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Register, to which we refer those of our The course of proceeding required in readers who wish to examine the de these parts is sketched in the Instructions tail of proceedings at each particular of the Church Missionary Society deliverstation.
ed to the Rev. W.Jowett, in the year 1815. The shores of the above-mentioned The proper object and present work of seas are inhabited chiefly by two great missions in these seas are there stated to be classes of persons — Mohammedans and twofold: 1. Acquiring information, by cornon-Protestant Christians. Access is respondence, conference, and observation, obtained by these seas to all the strong- on the state of religion and of society, and holds of Mohammedanism; and they on the best means of meliorating that wash the shores of all those nations state; 2. The propagation of Christian which form the strength of Popery, and knowledge ; by the press, by journeys, of those other countries also whose and by the education of natives ;-such Christianity has suffered under its blight- journeys being prosecuted not only with ing influence or its corrupt example. the view of extending the sphere of conThere has been an almost simultaneous ference and observation, but to commumovement, of late years, for the benefit nicating Christian knowledge, by the cirof these regions, among the three great culation of books, by the declaration of divisions of Protestants—those of the truth wherever practicable, by promoting United Kingdom, of the Continent of the establishment of schools and searching Europe, and of the United States of out young natives to educate for the America. At the beginning of the present Christian ministry. This course of procentury, not a single missionary from these ceeding is amply developed in the two quarters could be found throughout these volumes of Researches since furnished by vast regions : there are now more than Mr. Jowett; and its advantages are fully forty, a considerable number of whom are confirmed by the experience of other mismarried, actually engaged in the different sionaries. labours appropriate to these countries or By the instrumentality of Protestant on their way thither; and many of these Christians only, is there any reasonable are men of high character, not only in re- hope that the full power of religion will spect of piety, but of talents and attain. be felt throughout these regions. The ments also. The number would have fallen churches will not reform themselves, been, however, still greater, had not some till stimulated by those which are already difficulties led to the withdrawing of about reformed; nor will the Mohammedan antitwelve missionaries from the territory of Christ be subdued but by that sword of Russia ; part by the United Brethren and the Spirit which reformed churches alone the London Missionary Society from Sa- can and will wield with effect. But Prorepta, and the rest by the Scottish Mis- testant Christians have, in almost every sionary Society from Karass, the Crimeas part of these countries, to make their way Astrachan, and Orenburg.
with difficulty. The character of their Many circumstances combine thus to proceedings must, perhaps for a long seaattract the hopes and efforts of the purer son, be migratory, rather than fixed and part of the Christian church to this quar- local ; and their work preparatory, rather ter. The field is indeed of a nature so than that of open and avowed ministers different from that offered throughout the of the Gospel. They have to communimany hundred millions of the pagan world, cate truth in the very regions where the that it requires a course of proceeding in Apostles first diffused it, but under very some measure peculiar to itself, as there different circumstances: they are not only are special difficulties and obstacles in devoid of that authoritative commission, the way: such progress has, nevertheless, sanctioned by constant interpositions of been already made, as to offer the fullest the Divine power, which demanded obeencouragement to increased exertions. On dience; but they have to labour among a these several topics we shall dwell a little: people, not merely indifferent or contempfor we are anxious to see a great augmen. tuous as the ancient Pagans were, or pretation of able and devoted labourers in judiced as the Jews, but among Mohammethis field, and to awaken fervent prayer dans hostile to Christ, and among profor the abundant influences of the Holy fessed Christians, many of whom are deSpirit on these now benighted regions, termined against all reformation. preparatory to that signal overthrow of To the direct exercise of the ministry antichrist which shall take place in the among the natives, there is, indeed, in predicted battle of that great day of God most of these countries, an almost insuAlmighty
perable bar. Sound principles of civil liberty will, however, wherever they pre- Seriptures? Why should not the Armevail, relax the bonds of religious intoler- nians, and Syrians, and Copts, and Abysance: Mr. Lowndes, Mr. Hartley, and sinians, as well as the thousands of the others, begin to feel this with respect to Greek Church, be permitted to avail the Greeks: but till the time shall come themselves of British benevolence, and when the public preaching of Christ cru- of the bread of heaven; famishing, as they cified shall bless these regions, enlightened are, in want of the staff of life, and willing and devout ministers may still in various to receive it when offered to them? And ways become the means of effecting incalis the Gospel of the blessed Saviour to be culable good.
denied to the Jewish people scattered The restraints on the exercise of the throughout the Ottoman empire? Such, Christian ministry form, however, but a however, and more, are the evil consepart of the obstacles opposed, in these quences intended to be the result of the countries, to the propagation of the Go present prohibitory Firmâns.” spel. The circulation of the Scriptures Of the influence of these violent meais becoming an object of dread both to sures, however, the American Board take Roman Catholics and Mohammedans; and a different view, which circumstances have from Rome and from Mecca, systematic since confirmed. They remarked; “ Difand determined opposition is shewn to the ficulties, great and many, do indeed lie in enlightening of these regions Where the the way. The errors of a thousand years Pope can exercise authority in directly are not to be easily and at once eradicated. crushing the circulation of the Scriptures, The sons of the false prophet will not be he exercises it without reserve; but where inclined to rejoice in the progress of truth; his subjects live under Mohammedan nor can the disciples of the man of governments, he employs the arm of sin be expected to favour the growth of the latter. The arrest and temporary righteousness. With regard to the Firmân imprisonment, in this manner, of the of the Grand Seignior, though by far the American Missionaries, the Rev. Pliny most serious instance of opposition which Fisk and the Rev. Isaac Bird, at Jerusa- has hitherto occurred, the prevailing belem, are known to our readers. Another lief of the missionaries is, that it will not instance of the fears and hostility of the long operate as a material hindrance to Romanists has occurred in reference to their proceedings. At Aleppo, although the College of Antoura on Mount Leba- the people who had received copies of the non, which the Rev. Lewis Way rented Scriptures were threatened with death if for the use of missionaries, who have been they refused to give them up, it was not obliged to leave it, through the interfer- ascertained that a single copy was given ence of the College of the Propaganda at up, or that a single individual suffered inRome. The anathema of the Maronite jury on that account.” Of the progress Patriarch against the Scriptures and a- which has been already made, the Board gainst the Protestant missionaries, (issued say; “ At Malta, at Alexandria, along in January 1821,) is a most hostile edict; the banks of the Nile, at Jerusalem, and utterly forbidding all the Maronites, of on the shores of the Mediterranean, from whatsoever state or condition, whether El Arish on the south to Tripolis on the secular or regular, monk or nun, from north, tracts filled with Divine truth, and holding intercourse with the missionaries,or the holy Scriptures, the fountain of truth, receiving their Bibles or tracts. Mr. Lewis, have been disseminated; and, in numea missionary,remarks on this anatbema, as rous instances, have been placed in the connected with the Firman of the Porte; hands of those who will carry them into “ The Patriarch and Council took great remote and still more benighted countries. care to prevent this production from falls In Jerusalem, the ancient capital of the ing into our hands. However, notwith visible church, the standard of truth and standing every precaution, we have at last righteousness has been erected – it is obtained it; and now I give it for the be- hoped never more to be permanently renefit of the British public, as a specimen moved. Among the mountains of Lebaof a Mount-Lebanon Bull. If the people non, the Gospel has been proclaimed to of the Roman-Catholic persuasion (whe- Druses, Maronites, Syrians, and Greeks. ther they wish it or not) must be debarred Jordan and the Dead Sea have heard the from the use of the word of God, is this sound, and Bethlehem, Capernaum, and a reason why thousands and tens of thou. Nazareth. In that most interesting porsands of others, of different persuasions, tion of the world, the light of life, after and unconnected with the Roman Church, having been for ages quite extinguished, should be likewise deprived of the sacred has been rekindled.”
• We might greatly extend this record of fifteen to twenty British ships are conbeneficial operations. The islands and stantly in New Orleans. Recently, on continent of Greece, Asia Minor, Con- board one of these, the London, were stantinople, the shores of the Black and eleven youths, apprentices. Few, if any Caspian Seas, the banks of the Tigris and seamen, belong to New Orleans. These Euphrates, and remote Abyssinia, with facts shew, that though the edifice of the some of the Barbary States, have all, in a church will be placed in that city, those greater or less degree, felt the advantage who will derive benefit from it are chiefly of the recent researches and exertions of persons from abroad. It is intended that Christian societies.
the church should be used for the accomIn the acquisition of information for modation of a Sunday-school, and also as the wise adaptation of measures to varying a depository for Bibles and Tracts. The circumstances, advances have been made connexions of Louisiana with the adjoinbeyond all expectation. The communi- ing and the Western States, and with the cations made to the Church Missionary new Republics of Mexico and Guatemala, Society, to the American Board, and to are so numerous and intimate, that greater the Jews' Society, by their respective re
facilities for the circulation of the Scrippresentatives, are full of interest : those tures in these countries are possessed at to the Church Missionary Society have New Orleans than in any other American been rendered peculiarly useful by having city. South of the United States, and been embodied in the two volumes of Re- north of the Isthmus of Darien, is a popusearches by Mr. Jowett; in each of which lation of about nine millions, who are, with he has furnished hints and suggestions scarcely an exception, destitute of the for shaping future measures, occupying word of life. The recent political changes nearly a third of his first, and more than in these and the other Hispano-American a fourth of his second, volume, which States, have broken down many barriers could not have been supplied but by ex- which have hitherto obstructed the circuperience and observation in the midst of lation of the sacred writings. The door the people for whose advantage he labours, is now opening through which the Bible and which will incalculably assist those is to pass to the American Catholic Church. who may follow.
So liberal are the Catholics in Colombia, Not discouraged, therefore, with the that a Bible Society has been organized in difficulties in their way, the progress al- Bogota, which has for its President, the ready made, and the opportunities for new Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. exertions opening before them, incline the In Mexico, a kindred liberal spirit is exgreat body of missionaries, not only to tending. In Tampico, Alvarado, Rio patient perseverance in that course of Grande, and other towns on the Gulph of proceeding which the peculiar circum- Mexico, the inhabitants have purchased, stances of these countries require, but to at advanced prices, many copies of the plead earnestly for an increase of la- New Testament, sent thither in vessels bourers.
froin New Orleans. A short time since,
a Spanish gentleman, from Havannah, NEW ORLEANS MARINERS' called at New Orleans, and purchased fifty CHURCH SOCIETY.
Spanish Testaments to take with him. There annually visit New Orleans, from In Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, Peru, seven to ten thousand seamen; and their Chili, and Buenos Ayres, the priests are number is constantly increasing. They stated to be desirous not only of purchasing are principally natives of Great Britain the Scriptures for themselves, but of cirand of the Northern States of America. culating them among the people. For the moral and religious instruction of To procure land, erect a suitable buildthis large and important class of strangers, ing, and endow it with funds adequate to no provision whatever is made. On the the support of a minister and of an agent contrary, the temptations to vice are for the Bible Society, a large sum will be numerous and pressing, especially on required. Liberal assistance has been althe Sabbath. Some benevolent merchants ready offered in the United States; and and other persons in New Orleans, on whatever sum is collected in Great Bri. learning what has been done in London, tain is to be deposited in Liverpool, or Dublin, Liverpool, New York, and else- London. The Rev. W. Shedd, the agent where, for seamen, have, in order to co- of the Mariners' Church Society and the operate in the same work, formed them- Louisiana Bible Society, has come over to selves into a Mariners' Church Society. this country to solicit contributions toFor six or eight months of the year, from wards this excellent object, and has issued an address to the British public respecting ciety composed of wise and good men." it, accompanied by a strong recommenda- Since that period, after many difficulties, tion froin various well known and highly an establishment has been formed and respectable individuals, who have examined supported with the produce of the estates, into the merits of the proposed plan. Sub- consisting of a principal and twelve schoscriptions will be received in London, by lars ; stipends being allowed to those who Mr. Skinner, Secretary to the Religious may be desirous of prosecuting their studies and Charitable Institution House, 32, in England, either in divinity, law, or Sackville Street, Piccadilly ; by Colonel physic. A minister has also been proAspinwall, the American Consul, 1, Bi- vided for the Negroes, whose whole atshopsgate Church-yard; by R. H. Mar- tention is to be directed to their improveten, Esq., Mincing Lane ; and by Professor ment in moral and religious knowledge. Shedd, 20, Keppel Street, Russell Square. Schools upon the National system have
Mr. A. Hodgson, of Liverpool, in one of been formed, under the superintendance his letters from North America, published of the chaplain ; and a code of regulations in our work, says, “ My personal observa- has been prepared, with the sanction of tion enables me to bear my testimony the attorneys, by which, it is stated, suffito the deplorable state in which the sea- cient time will be allowed the Negroes men are left in New Orleans,and the urgent during the week for the cultivation of necessity of some effort to diminish the their own provision grounds, to enable demoralizing influence to which British them to attend to the religious observance and other seamen are exposed while in of the Sabbath without interruption. We that place."
respectfully suggest to the incorporated
members of the venerable Society, whether SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA. it would not be eminently consonant to
TION OF THE GOSPEL. the propagation of Christianity, whether Prefixed to the last Report are several in truth the spirit of Christianity does not general notices, in which it is stated, that imperiously require, that they should shape there are now more than one hundred mis- their way at the earliest possible moment sionaries employed in the service of the So- to the emancipation of their slaves. We ciety in North America; that great assist- are aware, that it will be replied, that ance has also been extended, whenever ap- much has been done for their religious inplications have been made, in the erection struction since the time when Bishop of churches, and small salaries granted to a Porteus so justly remonstrated on the numerous body of catechists and school subject; but still, to our minds, the masters, and that the people at large have very institution of slavery is unchrisbeen supplied with Bibles, Prayer-books, tian and revolting, and we dread and and religious tracts, as their wants have deprecate that any religious society should been made known. Of late years, the Na- give it their countenance, or pollute tional system of education has been in- the funds of charity with any portion troduced into the three principal pro- of the produce extracted by it from the vinces dependent upon England ; and the toils of its miserable victims, by whose advantages already derived from it, suffi- labours, as we learn in the Report, “the ciently prove its great influence in the im- produce of the estates, for the last ten provement of the moral and religious cha- years, is nearly quadruple to that of the racter of the people. At Halifax, Nova previous period, and the addition of stock Scotia, St. John's, New Brunswick, and (under which term are we to conclude, at Quebec, establishments have been that the writer of the Report classes formed, which promise to be the means of human and immortal beings with brutes ?] spreading the knowledge of this powerful far exceeds that of any other estate on the engine throughout the several provinces island.” of which these cities are the capitals, and Among the miscellaneous items of the will secure to the rising generation every Society's proceedings, we notice their facility for the more general instruction of benevolent agency for the Vaudois clergy. the people at large.
In the year 1768, his Majesty granted letAt the commencement of the last cen- ters patent, in favour of the Protestants tury, General Codrington, bequeathed two of the Vaudois churches, in the valleys of plantations in the island of Barbadoes to Piedmont, to empower them to solicit the the Society, with direction “ that a con- contributions of well-disposed persons in venient number of professors and scholars this country, “to enable them to maintain should be maintained there, leaving the the ministers, churches, schools, and poor, particulars of the constitution to the So which they were not able to support in any tolerable manner." His Majesty was church are here in a flourishing condition. also pleased to direct, that the amount of The church is not yet painted, nor the this charitable collection should be paid steeple erected; but Mr. Shreeve expects into the hands of this Society, and be that both these objects will soon be accominvested in government securities, the plished. The congregation are in general interest of which should be appropriated poor, and unable to contribute largely in to the religious uses of the Protestant in- money. On Saturday the 23d of October, habitants of the valleys of Piedmont. In I was sent for from Mahone Bay, twenty obedience to those directions, annual sti. miles distant, to administer the sacrament pends have been regularly paid to thir- to a sick woman of Mr. Aitken's flock, teen pastors of the valleys of Piedmont, whom he was unable to visit. independently of certain small allowances “ Mr. Twining having informed me of a to the widows of the deceased ministers. settlement called Wellington, composed The capital sum has been raised to10,0001. of disbanded soldiers (on the new line of 3 per cent. Bank Annuities, which has road opened through the forest from enabled the Society to extend the gross Hammond's Plains to Annapolis,) as being amount of the salaries to 2921. per annum. very destitute of spiritual instruction, I
We have already abstracted that part of gave notice that I would preach there on the Report which refers to the Society's Friday the 5th of November. I accordproceedings in India. But the most exten- ingly officiated, and , but for some defect in sive sphere of its exertions is North the notice, should have met a large conAmerica. Our limits forbid us to narrate gregation. These people had not been the various minute local details of parti- visited before, during the seven years the cular stations, and there is no general settlement has existed, by any minister of syllabus of the results : we shall therefore our church ; and, being all members of it, endeavour to give our readers a general they expressed great thankfulness for my idea of them by means of some extracts coming among them, and an earnest desire from an interesting letter addressed to the that I should repeat the visit, which I Bishop of Nova Scotia, by one of the So- promised to do. Most of the men had ciety's Missionaries in Nova Scotia, the served in the peninsular war under his Rev. J. Cochran, describing a journey Grace of Wellington, and had therefore which he had undertaken in the service of named their settlement after him. It is the institution.
situated about twenty-two miles north“ Windsor, Nova Scotia, west from Halifax, and contains upwards
Jan. 12, 1825. of one hundred souls. I urged them to “ My Lord, My letter to the Secre- erect a small building for the purpose of cretary of the Society, early in October, divine worship, a project into which they will have informed your lordship of my entered with seeming eagerness, promising arrival, and of the result of my visit to to have a subscription ready for me when Rawdon. The first Sunday after my re- I should come again. Several of them turn I preached at Falmouth ; on the expressed the strongest attachment to the next, I officiated at Cornwallis, where I Established Church, and a feeling sense of assisted Mr. Wright in administering the the spiritual privation under which they communion. Congregation about one labour. The missionary at Sackville might hundred. Communicants twenty-five. occasionally visit them, the distance from Having heard that Mr. Aitken's health his church being not more than eleven was in a bad state, on Friday the 15th I miles, and in a straight line not more went through the woods to Chester, and than six or seven. And if there should be the next day to Lunenburg, where I offi. a clergyman at Sherbrooke, which is about ciated twice on the Sunday. On Sunday eighteen or twenty miles to the northward, the 24th, according to previous notice, Í he also could give them some attention. I officiated twice at Chester, and gave the begged them, however, in the mean time, communion to forty persons. The whole to meet together on the Sabbath, and number of communicants on Mr. Shreeve's read the service of the church. I visited list exceeds sixty. I was much pleased the school for the Black settlement in this with the state of his congregation. Among neighbourhood, kept by Mr. Campbell
, them are many who appear to be truly who reported the attendance of the chilreligious, and they are all attentive and dren to be irregular, but their capacities orderly in their behaviour at church. The for learning encouraging. These Blacks greatest cordiality and attachment subsist are said to amount in all to nearly five between the pastor and his flock; and I hundred souls. may safely add, that the interests of our “On Sunday morning I preached in the