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excited the jealousy of European countries, and have made for a proper compensation only after thorough investigathem eager to take any opportunity of humiliating a suc tion. cessful rival. Secondly, that English conceit, manifested in an irri'ating assumption of superiority and an irritating Last week the Volksraad of the Orange Free State habit of disregarding other people's sensibilities, has bred adopted a resolution declaring that the State would assist dislike of England in this country. “ There is," says the the Transvaal at all times when such assistance should be *Speaker," "some justification for the popular American required, and protested against the continued existence of impression of our self-conceit. We ourselves know that it the British South Africa Company as being a danger to the springs mainly from the self-absorption of a busy race. We peace of Africa, recording its opinion that the charter of have our own work in the world to do; and whilst we are the Company should be canceled and that Mashonaland doing it we trouble ourselves very little about the affairs,

and Matabeleland should be placed either under the Britor indeed the feelings, of others. So we tread uncon ish Imperial Government or under the Government of Cape sciously upon the corns of many of our fellow-creatures, Colony. It is thought in England that it might be a good and we have naturally to pay the penalty for doing so." thing under the circumstances to cancel the charter, since, Insularity, the “Speaker” adds, is a great thing for Eag- should the Company be forced into liquidation, the resultland, but there is a penalty attached to it. “ It inspires in ing tumult would show that many men high in station, es that traditional attitude of, we will not say contempt, including some members of the reigning house, have but condescension towards the foreigner which has been so realized great amounts of money by. the sale of South often satirized by writers and philosophers of our own Africa shares at large premiums to the present unfortunate race.” This is admirable talking. It shows the instinct holders. The forfeiture of the charter would also relieve. for truth which lies at the bottom of the character of the the Company of much of the blame which has already come English-speaking races. We commend this example to our to it, and some of the odium might be transferred to the own flamboyant press.

Government. The directors would contend that, but for

the repeal of the charter by the Government, they might Last week the question was raised in England why the have fulfilled every engagement. The Company's organizar United States should recommend arbitration in the British

and chief working power, Mr. Cecil Rhodes, ex-Premier of Venezuelan affair, when it has not yet paid the $425,000 to Cape Colony, has sailed for England. As to his lieutenant, Great Britain, agreed upon between the late Secretary

Dr. Jameson, the leader of the recent filibustering raid, we Gresham and the British Ambassador, Sir Julian Paunc.

have conflicting dispatches. It is announced that he an fote, as a lump sum in settlement of Bebring Sea claims.

his officers are to be conveyed as prisoners to England, The charge that we are not carrying out the terms of that

where they will be arraigned before proper tribunals. Again, arbitration is wholly unjust. B; Article VIII. of the

we have news that, as the arrested men have been accused Behring Sea Treaty it was provided that

of treason and also of seeking to subvert the Government

of the Transvaal, they must be tried by its High Court. “ The United States and Great Britain, having found themselves

As to the Americans arrested, our consular agent at Jobanunable to agree upon a reference which shall include the question of the liability of each for the injuries alleged to have been sustained by the nesburg is acting in co-operation with the British authorities other, or by its citizens, in connection with the claims presented and in securing protection. The fact that we have accredited an urged by it, and being solicitous that this subordinate question

agent to the South African Republic has led some to think should not interrupt or longer delay the submission and determination

that we have recognized the entire independence of that of the main questions, do agree that either may submit to the arbitrators any question of fact involved in said claims, and ask for a

nation and have disregarded the species of suzerainty which finding thereon; the question of the liability of either Government Great Britain holds. The statement has been made by upon the facts found to be the subject of further negotiation." officers of our State Department, however, that, ia view of When the questions of fact were submitted to the arbi the treaty of 1884 between Great Britain and the Transtrators, the finding was against us; but the amount of vaal, this has no bearing on the question. In the abovedamages to be paid by us was left to be settled by further mentioned treaty this paragraph defines the former's negotiation, the Paris Tribunal expressly declining to authority: arbitrate the question of damages. The late Secretary of “The South African Republic will conclude no treaty or engagement State and the B itish Ambassador decided that the best with any State or nation other than the Orange Free State, nor with method of settlement would be through a Commission, but

any native tribe to the eastward or westward of the Republic, until the as differences had arisen regarding the phraseology to be

same has been approved by her Majesty the Queen. Such approval

shall be considered to have been granted if her Majesty's Government used in establishing the Commission, and as the expenses

shall not, within six months after receiving a copy of such treaty of the Commission would be considerable, the Secretary (which shall be delivered to them immediately upon its completion). and the Ambassador proposed to settle all claims without have notified that the conclusion of such treaty is in conflict with the adjudication, by a compromise lump sum of $425,000. This

interests of Great Britain, or of any of her Majesty's possessions in

South Africa." agreement was, of course, subject to Congressional ratification ; Congress refused to ratify it, and negotiations Hence it will be seen that it was not necessary to ask have been resumed for the organization of a Commission,

Great Britain's consent to accredit an agent to the South If our Government shall refuse to pay the damages awarded

African Republic. Its Volksraad bas met at Pretoria, and, by this Commission, it will then be time enough to accuse

after authorizing an addition to the State artillery, and passus of bad faith. As many of our Representatives in Wash- ing resolutions of thanks to the Orange Free State and also ington believe that more than half the British claim was for

to the Cape Colony Government for their influence and the expected catches of vessels warned away; that more

support, has adjourned until the regular May session. than half the vessels for which claims were filed were wholly or in part owned by Americans; that a large The return to office of some of the Ministers who had number of these ships had been put down at double their resigned from the Canadian Cabinet was entirely overvalue.; in short, that less than one-fifth of the amount orig- shadowed in importance last week by the elections in Maninally claimed was on an equitable basis, it is not sur itoba. Premier Greenway has increased his legislative prising that our National Legislature decided to provide support over that which he enjoyed in the last Manitoban

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recommending, on grounds of public policy, that new bonds J. M. Cleary, of Minnesota, and Bishop Watterson, of should be sold to the syndicate “on about the basis of Columbus, representing the Catholic Total Abstinence the contract of February 8, 1895," but pledging his co Union, Colonel Eli Ritter and the Hon. I. E. Nicholson, operation in making the loan a success in case the Presi of Indiana—the leaders of the forces which secured the dent decided to offer the bonds to public subscription. enactment of the Nicholson Law last year--and the Hon. This pledge is carried out by the dissolution of the syndicate, Walter B. Hill, of Georgia, representing the powerful Antileaving the members entirely free to offer what terms they Bar-room League in that State, besides President J. W. see fit, and by the co-operation of members of it in making Bashford, of Ohio Wesleyan University, and others who the loan a success. There is now little doubt that the en have given the Ohio League its astonishing vitality and tire issue will be subscribed for at rates approximating those strength. The fact that most of these men are Prohibitionfor which the former issue now sells in the open market. ists furnishes illustration of the falsity of the charge that During last week Secretary Carlisle sensibly extended the Prohibitionists will not work with moderate temperance time during which payments for the new bonds could be people to push forward restrictive measures immediately made. He did this at the suggestion of many New York practicable. It is our observation that much, if not most, bankers, who recognized that the purchase of $100,000,000 of the hard work in behalf of such measures is performed in gold for the Treasury would contract the amount of by the members of this party from whose theories we so money in circulation, and feared that if this contraction often dissent. In New York State a large number of took place suddenly, the loan to “restore confidence" excise bills have been introduced into the Legislature would precipitate a panic.

besides the Raines tax bill reported last week. A moderate Sunday-opening bill has been presented having the

support of Dr. Parkhurst and the Chamber of Commerce, Among the recent elections of United States Senators

and an immoderate Sunday-opening bill having the support the most important was that held in Utah on Monday of

of the Chamber of Commerce and the Excise Reform this week. Mr. Frank J. Cannon, the son of George Q. Can

Association. The former merely authorizes bona-fide resnon, of the Presidency of the Mormon Church, was selected

taurants to sell wine and beer with meals, and without meals as the representative of the Mormons, and Mr. Arthur

from 12 to 2 P.M. and from 6 P.M. to 8 P.M. provided they Brown as the representative of the Gentiles. Mr. Cannon was elected delegate to Congress in 1894, partly because

are not to be drunk on the premises. With such an enactof the revulsion of public sentiment against the Democratic

ment as this it is believed that the temperance forces in this

city could defeat at the polls the proposition for wide open party, and partly, it is alleged, because of the church influ

saloons from ence in his favor.

to ro P.M., on which the other bill demands At one time, in his wilder days, he left

a referendum. It is for this last bill, of course, that the the Mormon Church, but returned to it previous to his entrance into politics. He is not regarded as a man of liquor-dealers are working with might and main, and we marked ability or strength of character. His colleague,

regret to find them supported by many men to whom Sunon the contrary, is reported to be a man of exceptional loafing, are personally repugnant. Fortunately, however,

day bar-rooms, with the attendant treating, tippling, and power, closely resembling Senator Tillman. He has been an intense anti-Mormon, and his election was something of

the Legislature Republican by over two-thirds majority a surprise. Both Senators are, of course, Republicans and

will not dare to repudiate the anti-saloon platform on which advocates of the immediate free coinage of silver. In Ken

it was elected by offering the local option demanded by tucky the Democratic caucus renominated Senator Black liquor-dealers while refusing the local option demanded by burn, but fourteen Democrats opposed to free coinage re

temperance people. fused to be bound by the caucus action. The election of a Democrat is thus rendered next to impossible, as the two

Another temperance matter of interest in New York is Populists who hold the balance of power will not support a

a decision of the Court of Appeals which will gradually reDemocrat acceptable to the anti-silver wing. The Repub

duce the number of saloons within two hundred feet of licans may unseat enough Democrats in the lower House

churches or schools. Heretofore it has been the custom, to give themselves a majority of both Houses on joint at least in this city, to renew licenses to old saloons within ballot, but the Democrats threaten to meet any such tactics

the legal limit, even if the saloons changed hands, unless a by unseating Republican Senators. In such an unseemly protest was filed by the church or school authorities. The fight as this the Republicans would seem to have the polit Court of Appeals decides that under the law licenses can ical advantage, as the Republican House has a much only be renewed to present licensees and cannot be translonger tale of members than the Democratic Senate. In

ferred to new men. The significance of the decision is Ohio the Republicans have elected to the Senate ex much less than most of the reports have indicated. In Governor Foraker, who is expected to succeed in all re

Iowa retiring Governor Jackson, in his message to the spects to the power and prestige of James G. Blaine. In Legislature, urges that the license law passed under his his speech before the Ohio Legislature accepting the administration has lessened the number of saloons. The election he characteristically defined himself as

number of United States licenses issued during the last metallist, without defining bimetallism.

year of State-wide prohibition, he says, was 6,032 ; the number issued during the first year of the so-called "mulct "

law was 4,264. The revenue of the taxpayers from the Temperance legislation occupies the first place before license or "mulct " system was $1,156,000. On these most of the newly assembled Legislatures. In Ohio the accounts the retiring Governor urges that the new law has temperance forces seem to be entirely united in support of been helpful to the State as well as to the liquor-dealers. the local option bill, barely defeated last year, extending That it has helped the liquor-dealers no one denies; that to counties the rights now possessed by townships to pro it has helped the State is vehemently denied by most of hibit bar-rooms within their borders. The Anti-Saloon the temperance people, who ask nothing more of the new League, which has carried on so effectively the agitation Legislature than that it shall fulfill the pledge to submit to in favor of this measure, holds its convention in Columbus the voters of the State a prohibitory amendment to the this week. Among the speakers announced are the Rev. Constitution. The fact that the number of United States

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war must involve. The Franco-German War cost eight Hopeful Signs

and a half millions of dollars a day. A United States That waves of emotion sometimes sweep through whole

Senator is reported as having said that war would be a races is well known. There are times when great popula- good thing for this country—not war for the vindication of tions are seized with a kind of hysteria ; when it seems as

National honor or the protection of National rights, but if the nerves were in control instead of intelligence and

war in itself. Never, surely, did any man in high position will. The world appears to be passing through such a

evince a greater ignorance of the laws of economics or of period at present. The evidences of nervous excitement the teachings of history. War is sheer brutal destruction have long been numerous in all the arts, and the recent

of values, and in the present condition of things, when outbreaks of race and national feeling in their suddenness almost every country in Europe is loaded to the water's and intensity have seemed to betray the general diffusion edge with indebtedness of every kind, no country has the of a hysterical element. Only a few weeks ago, with the courage to face an enormous addition to its financial burexception of the uncertainty at Constantinople, the whole

dens. France, with all its prosperity and sagacity, bas been world was at peace; now it would seem as if the whole steadily increasing its national debt; Italy has been almost world were by the ears. The clamor of tongues has been

crushed by the burden of taxation; the same burdens in deafening. First came the roar which rolled over this Germany are already as heavy as the people can comfortcontinent like a surge. Then followed a similar tumult in ably bear; and, while the English are rejoicing in a large England and Germany, and mutterings all over Europe. surplus of revenue, the general financial condition of the The sober business of governing the world and keeping Empire is not one to encourage any increase of obligations. order, with due sense of the tremendous responsibilities Third, to the growing sense of the solidarity of the involved, has apparently yielded for the moment to the

race and of the reality of the ties which bind country sort of irritability which sometimes takes possession of a

to country. We have long passed the point where even school of boys at the end of the winter term, when, at the

a German bomb could be dropped by the most ardent least provocation, self-restraint goes and passion comes.

German marksman into the Louvre with any degree President Woolsey used to say that about the middle of

of satisfaction, and the American who could destroy WestMarch the devil went through the New England colleges minster Abbey would be a monster. In spite of armaments like a roaring liop. It seems to day as if the whole world and arms, there is more real brotherhood in the world were feeling a kind of nervous tension, and as if its nerves

than there has ever been before, and the swift reaction were giving way under it.

against the passion which in this country, in England, and There is, however, one fact in the present situation in Germany has been so notable in recent weeks, is ad which is profoundly significant, and, from our point of view, assertion of a common sentiment which public men and profoundly hopeful, and that is the evident reluctance of the ruling classes cannot disregard. The peoples of the any Great Power to commit itself beyond hope to the set

world are for peace because they hate destruction. They tlement of questions by war. All Europe is armed to the

have a growing sense of the responsibility of race for race, teeth. Not since the days of Napoleon the Great have so

and they are coming into that broader economic knowledge many men been under arms, or so many vessels equipped which makes them understand that the highest results, for battle, ready to sail at an hour's notice; and not even

both materially and spiritually, are reached by co-operain Napoleon's time was there anything like the systematic, tion between the races, and not by the kind of competition scientific, and complete equipment of armies and navies

that involves destructiveness. In other words, war, which alike for the highest service and the most deadly destruc- is the old method of barbarism, has already become an tiveness. And yet, with these superb instruments in hand,

anachronism in these civilized days, which are not, as some no country is willing to evoke the awful possibilities of of our warlike public men declare, “piping times of peace," Science has armed men with such instruments of

but times of higher discernment of the uses of energy, of destruction that the very perfection of the instrument profounder sense of the solidarity of the race, and of truer makes the man unwilling to employ it. It would seem as

ideals of honor. if the development of the machinery of devastation and wreck had developed also a keener sense of responsibility, a keener consciousness of pain. The Emperor of Germany

A Historical Precedent may send gratuitous congratulations to the President of The Outlook cited last week the action of President the South African Republic, and all England may be Monroe and the speech of Mr. Webster in support of the set aflame with indignation, but Germany has probably Greeks in their struggle for freedom against Turkey, as no intention of provoking an armed struggle. With furnishing a historical example of the spirit and method in every possible facility for warfare, war is the one thing which and by which the United States may properly enwhich she wishes to avoid. The same thing may be said deavor to put a stop to outrages in Armenia. England of England, wbicb, as usual, has shown the nerve of the may find a still more striking historical precedent in one of English-speaking races under great danger, and has man the finest episodes in her later history. Two hundred and ifested a characteristic readiness and resourcefulness. forty years ago, in 1655, Charles Emanuel II., Duke of France is supposed to be full of the belligerent spirit, but Savoy and Prince of Piedmont, by an edict, commanded France is now calling herself the arbiter of peace in his Protestant subjects in the valleys of the Cottian Alps, Europe. Italy and Austria have great armies, but neither known sometimes as the Vaudois and sometimes as the desires to use them. Even Russia, which still stands

Even Russia, which still stands Waldenses, to abjure Protestantism and accept the Roman largely outside of European opinion, shows a new reluct Catholic faith within twenty days, or to part with their ance in employing force.

property and leave the country. These brave and sturdy The unwillingness of the world to fight is due to several people resisted. Military force was sent against them. causes: First, to the clear recognition, on the part of all They were overcome by preponderance of numbers, they who know anything about the matter, of the enormous de were slaughtered, flung over precipices, carried away into structiveness which must be involved in any modern war. captivity, outraged in every conceivable fashion, and hunSecond, to the immense and crushing expense which any dreds of families were driven to seek access among the


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