Video Techniques in Animal Ecology and Behaviour

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Springer Science & Business Media, 31. 12. 1993 - 211 strán (strany)
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This book is about video techniques, not video technology. To deal with the latter would be a thankless task, as by the time the book was published it would be out of date, given the rapid rate of development of video hardware. However, these technological advances do help to make it an exciting field. As Joe Riley says in Chapter 1, 'Advances in video technology continually produce improvements in performance and reductions in both the cost and size of equipment, so it seems certain that the technique will prove to be an even more useful resource . . . in the future. ' In selecting the topics and authors represented in this book, I have tried to encompass most of the behavioural and ecological uses to which video is likely to be put over the next decade or so. I believe the book has captured the invaluable accumulated experience of the most active practitioners of the medium in this research area. The idea for the book arose from two workshops on the use of video in ecology and behaviour held at Southampton University, UK, during the 1980s. Three learned societies were involved in these meetings: the Association of Applied Biologists, the British Ecological Society and the Society for Experimental Biology.

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Obsah

Flying insects in the field
1
12 Types of application
2
14 Artificial illumination
4
15 Observational configuration
6
16 Target identification
9
17 Summary
11
References
12
Flying insects in the laboratory
17
Wild birds
113
62 Breeding failures of red kites in Wales
117
63 Feeding ecology of nesting ciri buntings
120
64 Discussion
122
Farm animals
125
72 How comparable are data gained by direct observation and video recording
126
73 An overview of farm animal behaviour studies using VCR
127
74 Identification and marking techniques
131

22 Optimizing images
20
23 Analysing videos
25
24 Specialized flight chambers
26
25 Summary
32
Parasites and Predators
33
32 Lighting
35
33 Arenas
36
34 Data extraction from video
40
35 MicroMeasure video analysis software
44
36 MicroMeasure in use
48
37 Other video analyses of predation
49
References
61
Terrestrial molluscs
65
42 Recording equipment and techniques
67
43 Uses of video technology
76
44 Conclusion
86
Marine video
89
52 Problems special to underwater cameras
92
53 A Basic system and its development for special purposes
97
54 Radio links for remote cameras
100
56 Working in the dark
105
57 Work with TV at great depths
106
59 Use of cameras to measure length
108
510 Conclusions
109
75 Camera and recording techniques
134
76 Playback and data extraction techniques
135
77 General complications
137
78 The future of VCR in farm animal ethology
139
References
140
Companion Animals
145
82 Home ranges and territories
146
83 Social behaviour
147
84 Feeding behaviour
151
85 Behavioral development
156
86 Interactions with man
158
References
159
Video and microorganisms
163
92 Advantages and disadvantages of video recording
164
93 Video applications in behaviour analysis of fastswimming microorganisms
165
94 Detailed single cell tracking and motility analysis
174
95 Video recording of rapid organellar motion
181
96 Video recording of slowly moving microorganisms
190
97 Some new video techniques
194
Appendix
195
References
200
Index
205
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