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beasts as had been caught in hunting. But when these (Hypsuranus and Usous) were dead, those that remained, consecrated to them stumps of wood, and monuments of stone, and kept anniversary feasts to them.” By which it is evidently meant, that as formerly the monuments were consecrated to the Sun, they were now consecrated to human beings. The Hindu historian says: “They deposed the Sun and Moon, and instituted other Gods.” May we not carry the similitude still further, and suppose the two brothers mentioned by the Hindus by the names of Hirenakeran and Hirenakassan, to be the two brothers of Sanchoniatho, Memremus, and Hypsuranus? The two former are represented as giants, the two latter as the sons of giants. They were equidistant from the first created, not only with each other, but with Mahalaleel, and the Sing-avatar. Another remarkable circumstance in the parallel presents itself. We have seen, that the several nations, of which we have treated, have not only a chasm in their genealogical tables, but mention the sixth generation in a different manner to that of any of the others. The Hebrews, “ unto Enos was born Irad.” The Egyptians, “ after many years from the generation of Hypsuranus came Agrus.". The Hindus do not mention any son of Hirenakassan, but record, that “in his house was born a son
named Prahland.” This child was considered as his heir and successor. But such would have been the case even had he not been of his blood, according to the ancient usage*. But it appears that Prahland was indubitably of his family, although not his son. The brother of the Egyptian giants was Usous, who first consecrated idols, and bowed down and worshipped them. The Lion Avatar, his contemporary, was the first prince mentioned as an Avatara, for the purpose of opposing an idolatrous prince. On these grounds I venture to pronounce Mahalaleel the Sing-avatar. But I am inclined to think Bhagiratha, who appears as the first in the fifth generation, was not the fifth patriarch. Dasaratha, against whose name I have placed an asterisk, answers better to the character of Mahaleleel : and, although Bhagiratha appears to have been an elder son of that generation, yet as Mahalaleel was not born until Cainan was seventy years of age, it is more than probable, that he had many brothers elder than himself. The giant Hirena. kassan is supposed by some to have been Nimrod. And the supposition is supported by Maurice, on the following grounds, which are equally applicable to Hypsuranus the brother of Usous.
1. “ Nimrod was an hunter."
. Vide Gen, xv. 23.
Usous and his brothers poured the blood of the wild beasts, they killed in hunting, on their idols.
2. “Nimrod was the inventor of Astronomy.”
This is a bold assertion : since Calisthenes, the philosopher, is admitted to have found in Babylon regular astronomical observations, so far back as A. M. 1776 : and Nimrod, being the younger son of Cush, could scarcely have been born at that period. That Astronomy was carried back to the time of Usous the brother of Hypsuranus, and contemporary of Mahalaleel, was proved in the preceding Letter.
3. “ The Abranet of the family of Nimrod were renowned for their skill in Navigation.'
Usous is the first person recorded as having ventured to sea in a boat.
4. “ Nimrod was the fourth in descent from Noah.”
Hypsuranus and Usous were the fourth in descent from Cain.
Supposing these four assertions to be true, and to be applicable to Nimrod and Hirenakassan, which is not proved, it must be admitted that they are equally applicable to the fourth descent from Cain. Neither of the giants are mentioned in the Lunar or legitimate pedigree, neither are they so considered by Sanchoniatho, who represents them as the spurious offspring of abandoned
mothers. Nevertheless, I am inclined to believe that the names of the Hindu giants are entirely circumstantial, and that they allude to Satan.
Having now arrived at the period stated by Rhadacanta as the end of the second age, A. M. 700, and having placed the second Dasaratha as the last of the children born to the third generation in the race of the Sun, it follows that Rama was the head of the next, as eldest son of the fourth generation in the race of Seth, or fifth from Adam exclusive ; and this Rama was indubitably Rama Chandra of the Solar dynasty. This, I admit, militates against the general opinion of those Europeans, who have treated on the subject; all of whom represent Rama as the son of the young- : est Dasaratha, the last prince of the fourth generation from Seth, who ruled over a province. But these authors place Rama, fifty-six generations below Icshwacu, instead of three, supposing him to be the father instead of the brother of Cusha, and contending that the pedigree was of generations in succession. But, if these princes did not reign in succession, and that they did so is utterly impossible, then the objection is removed. This prince Rama appears among the Menus under the title of Cha'cshusha, or beaming with glory.' Dasaratha is likewise rather a circumstantial epithet, than a proper name; signifying that
his war-chariots bore him to all quarters of the world. The prince of that name, against whom I have placed an asterisk, was father-in-law to Bharata, and father of Rama Chandra ; which warrants the conclusion, that the latter was Rama of the Solar dynasty. In the events recorded of this prince, we find some contradictions, owing to the divine Parasa being blended with Rama Chandra. The former was a prophet, or man of God, who does not appear to have actually entered into sanguinary warfare. His religious wars have been blended with the carnal ones of his father; to reconcile which, they make Rama Chandra regenerate in the womb of the mother of Parasa ; who, in fact, was his daughter-in-law. Thus it is always said of this prince, that he was twice born; not according to the spirit, but that he had two carnal mothers.
TABLE VII. PART IV.
SWAYAMBHUVA or ADAM.
Children of the Sun.
* Born A. M. 461.