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church at St. Margaret's to a very re- person twice visited by me, and preached spectable congregation, and baptized three a funeral sermon to a large congregation. children. The Rev. Mr. Twining had per- In this neighbourhood, the country is very formed service there about a month be- thickly inhabited ; and many of the peofore. The building is completely covered ple, members both of the Lutheran and in, and partly clapboarded, and the win- Calvinistic Churches of Lunenburg, and dows are all in : nothing more can now of our own, expressed to me an earnest be done to it until spring, when they ex- desire for the frequent repetition of the pect to proceed rapidly with its comple- services of our church among them. They tion. The subscriptions already made to are rather far from Lunenburg (six and the church, and the grant from the vene- eight miles) for regular attendance there rable Society, will fall somewhat short of on the Sunday; and they are sufficiently the expense of finishing it ; but the de- numerous and wealthy to have a church ficiency, I doubt not, will be readily made for themselves which might, in the summer up by a new contribution. It is highly season especially, be supplied by the gratifying to see this edifice raised in a missionary at' Lunenburg, if in healih. I place but lately known to our ministers, suggested to them that the erection of a and where at least nine hundred souls church would induce a clergyman to go may be said to have been living without among them often ; and I have little doubt God in the world. In the evening I offi. that, if properly urged, the suggestion will ciated in a private house three miles below be put in execution. This is naturally a the church, where more assembled than beautiful section of the country, but the could find accommodation. On Monday moral state of the people is grossly unculevening also, I preached at the school, tivated. I have some intention of returnhouse to a numerous congregation, and ing this way in the course of the winter, every where found a pleasing anxiety for and dividing my time, for a few weeks, religious instruction. The inhabitants , between Lunenburg and the more distant concur in expressions of gratitude to your parts of this extensive and highly important lordship, and in earnest hopes that they parish. may be allowed a resident missionary: “ Mr. Shreve will perhaps have made Few places, if any, afford a greater field your lordship acquainted with the state of for the active labours of a faithful minister. the church in Sherbrooke. To his exerThe people are extremely attentive to the tions, so liberally supported by grants from wishes of a clergyman, and contribute to the Society and Sir John Sherbrooke his comfort as far as they can, at least I and the subscriptions of the inhabitants, can so testify from personal experience; it is owing, that a church has arisen and I have no doubt they would at once where, seven years ago, the beasts of the comply with the conditions under which forest were in full possession. It stands the Society grant resident missionaries. on a very pretty situation, conspicuous to Great ignorance, as your lordship knows, distant parts of the settlement. The prevails among them, and, as might be ground on which the frame is placed, was expected from their deserted state, a great given for the purpose by a member of the degree of iniquity; but the visits of reli- Roman-Catholic communion. Mr. Wells, gious teachers have already had a beneficial the Society's scboolmaster, by whom I was tendency.
hospitably entertained, informs me that " On Tuesday, 9th of November, Mr. the attendance of the children, in winter James Bontelier volunteered to convey ine especially, is irregular. Here is another and my horse across the bay, ten miles, to point where, in my humble judgment, a Hubbard's Cove, on the western side, visiting missionary might be very useful in where I understood that there were many cherishing a growing congregation, and pro.. souls in deplorable want of spiritual atten. moting the religious interests of the people. Lion. I spent the night at Mr. Dauphine's, " At Hubbard's Cove, I was gratified to the leading man in the settlement, aud find a congregation of about ninety perwas indeed shocked to find the state of sons ready to receive me, if it can be called gross darkness and licentiousness, pre- a gratification to see so many souls destivailing among them. In the evening I tute of the means of grace, and enveloped assembled about forty persons, and per- in ignorance. I was informed that the formed divine service to them, and also Lord's day is only distinguished by exbaptized three children. Within a compass traordinary idleness and profanity. The of four miles, there reside forty families, children are growing up in the same wild most of them large, and comprising, I state, and if they continue without relisuppose in all
, nearly three hundred souls. gious instruction, cannot be expected to They are situated fifteen miles from turn out differently from their parents. I Chester, on the road leading through read prayers and preached, and baptized Hammond's Plains to Halifax, and have five children (one of them five years old). been very seldom visited by any minister I suggested the propriety, in so large a of our church. This is one of the many settleinent, of erecting a place of worship, places where a western visiting missionary and received some promises that they might be useful.
would promote such a work. At CornOn Friday I buried, at Mahone Bay, a wallis, a lamentable lukewarmness preCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 290.
vails on the subject of religion, which, roads in the province. I have had the
but the circumstances I condition as those I am speaking of. am going to state will, I trust, plead my
“On revisiting Wellington, the people excuse. The Lord in his infinite evinced the same thankfulness as for my wisdom has been pleased to visit my notice of them in November, and the family with severe affliction lately. My same anxiety for the erection of a church. poor wife has been confined to her bed for Those present subscribed for this un- several months ; and medical attendance dertaking to the extent of their ability. amounts to a very considerable sum. To Besides the number I have already men- this may be added many other expenses, tioned as contained in this settlement, which, under other circumstances, would there are, among the neighbouring Blacks, have been avoided. Were it not for this about thirty Methodists, who would at- long and painful illness, which is the cause tend our church; and at Hammond's of my present embarrassment, I should Plains there are several church families have been able, with economy, to maintain within reach. And, moreover, we my family with comfort
My salary not to overlook the probability of many is ninety-five pounds per annum, and no of the other Blacks in the vicinity, though house. My family consists of six children, chiefly called Anabaptists, being benefited all dependant on me for support by this church, for your lordship knows Congregation 700 : communicants monthly how many of our best congregations else- about ninety.”. where have, at one time, been called by 2. “ It is with real regret, that from the other names than that of our church. lowness of my present circumstances, and After the erection of a church shall have the several little demands upon me for stamped civilization on the character of necessaries which I am unable to meet, I this place, we may suppose the settlers feel compelled to apply reluctantly once will increase, particularly if this road more to your benevolent institution for should become the high road to Annapo- relief, hoping it may be the last time ; as lis. I have another request to prefer to my children are beginning to go off from the venerable Society in behalf of these me, and I have the promise of some adpeople; and that is, for the usual allowance vance in my salary after Michaelmas, for a schoolmaster. To say nothing of being now but eighty pounds. I have six the children of Blacks, there are between children: two are entirely dependent upon forty and filty of White parents, now en- me, and three others partially so .... Retirely without means of learning to read signing myself and all my concerns to the their Bibles, and for these I solicit this Divine will, and confiding in the already provision. If the Society grant 1001., I experienced liberality of the generous hope there will be money enough to ac- Committee, I remain, &c.” complish the building of both church, and 3. “. . I serve the curacy ofschool-house. An individual offered fifty only. The stated duty, morning and acres of land for the latter purpose. evening service alternately on each Sun
“ The difficulty with me has been, not day; but, in the summer season, when where to find places in want of my assist- not prevented by illness, 1 preach twice ance, but to decide where my services each Sabbath. My whole annual income would be most useful. In the course of is about seventy pounds including fees, these journeys I have travelled one thou- &c. I have four children; three wholly sand miles, on horseback (with the excep- dependent upon me, and the other i tion of about sixty), in an unfavourable clothe. Congregation about 200; and a season of the year, and over the worst Sunday-school of about 60 children.”
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
his claims to any authority except of a France. — The king's speech, at the purely spiritual nature. And how does opening of the chambers, gives strong the pope meet this new state of affairs ? assurances of the peace and prosperity Does he issue, as in former days, an inof the country. The commercial treaty terdict upon the rebellious kingdom? lately made with Great Britain is spoken does he even venture to re-assert his of with much satisfaction; and, though claims, or intimate a single doubt of the it does not go the extent of making com- legitimacy of those measures, or that gomerce as free in practice as in theory it vernment, of which he was so anxious to ought to be, it is doubtless another impor- prevent the establishment? So far from tant innovation on the illiberal and impo- it, he addresses the President of Mexico btic system of international jealousy and as his most beloved son, expresses the exclusion. The speech further alludes to highest satisfaction at the receipt of the the treaty with Hayti under the softened letters and other documents which he had phrase of “having at length fixed the sent him, acknowledges with singular fate of St. Domingo, and closed a pain modesty that “the dignity to which, ful wound.” It had surely been more without any merit on his part, he has magnanimous to have pronounced at been raised, forbids his interference with once, as George the Third did in the case any thing unconnected with the church," of the United States of America, the re- and even sends him the congratulations of cognition of independence, than to leave the apostolical chair on the peace and the meaning of this part of the speech concord which the Mexican nation now from the throne to be gathered from other enjoys—he does not say by rebellionand extra-official sources, especially as but “ by the favour of God.” We do there is no such reserve in alluding to not mean to intimate that the influence " the indemnity procured for the ancient of Popery is not still fearfully prevalent planters.” The speech also proposes a in the world, or that there is not the further remission of taxes, an auginenta- most ample necessity to oppose it by tion of the revenues of the church, and a every wise and scriptural means; but as law to check the progressive subdivision a political system we trust that its founof landed property, with a view to build dations are effectually and for ever unup again a national aristocracy, the ab- dermined. If it rise again, its rise must, sence of which the ultra royalists consi- humanly speaking, be the result of the der as among the most portentous results skill and zeal of its votaries, unchecked of the Revolution. The intended law is by the more powerful arms of reason and however only permissive, not compulsa- Scripture which Protestants have it in tory, allowing persons, if so they please, their power to wield. Against such an to entail their estates to the eldest son. event Protestants may effectually guard;
GREECE.—Scarcely any distinct and and it is their duty to do so, by increased authentic intelligence has arrived from efforts, for the diffusion of scriptural Greece during the month; but the ba- education, and the principles of true lance appears upon the whole favourable piety and liberality thoughout the world. to the cause of the patriots. The Turkish power, it is stated, has made no pro
DOMESTIC. gress either by sea or land, and in some Parliament opened on the second of instances has met with repulse3.
the month with a speech delivered by Mexico. – We have frequently ex- commission, in which his Majesty alludes pressed our conviction, grounded on
with satisfaction to the assurances of numerous facts, that the power and in- “ all foreign princes and states," of Huence of the See of Rome are rapidly their friendly disposition to this country, on the decline; and notwithstanding the and expresses his own wish to recomcounter-opinion of many reflecting and mend universal peace; in pursuance with religious persons, we are happy in think- which policy, his mediation has been ing that almost every succeeding month 'successfully employed to effect a treaty adduces new proofs of this important between Portugal and Brazil. He furfact. Our readers will recollect the at- ther mentions his endeavours to give tempt of the pope to interfere in the effect to the liberal principles of trade affairs of Mexico, and the spirited re- sanctioned by Parliament, and the result pulse which, even in that devotedly of those endeavours in connexion with Catholic country, he received, amounting France, the Hanseatic Cities of Lubeck, to a complete and official denial of all Bremen, and Hamburg, and the Republic of Colombia. But the chief topic of the years 1823, 1824, and 1825, and which speech is the pecuniary embarrassments led to that eagerness of speculation and of the country; which are stated “ not to overtrading which the miserable rate of have arisen from any political events, income to be derived from public and either at home or abroad, or from any other securities almost necessartly prounexpected demand upon the public re- duced. We are now paying the forfeit sources, or from the apprehension of any of that factitious prosperity; interruption to the general tranquillity.” The affairs of Ireland have hitherto « Some of the causes to which this evil been scarcely touched upon in Parlia. must be attributed,” it is stated,“ lie ment. We are happy to learn, that without the reach of direct parliamentary the act for the commutation of tithes in interposition; nor can security against that country, has been already carried the recurrence of them be found, unless into effect, in more than one-fourth of in the experience of the sufferings which the parishes in the island, with much they have occasioned.” “ But, to a cer- mutual advantage to the clergy and their tain portion of the evil,” it is added, parishioners. The execution of the sug“ corrective, at least, if not effectual gestions of the commissioners of educaremedies, may be applied; and his Ma- tion has been hitherto prevented by jesty relies upou the wisdom of Parlia- formidable obstacles. ment, to devise such measures as may Accounts from India mention an attend to protect both private and public tack by a Pindaree force upon Cutch. interests against the like sudden and vio- The province of that name, situated to lent fluctuations, by placing on a more the North-West of India, is under the firm foundation the currency and circu- protection, though not the sway, of the lating credit of the country.
East-India Company.-The Burmese To effect this object Government have war, in which we have spent so much most strenuously recommended to Parlia- blood and treasure, without any adequate ment two measures; the one, the sup- cause with which the public is acquaintpression of country bank-notes under 51., ed, is likely, it is hoped, to be soon and the other a modification of so much terminated. An armistice has been of the Bank-of-England Charter as pro- concluded, and negociations have been bibits more than six partners in country opened for effecting a treaty of peace. banks. The former measure will intro- Numerous Anti-slavery Petitions conduce a metallic currency throughout the tinue to be presented to Parliament, and country; and the latter will secure the public meetings to be held on the subject. stability of banks on an extended footing Mr. Brougham has given notice of his inof wealth and numbers in the proprietors. tention to bring before Parliament, on an Parliament have agreed to the principle early day, the whole question of Colonial of these measures by large majorities; Slavery, in the form of a bill for its mitiand they have been very generally hailed gation. Various abuses arising out of throughout the country as highly useful the subject will be brought forward in and necessary enactments. Bankers' succession by other Members. small notes already in circulation are The five Africans rescued from a proposed to be allowed for three years French slave-vessel at St. Ives, have longer, but no new ones to be issued. been restored to liberty, by a decision of To prevent temporary inconvenience, the Lord Chief Justice. Yet had these the bank may issue small notes till next unhappy men been smuggled into a October. No legislative provision, how- West-India plantation, they would only ever, we fear, can at once relieve the have been where so many hundreds of serious embarrassments which at present thousands of their countrymen now are, continue to press with great weight upon upon no substantially better title. Is various interests throughout the country. it not hypocritical in us any longer to Many houses of long established charac- denounce the infamous traffic in slaves, ter, we regret to state, have been added and yet to retain in hopeless bondage to the list of deficiencies during the its miserable victims? month; and we fear that some time may
Ministers do not intend to propose or elapse before the ill effects of the present sanction any alteration of the corn laws, commercial crisis will have subsided. during the present session ; but a motion The evil appears to us to have originated for their repeal will be brought forward in the very great depression of the inte- by Mr. Whitmore on the 28th instant, rest of money, which took place in the
* I had
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. spected her moral character, but en As informer Numbers of your ma- tered with spirit into the manners and gažinė, you have admitted biographi- customs of her humble department of cal notices of those who were poor
the world. In her 35th year, it pleased in this world's goods —(see, for exam- God, in a particular yet almost imperple, the interesting memoir of Thomas ceptible manner, to stop her in her Hozg, Christian Cbserver for January thoughtless career. Upon my inquiring 1823)-I take the liberty of sending you what induced her first to think practia short memoir of an aged servant of cally of her soul, she gave me the followJesus Christ, recently deceased, whom ing account, which I repeat as nearly as I have known personally for the last possible in her own words. twelve years, and during the last seven
been for some time," she said, "very of her life intimately; and who has de- uneasy in my mind, and had much inward parted this transitory world, having a
meditation. I feared that I was not
pregood hope, through grace," of a glo- pared to die, should it please God to rions reward. The substance of the šummon me to the tomb; and when I following pages has been collected from thought of the uncertainty of life, I her own conversation, and from per- trembled and was afraid. I read my Bible, sonal knowledge of her general habits. I attended upon the public ordinances I think the circumstances of her history of religion, and I prayed to God; yet still calculated to promote, among the poorer I received no comfort.” At length, howclasses of society, the increase of genuine ever, she obtained repose of mind, by religion, the « fruits” of which were means of the promises of Scripture. One largely exhibited by the subject of this passage, in particular, strongly impressed memoir; and at the same time, to fur- her feelings : “ Ye are the Lord's, and nish another proof of the Divine origin his Spirit dwelleth in you ;" from which of Christianity, as adapted to the end- she inferred, that, while she took comless varieties of age, character, and cir- fort from the gracious declaration in the cumstance througbout the human race: former part of the text, she must evidence for that sublime system, while it rises by her deportment that indwelling of in its mysteries infinitely above the con- the Spirit described in the latter. “I ceptions of the most enlarged mind, is must labour," she said, to be conformyei so simple that it brings home itsed to the image of God; for, as the same lessons of instruction to the comprehen- Apostle argues, “God hath not called us sion even of the meanest understanding. to uncleanness, but to holiness. The
uniform language of Scripture is, ' Be
ye holy, for I am holy.'Without hoThe subject of this memoir, LYDIA liness no man can see the Lord. From
was born at a small village in that period," she continued, “I began a one of the midland counties, on the 16th new course of life, and in that course, of January, 1739. Her father kept a his blessed Spirit has enabled me to persmall shop, besides working at his trade severe till the present time."
Such was as a woolcomber.
Both her parents
the account which this aged Christian died before she had completed her fourth gave to me in her 84th year. year; and Lydia was received into the I found in the frequent conversations house of her uncle, who resided at a I had with her, that in her mind the neighbouring market-town, and who duties and the doctrines of Christianity clothed and educated her. From the time were inseparably connected : and of little when her reasoning faculties began to use, would she say, is it to profess the dawn, she considered herself as a poor Christian name, and to contend for the orphan, who must make her way in the purity of the Christian faith, unless the world by her own industry; and upon sanctity of the life and the renewal of the this principle she acted, during the time heart crown that profession, and impart of her continuance in service, though to it allits value. she had always a laborious farmer's About her thirty-eighth year, having place, and occasionally met with rather saved a little money, she took a lodging rough treatment.
house, to accommodate travellers and In the earlier part of her life, as far as persons employed in business; and, I can collect, she was not distinguished shortly afterwards, she was married to from the busy crowd around her, as re- a man who had several children by a