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vasion: untill you shall receave further direction from me:' See his Register, Lambeth, part 1. fol. 163, b. Camden, p. 558. The present Form, therefore, may have been issued shortly afterwards by the archbishop, though the last prayer shews, that it was also connected with the assistance then being rendered to the cause of protestantism, and, most likely, in France.

1590. CERTAINE PRAIERS to be vsed at this present XXXIII. time for the good successe of the French King against the enemies of Gods true religion and his State. The Deputies of Christopher Barker. 1590. Quarto. Collates A in four. [Archbishop Sancroft's Collection, Cambridge.]

Elizabeth in 1590 again furnished money to Henry the fourth in those domestic wars, which he was obliged still to wage with his refractory subjects and their Spanish allies. Camden, p. 558.

1590. A PRAYER vsed in the Queenes Maiesties house xxxiv. and Chappell, for the prosperitie of the French King, and his nobilitie, assayled by a multitude of notorious rebels that are supported and waged by great forces of forraines. 21 Aug. An. 1590. The Deputies of Christopher Barker. Broadside. [Archbishop Harsnet's Library, Colchester.]

We have this Prayer in Strype (Annals, Vol. iv. p. 41). Henry the fourth, with whom were the chief nobility of France,' defeated the League and their allies at Yvry, March the 14th, and re-invested Paris in the beginning of May. Having almost forced the city through famine to capitulate, on the 30th of August he was compelled to raise the blockade by the duke of Parma, who hastily brought an army against him from the Netherlands, whereof he was governor. Davila, p. 944. Herbert's Ames, p. 1710.

1593. CERTAINE PRAIERS collected out of a fourme of xxxv. godly Meditations, set foorth by her Maiesties authoritie in the great Mortalitie, in the fift yeere of her Highnesse raigne, and most necessarie to be vsed at this time in the like present visitation of Gods heauie hand for our manifold sinnes, and commended vnto the Ministers and people of London, by the Reuerend Father in God, John [Aylmer], Bishop of London, &c. July. 1593. The Deputies of Christopher Barker. Quarto. Collates B in fours.

There died of the plague, and other diseases, this year in London and its suburbs, nearly twenty thousand persons; whence Bartholomew fair was not kept, and the Judges were obliged to hold Michaelmas Term at St Alban's. Camden, p. 574. Stow, p. 1274. Herbert's Ames, p. 1086. Copies of the Form are at Durham and Colchester.

XXXVI.

1594. AN ORDER FOR PRAYER AND THANKES-GIUING (necessary to be vsed in these dangerous times) for the safetie and preseruation of her Maiesty and this realme. Set forth by Authoritie. The Deputies of Christopher Barker. 1594. Quarto. Collates C in fours. [Archbishop Sancroft's Collection, Cambridge.]

Spanish machinations against Elizabeth's life, and the unnatural treasons of her fugitive Roman Catholic subjects in the Netherlands, originated this Form, as the second prayer will teach us. That there was ample reason for issuing it, may be learnt from the 'admonition, which, in one of the three editions, is lengthened by the insertion of a very

remarkable passage. Bohun, pp. 129–165. Bacon's works (edit. 1753), Vol. i. pp. 537–543. Herbert's Ames, p. 1088.

1596. A PRAYER set forth by authoritie to be vsed for the prosperous successe of hir Maiesties Forces and Nauie. The Deputies of Christopher Barker. 1596. Broadside. [The Bodleian.]

A powerful armament, under the joint command of Robert, earl of Essex, and Charles Howard, lord admiral of England, sailed from Plymouth, on the first of June 1596, for Cadiz, to counteract the great preparations there making by Philip the second for an invasion of England and Ireland. Stow, pp. 1282—1293. There is another copy of this Prayer at Colchester.

XXXVIII.

XXXVIII.

1596. A Prayer made by the queene at the departure of the fleet. [Lambeth MSS. no. 250.]

According to Stow (p. 1284), Elizabeth wrote a prayer in 1596 for the good successe of the fleete, and sent it to the Generals, commanding that it should be daily saide throughout all the fleete. No trace, however, of the Prayer seems now to exist, unless it was the same which will be found under this date, notwithstanding its having been originally designed solely for her private devotions.

XXXIX.

1596. A PRAYER OF THANKESGIVING, and for continuance of good successe to her Maiesties Forces. Set foorth by authoritie. The Deputies of Christopher Barker. 1596. Broadside. [The British Museum, Bibl. Lans. 116. art. 30.]

The original draft of this Prayer may be seen in the same place is the Prayer itself. It is dated ‘3rd July 1596,' indorsed Forme of a Prayer for ye Queen thanking God for ye succes of ye fleet,' and corrected by two persons, one of whom was the lord treasurer Burghley. Cadiz had been taken by the English fleet on the 21st of June. Camden, p. 592. Strype has printed the Prayer in his Annals (Vol. iv. p. 262). Two

and Nauy.

copies of it exist in archbishop Harsnet's library. Herbert's Ames, p. 1088.

1597. CERTAINE Prayers set foorth by Authoritie, to xl. be vsed for the prosperous successe of her Maiesties Forces

The Deputies of Christopher Barker. 1597. Quarto. Collates C in fours. [Archbishop Harsnet's Library, Colchester.]

These arose out of the design of Philip the second to make a descent upon Ireland. For Elizabeth immediately prepared a fleet and army, which sailed from Plymouth on the 9th of July, 1597, under the chief command of Robert, earl of Essex, to destroy the new Armada assembled at Corunna and Ferrol, and to take the Azores. Camden, p. 597. Bacon, Vol. i. pp. 547, 548. Herbert's Ames, p. 1088.

1598. AN ORDER FOR PRAYER AND THANKESGIVING XLI. (necessary to bee vsed in these dangerous times) for the safetie and preseruation of her Maiestie and this Realme. Set foorth by Authoritie Anno 1594. And renewed with some alterations upon the present occasion. The Deputies of Christopher Barker. 1598. Quarto. Collates D in fours, last page blank. [The Rev. W. Maskell.]

The admonition to the Reader' utely explains all the circumstances of Squire's extraordinary treason, the particular cause why this adaptation of a previous Form was arranged and published. Only a single copy has been met with ; but the Form is mentioned in Dr Williams's manuscript, and was once in his library.

1599. A Prayer for the good successe of her Maiesties XLII. Forces in Ireland. The Deputies of Christopher Barker. 1599. Broadside.

The earl of Essex, the newly appointed lord deputy of Ireland, arrived at Dublin on the 17th of April, 1599. Camden, pp. 614–616. Wilkins (Concilia, Vol. iv. pp. 360, 361, 367.) has three documents relating to this war against Tyrone, the first two for contributions from ecclesiastical persons towards the carrying of it on, the last dated January the 25th, 1601 [1602], for thanksgivings on account of its satisfactory termination. Zurich Letters, (second edition,) p. 555. Herbert's Ames,' p. 1089.

1599. A Prayer for the Prosperous Proceedings, and xlii. good successe of the Earle of Essex and his company in their present expedition in Ireland against Tyrone, and his adherent rebels there, fit to be used by all loyall subjectes, as well of

countrey, as in England. John Norden. London. 1599.

that

The present Form, like the one put forth in the beginning of 1586 for the earl of Leicester, could only have been a private publication, Dr Williams's manuscript has furnished the title, as Herbert furnished the title of that which precedes it.

XLIV.

1601. CERTAINE PRAYERS fit for the time. Set foorth by authoritie. Robert Barker. 1600. Quarto. Contains pp. 11. [Archbishop Sancroft's Collection, Cambridge.]

Strype (Annals, Vol. iv. pp. 354—356.) has printed two of these Prayers, which were intended to commemorate a great deliverance of the queen and kingdom from the dangerous rebellion of the earl of Essex, of late greatly feared to have entered England by force of armes.' Stow, p. 1310. Essex's outbreak took place on sunday the 8tlı of February, 1601; and he was beheaded in the Tower on the 25th, which was Ashwednesday. Bacon, Vol. i. p. 568. In quoting the title Strype adds to be used thrice a week on the prayer days in the churches; and also, Composed upon her Entrance upon a new Century, viz. 1600,' to which circumstance the last two Prayers certainly do allude. In his Whitgift, however (p. 544), he seems to assert two distinct Forms to have been put forth, one for each of the events above mentioned. At Lambeth there is another copy of the Prayers.

A SHORT FORM AND ORDER to be used in Common prayer 11.

thrice a week for seasonable weather, and good success of the Common affairs of the Realm : meet to be used at this present, and also hereafter, when like occasion shall arise, by the discretion of the Ordinaries within the province of Canterbury.

The' preface.

We be taught by many and sundry examples of holy Scriptures, that, upon occasion of particular punishments, afflictions, and perils, which God of his most just judgments hath sometimes sent among his people, to shew his wrath against sin, and to call his people to repentance and to the redress of their lives, the Godly have been provoked, and stirred up, to more fervency and diligency in prayer, fasting, and alms-deeds, to a more deep consideration of their consciences, to ponder their unthankfulness. &c. As in print commonly to be seen. Sc.

["This preface would appear to have been verbally reprinted in the Form for 1563. See p. 479.]

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