Obrázky na stránke
PDF
ePub

reign of Icshwacu could not have been earlier than four thousand years before that great epoch: and even that date will perhaps appear, when it shall be strictly examined, to be nearly two thousand years earlier than the truth. I cannot leave the third Indian

age,

in which the virtues and vices of mankind are said to have been equal, without observing, that even the close of it is manifestly fabulous and poetical, with hardly more appearance of historical truth than the Tale of Troy, or of the Argonauts : for, Yudhishthir, it seems, was the son of Dherma, the genius of Justice : Bhima of Pavan, or the God of Wind : Arjun of Indra, or the firmament, Nacul and Sahadeva, of the two Cumars, the Castor and Pollux of India ; and Bishma, their reputed great uncle, was the child of Ganga, or the Ganges, by Santanu, whose brother Devapi is supposed to be still alive, in the city of Calapa : all which fictions may be charming embellishments of an heroic poem, but are just as absurd in civil history, as the descent of two royal families from the Sun and the Moon.”

FOURTH AGE.

Children of the Moon.

Children of the Sun.

Urucriya.
Vatsavriddha.
Prativyoma.

Janamejaya.
Satanica.
Sahasranica.

10

Children of the Sun.

Children of the Moon.
Bhanu.

Aswamedhaja. 5 Devaca.

Asimacrishna.

5 Sahadeva.

Nemichacra.
Vira.

Upta.
Vrihadaswa.

Chitraratha.
Bhanumat.

Suchiratha. 10 Praticswa.

Dhritimat.
Supratica.

Sushena.
Marudeva.

Sunitha.
Sunacshatra.

Nrichacshuh.
Pushcara.

Suchinata. 15 Antaricsha.

Pariplava. 15
Sutapas.

Sunaya.
Amitrajit.

Medhavin.
Vrihadraja.

Nripanjaya.
Barhi.

Derva. 20 Critanjaya.

Timi.

20 Rananjaya.

Vrihadratha.
Sanjaya.

Sudasa.
Slocya.

Satanica.
Suddhoda.

Durmadana. 25 Langalada.

Rahinara. 25
Prasenajit.

Dandapani.
Cshudraca.

Nimi.
Sumitra, Y. B. C. 2100. Cshemaca.

“ In both families we see thirty generations reckoned, from Yudhishthir, and from Vrihadbala,

son

his contemporary, who was killed in the war of Bharat, by Abhimanyu, son of Arjun, and father of Paricshit, to the time when the Solar and Lunar dynasties are believed to have become extinct in the present divine age ; and for these generations the Hindus allot a period of one thousand years only, or a hundred years for three generations; which calculation, though probably too large, is yet moderate enough compared with their absurd account of the preceding ages; but they reckon exactly the same number of years, for twenty generations only in the family of Iarasandha, whose

was contemporary with Yudhishthir, and founded a new dynasty of Princes in Magadha or Bahar: and this exact coincidence of the time in which the three are supposed to have been extinct, has the appearance of an artificial chronology, formed rather from imagination, than from historical evidence; especially as twenty kings, in an age comparatively modern, could not have reigned a thousand years. I nevertheless exhibit the list of them as a curiosity; but am far from being convinced, that all of them ever existed ; that, if they did exist, they could not have reigned more than seven hundred years, I am fully persuaded by the course of nature, and the concurrent opinion of mankind.“

KINGS OF MAGADHA.

15

Sahadeva.
Marjari.
Srutasravas.

Ayutayush. 5 Niramitra.

Sunacshatra.
Vrihetsena.
Carmajit.

Srutanjaya. 10 Vipra.

Suchi.
Cshema.
Suvrata.
Dermasutra.
Srama.
Drid'hasena.
Sumati.
Subala.
Sunita.
Satyajit.

20

Puranjata, son of the twentieth king, was put to death by his minister, Sunaca, who placed his own son, Pradyato, on the throne of his master: and this revolution constitutes an epoch of the highest importance in our present inquiry; first, because it happened according to the Bhagavatamrita, two years exactly before Buddha's appearance in the same kingdom: next, because it is believed by the Hindus to have taken place 3888 years ago,* or 2100 years before Christ; and lastly, because a regular chronology, according to the number of years in each dynasty, has been established from the accession of Pradyato to the subversion of the genuine Hindu government; and that chronology I will now lay before you, after observing only, that Rhadacanta himself says nothing of Buddha in this part of his work, though he particularly mentions the two preceding Avatars in their proper place.”

* Before A. D. 1788.

KINGS OF MAGADHA,

Pradyato, Y. B.C. 2100.
Palaca.
Visac'hayupa.
Rajaca.
Nandiverdhana, 5 reigns=138 years.
Sisunaga, Y. B. c. 1962.
Cacaverna.
Cshemadherman.
Cshetrajnya.
Vidhesara.
Ajatasatru.
Dharbhaca.
Ajaya.
Nandiverdhana.
Mahanandi, 10 reigns =360 years.
Nanda, Y. B. c. 1602.

“ This prince, of whom frequent mention is made in the Sanscrit books, is said to have been

« PredošláPokračovať »