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and ten, and when very many more die under forty years

than above it,) the average or “mean duration" of the life of the last thirty-three kings of England, or from William the Conqueror, to the present reign inclusive,” exceeds fifty years, and the period of their reigns nearly twenty-three years. Adopting, therefore, this author's system, we should have the children of the Sun and Moon shining at least six hundred years after the Christian era. In his chronological table, he professes to correct that of Sir William Jones, and places the commencement of the several reigns of those dynasties, of which Icshwacu and Budha are the head, at that period when the pundits universally admit that they became extinct: this author places the commencement of the dynasties, at a. m. 1907. All the pundits agree that they ended in the year B.C. 2100, or a. M. 1902. Mr. Bentley, allowing 'seventeen years for the rule of each child born in either family, and placing them all in succession, as following generations, allots the prolonged period of 1981 years for their reign: which he asserts did not become extinct until the year B. C. 120. At a loss to dispose of Pradyato, who is admitted beyond controversy to have usurped the throne when the dynasty of the Sun became extinct, he carries him back nearly two thousand years, making him the contemporary of Icshwacu, and gives a list of his descendants for 1647 years, or until A. m. 3554. However erroneous the system which I have ventured to bring forward may be, namely, that system which supposes the dynasties antediluvian, thus much is certain, no argument yet produced by the various authors, who contend for their being the progeny of Noah, will stand the test of investigation : a certain proof of their fallacy. Two objections are stated by the last author: first, the alteration in the Menwantara; and secondly, the poets Valmic and Vyasu having flourished in different ages; he asserts as an indubitable truth that Meya the supposed author of the Surya Sidhenta increased the Menwantara from 306720000 to 308448000 years: whereas the author of that tract adopted the latter Menwantara without altering the former. Both continue in use to the present day, for the purposes for which they were originally intended : the former being the basis of a cypher, which must be rendered unintelligible, by the least deviation therefrom: whereas the latter answered better for astronomical purposes, and brought their year of 13 Lunar months nearer to that of 12 Solar months of 360 days. Had the alteration amounted to 1728000 years, as this author supposes, it had indeed been fatal to Chronology. But, as it merely lengthened the duration of a year of 355 days

of age

to one of 357, and as, at the end of each year, the difference of hours, minutes, and seconds, was always added, no error in chronology could arise therefrom. And you have already seen that the Menwantara of Meya, or 308448000---864000= 357; and that the Menwantara of the Vedas, or 306720000-864000 = 355. The Menwantara of Meya, likewise, accords better with the Maha Menwantara. For 355 x 14 = 4970; which rendered an addition of 30 necessary to each Calpa of Brahma. Whereas 357 x 14=4998 ; which corresponds with the Maha Calpa, or 14 Antaras of the Menus (857 × 14 = 11998). The former giving the 5000 years, less by two, and the latter 1 2000, less by two: there was probably another reason for adopting the Menwantara of Meya. That of the Vedas is so clear and so perfectly explained in the Smirta, that any one possessing the most superficial knowledge of figures, who gave his attention thereto, must have discovered the cypher. Whereas, the Menwantara of Meya being at variance with the other calculations, made it very difficult, if not impossible, to understand the Hindu chronology. The second objection is the absurdity of supposing Valmic and Vyasu contemporary. Mr. Bentley tells us, that “ these two poets were ancient and contemporary bards: that the modern Hindus believe Valmic to have Vol. I.


reigned towards the close of the Tritajug, and Vyasu towards the close of the Dwaparajug, and to have had frequent conversations together on the subject of their poems; all which the Hindus attempt to account for by supposing a miracle." If this author believed that eight hundred and sixty four thousand years actually elapsed between the birth of these two poets, he might well suppose a miracle to enable them to converse with each other : but as the Trita age only contained three hundred, and the Dwapara age two hundred years, it was very possible for two bards, who lived in times when the age of man was averaged at 857 years, and frequently exceeded nine hundred, to have conversed together, without a miracle ; although the one should have been born two hundred years before the other. But the Brahmans tell us further. They inform us that “ Vasisht'ha the son of Swayambhuva was the great ancestor and preceptor of Parasa Rama,” in like manner, as the Jewish authors tell us, that Seth was the great ancestor and preceptor of Enoch: that Vyasu was the son of this Rama, and that Valmic, who was the contemporary of Rama Chandra, lived in the time of Vyasu : which is another proof that Rama Chandra, who was the seventh Avatar, was antecedent to Parasa, or the sixth. That Valmic was of the second age, and Vyasu of the third, is

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established as far as historic records can be admitted as proof. Nevertheless I do not mean that the works now extant in the Sanscrit language were antediluvian : but the followers of Vishnu, who profess to believe in the doctrine of the Metempsychosis, and who contend that Crishnu was an incarnation of the Deity, are obliged to admit, that " the great incarnate God, Buddha the son of Maya became regenerate in the womb of Devaci, who became pregnant by Maha Máyá during the third period of time,” or third thousandth year of the world. That “when the parents of Crishnu discovered, from the miracles he performed, that their supposed child was indeed the Lord Heri, Crishnu absorbed their minds in forgetfulness, until he had completed the divine mission, which as an Avatara he began, in the incarnate form of Parasa Rama.Vyasu the son of Parasa is admitted by all the pundits as the arranger of the Vedas. But the author, who put them into Sanscrit, certainly flourished in the postdiluvian world. Yet to support the hypothesis, that Parasa Rama was regenerate in the person of Crishnu, the multitude are amused by being told that his son Vyasu flourished during the time of Moses, the third period, in lieu of the third age. That the books of the revelations of Enoch did exist, no orthodox Christian can deny. For although we

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