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former wife; all of whom she brought expect sooner to be released from them : up. Her husband kept a public-house; and I have no doubt that, at some future but, owing to his imprudence and ex- time, I shall be fully convinced that it travagance, soon after his marriage his was good for me that I was afflicted; for creditors were called together, his goods God does not willingly—unless he has were sold, and himself and his


some merciful purpose to serve-afflict, were obliged to retire first to a tolerably nor grieve the children of men: but decent habitation, but finally to a small whom the Lord loveth he correcteth, and cottage consisting of only one room, scourgeth every son whom he receiveth." which contained their bed and every ar- Her industry and frugality were reticle of furniture which they possessed. markable, and indeed these two ChrisHere they continued for the last eighteen tian graces generally accompany each years. It was while residing in this cot- other. Her husband usually earned from tage that I first became acquainted with one shilling to eighteen pence per day: her; and (as far as human knowledge and out of this trifling sum house-rent can penetrate) never did a more humble, was to be discharged, and the various sincere, and irreproachable Christian so- necessaries of life procured; for though journ in this “vale of tears.” A vale of she was between 80 and 90 years of age, tears truly it was to her, for trouble and and her husband between 70 and 80, sorrow seemed in a peculiar manner to the parish officers refused even to pay have been her lot through life. “ Yet,” their rent; and all the public assistance she said, "blessed be His holy name, they procured was the gift of a few coals God has not left me to journey alone at Christmas. As long as it was in her through my most trying and perilous power she earned a little by spinning; and paths. I have had his word, which has when her hands and feet refused to perbeen a lantern unto my feet, and a guide form this to her laborious office, she unto my ways. It has directed me hi- still employed some hours of every day therto through life, and I trust it will in knitting and in mending her own and conduct me to eternal glory. And, oh! her husband's apparel; urging that a when, through the merits of my Saviour patched garment was preferable to rags. and the mercy of my God, I get to that Her house was always remarkably clean : celestial country, and mine eyes shall see for “cleanliness,” she said, “is akin to the King in his beauty—then how little godliness.” will it signify however rough and diffi- By the kindness of a few friends, to cult my past life may have been! In whom she professed herself highly gratethe fulness of joy, I shall soon lose all ful, she was occasionally supplied with remembrance of my earthly trials : they fragments of food, and articles of apparel, shall vanish from myrecollection as early which she always put to the best use; dew, or as the morning rain.' Or if they and which, with her management, conare permitted to continue in my recollec- tributed very materially to her own and tion, they will only serve to increase my her husband's comfort. And here, may joys, in remembering the trials and diffi- I be permitted to suggest to the rich, and culties which I have escaped.”.

comparatively affluent, the pressing duty Upon my remarking to her how pecu- which devolves upon them of taking care liarly happy it was to have a contented that there be as little waste as possible mind : "Yes,” she replied, "well did in their establishments. I know, from Solomon remark that “à contented mind personal observation, that in many houses, is a continual feast' - even in the pre- owing to the carelessness of servants, as sent comfort it affords! Observe how much as would be nearly sufficient for miserable a person is who suffers himself the maintenance of a family is daily to be a prey to discontent! "The sor- thrown away. Much has been urged row of the world worketh death.' And upon this subject; and happy would it indeed, did we but thus consider and be for the industrious poor if their afflupractise all the duties of Christianity. we ent neighbours did but rightly consider should soon find in our own experience, the imperative duty of preventing waste that God hath done all things well, and or needless expenditure. In Lydia's case, that, in commanding usa duty, he has con- I have frequently been surprised to see sulted our temporal and eternal hap- the excellent meal which has been propiness. Suppose, for instance, I were to vided from what I should have supposed murmur at his dispensations, still that had been entirely useless. would not remove but only increase my Except in going to church and occatroubles: whereas, by striving to bear sionally taking a short walk, Lydia selthem patiently, I not only experience dom quitted her cottage. Upon my Jess personal inconvenience, but I may asking the reason why she did not some. times visit her neighbours, she made me is the Lord," she would say:

let him the following reply: "For the last seve- do what seemeth him good.” As long ral years, I have lived almost out of the as it was in her power she attended the world; for if, as you advise me, I go public services of the church, and partook into the houses of any of my neighbours, monthly of the memorials of the dying I cannot hear or see any thing profita- love of her Redeemer: but when, through ble for edification. There is so much increasing weakness and rheumatic afidle conversation, and back-biting, and fection, the exertion of walking was too tale-bearing, that it grieves me to be great for her, still in heart she accompapresent at it. And the neglect shewn nied the worshippers to the temple of the to the education of children gives me Lord, and employed her time in readmuch uneasiness: so that I think I am ing the Bible and offering up her fervent better at home.” These remarks were prayers in her little cottage. Almost to not, however, uttered in a censorious spi- the last she was favoured with the use of rit, or with a pharisaic estimation of her- her eyes, and employed much of her self and disparagement of others; for time in reading that best of books, as though she was most scrupulous in ful- she often termed it, the Bible. She filling the outward duties of Christianity, possessed strong natural powers, and a she was far from thinking that she remarkably retentive memory, which could merit the favour of God or the re- particularly characterised her exact quowards of Heaven, by any of her own tations from the sacred volume. And inworks. “I am only,” she would say, “an deed it was “ her study by day," and unprofitable servant: from the Gospel her theme of meditation in the nightplan, all boasting is excluded; and ill watches. By persevering in this practice, would it become a weak, sinful mortal, and the Holy Spirit having been pleased Ilke myself, to harbour spiritual pride. to“ open her heart," as he did that of her * Not of works, lest any man should illustrious namesake (Acts xvi. 14), to boast. By grace are ye saved through receive the ingrafted word, she became faith.'"

mighty, in the Scriptures, which, by practiImpressed with a deep conviction of cal experience, she found able to make the truth of our Saviour's declaration, her wise unto salvation, through faith in “ Without me ye can do nothing," fre- Christ Jesus. quently and earnestly did she supplicate During the illness which terminated the assistance of His Spirit to “ give her in her death, and which was a gradual light and understanding in all things.” .decay of nature, she maintained a sweet And indeed, as before observed, her and heavenly composure. To her, to views of religion were extremely clear “ live was Christ, and to die was gain." and correct. To Christ she looked up Death had truly lost his sting ; for she as the author of her salvation : she ac- looked upon him but as a messenger sent knowledged him in his mediatorial offices, to convey her to an eternal home. The as her Prophet, Priest, and King; her ex- superintending care of the providence of emplar, her guide, her intercessor ; and God afforded her strong consolation. she found him “precious” to her soul. My trust is in God," she would say,

We frequently observe, in reading the “ and he has never disappointed me. lives of eminent departed saints, an al- Through a long and an arduous life, he ternation of feelings in religion : and we has been with me. I have been in great find them expressing a complaint that straits, but never have been entirely dethey have been left for days and weeks serted. My bread has been given me, to walk in mental darkness, without the and my water has been sure. And I light of the Divine countenance. But know that he will support me to the Lydia W. was peculiarly favoured. Her end; nor will he desert me in the valley sun seemed to shine with a clear, a regu- of the shadow of death. He will lay lar, and a lucid radiance : she had fixed underneath me his everlasting arms, and her hope on an immoveable foundation; it over me shall be extended the banners of was founded on a rock," and that rock his love--and finally, he will bring me was Christ."

to his kingdom of glory.” Six years before her death a disease, If any thing may be said to have given similar in its nature to a cancer, ap- her uneasiness, it was a feeling of anxiety peared in the inside of her mouth, which, for her husband, who, she feared, must besides causing her almost constant pain, eventually go to the poor-house : yet even prevented her taking any substantial ali- this care she was enabled to cast upon ment. Still, under these distressing cir- God, who she knew was able, and she cumstances, she maintained her content- had no doubt would provide for him. ed disposition. Never do I remember Thus animated by celestial principles, hearing a murmur escape her lips: “It and enjoying a hope full of immortality,

she was comforted upon the bed of lan- couch, and to witness her behaviour durguishing; and all her bed was made in ing the trying and awful scene. By the her sickness. When remarking to her, kindness, however, of a relative, I have how peculiarly necessary were the con- been furnished with a few particulars. solations of religion upon a sick-bed, for nearly a fortnight before her death, she immediately exclaimed, “Oh! what she took nothing but a little water to should I now do without religion? We poisten her parched lips. As might be may, and many do, live without it; but expected, she breathed her last in peace, few.can die without it. And, indeed, what and bade farewell to a world of trouble madness is it to delay to a sick couch, and of pain without a struggle or a sigh. the great work of making our calling and The day of her sorrows we cannot doubt election sure. When the body is racked is now at an end--she" has entered into by pain, and the soul stands as it were peace-she rests in her hed—walking in on the precincts of eternity, overwhelm- her uprightness.” 'ed with doubt and fear, low can we then, Let my readers remember that they with any hope of success, begin that also, whether rich or poor, have an inabout which we ought to have employed terest to secure—that a weighty obligaall our lives. Well did Solomon say : tion devolves upon them--that the scenes ' Remember thy Creator in the days of I have been describing are such as will thy youth, while the evil days come not, one day overtake them. Let the picture por the years draw nigh when thou shalt I have endeavoured faithfully to exhibit say, I have no pleasure in them.'" excite other feelings than those of mere

After being confined to he bed for respect. Let the imitate the example about five months, it pleased the Supreme held up to their view. Let them in their Disposer of events to take her to himself several stations copy the pattern set beon the last day of November 1825.- fore them in the character of my humble Owing to necessary avocations, which friend, and “ so follow her, even as she required my absence from home, I was followed Christ.” not permitted to stand by her dying

ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Rev. E. Rice, Dean of Gloucester Ca- Rev. W. Scarborough, Market Harthedral.

borough Perp. Cur. co. Leicester. Rev. C, Benson, Preb. of Worcester Rev. W. Sweete, Lenham V. co. Kent. Cathedral.

Rev. Dr. Williams, Bradford Abbas V. Rev. T. Davidson, Preb. of Worcester with Clifton Maybank R. co. Dorset. Cathedral.

Rev. R. Pole, Sheviock R. co. Devon. Rev. C. T. Collins, Timsbury R. co. Rev. D. Bull, to the Archd. of CornSomer.

wall. Rey. R. Huyshe, East Coker V. co. Rev. W. H. Dixon, Prebend. of York Devon.

Cathedral. Rev. F. C. Massingberd, South Ormsby Rev.Arnold, Wakerly V. co. North. with Kettlesby, Driby, R. and Calceby Rev. H. Atley, Timwell R. Rutland. V. annexed, co. Lincoln.

Rev. H. Butterfield, Brockdish R. Rev.Mayson, Orton R. co. Cumber. Norfolk.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. J, M. W.; M.; H. MATTHEWS; E. P. S.; H. C.; J. 0.2.; J. B.; M. C. S.; B. R.;

TUFOGNIS; S. B.; and B. B., are under consideration. We have received various Anti-slavery Petitions, and Proceedings of Atti-slavery So

cieties, which our limits forbid us to insert. Our Correspondents will not hence infer, that we are either lukewarm in the cause, or indifferent to their communications. Much Literary Intelligence arrived too late for insertion this short month. We think it right to state, in reply to one of our Correspondents, that we do not undertake to vouch for the merits of every application for charity, inserted among the advertisements on our cover. Benevolent individuals who feel inclined to relieve the

applicants, will of course make the necessary preliminary inquiries for themselves. We shall be glad to see the promised reply to Presbyter's query; Mr. Faber's reply to the Strictures of S. on his paper on the right use of the Fathers,

did not reach us till another communication on the same subject had been printed off in the present Number, when it was too late to insert it; but it shall appear next month.

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ON THE USE AND ABUSE OF REA- our senses nor our understandings SON IN MATTERS OF FAITH. can afford us any information. It

is perfectly rational to suppose, for (Concluded from p. 71.)

example, that there may be circumHA

AVING considered some par stances which depend wholly upon

ticulars, connected with mat- the will of God, and of which huters of revelation, which are within man reason can obtain no natuthe competency of reason to discuss, ral notices. There may be reawe are next to turn our attention sons above reason; reasons which to others as clearly beyond the are not appreciated, only because limits of that competency.

they are either not known or not We have seen, then, that reason understood. Reason cannot tell has an undoubted right in matters why the existence of natural or of revelation, as in every thing else, moral evil should be permitted by to ask for proofs sufficient in their an all-wise and infinitely gracious kind for the confirmation of what is being; yet, that they are thus perasserted. The chief point which mitted is evident; and reason sureappears to be clearly beyond the ly will not hence infer that such jurisdiction of reason, is making it- a Being cannot exist; but rather self the measure of subjects which that its own powers are incompecan be known only by Divine inspi- tent to discover the solution of a ration. All allow that, on secular difficulty arising from the apparenttopics, reason is our proper guide; ly contending attributes of the Diand few deny that, in the matter of vine nature. It is as unreasonable a professed revelation, reason may as it is unscriptural to “ limit the fairly demand what are its creden- Holy One of Israel." Suppose it tials : but it is disputed whether asserted, that the wicked “shall go reason has or has not a right to into everlasting punishment;" can bring the alleged disclosures of re- reason undertake to say that the velation to its own bar, and to decide doctrine is incredible ? Do we respecting them upon merely na- know so much of the character of tural principles. That no such right the Divine Being as to be able, withexists will, it is thought, clearly ap- out doubt, to ascertain what he will pear from the following considera- or will not perform? How often. tions.

even in human affairs, do we hear Human reason must allow that it maintained to be quite absurd to there may be subjects with which think that such or such an individual it is wholly unacquainted, and which will pursue some particular line of may perchance be above its com- conduct, which it afterwards proves prehension. It must be remember- he does pursue, and which he is ed, that whatever is discovered by found to have acted wisely in purthe mind of man, unassisted by re- suing. His conduct would, indeed, velation, is derived wholly from perhaps have been as absurd as was sensation and reflection ; but there alleged, had he known no circummay be subjects on which neither stances but those with which the CHRIST, OBSERV: No. 291.


objector was acquainted; but his arguments. Had Bishop Butler, deeper intimacy with the facts of for example, never written, nor any the case, converted apparent ab-human being ever thought of the surdity into true wisdom. The argu- argument from analogy in favour of ment applies with infinitely greater the being and attributes of God, force to the conduct of the Al- the fact of the Divine existence mighty; for man cannot compre- would not, in itself, have been the hend the ways of God, and has no less certain. So again, had the docprerogative to ask, “ What doesttrine of justification by faith never thou?" The Scriptures themselves been shewn, either by St. Paul or make use of this very analogy drawn any other Christian writer, inspired from human affairs, to shew the or uninspired, to be perfectly conlimits of reason. “What man know- sistent with the interests of practieth the things of a man, save the cal morality, the certainty of the spirit of man which is in him? even doctrine, as a part of Divine revelaso the things of God knoweth no tion, must still, by every fair reaman but the Spirit of God." soner, have been held indisputable.

The authenticity of a revelation It is indeed satisfactory to the being once admitted, implicit faith mind, when collateral arguments becomes reason; and the truest rea- can be urged in favour of what we son is implicit faith. Adopting the believe as a matter of revelation; system as a whole, no argument can but the duty of believing is not with reason be heard against any of grounded on those arguments, exits component parts. The testi- cept, perhaps, so far as they may mony of God is sufficient : it is de- sometimes form a part of the commonstration infallible. Should it plex proof of the Divine inspiration relate to subjects far above our of the record. understanding, or

declare Still, it must be remembered that truths contrary to our ordinary sup- true faith is never really opposed to positions, we cannot for a moment reason. It may indeed, and often reasonably doubt respecting them. does, rise far beyond it; and it may No argument of probability or im- put the believer to the salutary trial probability can have any place of crediting much that he cannot here. “ Thus saith the Lord,” is an understand, rather than oppose evianswer to every cavil. We must dence which cannot be confuted. either absolutely reject the revela. But there is nothing in this contion, or receive it as we find it. To trary to sound reason : it is in truth acknowledge its authenticity, yet one of the most useful dictates of to deny or modify its statements, is that faculty, that what is duly proved immeasurably absurd.

must be admitted, whatever may be In considering, then, a doctrine of the degree of its comprehensibility, revelation, we are not to ask, Is it or even should it appear wholly inconsentaneous to my natural ideas? comprehensible. Even the strictest or can I bring proofs of it indepen- sciences admit this principle. What dently of the declaration of God? can appear more incomprehensible It should be deeply infixed in the than that an atom of matter is inmind of every Christian, that on finitely divisible; or that two lines sacred subjects reason can super- may approach towards each other add nothing to the disclosures of to all eternity, without a possibility revelation: it may illustrate, it may of ever coinciding? But does any shew arguments for, it may ap- mathematician, after he has demonply, those disclosures; but it can strated these points, urge their inmake no addition to the record it comprehensibility as an argument self. It is not necessary for us even against their truth? to be able to fortify the contents of We may go farther ; for, so far a Divine revelation by extraneous from faith opposing right reason, it


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