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Greek Classics, translations from the important. They relate part of the ancient and modern languages, are wars between France and England; now as abundant as ever.

the flight of the Dauphin, son of

Charles VII, into the Belgic proThe attention of the public in the vinces; the ambitious views of PhiNetherlands has been attracted to lip, the good Duke of Burgundy; the the Ancient Chronicles ; and a Col- violence of the Count

de Charolais; lection of Memoirs, relative to the the seditions of the Flemings; the History of the Low Countries, is an- beginning of the reign of Louis XI. ; nounced for publication, by M. de and the dreadful catastrophe of the Reiffenberg, who has commenced Liegeois. M. de Reiffenberg, who his useful undertaking by giving to has bestowed laudable pains on his the world the Memoirs of Jacques author, intends, we understand, to Du Clercq, from the hitherto inedited publish Molinet, Dinterus, Antoine manuscripts of the King's Library. de Lalain, and several other ChroniThough much inferior to Comines, clers, whose works have never get these volumes are interesting and been printed.

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. We have to record this month the sufferer was merely the creature death of a King and the execution of of medicine. That he endured an Emperor, events which in a less much pain is clear from the exmarvellous age than ours has been, pression in the dispatch of the would have been deemed remarkable English Ambassador who styles his enough; but Kings and Queens in complaint “ a protracted agony ; this day have been created with as and that he endured it firmly and much facility and shuffled away with piously, it is only justice to him to as little concern as their motley re- state that all accounts concur in representatives on a pack of cards. presenting. The first public declaLouis XVIII. has departed to the ration of his danger was contained same bourne with the exile of St. in the following notification from his Helena, `and Iturbide has followed physicians dated at the Tuilleries, with remarkable similitude the fate September 12, “ six in the mornof the unfortunate Murat. Although ing.” “ The old and permanent inLouis died a natural death on the firmnities of the King having sensibly morning of Thursday the 16th of increased for some days past, his September, he was put out of the health has appeared extremely imworld on the preceding Monday very paired and has been the subject of circumstantially and unanimously by more frequent consultations. The our exclusive intelligencers of the constitution of his Majesty, and the London journals. The day after attention that is paid him, have they had formally announced his de- maintained for some days the hope of cease, a bulletin arrived stating that seeing his health restored to its hahe had « taken broth' three times bitual state, but it cannot now be within a few hours—a fact, which, dissembled that his strength has conif our brethren of the daily press siderably declined, and that the hope can establish their account, will fur- that was entertained must be also nish a very striking proof of a person weakened.” This was signed by after death indulging vigorously in four physicians, and by the Comte the propensities of his life-time. de Damas, First Gentleman of The statement, however, certainly the Chamber, and was sufficiently does seem to require confirmation. expressive of the event which, we It is not our intention to give the have seen, took place in four days daily or rather hourly bulletins with after. On the 13th the danger bewhich the French physicians pre- came so imminent that the King repared the people for this event; they ceived the holy viaticum and the exclearly show that nature had been treme unction, solemn rites of the for a long time almost exhausted, Catholic church which are never adand that for the last months of his ministered except when the patient existence at all events the royal is considered as just departing. At five minutes after eight, say the perfectly rhapsodical at Louis's conFrench papers, the Grand Almoner duct, compare this expression to that entered the chamber of the King, used by Henry the Fourth to his accompanied by the Bishop of Her- confessor during the ceremony of the mopolis, First Almoner, and one of Queen's coronation, “I am thinking the clergy of the chapel. His Royal of the last judgment and of the Highness Monsieur, the Duke d’An- account which we must render to goulême, Madame and the Duchess God.” Really it does seem to us no of Berri, attended the sacramental very flattering compliment to crownceremony,carrying the lighted tapers. ed heads to consider such thoughts The Prince de Castelcicala, the Pre- or expressions coming from them as sident of the Council, the Ministers, laudatory. We know of no king who the Grand Officers of the household, is not quite as much interested in the and generally all the persons in the “ last judgment,” as the very meanservice of his Majesty, and their est of his subjects. It cannot be Royal Highnesses, were present at denied, however, that the final conthis august and affecting service! duct of the late King of France Such a concourse around a death-bed eminently became him; were we might in our mind have just as well obliged to point out the passage in been spared, unless it was impera- his life which reflected on him most tively demanded by some state ne- credit, we should select the period cessity. Private details indeed con- subsequent to the belief in his apcur in stating that Louis, though proaching dissolution. Immediately eminently pious throughout, showed after the fatal event, the new King great aversion to this public reception Charles the Tenth, the Dauphin, the of the priesthood. After this service Dauphiness, and the Duchess of had ended, the Princes and Princesses Berri, set out for St. Cloud. The of the Royal Family heard a mass manner in which the French papers in the chapel on acts of mercy. They speak of the late King and the prethen returned to the King, and re- sent one is highly amusing and chaceived on their knees his blessing— racteristic; they are peculiarly carehis Majesty said, “ Adieu, my chil- ful that their panegyrics on the dead dren, may God be with you." They shall show the survivor that they then heard mass for the sick, and have some still to spare. The folagain returned to the Royal cham- lowing is a fair specimen, or rather ber at the request of his Majesty, epitome of the entire: “How glowho raised his hand from the bed, rious, how holy is the agony of the saying, “ In bidding you adieu, Í most Christian King! Monarchs of wish to give you my blessing--may the earth come and learn how to die. God be with you."

Louis evinced Sorrow is spread among the people ; throughout this scene remarkable the father of the family is dyingcalmness. Subsequently to this, the weep all-weep. A new reign apKing's strength continued to decline, proaches; the noble son of Franceand at times the crisis became so the model of honour and loyalty is alarming, that all around thought called to the throne-Frenchmendeath inevitable at the moment; it let us console ourselves.To say is said, however, that he himself the truth of them, the good peopredicted the day of his dissolution. ple of Paris are very facile of conOn the morning of the 15th he de- solation--they were consoled by the sired that the prayers for the dying Bourbons when Napoleon went to might be recited, and being unable Elba-consoled by Napoleon when verbally to deliver the responses, he Louis went to the Holy Allies--contold those around him that he would soled by Louis when Napoleon went do so mentally. He requested that to St. Helena, and no doubt, now a crucifix might be given him, which that Louis and Napoleon are gone on he kissed repeatedly. When the the same journey, they will be as Grand Almoner arrived to receive thoroughly, as tenderly, and as truly bis confession, the King, turning to consoled by the Count d'Artois. his successor, said, ' My Brother, About the personal character of the you have affairs which claim your late monarch, there was nothing presence- I have also duties to ful- at all conspicuous, except his great fil." The French journals, which are appetite and proportionate digestion.

During the early years of the Revo- day preceding the King's death, lution, he had, as is said, the ambic Villele is reported to have said in his tion to become Regent, and he headed saloon, “ France is menaced with an opposition to Louis XVI. and a great misfortune ; she is going to Marie Antoinette-he failed, and lose her king; but Monsieur is in fled to Coblentz, of which flight he the secret of state, and every thing is has left a bad literary but charac- so arranged that there will be no teristic account; he attempted to change or commotion.” No commoorganize the emigrants, but failed tion there certainly has been, and also ; wandered about, occasionally that there may be no change we as a pensioner of Russia and Prussia, certainly give Monsieur Villele the full and an outcast of both; and then be credit for wishing; we never knew a came a guest of England, from which minister who did wish for any, but dependant situation he was rescued whether there will be any or not, by the madness of Napoleon and does not quite depend upon his ipse the winter of 1814. The most re- dixit. His opponents are hard at markable circumstance which occur work, each in their vocations ; for red to him during his dethronement, instance, Decaze has burst into the and a remarkable one certainly it is, chamber of the late king, thrown is that at an obscure inn near Uloa, in himself upon the dead body, bathed Germany, his forehead repelled a it in tears (a good set-off against the horse pistol ball which was fired holy water) and been carried away against it from an opposite window! in the extreme of Parisian sensibi. There was not even a mark left upon lity! Chateaubriant has published a his legitimate os frontis. His chief pamphlet, lauding the late king as vanity, was an ambition of literature a paragon of creation, only surpassed and mistresses

that the Muses fair- by the man who was to succeed him, ly jilted him, his own publications and has done it so effectually that he are proof, and there certainly has was received with open arms at the been published nothing to prove any new court, warmly welcomed by the success in his less spiritual devotion : Duchess d’Angoulême, and Madame du Cayla was his 'last smiled on through his sorrow by the avowed favourite, she was an acqui- new made monarch. It requires sition subsequent to his restoration, more than even M. Villele's philosowhich, having been accomplished at phy to predict what all this will end the

age of sixty, it is only fair to her in. Charles X. has been of course to say that in all probability her chief proclaimed, and has received several sin was its ostentation. Politically of the public functionaries and bothere is nothing to be said of Louis'; dies, to whom he has declared his his faults and his merits were adopted intention of following in the footsteps or rather dictated—the creation of of his predecessor; he has also dethe Holy Alliance: he had neither clared his intention of presiding in the power nor the inclination to rebel person twice a week in his council, against those who created him, and and therefore he will not make any therefore perhaps the sarcasm that subject president. Charles is in his “ he learned nothing and forgot no- sixty-seventh year; he is said to thing,". is more severe than just be a devotée, which is not unlikely, Upon the whole, we sincerely hope recollecting as we do what he was in we may never see a worse King ei- his youth, and therefore the clergy ther in France or elsewhere. The anticipate good tidings ; but the Christian fortitude of his death is clergy should recollect two things: undoubtedly an example to all men. France is greatly changed, and princes Nothing has occurred in Paris since are apt to change greatly also when the death, except the ceremonies con- they become kings; it is not impossequent upon every royal demise in sible that the clergy and M. Villele France-the closing of the public may both find themselves mistaken places, the court mourning, the sprink- in their calculations. Paris is changeling of the corpse with holy water, able both in its silks and its statesmen. &c. &c. There has been as yet nó Some of our readers may perhaps intimation anticipatory of any poli- wish to see how the succession in the tical change; indeed, there has been Bourbon family stands at present; scarcely time for any. On the Sun- we give the male succession of course,


the Salique law in that country ex. ly issued a decree, declaring him a cluding females from the throne. traitor from the moment he might

Louis is succeeded by his brother Charles land in the Mexican territory, and Philippe Count d'Artois.

appointing General Bravo, dictator, Louis Antoine, Duc d'Angoulême, his to act in the emergency of the Resón (Dauphin) born Aug. 6, 1776. public. On the 14th July, the Spring

Henry, Duc de Bourdeaux, (son of the arrived at Loto Marina, and Beneski Duc de Berri), born Sept. 29, 1820. landing, applied to General Garcia,

Louis Philippe, Duc d'Orleans, born the Commander in the province, New Oct. 6, 1773.

Santander, for passports for himself This last prince has five sons, the and another person, representing that eldest born in 1810, and the youngest they were come to the country on a in 1842. The ninth in succession is mining speculation, deputed by some the Duc de Bourbon, the father of eminent houses in Ireland, who had the unfortunate Duc d'Enghein, near- also commissioned them to make purly 70 years of age; there is an anec- chases of land to a large extent. dote told of him which is worth re- Garcia granted Beneski a passport, lating. His proper title is Condè, but refused to grant the second until and when his father died, it of course he saw the person for whom it was devolved on him

he had no children intended. Next day, the General left and refused to assume it. “ No," was informed that Beneski, after resaid he, “ I am not worthy to be the turning to the ship, had again landed last of the Condè's.” It is a pity with two other persons and proceedthat such a family should cease. ed to the interior. A party was imGrand arrangements are spoken of in mediately dispatched after them, and Paris with respect to the funeral of they were overtaken a few leagues the late King and the coronation of from the place where they landed; the new one-the sooner the one fol- Iturbide was of course instantly dislows the other the better ; a sudden covered by General Garcia, who had, transition from grief to joy will not it seems, been one of his old military much embarrass the Grand Nation. comrades. The decree of the 28th

We shortly noticed in our first sen- of April, authorizing his execution as tence the failure of Iturbide, and the a traitor the moment he landed on consequent death of that adventurer. the Mexican territory was read to There never perhaps was so sense- him, but Garcia not choosing to act less or hopeless an expedition. Our strictly up to its letter, dispatched readers are aware, that early in May him to abide the decision of the Conlast, Iturbide sailed from this country gress of the State, Taumalipa. The in the English brig, Spring, in com- Congress instantly ordered him to be pany with his wife and two children, shot, and their order was accordingand a foreigner of the name of Be- ly carried into force on the very neski. He had been exiled from evening of his arrival at Padilla. Mexico by the Congress, after his Thus has terminated this extraabdication, and allowed a large pen- vagant and Quixotic adventure. sion on condition of his residing with So far as it has been disclosed, Iturhis family in Italy: after a short time bide seems to have acted in the most he left Italy and came to England, senseless way possible. There does upon information of which event the not appear to have been any previous congress stopped his pension. His plan, or the slightest notice of his excuse for leaving Italy was, that the intention given to any of his partiCounter-revolution in Spain render- sans in Mexico, so that his landing, ed his residence there unsafe ; it discovery, and death, were without seems, however, that after his arrival commotion, and almost simultaneous. here, he wrote to Congress detailing The same post apprised his friends of the circumstances of his departure, his arrival and death. A document describing the accounts which he had has been since published in a London received of the distracted state of paper, purporting to be a proclamaMexico, and offering his services tion issued by him upon his landing ; there as a mere soldier and citizen to it does not appear, however, that he restore the peace of the country. The himself ever put forth this paper, so Congress no sooner received this that in all probability it is but the communication than they immediate- copy of an original, which circumstances did not allow of his distributé sons in authority did their duty ing abroad according to hisintentions. promptly, and the intelligence was He lost little by its suppression; it transmitted throughout the state with is a jejune, meagre, ill-conceived pro- a rapidity which proves that the duction, which could not have im- roads are not so infested with banposed on the credulity of a less in- ditti, as to impede for a moment the telligent people than those it was means of communication. Indeed, composed to deceive. In this pro- the chief of these bands, Gomez, who clamation, published here without commanded 300 men, and who was a date, he pretends that he comes as considered a partisan of Iturbide's, a mere citizen and soldier, with no had proposed the terms of surrender. views of personal aggrandisement. There can be no doubt that this event but merely to serve his country by will give additional stability to the giving her the benefit of the informa- Government, and therefore must tion he had acquired in Europe, and prove satisfactory to the friends of counteracting the combined plans of freedom. Bolivar is still in Peru, and French and Spanish policy. It is report assigns to him the recapture quite unnecessary to comment on of Lima and Callao; this intelligence such a production-independent of rests merely on report, and reports the personal character of Iturbide, in which the Stock Exchange is so who proved himself, when in power, manifestly interested should be reto be neither more nor less than amere ceived with caution: we shall be military despot; it is a fact, that his most happy next month to be enadeparture from England was publicly bled to publish their confirmation. spoken of in M. Villele's coteries at Having just detailed the fate of Paris as being in contemplation a one ambitious enemy to the cause of month before it happened ; so that freedom, we turn with pleasure to he seems to have kept up a pretty the contrast which the arrival of the good understanding, at least with friend of freedom in the same hemione nf the parties whose policy he sphere produces. We might fill an would persuade the Mexicans he entire number with the compliments landed to counteract. His death can paid to General La Fayette on his be considered in no other light than landing in America. The whole poas a national blessing to Mexico; for, pulation received him with open while he lived, his name would have arms; and his progress through the been a rallying word to the ambitious country has been one continued triand disaffected. As it is, the catas- umph. The account of his meeting trophe seems highly popular with the with the few surviving soldiers of country at large; public rejoicings the revolutionary war is peculiarly every where took place, and the city affecting. La Fayette seems to be of Mexico was illuminated on re- considered in fact as the guest of the ceipt of the intelligence. The na- whole nation-a nation of which he tional exultation at the loss of a sig- may be said to be one of the parents. nal enemy has had in it nothing of What, and how enviable, now must inhumanity; on the contrary, the be his sensations! A few years since very first deliberation of the Congress he found her a petty province, strugafter Iturbide’s death was the settle- gling fearlessly, but almost hopelessment of a provision on his family, ly, against oppression-he now reand with a liberality which does visits her, free and flourishing, a them infinite honour an annual pen- mighty nation, likely to retrieve and sion of 8000 dollars was settled upon transmit all that is valuable amongst his widow. “ He was ambitious, men! How much better and nobler and they slew him," but their subse- would it be to have died attempting quent conduct shows that the ambi- this, than to have lived and achieved tion to overthrow such a government the enterprise of Iturbide! As their was mere selfishness, and deserved objects have been different, so hapits fate. Some circumstances conse- pily has been their success. quent upon this event disprove many We copy from one of the late French previous accounts which we have re- papers the following piece of refreshing ceived as to the state of the interior of information. “On Thursday the 9th the country. Even in the most remote inst. at eleven o'clock, conformably to district from the metropolis, the per- orders transmilled to the Ambassador

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