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Cambridge.-Dr. Smith's Prizes are ad. in that country, and attains as great an judged to Mr. W. Law, of Trinity Col- altitude as any. Two facts confirm this lege, and Mr. W. H. Hanson, of Clare- opinion. The Americans use the fresh hall. Sir Wm. Brown's Gold Medals : sliced root of Phytolacca Decandra, for The subjects for the present year are- the same purpose as we use mustard seed; for the Greek Ode, Delphi.”-Latin viz. that of a Cataplasm. The seed of a Ode, “ Iris. Pluvius describitur Arcus.". species of Phytolacca affords, what the Hor.-Greek Epigram, “ Exwv, díxorti seed of sinapis nigra does in abundance, yo dunq..”—Latin Epigram, “Eloquiumve nitrogen ;'an element not found in many oculi, aut facunda silentia linguæ." plants, except those belonging to the na

No less than five comets were discover- tural orders Cruciatæ and Fungi.” ed last year, during about as many months;

INDIA, a phenomenon not known to be paralleled Souls transmigrate, according to the in the records of astronomy. It is not, tenets of the Fo religion, by means of six however, to be concluded, that as many passages, to six orders or classes of beings: may not have been before visible; but the first is that of the celestials; the seastronomers were not formerly as nume- cond, that of men ; the third, that of the rous or vigilant as at present.

genii; the fourth, that of beasts; the fifth In a recent trial, in which a printer that of demons; the sixth, that of the inbrought an action against Mr. Stockdale habitants of hell. Into one or other of the bookseller, for the amount of a bill for these classes, by means of transmigration, printing, the Lord Chief Justice disallowed whatever is animated passes and repasses the claim, on the ground that, the work perpetually, according to merit or demerit. printed being immoral and licentious, no To get to heaven, it is necessary to do person concerned in bringing it before the good and shun evil; but as beneficence public could maintain an action for com- is more or less perfect, so heaven has pensation for his labour. “He who has many degrees or stages, which, beginning lent himself,” said he,“ to the violation at the earth, are elevated one upon anoof the laws of his country, in this gross ther. There are thirteen of these heavens ; and shameful manner, shall not be allowed after which there are five others, from to claim payment for what he has done in whence the inhabitants never return. execution of such a criminal purpose; and Those in the fifth, or highest, are entirely even every servant, however small his purged from error, and behold clearly the connexion with a work, is equally liable in nature of all things. They are still, howlaw with the master, if the work be of an ever, material, not having yet arrived at injurious tendency."

complete annihilation. The utility of educating the deaf and The Syrian Metropolite, Mar Athansius, dumb was shewn in a late trial for rob- who has lately arrived in Bombay, probery, in which a deaf and dumb orphan ceeding on a mission to that church from boy was prosecutor. The Secretary to the Patriarch, waited on the Bishop of the Deaf and Dumb Institution, in Dub. Calcutta, during his lordship’s stay in lin, was sworn to interpret, and commu- Bombay, and attended divine service at nicated the questions and replies. The St. Thomas's. The Metropolite remainprisoner was found guilty, and sentenced ing after the sermon to receive the sacrato transportation. The boy, in a letter ment, the Bishop conducted him within to the judge, after detailing the circum- the rails of the altar, placed him in his stances of the robbery, recommends the own chair, and administered the commuwoman to mercy; adding, “ Perhaps, if a nion to him, together with the English good minister will speak to her some clergy and the Syrian priest in attendance. things about God and Jesus Christ, she - The Bishop of Calcutta embarked from will be repentant, and will become a good Bombay for Ceylon, taking with him the woman, and a minister will be better than Rev. T. Robinson, of Poona, as his a judge."

chaplain. Mr. J. Frost, F. S. A., F. L. S., remarks

AMERICA. on the mustard tree of the Scriptures, The following are calculated as the proLuke xiii. 19, “ I am not acquainted portions in which different languages prewith any species of sinapis that can be vail in the new world. The English lancalled a shrub, much less a tree. The guage is spoken by 11,647,000; the Spanish plant most likely to be the mustard tree by 10,504,000; the Indian by 7,593,000; of the Scriptures is a species of Phyto- the Portuguese by 3,740,000; the French lacca, which grows abundantly in Pales- by 1,242,000; the Dutch, Danish, and tine: it has the smallest seed of any tree Swedish, by 216,000 persons ; making, altogether, the number of 27,349,000. America, it is calculated that the metrospeaking the European languages, and polis of Great Britain alone is supposed 7,593,000 the Indian.

to contain more inhabitants than all the LA PLATA.

provinces of La Plata, extending over 28 As an illustration of the scattered state degrees of latitude and 13 of longitude. of the population in many parts of South

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
THEOLOGY.

tures. Addressed to the Rev. Thomas Horæ Sabbaticæ. By G. Higgins. Gisborne, Prebendary of Durham. The Christian Hearer, designed to shew Letters

on the Necessity of a prompt Exthe Importance of hearing the Word, and tinction of British Colonial Slavery, chiefly to assist Christians in hearing with profit. addressed to the more influential Classes; By the Rev. E. Bickersteth. 5s.

with Thoughts on Compensation. 5s. Essays on the Evidences, Doctrines, Slavery, the Curse of England. By S. and Practical Operation of Christianity. Roberts. By J. J. Gurney. 10s. 6d.

The State of Clerical Education exaAn Examination of the Rev. J. Mat- mined, and a Remedy for its Defects prothew's Sermon, entitled, “ The Ne- posed. By Eusebius. cessity of Philosophy to the Divine.” By Bishop Hall, his Life, and Times. By W. P. Pinchard.

the Rev. J. Jones. I vol. 8vo. 14s. Affectionate Address to the Members of A Visit to the Rectory of Passy. By the Church of England, on Separation, the Rev. J. Peers. By the Rev. T. Brook.

The Reign of Terror, or the revoluThe Christian Exodus; or the Deliver- tionary Government of France. By Eyeance of the Israelites from Egypt, practi- witnesses. 2 vols. 8vo. 24s. cally considered. 2 vols. 8vo. 11. Is. A History of the French Revolution.

Sermons preached in Barbadoes. By From the French of F. A. Miguet. 2 vols. the Rev. W. J. Shrewsbury, 8vo. 7s. A View of the System and Merits of

The Life of our Saviour Jesus Christ. 4s. the East Indian College .at Haileybury.

A Sermon preached at the Consecration By R. Grant. 3s. 6d. of St. Paul's, Alverthorpe. By the Rev. Specimens of Ancient Decorations from J. Bayley.

Pompeii. By J. Goldicutt, Architect. Devotional Verses. By Bernard Bar- Imp. 8vo. 21. 8s.; proofs in 4to. 41. 4s. ton. 6s. 6d.

Disquisitions upon painted Greek Vases. The Analogy between the Natural and By J. Christie. 4to. 2. 2s. Spiritual Worlds. 1 vol. 8vo. 8s.

Literary and Miscellaneous Memoirs. Is this Religion? By the author of “May By J. Cradock. 8vo. 7s.

Memoirs of the Margravine of Anspach, Outlines of Truth. By a Lady. 5s. written by herself. 2 vols. 8vo. 28s.

Letters on the Church. By an Episco- Memoirs of the Countess De Genlis. palian. 8vo. 7s.

Vols. 7 and 8, completing the work. 16s.

French, 14s. Reflections on recent Occurrences at New Theory of the Earth and its InLichfield; including an Illustration of the habitants. By a Christian Philosopher. Opinions of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.; on Letters on the State of Ireland. By E. Slavery and the Distribution of the Scrip- A. Kendall. Parts I. II. and III. 11. 16s.

you like it.”

MISCELLANEOUS.

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

PROGRESS OF EDUCATION IN tion to reflect, that, while by speculation SOUTH AMERICA.

and commerce so many are aiming to We extract from the last Report of the acquire the wealth of the new world, the British and Foreign School Society, the efforts of enlightened zeal are employed, following interesting notices respecting in conveying to the inhabitants those the progress of education in South truths which an inspired writer declares America.

to be more precious than gold.' Up“Your Committee rejoice that the ad. wards of fifty schools have been establishvantages of education, and the superior ed in Buenos Ayres, and are supported at excellence of the British system are duly the public expense : they contain more appreciated in the States of South Ame- than 3,000 children. In Peru, the labours rica. And it affords them high gratifica- of Mr. Thomson were partially inte

rupted by the war: nevertheless, there will feel the effects, and thrive in the are still about 200 children in the Model general prosperity.” School at Lima, where several persons bave learned the system; another school TRACT SOCIETIES ON THE CONin the same city has eighty scholars. The TINENT OF EUROPE. New Testament has been recentlytranslated The last Report of the London Tract into the language of the native Peruvians Society furnishes the following notices by a descendant of the Incas Mr. Thom- relative to the progress of Tract Societies son had been at Quito, having left Peru on the continent of Europe. with the intention of travelling through The Committee of the Paris Society Colombia, and thence sailing to England. have added several tracts and broad sheets He states, that in all the places through to their series. During the year there had which he passed the people manifested been 80,000 tracts circulated; making a great anxiety for education and the Scrip- total of 220,000. There are many impetures. Nearly 1500 New Testaments were diments, however, to the circulation of disposed of on the journey; and at Trux- books and tracts in France, especially a illo and Guayaquil the magistrates ur- decision of the minister of the interior gently requested him to stay among them prohibiting the hawking of books, withand open schools. The Government of out any exception. This decision, it was Colombia had enacted that schools shall feared, would greatly fetter the benevobe established in all the provinces, and lent intentions of the friends of religion that the system of mutual instruction in France. shall be adopted. This important decree The Netherlands Society has circulated, is now in operation : model schools have during the year, many thousand tracts. been formed in Bogota, the capital, and The Secretary says, “ Our Society goes on in some of the chief cities, whence the prosperously; and we have many reasons system will reach the neighbouring towns to look forward to better things. The and villages. The benefits of instruction efforts of the Society have been beneficial are to be extended to females. Some in the conversion of sinners.” difficulties had arisen, chiefly owing to In Germany Dr. Leander Van Ess the want of funds, but it was not expected has actively circulated his tracts in supthat they would be of long duration: the port of the universal dissemination of the zeal of the Legislature, connected with Word of God. Of his small book, enthe attachment which the inhabitants titled, “ The Holy Chrysostom; or the already begin to manifest to the system, Voice of the Catholic Church, concerning will gradually overcome all obstacles, and a useful, salutary, and edifying Method of diffuse throughout Colombia the blessings reading the Bible ;" he had been enabled, of education. A school of mutual instruc- partly by a grant from the London Tract tion was opened in Mexico in the year Society, to publish 5000 copies. He writes, 1822, under the auspices of the late “ I rejoice to say, many blessed results Emperor, who had purposed to establish have ensued from its dissemination among the system in all the provinces. The Catholics; especially at the present peCommittee were informed that a similar riod, when, by the bull of the pope, the measure was contemplated by the present circulation of the Bible has been much Government. Desirous of encouraging ridiculed and impeded. My corresponand assisting the prosecution of the plan, dence has convinced me, that many weak they had authorized a gentleman, who individuals, especially among the Catholic was about to leave this country for Mexico, clergy, have been encouraged in the Bible to confer with the Government, and offer, cause by the reading of this book; and, in the name of this Society, education as its circulation extends, the prejudices and support for two young men, either of the common people also are vanishing Spaniards or Aborigines, by whose means away." Though a Catholic himself, he the system of mutual instruction may be adds ; “ In a period like the present, when effectively introduced and established. Rome and Romanists are making all their The British public may now be congratu- powers and influence subservient to the latedon the pleasing prospect of permanent pernicious works of darkness, both by peace and consolidated freedom in these words and writings, it is our duty to do extensive States. Civilization and plenty all in our power to counteract their efforts ; will accompany peace; and it may be persuaded that the Lord will not suffer expected that science and the arts, litera- his true Christian church, of all contore, and, above all, morality and religion, fessions, to be overthrown. Incalculable

CHRIST, OBSERV. No, 290. Q

good may be effected by the means of ported to contain 12,837 gratuitous teachsmall instructive tracts, which the people ers, and 150,831 scholars. The issue of are fond of reading. If aid for this work books from the depository gratuitously, is afforded to me, I have a great number and at reduced prices, since the establishof correspondents and fellow-labourers in ment of the Society, bas amounted to every quarter, who will give their assist- 10,624 Bibles-]55,271 Testaments ance.The Hamburgh Tract Society 425, 190 Spelling Books—1,698 copies of bas, during the year, greatly inereased its the Society's excellent “ Hints for conoperations : the issues exceed 38,000. ducting Sunday Schools.". One of its friends says-“ Almost every

The Committee state, that the practical week, some instance of their usefulness benefits which have resulted from the comes to my knowledge; and not a few Sunday-school system of instruction, souls, in Hamburg and its weighbourhood, have been of a most beneficial nature. will have to bless God, through the end. For the truth of this assertion, they refer less ages of eternity, for the formation of to the testimony borne by persons of every this Society."

rank and class of society, in the course of In the year 1823, the Evangelical So- their correspondence with the Society. ciety at Stockholm circulated 64,895 The following effects are specified as retracts; making a total, since 1800, of sulting from the Sunday-school system nearly 2,000,000.

of instruction.-“ The Sabbath is no From Poland, a Missionary writes longer wasted or profaned, as the day “ Your tracts have been instrumental in for idle sports and petty depredations, but stirring up many to a sense of true re- becomingly appropriated to its intended ligion ; and deputations have been sent to object, the acquisition of religious know. us, inviting us to go and preach the Go- ledge, and the enjoyment of devotional spel of Christ, where the tracts have been feeling. Children are trained up in the given.”

principles of Christianity-parents are beThe following is an extract from a com- nefitted by the lessons and example of their munication from Gibraltar. “It is an offspring—the general habits and manners important fact, that many of the Spaniards of the poor are improved-domestic combegin to suspect that they have been forts are promoted--the labours of parochial misled : this has naturally resulted from and other ministers are facilitated there their reading of the holy Scriptures and is an increased attendance of both parents other religious books. They willingly and children at public worship-the holy receive tracts from us, and as willingly Scriptures are introduced and valued in converse with us on the subject of religion.” families where hitherto they were unknown Another correspondent on the continent -and a bond of connexion is established says—Spain is a vast field open before between the different ranks of society.” you, and seems to call for your labours. I This Society receives no aid by any am acquainted with a Spanish priest, who grant from the Legislature, and depends begins to enjoy Divine truth, through the solely upon voluntary contributions for its reading of some tracts. He has translat- support. A large field of usefulness, the ed “Conversation between Two Friends," Committee state, lies open before it; and “On Regeneration,” “ The Woodmen,” they trust that an increase of its funds and “ The Swiss Peasant."

will afford increased facilities for the more

general extension of a system which they SUNDAY-SCHOOL SOCIETY FOR consider, after long experience, admirably IRELAND.

adapted to the wants and feelings of the We have frequently laid before our people of Ireland. readers a statement of the plans and progress of this highly useful Society. The NEWFOUNDLAND SCHOOL SOfollowing is a brief summary of its pro

CIETY. ceedings up to a recent date.

The following is the substance of the The Society was first established in the Second Report of this highly useful instiyear 1809. At that time it is calculated, tution. there were but seventy Sunday-schools Availing themselves of the liberality of in all Ireland; and these not on the best his Majesty's Government, the Committee plan. The Report of the Society read procured, through Lord Bathurst, a pasat the last Annnal Meeting, states that sage to Newfoundland for two school1702 Sunday schools are now in con- masters and a schoolmistress, who, on nexion with this Society; which are re- their arrival in the island, received very

general assurances of cordial co-operation. consider, that, besides mere capacity and A suitable building was immediately hired acquirement, great simplicity of spirit

, zeal in St. John's, for a central school, which tempered with prudence, great affection, was opened with about 40 boys and 35 humility, and disinterestedness, much pagirls. There are three descriptions of tience and courage, and, above all, tried proper objects for the Society's benevolent and genuine piety, are requisite to form efforts in the island; namely, children who a competent schoolmaster or schoolmis. are too young to work, young men who tress for the objects of this Society. In are employed on the wharfs, and adults : addition to the central school, and that for the first and last of these, it is hoped, may adults, a Sunday-evening school in St. be collected together and much improved; John's has been commenced with every but the difficulties in the way of instruct- prospect of success. At Quidi Vidi, a local ing the young men are very great. The school had been opened, at which about number of the children is sufficient to fill forty-three scholars attend. A considermany schools.

able increase had taken place in the reOne of the masters, in writing to the ceipts of the Society for the year; and Committee, says, “ I have had much con- the expenditure, during the same period, versation with the fishermen who come having been comparatively small, in confrom the out-harbours and coves; and it is sequence of the preparatory and limited lamentable to hear how many there are, nature of the Society's operations, the residing at those various places, without Committee are enabled, without delay, to any means of instruction. Many of the enter with vigour upon the duties before men have begged spelling books for their them. But they wish explicitly to state children, whose wants I have supplied. what are the real necessities of the island, The boys not only make a great im- and that the present funds of the Society provement in their learning, but in their are quite inadequate to meet them. They behaviour also. Our school has been visited calculate, that the establishment of twenty by many respectable persons, who were schools will be the least provision for a much gratified with the system, and some population so peceliarly circumstanced as have given us their support.” So great that of Newfoundland. The original cost was the desire of the poor to obtain in- of erecting each of these schools, exclusive struction for their children, that, in three of the aid which may be rendered by the months from the day the school opened, islanders, will require a sum of not less no less than one hundred and thirty-two than 3001. making a total of 6,0001. The children were entered on the books, and collective salaries and expenses of the regularly attended. The number has since masters and mistresses will amount to greatly increased. The managers refuse to 40001. per annum. The success which has receive children, unless satisfied that their attended the operations of the Society parents cannot afford to pay for their edu- affords ample ground of thanksgiving to cation. The necessity for schools appears God, and of encouragement to persevering to be very generally admitted in the colony, effort. particularly by the merchants and the ma- To the Report is prefixed a very integistrates. An adult evening-school had resting discourse, preached before the Sobeen established, and contained about ciety, by the Rev. Henry Budd, for which forty scholars; many of whom, during the we must refer our readers to the volume summer, work on the wharfs, and in the itself. winter season go into the woods to cut timber, having no other opportunity than

LEVANT MISSIONS. what this school affords of obtaining in- We have selected this title for want of struction. The first scholar was a young one more comprehensive, in order to lay Black from Bermuda.

before our readers a general view of the The desire for education is rapidly plans now in progress for the benefit of extending to the out-harbours, from the inhabitants of the interesting regions whence several applications for schools which lie to the North, the South, and have been forwarded to the Committee. the East, of the Levant, comprising in The Committee have engaged to send the our notice the operations of the various requisite number of masters, as soon as missionary establishments in the neighproper persons can be procured for the bourhood of the Red, the Mediterreanean, office, with an understanding that the in- the Black, and the Caspian seas, and the habitants shall, to the utmost of their Persian Gulf. We are indebted for the power, assist in defraying the expenses of following particulars to the valuable digest the establishinent. The Committee justly in the annual survey in the Missionary

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