclamations, one addressed
to the Pernambucans, the other to the effects of the cold on its early growth ; the people, calling on them to arm but it still promises better than was expectand unite in the common
ed, although it will not probably reach an Lord Cochrane had had, it seems, average crop. Both peas and beans are some serious differences with the excellent, and turnips every where most
gom vernment, relative to a dilatory ad- magnificent, and upon the whole, the latter judication, with respect to several part of the season may be considered as
most propitious for agricultural produce geof his Portuguese prizes, and had
nerally. gone on board his ship the Pedro
From such appearances, as well as from Primeiro, with the resolution of not the stagnant state of the market, notwithagain landing, unless his demands standing the comparative smallness of the were complied with. The govern- supply, it may be fairly inferred that the ment in their alarm, however, took price of grain will continue to fall as soon as the necessary measures to conciliate the actual productiveness of the crop can be him, and his Lordship was using ascertained. The question so often disevery exertion to prepare a fleet for cussed, whether the kingdom grows suffi
cient for its own consumption, has comWe have thus, with considerable pletely been set at rest by the results of the
last two years. This opinion is founded upon labour, gleaned the foregoing sum- the following facts. The average importamary of foreign affairs from very tion of the 27 years, ending Jan. 5, 1819, barren journals. Our domestic ab- was 500,000 quarters per annum. The stract is, however, completely a importation of the year 1818, which ablank. The papers are filled with mounted to 1,509,886 quarters, must therethe Assize intelligence, and must, fore be taken to have supplied the markets we fear, depend upon police offices, for the ensuing three years, ending 1822 ; when the circuits are over.
We and the market may at that period be sup. may add, however, that if the wea- posed perfectly clear of foreign wheat, and ther should continue favourable, the home supply to be past. Such being
the effects of importation in suspending there is every chance of a most abun- the case, the year from the harvest of 1823 dant harvest. A vague report is in
to the harvest of 1823, may be said to have circulation, that his Majesty medi
met the entire demand of the kingdom, and tates a continental tour.
upon the following grounds.
The harvest of 1822 was very late, and
therefore, even if that of 1823 had taken THE harvest has generally commenced, place at its usual period, there would still and with every appearance, if the weather have been left a shorter time for the conproves favourable for housing, that it will sumption of the crop of that year. But it be found a full average crop. The reports so happened that the harvest of 1823 was from all parts of the kingdom, with scarce- very early, and therefore the period between ly an exception, are most promising. In one the two harvests was much shortened, and or two of the counties indeed, mildew and the quantity of wheat that must remain rust are alluded to, but in such terms as over the demand would be still greater, and not to indicate the slightest apprehension this crop was allowed to be deficient at least that the growth will be injured to any ex- one-third. The harvest of this year is now tent. Upon some of the best soils the general, not particularly early, and yet the corn has been laid by the torrents of rain kingdom has had no occasion for a foreign which have fallen in some districts of the supply. The markets rose immediately kingdom, but in most, even of those places after the last harvest, from the general imwhere the crop has not been excessively pression that the crop was very deficient, and heavy or the rain of any continuance, it has therefore that the ports would open previous recovered. Nor is wheat the only good to the present harvest. The rise was also crop of which this harvest will have to increased by the power which both the boast. Oats are said to be very abundant farmer and merchant possessed, in conand very productive, particularly in the sequence of the change of the times and West Riding of Yorkshire; and if the abundance of money, to hold their stock. months of September and October, say the Another cause was added to these in the inhabitants of that district, continue favour- anxiety of the millers to buy, as a rise in able, this crop, which on the elevated parts the price of four would naturally follow. exhibits such an appearance of plenty as But notwithstanding these circumstances is seldom witnessed, will be got up in fine the supply has been found amply sufficient order, and the population will be blessed to meet the demand, and yet not so great as with a most abundant supply of their to drain the country. cheap and favourite food, oatmeal. The If then, with a crop allowed on all hands barley crop has ncver entirely rallied from w be deficient in so great a degree, without
the aid of foreign importation, with a po- from the averages as his principal. The pulation far more numerous, and with all President of the Board of Trade is abroad, other circumstances conjoined, the markets and the question will therefore be left for have not upon the average of the year risen investigation. above 678. or 68s. per quarter, it must in- The weekly average arrivals have been evitably follow that under such an appear. of wheat, 5869 qrs.; barley, 575 qrs.; ance as the crop now presents, reith a sur. oats, 12,244 qrs.; English Aour, 6549 plus from a deficient year, and with a sacks ; Irish ditto, 55 barrels. stagnant trade, the price must fall inde. The average price for wheat, 58s. 1d.; finitely. Besides these circumstances, other barley, 33s. 6d. ; oats, 258. 10d. facts bear out very strongly this opinion. The wool fairs have been generally well The actual quantity of wheat which arrived attended. At Lewes, pure down fetched coastwise at the Port of London, during from 36s. to 378. per tod. Half-bred Leithe four weeks, commencing July 28, and cester and down, 53s. 6d. and pure Leicesending August 18, 1823, amounted to ter, 32s. At Northampton, the average 40,393 quarters, while the quantity that was from 29s. to 30s. At York, hog wool arrived in the four weeks, beginning July was sold at 17s. 6d. per stone of 16 lbs. and 26, and ending August 16, 1824, was only hog and ewe at 158.6d. 23,478 quarters, leaving a deficit this year The hop plantations have greatly im. of 16,915 quarters. The quantity actually proved, and they are now coming into burr. sold in the same period of 1823 was 30,667 Those grounds which are backward will do quarters, while in 1824 no more than but very little, but the good ones will pro22,900 quarters were disposed of, being duce full an average crop. The duty has less than the number of quarters sold in consequently risen. 1823 by 7667 quarters. The number of The beef trade in Smithfield is very sacks of flour during the same period which heavy, and but little doing. The price of arrived was in 1823, 40,934; and in 1824, mutton and lamb has fallen, and the top 26,417 sacks, being a decrease of 14,517 price of the former for the general trade is sacks in the four weeks. Nothing can about 4s. 20. per stone, while beef reaches. prove more strongly the fact that the king- not more than from 38. 6d. to 4s. dom cari maintain its population than these statements, because they show that not
COMMERCE. withstanding the decrease in the quantity of
Aug. 24, 1824. wheat, the millers are so sure of a fall as No remarkable alterations have taken to make them disregard the flux of water, place since our last in the foreign commeror, if not true, they have a sufficient stock cial relations of the kingdom ; but a comin hand to carry them through until after mercial treaty is now pending with the harvest, when they expect the decline. The kingdom of the Netherlands, which it is small arrivals of flour also demonstrate that hoped may establish a liberal system of the bakers have either a great stock, and reciprocal advantage ; meantime the Dutch can and will wait ; or will buy only as they government has ordered that, till the require it. If, therefore, the demand was treaty in question shall be concluded, goods great, the price must have risen, instead of imported from the ports of the United Kingwhich it has fallen. From all these facts dom, under the English flag, shall pay no we are led to conclude that there must be more duty than those imported under the an indefinite decline in the price of grain, flag of the Netherlands, with the excepas soon as the present crop comes into the tion of certain goods, which have hitherto market.
enjoyed exemptions when imported in NeA great sensation has been caused by therland ships. A treaty has actually been the return made of oats sold in Mark Lane, concluded with Denmark on the basis of during the week ending August 7. The reciprocity. quantity returned was 27,543 quarters, and Cotton. The market has been on the at an average of 30s. 4d. Such an im- whole rather dull for the last month ; howmense number of transactions has surprised ever there was more inquiry last week for the every one, and it is very much doubted lower descriptions of Bengal cotton for exwhether there was a sufficient quantity in port, but the market generally for India the market to make the number of bona has been heavy; the Madras were taken fide sales that have been returned to the for consumption, as well as most of the officer. The rise in the price has been Brazils. The sales are 1790 bags, as folcaused, it is said, by effecting joint sales of lows, viz.—580 Bengals, ordinary to midIrish on English oats, and by deducting dling 5fd. and 54d.; fair and good fair 10 or 12 shillings per quarter from the 53d. to 5d ; good 53d. to 6d. ; 100 SuIrish, and adding it to the English, thus rats, fair to good fair 53d, to old. ; 340 making it appear that the former has been Madras, good fair to good 6 d. to 6 d. sold at 10 or 12 shillings a quarter, and the very good 01d.; 450 i'ernams, 105d. to latter at between 30 and 40. It is thought 1d.; 120 Paras, 94d.; 200 Boweds, 8d. that the receiver will not reject this relurn to 844. The Liverpool market has like
wise been dull. The sales in five weeks to-day ; St. Domingo at 63s. ; in the from July 17 to August 21, were 48,800 other qualities there is little variation. The bags. Arrivals, 31,357 bags.
public sale this forenoon, 327 casks JaSugar.-The business done in Musco. maica and Dominica, sold freely ; good vades for this month past is extremely ex. ordinary rank Jamaica 61s. to 62s. ; fine tensive. In the week ending August 3, fine ordinary 698.; Dominica sold at the 5000 hogsheads were sold, but without ad- previous prices. vance in the prices, the holders being ready Spices.—East India Company's Sale, 9th to sell at the currency of the day. In the inst.--Saltpetre, 546 tons, private trade, following week 7000 hogsheads were sold sold at 225. to 23s. 6d. ; pepper, black, in four days, (the low prices and alarming 4552 bags, 5d. to 64d.; ditto white, 75 news from Jamaica inducing buyers to bags Company's, 15 d. to 16 d.-Cinnacome forward,) without any advance, till mon, 451 bales, Ist quality, 6s. 7d. to Tuesday 10th, when an advance of 6d. to Os. 11d.; 166, 2d quality, 58. 7d. to 1s. per cwt. was asked. The same alarm 58. 10d. ; 36, 3d quality, 4s. 7d.--Cloves, caused similar effects the ensuing week. Bourbon, ls. 11d. to 28. 2d. ; Bencoolen, 7000 hogsheads were sold from Tuesday to 2s. Id. to 2s. Ild.-Mace, 17 casks, Ist Friday, and more would have been disposed quality, 4s. 78.- Nutmegs, 500 casks, una of, but that a considerable advance had garbled, 2s. 7d. to 2s. 11d.—Cassia lignea, taken place, and many holders entirely 51. 16s. to 71. 2s.— Cassia buds, 101. 14s. withdrew their sugars from the market, an. to 141. 18.–Ginger, 22s. to 22s. 6d. ticipating much higher prices ; the advance At this sale the chief article of attraction was 1s. to 1s. 6d. on brown, and 1s. Od. to was nutmegs, which sold with much spirit, 28. on finer Muscovades.
owing, chiefly, to the reduced stock on The advance asked last week prevented hand; all other spices went off heavily. the usual purchases : the prices were how- Company's stock on hand the Ist of ever supported, but the sales were incon- August :
-Nutmegs, 336,400 unsold, siderable.
125,500 in buyers' hands.-Mace, 74,500 There appears a greater disposition a- unsold, 31,792 in buyers' hands. mong the buyers to purchase Muscovades Oils.—The reports from the Greenland this forenoon, and though the sales are not fishery have been rather unfavourable, but extensive, yet the market appears improve not authenticated sufficiently to cause much ing; there is no alteration in the prices. alteration in the market : the latest accounts
The public sale of Barbadoes Sugar this are rather better, but prices are unchanged. forenoon, 156 hhds, went off freely about General price 221. for parcels here, and 1s. per cwt. higher than the previous sales. for arrival 231.
In the Refined market there was little Hemp, Flar, and Tallow.—Tallow has variation in the prices; the fine goods improved, and the advance is firmly maintained the late advance, and low goods maintained ; yellow candle tallow, 1823, were scarce, and commanded high rates. is still 35s. 9d., and for new 36s. 3d. ; tal
In the Refined market this forenoon there low for August and September shipments is no variation in the prices, but the buyers 36s. 6d. to 36s. 9d.; in hemp or flax there appear more inclined to do business ; fine is little alteration to notice ; hemp for July goods are partially in request... Molasses and August shipments 36s. 10d. are rather heavy, 26s. to 258. 6d.
At the close of the market to-day, tallow In Foreign Sugars the purchases report. was lower; for 1823, 358. 6d.; and new ed were not extensive; some good white 368.; sellers at these prices. Havannah Sugars sold at 38s. 6d.
Silk.-The silk trade continues very Coffee.-The market though fluctuating brisk, but there is little variation in the has on the whole been favourable, and prices. prices advancing, the sales have been very Rum, Brandy, and Hollands.- The extensive.
rum market continues firm, but the business The public sales of last week went off lately reported is not extensive ; proof Leewith considerable briskness, and the late wards and 1 and 2 over 1s. 4d.; the late advance was firmly maintained ; St. Do- prices for stronger qualities are also mainmingo sold freely at 62s. to 62s. 6d.; Ha- tained. The accounts from France as to vannah 59s. to 63s.; good ordinary Ja- the appearance of the vines are still unfamaica 59s. to 62s. ; fine ordinary 64s. tovourable, and there is no doubt there will 66s.
be a great deficiency compared with the It was anticipated the opening of the previous year (which was uncommonly Ports for Foreign Oats would greatly im- productive).—The nearest price for brandy .. prove the Coffee market, but the event has housed is 2s. 7d.; for arrival in cargoes no
not produced such a great effect as was transactions are reported.- Geneva congenerally looked for; good and fine ordi- tinues to advance ; for pale Is. 9d. is the nary Jamaica, however, sold Is. to 2s. higher nearest quotation.
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