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an association formed for “the prepara- expense. This prospect affords a great
tion, publication, or cheap or gratuitous stimulus to the Hindu youth. The total
supply, of works (English as well as number of boys in the indigenous schools
Asiatic) useful in schools and seminaries exceeds 2800. Several of the youths
of learning,” excluding works strictly of a educated by the Society in the Hindu
religious nature, or which might interfere College have obtained respectable situa-
with the religious sentiments of any per- tions in life; some of them have estab-
son. In 1821, its fourth year, the labours lished evening schools for gratuitous in-
of the Society received the unqualified struction of their countrymen in the En-
approbation of Government, with the grant glish language.
of 7000 rupees for immediate relief, and The Female Juvenile Society has re-
a monthly contribution of 500 rupees. cently been incorporated with the Bengal
The works distributed by the Society Christian School Society, whose object is
since its formation, amount to 104,182 the promotion of religious knowledge,
copies, in the following tongues,-namely, particularly among the native females of
Sanscrit, 340; Bengalee, 63,347; Hin- India.
duwee, 7,622 ; Ooriya, 50; Arabic, 292; The benevolent design of reclaiming
Persian, 7,961; Hindustanee, 6,538; the female part of the population from ig-
English, 8,551 ; and Anglo-Asiatic, 9,481. norance was likewise the motive which led
The Society's Third Report speaks of the to the formation of the Ladies' Society
improved discipline of the Native Schools, for Native Female Education. The Bri-
the proficiency of the scholars, the in- tish and Foreign School Society having
creasing thirst for knowledge, and the collected subscriptions in England forsend-
growing interest felt by the learned na. ing to Bengal a female teacher to establish
tives to co-operate with us in the diffusion schools for native female children, Miss
of instruction-as proofs of the success of Cooke (now Mrs. Wilson) was selected,
its exertions. The union of natives and and reached Calcutta in 1821. In spite of
Europeans, as members, attracted the the prejudices against educating females,
notice of the King of Oude (a Moham- and notwithstanding the difficulties of
medan) and the Rajah of Bhurtpore (a procuring suitable teachers, this lady, in
Hindu) to this Society; each of whom

a few months, established ten schools has testified his approbation of its views containing 277 children : the next year by a donation of 1000 rupees.

the schools increased to twenty-two, the Shortly after the establishment of the scholars to 400. The unexpected success preceding, the Calcutta School Society which attended this project, induced the was formed, with the same ultimate ob- friends of female education in India to enject, but without pledging itself to the large and extend the plan. Accordingly, same exclusive rules.

Its design was Lady Amherst having accepted the office declared to be, “to assist and improve of patroness of a society of European laexisting schools, and to establish and sup- dies to superintend and conduct this inport further schools and seminaries, with teresting design, the society above-named a view to the more general diffusion of was formed in March 1824. The resoluuseful knowledge amongst the inhabitants tions record the success which has attendof India of every description; and to

ed the novel and difficult undertaking of select pupils of distinguished talents and Mrs. Wilson, and the eagerness of the femerit from elementary and other schools, males to learn some of the most respectand to provide for their instruction in able caste and station having sent their seminaries of a higher degree, with the daughters, and, in some cases, desired view of forming a body of qualified teach- instruction themselves—and approved the ers and translators, who may be instru- intention of the Committee of the Church mental in enlightening their countrymen, Missionary.Society to erect a new school, and improving the general system of edu- to be used as the central school. cation.” The improvement of the native In the Benevolent Institution for the schools has been greatly advanced by the Instruction of Indigent Children, estadistribution of correct books (instead of blished by the Baptist Missionaries at the old vitiated manuscripts), by the an- Serampore, though destitute Christian nual examinations of the bead boys, and children are the primary objects, Hinby prizes to proficients, and pecuniary dus and Musulmans are not excluded. rewards to the native tutors. Native boys, The aggregate number of children in who distinguish themselves at the indige- the schools, at the last Report, was nous schools are sent to the English nearly 500. It is stated that upwards school to learn English at the Society's of 1000 youths have been thus res

“ As man,

cued from vice and ignorance, and are greater number;"—the Gazette published gradually rising to a certain degree of opu- at Hydra, with the title of “ The Friend lence and respectability.

of the Law," with a motto taken from GREECE

the Politics of Aristotle : Notwithstanding the war in which the when educated and enlightened, is the Greeks are engaged, they have begun to

noblest and best of all living creatures, so pay some attention to literature. They without law and justice he is the worst have several journals : among others, The

of all.”—Journals are also published at Hellenic Chronicle, published at Misso- Athens and Napolia ; and there is a Greek longhi, twice a week; with the motto of paper, the Telegraph, published at Vienna. Franklin, “ The greatest utility to the

THEOLOGY.

MISCELLANEOUS.

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

India, in reply to the Quarterly Review ; Second Statement of the Edinburgh by the Rev. J. H. Hinton. Bible Society. 25.

Poems, principally on Sacred Subjects; The Christian Hearer; designed to by the Rev. R. Brown. 12mo. 5s. shew the Importance of hearing the Word, The United States of America compared and to assist Christians in hearing with with some European Countries, particuProfit; by the Rev. E. Bickersteth. 5s. larly England; in a Discourse delivered in

Affectionate Address to the Members Trinity Church, New York. By the Rt. of the Church of England, on Separation; Rev. Š. H. Hobart, D. D. 2s. by the Rev. T. Brock

The Christian Exodus; or the Deliver- Statistical Illustrations of the British ance of the Israelites from Egypt, practi- Empire. 8vo. 7s. 6d. cally considered; by the Rev. R. P. Bud- Historical Essay on the Temporal dicom. 2 vols. 8vo. 11. ls.

Power of the Pope. Translated from the An Answer to the Rev. J. Davison, on French. 2 vols. 8vo. 20s. Primitive Sacrifice; by the Rev. J. Moles- Remarks on Granville Penn's Mineral worth. 8vo. 7s.

and Mosaical Geologies. 8vo. 3s. Deism Refuted, or Plain Reasons for Traditions and Recollections, Domestic, being a Christian; by the Rev. T. H. Clerical, and Literary ; by the Rev. R. Horne ; an enlarged edition.

Polwhele. 2 vols. 8vo. 258. The Labyrinth, or Popish Circle, tran- Chronology of Ancient History; by slated from Episcopius; by R. Watson. 6d. Mrs. Sherwood. 12mo. 6s.

The Life of Jesus Christ; by a Lay- A History of the United States of man. 4s.

America to 1815. 8vo. 12s. Two Letters to Dr. Milner, on his End A Collection of the most interesting of Religious Controversy; by the Rev. Trials prior to the Revolution of 1688; T. H. Lowe.

by S. M. Phillips. 2 vol. 8vo. Il. 8s. Soul Prosperity; or, the Closet Com- An Inquiry into the Moral Character of panion; by J. Dennant. 4s, 6d.

Lord Byron; by J. W. Simmons. Svo. 4s. The Book of Genesis considered in a A Letter to Mr. Haldane, on his StricSeries of Historical Discourses; by the tures relative to the Continent, and to Rev. F. Close. 12s.

Continental Bible Societies; by Dr. SteinChristian Devotedness; or the Consi- kopff. deration of our Saviour's Precept, “ Lay The Causes of Failure in Education, &c.; not up for yourselves Treasures upon by the Author of an Appeal on Sunday Earth.” 8vo. 2s.

Schools. Devotional Verses, founded on Texts Memorials of the Loss of the Comet of Scripture; by Bernard Barton. 12mo. Steam-packet; by the Rev. A. Perrey.

A Sermon on Colonial Slavery; by the The Opinions of an Old Gentleman on Rev. J. N. Goulty:

several Moral and Religious Subjects. A Vindication of Christian Missions in 18mo. 2s.

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE,

EAST-LOTHIAN ITINERATING fifty volumes, which are stationed in a

LIBRARY INSTITUTION. place for two years, where they are issued We have several times noticed and re- gratuitously to all persons above twelve commended the plan of this establishment, years of age who agree to take care of which is to furnish the towns and villages of them: after this period they are removed, East Lothian with libraries of useful books. or exchanged with other divisions. The The books are arranged into divisions of institution is chiefly supported by bene. Christ. OBSERV. No. 291.

2 A

last year.

volent individuals, and by annual reading MERCHANT-SEAMEN'S BIBLE subscribers of three shillings and upwards.

SOCIETY. Since the last Report, dated December Whatever might have been the doubts 1823, five new divisions, consisting of of any persons as to the practicability of 250 volumes, and an Agricultural Branch, exciting in the minds of our Merchant consisting of 100 volumes, have been Seamen a desire to possess the holy Scripadded to the institution, which now con- tures, the experience of more than seven sists of twenty-four divisions of fifty vo- years has evinced that not only are they lumes each; in all, 1200 vols. Allowing a willing to receive them when gratuitously month for the perusal of a volume, there offered to their acceptance, but that they has been issued on an average, during the are prompt, and even solicitous, to make last two years, 317 volumes monthly, out considerable pecuniary sacrifices, that of 1000 volumes, the number of books they may obtain the sacred treasure. At belonging to the gratuitous part of the the end of seven years' distribution, it apestablishment during that period; which pears that the sales at Gravesend (at half is a proportion of issues unexampled in any the cost price) have gone on progressivestationary library of the same standing. ly increasing from 597 copies of the ScripThe number of issues, in the villages where tures sold in the first year, to the unpredivisions have been placed for eight years, cedented number of 1037 copies sold in have not been much fewer during the last the last year. In the port of London, two years than during the first, when the though the Scriptures are now sold at influence of novelty may be supposed to three fourths the cost price, the number have induced many to apply for books. sold has progressively increased from the

It is intended as soon as practicable to third year of the Society's operations, place at least one division on every square from 229 copies, to 411 copies sold in the of four miles in the county of East Lothian. Sixty-five divisions would supply the A very general interest is now felt by whole county; and these, including book- our merchant seamen to possess the Sacases, and accompanied by catalogues, cred Volume ; and numerous proofs have and the other needful apparatus, might been furnished in the Society's Reports be procured for about 6001. ; and as the of the beneficial consequences of circubooks, with occasional repairs, might last lating it. Fears have indeed been exfor twenty years in constant circulation, pressed by some persons, that the disthe expense of furnishing the whole county tribution of the Scriptures alone, would with these libraries would be only 301. have a tendency to alienate the minds of per annum.

those who were attached to the EstabAlthough a large proportion of the lished Church; but, in refutation of this books in these libraries have been on the opinion, the Committee state, that in subject of religion and morals, because consequence of the repeated inquiries of these are matters in which every individual sailors, both at Gravesend and in London, is most deeply interested, yet a conside- for the Book of Common Prayer, the rable number relate to history, travels, Committee of the Prayer-book and Hobiography, and the arts and sciences; and mily Society have been induced to make some attention has been paid to procure an experiment similar to that made by books calculated to excite the attention of this Society; and it is highly satisfactory young persons, and form in them a taste to them to learn, that the Assistant Sefor reading, observation, and reflection. cretary of that institution, who had vi

From a conviction, that to excite farm sited the ships lying in the upper part of servants and agricultural mechanics of the river, had sold at reduced prices, 766 the county to observe and to reflect on copies of the Common Prayer, and 15 the various objects with which their em- copies of the entire volume of Homilies, ployments bring them into contact, would in the short period of eight months, bebe an important service both to them and sides distributing a large number of select to their employers, an agricultural branch homilies as tracts. has been added consisting of one hundred The Committee deeply regret that the volumes; and great anxiety is expressed amount of annual subscriptions is by no for the perusal of them. All the librarians means adequate to the prosecution of the continue to give their services gratuitously. Society's benevolent plans. They have We strongly recommend the plan of this never exceeded the sum of 2071. ; and, in useful institution for adoption in other the last year, have not exceeded 2011. parts of the United Kingdom. It is at The Committee present the following once simple, economical, and efficient. analysis of the distribution of the Scriptures during the year; namely, 1037 Bibles navigation, in little more than two years. and Testaments sold at Gravesend, at My Bible is my best chart, and I trust it half the cost price, 318 Bibles and Testa- will in the end guide me to the haven of ments left on board for the use of destitute eternal rest. I feel now that I have one seamen, but not paid for; 411 Bibles and talent committed to me, and it is my aim Testaments sold to seamen in the coasting wonderfully altered about Bristol : indeed

to improve it.' He added— Sailors are trade, in the upper part of the river, at every means are now using there, and not three-fourths the cost price; making a in vain, to make them better men.'" total distribution, at Gravesend and in the “ No. 6. • The Lord bless you, sir, in port of London, of 1766 copies. The your work,' said an old sailor, who had Society has circulated altogether since its just got on board to see his son, My formation, 9275 Bibles and 10,467 Testa- poor old father put a Bible into my chest,

when I first went to sea. I read but little ments. A few of the many interesting circum- for some time, and practised less

, but that

was the book which led me to know mystances mentioned by the Society's agents self as a condemned sinner, and Jesus in the reports of last year are subjoined. Christ as a suitable Saviour for such a sin

.“ No. 1.-The captain readily paid for ner, and I hope at last to reach in safety Bibles for three of his crew, who seemed the port of everlasting rest. I have a boy most anxious to possess them. He spoke here, and sons in other ships; and I cannot in high terms of the institution, and said, do better, I think, than follow my poor • Every thing goes on as it ought, when old father's example, by putting into each the Bible is regarded by the crew; the of my boy's chests a Bíble.' duty is cheerfully done, the owner's pro- “ No. 7. “Our captain is a good man,' perty is more safe, and all is smooth and said the mate. We have prayers every pleasant.' The last Bible I bought of day.'. The captain soon after came on you, I gave to a poor Englishman at Venice, board. He appeared glad to see me, and who told me that he wanted nothing so asked the crew whether any of them were much as a Bible, and that he would give in want of a Bible. One man only was all he possessed to get one. He begged destitute, and the captain immediately so hard, I could not help giving him my gave him money to pay for it. Our Bible; and glad I was that I had one to people," he said, at the end of last voygive him."

age, collected amongst themselves 21. 12s. “ No. 2. The captain was much pleased 6d. for the benefit of the Merchant Seain hearing that eight of his crew had pur- men's Bible Society, and I paid it into the chased the Scriptures. We are now well hands of one of your Committee.' provided with spiritual charts,' said he, “ No. 8. • Here are cheap Bibles, my * and I hope we shall have the presence of boys,' cried one of the seamen, addressing the best of Pilots to conduct us out and the captain ; . I'll have a Bible,' said one. home in safety. An excellent crew, and 'So will l,' said another. So said a third, the captain extremely attentive.'

and a fourth. • The Scriptures and prayers “ No. 3. Most of the crew were desti- are read here on all proper occasions,' said tute of the Scriptures. Five of them went the captain; and depend upon it, the aft, saying how much they wished to have time is not lost.' Bibles. As they were pennyless, the cap- “ No. 9. The captain said, I love to tain cheerfully lent them money, and the the utmost of my ability to encourage this men were very grateful for the favour." good work; and should any one of the

“No. 4. The captain asked me how crew want a Bible I will with pleasure many Bibles I found amongst the crew, let him have money to pay for it. Five of and said, he hoped none of them would them seemed glad of so favourable an opgo to sea without a copy of the Scriptures. portunity, and

got a Bible each.” He readily paid me for four Bibles for the “ No. 10. At the time one of the crew men; and turning to two passengers, said, was purchasing a Bible, another, a man of You must not think of going on so long a Colour, looked wishfully at it, which the voyage (South America) without a Bible. mate observing, said, Do you want a One of them, being without, bought a Bible?' calling him by his name. The Bible."

poor fellow hanging down his head, re“ No. 5. Here is a Bible which I plied, “O) yes, I shall be very glad indeed bought of the Bristol Bible Association,' to get one.' Then you shall have one,' said the mate, holding it up; "and this said the mate, and I will pay for it.' The Bible has been the means of placing me man was delighted with a treasure which in my present circumstances. I knew he never possessed before.' little about letters when I purchased it,

“ No. 11. When I belonged to the but I was resolved to learn to read it, if R-, said the mate, we got several Bibles possible; and I soon succeeded tolerably from your Society at this place. We met well, to the astonishment of many. I then the T- at sea, a vessel which had never began to learn to write, and next applied sailed from the port of London: she had my mind to arithmetic. Thus I learned been from England five years, and had to read my Bible, to write, and to know doubled Cape Horn. During the whole

of this time they had been without even a importance of giving to the missionary leaf of the Scriptures on board, or any system a more perfect organization; and religious book whatever. The captain

one better adapted to the expanding rays came on board to ask whether we could accommodate his ship with a Bible? We

of your operations, to their increasing let him have three out of the number complexity, and to the steady progress, in which we procured from your society. The literature and in the arts of civil life, of captain, mate, and others, were very

many of those nations which are still imthankful indeed for them. Now, had it mured in the vilest abominations of Panot been for your excellent society, we ganism. With a view to give effect to should not have had the pleasure of per- your decision, you have resolved to bring using those books ourselves, nor could we have furnished this Bibleless ship with been dispersed among several masters,

together the students who have hitherto such a seasonable supply."

and to place them under a single superin“In one of my visits this week I was accompanied by a gentleman who wished tendence. Through this arrangement, an to be acquainted with the mode adopted exact and uniform plan of education can by the society in visiting the vessels on be pursued; and many local facilities will the river. We boarded thirty-one vessels be at hand, for initiating or perfecting the and in every case had the most pleasing students in various departments of know. reception, and ample testimonies of the ledge-facilities, it may without offence altered character of seamen. “No. 12. One of the men left his dinner,

be asserted, which are not within the and came to me for a Bible, saying, “that

compass of education in a country village, the one he had was nearly worn out, and he

nor attainable under the roof of any priwished for another.' A pious seaman, be

vate individual, however able and accomlonging to the next vessel, said, that much plished. In such a seminary, moreover, good was doing among sailors; that many a system, both domestic and academical, were very altered characters; and that, in may be adopted, which shall be, in some general now, their ears were open to re

degree, preparatory to the missionary proof and instruction. Another affirmed, that the change was surprising, and warfare, and under which the soldiers ascribed much praise to the Seamen's

of the Cross may be gradually inured Bible Society:”.

to habits congenial with their evangelical “ No. 13. 'The master bore the strong- destination—a system, which, by having est testimony to the good which the circu-' something of an ascetic and pilgrim characlation of the Scriptures had done amongst ter impressed upon it, may fit them for seamen, not only on board but on shore, that life of self-denial, I was nearly saying and said that it was equally manifest in all self-annihilation, which they have prosthe ports where sailors resorted. He bought a Bible himself, and was glad that

pectively embraced. I called to supply him."

“From the assembling of the students “ No. 14. 'The master appeared very

in one place, you will also obtain a vast much concerned in promoting the best advantage for ascertaining the real characinterests of his men, and asked each ter, and the comparative capacity and quaof them whether he had got a Bible: two lifications, of each individual. Thus you were found to be without, and they im- will be secured, so far as human circummediately requested to be supplied: the spection can secure you, from sendmaster said, he would pay for them; and ing into foreign parts unholy and unpressed, in a very earnest manner, upon qualified teachers, agents of darkness in their attention, the neccessity of reading the Scriptures, with prayer to God for his the form and with the credentials of angels blessing.'”

of light, who may prove scandals to the

heathen, and blots on the Christian Name; CHURCH MISSIONARY thereby clothing our Society in mourning, SEMINARY.

and drawing down upon themselves an The Appendix to the last Report of the aggravated condemnation. Church Missionary Society contains the Neither is the benefit trivial, which very interesting and appropriate address, this institution is calculated to produce, delivered at the opening of the Society's by giving to the Society, of which it must Seminary, at Islington, by the Rev J. N. needs be a prominent member, a due Pearson, the principal. We select the publicity with regard both to its objects following passages explanatory of the ob- and its measures. It is, we believe, the ject and utility of this important establish- want of a thorough acquaintance with the ment.

character of the Society, that has checked “ The aim of this institution is tran- and limited the support which it has hiscendently noble and elevated. In framing therto received from those high functionit, gentlemen, you have been alive to the aries of church and state, whose favour

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