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prayer for

able estimation of our proceedings would in tears. You must be fortified against be an event of great promise to the best the manifold temptations which are inciinterests of mankind.”

dent to your vocation, and to the particuMr. Pearson's address contains much lar scene of your respective labours; and valuable advice to the missionary students you must be prompt to take advantage of under his care. We copy the following every opening for usefulness, which may passages.

present itself, through the civil, the do“ I cannot doubt, my dear friends, mestic, or the personal peculiarities of the that you have frequently pondered the en- people among whom you may be stationed. dowments requisite for a missionary; and By previous study and reflection, you must you must have perceived them to be a rare have become conversant with the features combination, no vulgar and spontaneous of savage intellect; and be prepared for the growth, but the product of diligent culture monstrous forms and the devious excesses under an extraordinary effusion of spiritual of barbarous vice. But the tract of your influences. You must have seen that the future labours is a region of mountains, missionary character requires a large mea- wonderfully various in form, of which I sure of humility, to suffer what is most re- cannot pretend to trace the outline. Into volting to natural pride; of hardiness, to this region, however, it becomes you to undergo the severest fatigues; of meek- go forth in spirit; to expatiate through its ness, to put up with affronts and injurious length and breath ; to thread its labyrinths, treatment; and that it supposes an un- to climb its heights, to dive into its dells, usual subjection of the appetites and pas- to explore its thickets, and to make yoursions. You must, also, be aware, that, selves familiar with all its steep and rugwithout knowledge-extensive, clear, ex- ged and crooked paths. While you learn, perimental knowledge-you will not be by such anticipations of actual experience, competent to instruct; that, without kind- the arduousness of the service in which nees and an open benignity of manner, you are enlisted, you will grow more and you cannot allay prejudices and engage at- more alive to your natural insufficiency, tention; that opportunities cannot be ob- and be earnest in

superserved and improved, without celerity of natural supplies of light and strength and mind and personal activity; and that con- patience. siderable skill, united with patient labour, “One principal object of these remarks is requisite for communicating religious to induce you to regard yourselves, truth to the dull and indocile. Neither can while you remain attached to this instituit have escaped you, how severe a wisdom tion, as under education for the work of will be necessary to discern between missions in its utmost extent and compregood and evil, and what courage reso- hension; and as bound to collect assilutely to choose the one and to reject the duously all the material and moral requiother; how exact a judgment, to balance sites for executing it duly." contending reasons ; how much sobriety In reference to the large and compreof mind, to avoid rash enterprises ; what hensive plan marked out for the Society's generosity, to undertake great designs, seminary. Mr. Pearson remarks ;what cautious prudence to conduct, what “ There is much to encourage a confiunconquerable energy to achieve them. To dent hope, that what has hitherto been be able ministers of the Gospel in pagan witnessed of missionary ardour is but the lands, you must LOVE THE Cross, accord- first flush of that Christian spirit which ing to the largest sense of that comprehen- has at length waked up to contemplate sive figure. You must be content to pro- the nations that are sitting in darkness, phesy in sackcloth; and count the bare and to acknowledge the cruel impiety of honour of your holy work an ample indem- withholding from the destitute heathen nification for all which it involves, of what that bread of life of which we have enough is grievous and terrible to nature. With. and to spare. The efficacy of such a spiout for a moment intermitting your dili- rit, concentrated in a society like ours, gence, and with a constancy of soul that cannot fail, God helping us, to be immense. is proof against incessant disappointments, Should the anticipations of the Commityou must await in hope the tardy germi- tee of visitors be ratified by a benignant nation of the seed which you have scatter- Providence; it may perhaps be admitted, ed; and be willing, after having poured that, in laying so broad a basis for misout apparently in vain your whole strength sionary evangelization as is laid in the preof soul and body, that other men should sent establishment, there has been exerenter into your labours, and reap with cised a forecast arising from some higher joy and singing what you have sown

principle than mere human calculation,” , Mr. Pearson, in conclusion, urges upon priests. We are,' said he, in a patheall the friends of the Society, the duty of tic manner, without learning !' There prayer for the success of this institution. is, surely, some cause for congratulation,

“Pray, I beseech you, daily and fervent- when we find them confessing and dely, to the Prince of Missionary Evangelists, ploring their ignorance. the first Messenger of the everlasting co- An Albanian priest, with whom I venant, that He would send us now pro- have had previous intercourse, called upon sperity; that He would behold and visit me. I discern in him, and indeed in all this vine, and make it strong and fruitful the Greek ecclesiastics whom I have hifor Himself. For these students pray, therto known, considerable acquaintance that they may be men of God, endued with the Four Gospels : the other parts with an apostolic spirit, incorrupt in doc- of the Sacred Writings they have not trine, exemplary in conversation, mature studied so well : they appear, however, to in spiritual experience, and furnished with be desirous of studying them. When my all needful gifts to go forth in the fulness visitor called, a copy of the Septuagint of the blessing of the Gospel of Christ. lay on the table : he took it up; and, reAnd pray for their teacher, that he may questing me to lend it him for a few days, himself be abundantly taught of Heaven; presented bis watch as a pledge for its and that he may receive supplies of grace safe restoration. ' proportionate to his deficiencies, to the “ At the Lazaretto, on an islet in the constant duties of his office, to the emer- bay, Mr. Lowndes and I conversed with gencies for which human prudence can a Greek lately returned from Albania. make no adequate provision, and to the He gave us melancholy accounts of the immense responsibility with which be distracted state of the country: robbery stands charged before God."

and murder are so frequent, that travel

ling is extremely insecure. Such repreMISSIONARY TOUR IN THE sentations almost forbid, for the present, GREEK ISLANDS.

an intended tour by Mr. Lowndes in AlWe extract from Mr. Hartley's ac- bania. We are glad, however, to hear of count of a missionary tour made last year the joy with which the Albanian translain several of the Greek islands, the fol- tion of St. Matthew has been received. lowing interesting particulars, which, In some churches it has been read by added to those already laid before our the priests, in place of the original readers, will assist them in estimating the Greek. religious condition and wants of the Greek “ On this little island, I distributed population.

tracts in four different languages-Greek, Corfu._" It is truly afflicting to wit- Italian, French, and English, and, on a ness the extent to which the worship of former occasion, in Hebrew also : they St. Spiridion is carried in this island. If

were gladly received. In few places, pera Corfiote be in danger er distress, it is haps, are tracts more likely to be disto him that he fljes for relief-to him tributed with advantage than in a Lazahe pays his vows-to him he looks for

Imprisoned for a considerable protection! A priest informed me, that time, as is frequently the case with the when an inhabitant of Corfu is preparing inmates of these buildings, they have leito visit Constantinople, he obtains a sure to read and to reflect, in a manner for small shred from the garments of the which never, perhaps, in their whole saint, and wears it religiously about his lives they find equal opportunity. person, as an undoubted safeguard against “ In the evening, I called upon an the plague. The body of the saint is a Athenian family, When I entered, I source of much emolument to the family found the Archbishop Gregorius reading in whose possession it is.

to them out of the New Testament. “ I introduced myself to the priest of “ This island of Corfu is well adapted Castrades, and gave him some tracts. He to awaken serious reflections in the mind. received me in a most affectionate man- There was a time when it contained proner. I was quite touched with his kind bably four times its present number of demeanour. He acknowledged Christ inhabitants. The ancient city, which was to be the source of his hopes ; and dwelt, the capital of the island, and which has with apparent delight, on the expression, dwindled into the paltry village of Cas• He is the head—we are the members.' trades, had a population of 120,000 souls : I was struck with the candid confession the whole island numbers at present only which he made, when I informed him 60,000. With what mighty energy has that I wished for the society of the Greek the work of depopulation and death been


going forward ; and in a land so beautiful, one Spelling-book. We distributed tracts, that we might almost conceive it designed to the number of a hundred. No small for a perpetual abode! This island has interest was excited amongst these poor been distinguished also in a remarkable villagers, by our publications; and I have manner for its political changes : it has little doubt, that they have since been bebeld, successively, the ancient dynasty dilligently employed in reading them. One of the Phæaces, the republican govern- of the priests had ten scholars, but not a ment of Corcyra, the legion of Rome, single book in Modern Greek: he is now the Turkish Crescent, Venetians, Rus- well supplied with the means of instructing sians, French, and finally English.

his pupils. “At night, I had a call from an En- “ In the afternoon we reached the vilglish officer. He has distributed a con- lage of Spaus, our resting place for the siderable number of tracts on board the night; and met with the most friendly ships in the harbour: they have, every reception. Mr. Lowndes having signified where, been well received."

his intention to preach, one of the priests “ The Jewish rabbi, attended by seve- came and invited him to make use of his ral other Jews, came, by agreement, to church for that purpose : accordingly the the house of Mr. Lowndes, where we bell was rung; and, very speedily, a large reasoned with one another on the Mes- congregation was assembled. It was to siahship of Jesus. It was highly interest- me a most gratifying spectacle, to witness ing to me, to observe the deep attention a Protestant minister preaching Christ paid by the Jews present, and the marked crucified in one of the Oriental churches. expression of anxiety, and at times even Behind the preacher, was a wall covered of astonishment, which their countenances with pictures of saints; but Christ was discovered.

proclaimed as the only Mediator between “ In my walk in the afternoon, I met God and man. After the sermon, we diswith a man in the Albanian dress, to tributed our books. whom I had given tracts on the pre- “ I had some conversation of a serious eeding day. He informed me, that he had nature with the man of the house, in the been reading them very diligentìy, and course of the evening. "A Christian that he intended to spend the whole Sun- without prayer,' he said, “is like a soldier day in the same employment. On my re- without arms. I find the Greeks very turn, I found him standing in the middle ready to offer remarks of this nature, and of the road, and reading aloud, while his to bring forward Scripture quotations.” horse was feeding beside him. It appears “ Still a great call for tracts. Our that many of those Greeks who have house is almost besieged. The whole had sufficient instruction read with de- number of tracts, which I have distributed light the tracts which fall in their way. during my visit to this island, amounts There is much encouragement for the dis- to about 1500—Greek, upward of 800; tribution of tracts.

Italian, 500, English and French, about A courier, an Italian, who is em- 200. The number of Bibles and Testaployed by Government, informed me, ments, sold or distributed, is about 60. that, twelve days ago, when he was at “ Having thus terminated, for the preCicale, a barbour in Dalmatia, he met sent, my duties in the island of Corfu, I with a man who was inquiring concerning feel convinced that every likelihood of those Englishmen who distribute the success will attend missionary exertion in Scriptures.” He declared his own wil- this island. At present, no prejudice lingness, and that of others, to give any exists against Protestant ministers : there price for the Sacred Volume.

is, on the contrary, great readiness to hear “ I set out, with Mr. Lowndes, very them preach, and to engage with them in early in the morning, on a short tour in religious conversation. May it please the country. Our object was to sell and God to raise up faithful ministers for these distribute Bibles and tracts, and to avail islanders! Were a Christian of decided ourselves of every opportunity of useful- piety to station himself only as a schoolness which might present itself.” master in one of the country villages, and

“ We first halted at the village of Du- to pursue a kind and conciliating line of cades, delightfully situated beneath a grand conduct, I have little doubt that he would and lofty rock. We assembled all the in- be made eminently useful." habitants whom we could find, and distri- “ All who are looking forward to the buted and sold our books: they bought, at a reformation of the Greek Church, will cheap rate, six copies of the New Testa- hail with pleasure every attempt to imment, three of the Pilgrim's Progress, and prove the intellectual character of the

people. Facts shew us how subservient countries, that such sounds have ceased learning may become, in dispelling dark. to be heard on the rock and amidst the ness and superstition, and in aiding the woods of Parga. The inhabitants, howprogress of truth. Lord Guildford, who ever, let us thank God, have found a has long been known as the benefactor of refuge under British protection; and have Greece, after surmounting many obstacles, now an opportunity of reaping benefit from has succeeded, with the assistance of Go- the exertions of British Christians.” vernment, in establishing a university in Santa Maura.--"I have made the tour of this island. The institution was opened the principal villages of the island. The in November, 1824, and is consequently, population is estimated at 17,000. Of as yet, only in its infancy. Already, how- these, more than 5000 are allotted to ever, its number of undergraduates amounts

Amaxichi, the capital. On my journey, I to 76; of whom about 40 are from the was every where received with great kindIonian islands, and the remainder princi- ness, and every where I distributed tracts. pally from continental Greece. Lectures I also distributed and sold copies of the are delivered in theology, philosophy New Testament. I did not obtain much (embracing metaphysics, logic, ethics, money for the Scriptures; but this may be &c.), mathematics, classics, history, me- attributed to poverty, rather than to indicine, and botany: provision has also difference to the word of God. A priest been made for law, and for the Hebrew expressed his sorrow that he was not posand Arabic languages. These lectures sessed of money; but," said he, I will are conducted on such a plan, as to lead to give two hens. I presented him with frequent examination of the pupils; and the book gratis. So much, however, was a final examination will take place, on he in earnest, that, when we were riding which is to depend the attainment of the away, he called me to his house, and degree. I have, with much interest, at- brought me one of his fowls, pressing me tended the lectures on mathematics and to take it with me." theology. When I first attended Phar- “ I was much struck, on this tour, with makides, the theological professor, I was the apparent degradation of the female delighted to hear a decided acknowledg- population. I could scarcely hear of a ment that the holy Scriptures are the female in the island who could read. They standard of all theological knowledge; were glad, however, to receive tracts for and, in conformity with this remark, the their children. Professor supported his doctrines by con- “ I would here observe, in general, that, tinua! reference to Scriptural authority. It every where, I found the greatest facility in is, no doubt, of the greatest importance conversing with the inhabitants on religious to impress this principle on the Greek subjects. No where have I met with clergy; for they are disposed to attach by people more ready than the Greeks to far too much importance to the decrees converse on these topics. They are by of councils and to some uninspired writ- no means backward in quoting Scripture. ings. On another occasion, Pharmakides They are guilty, however, of a practice, was discoursing on the creation; and which is too common even in our own handled the subject in a manner highly country, and which is a fruitful source of creditable to himself, and calculated to error: they bring forward single texts, impart instruction to others. His pupils and appear to view them in the light of are, for the most part, extremely attentive; unconnected aphorisms. noting down bis remarks with great care.' “ I called on the bishop: he appeared,

Parga.—“This island, which we passed, at first, reluctant to encourage me in the is not a very striking object from the sea. sale of the Scriptures, from fear of disI observed, however, with interest, the pleasing Government; but, upon being eighty thousand olives stretching far into certified that no objection existed in that the interior, which fixed the valuation of quarter, he promised to assist me with territory. . At present, solitude and si- his influence. I next called on the Regent, lence are the characteristics of this sor- who is the principal officer of the Greeks saken city. A few somnolent Turks, it in this island: he declared that he had no is said, loll at ease in the citavel, in place objection whatever to the circulation of of the four thousand Parganots, who lately the Scriptures. I then proceeded to seek filled the city with activity and life. If it for means of selling more copies; and, were cheering to Buchanan to hear the accosting a priest whom I met in the bells of the Christian churches amidst the street, and conversing with him on the mountains of Malabar, it is a painful re- subject, he took up the matter warmly: fleetion to the Christian missionary in these and with his assistance I have sold, in the course of the day, to the value of more Their capital is Jolemark. It is surthan nine dollars.

rounded by a strong wall, protected by “ I have no more to add at present, in European cannon, which were some time reference to Santa Maura, except that I ago furnished to the patriarch by French put in circulation, during my stay in the engineers. It contains, in winter, about Island, about 1900 tracts and 60 copies 12,000 inhabitants; the greater part of of the Scriptures."

whom, in summer, emigrate to numerous Ithaca. — “ It is my intention to remain villages, which are scattered on the neighbere during the heat of the summer, ap- bouring hills. The Patriarch resides at plying myself to the study of Modern Kosharis, situated on the banks of the Greek-endeavouring to render myself Zabat. They possess several towns in useful to the inhabitants of the island- the mountains. . In the low country their and preparing myself for future exertion. principal city is Djeviras, situated in an I cannot but anticipate great events for island on the Tigris, on the confines of the church of God in these parts of the Diarbekir. This town was formerly as world, from the tremendous struggle in independent as the rest: lying however which the Greeks are involved. In this in a low, exposed situation, on the conisland, I am very near the scene of action. fines of Turkey, it has latterly been When the wind blows this way, we can obliged to receive a Turkish pacha as a hear the roar of cannon at the siege of governor. In the other towns a few Misso!onghi May these dreadful scenes Turks only occasionally reside. - The of bloodshed and crime terminate, under exercise of their religion is tolerated, but the good providence of God, in the esta- not openly: they have therefore no minablishment of peace and righteousness !" rets, and the Muezzan is never heard

calling the people to prayer; and if any ACCOUNT OF THE CHALDÆAN Turk® is seen in the street on Sunday, CHRISTIANS.

during divine service, he is immediately The following particulars respecting a

put to death, sect calling themselves ChaldæanChristians “ They have no schools for the general were collected by Dr. Walsh, Chaplain to education of their children, and no printed the British Embassy at Constantinople, therefore, is very limited; and very few,

books among them : their knowledge, from the Chaldæan Bishop and other per

even among the better classes, learn to sons of note among that singular people. read. - Instruction is confined to the

“ A sect of Christians, called by them- clergy, as the only persons in the comselves Chaldeans, has, from the earliest munity who require it; and when a man ages of the Gospel, inhabited the country is disposed to study he must become a on each side of the Tigris, at the foot and priest. He is then supplied with such on the sides and summits of the great manuscript works as they possess in chain of mountains which lie to the east the different churches and convents, of that river. Shut out from inter- Among these are the holy Scriptures, course with the rest of the world by the translated into their language, which, nature of the place, they are never visited though not printed, are sufficiently comby travellers. " The face of the country is mon in written copies. partly plain, and partly mountainous; but “ They do not themselves "know at the mountain tract is by far the most ex. what time Christianity was first preached tensive, and so very healthy that the among them, or by whom. They pay plague, which sometimes rages in the no particular respect to St. Gregory, the countries all around, has never been Apostle of the East, whom the Armeknown to infect this district. The popula- nians revere under the name of Surp tion consists of about 500,000 persons, who Savorich; and it is remarkable that the are all Christians. They are free, and are Armenians and Chaldæans, though living independent of the Arabs, Turks, Per- in countries in the East nearly contiguous, sians, or Tartars, in the midst of whom insulated among Asiatic nations, and sethey are situated; and though several parated from the rest of Christendom, attempts have been made in different should yet be so separated from each ages to subdue them, they have success- other as entirely to differ, not only in fally repulsed them all. The last great language, but in the doctrines and diseffort was made by the Turks in the be cipline of their churches. Their patriginning of the 17th century, in which archs and bishops have not the smallest they lost 100,000 men, and five pachas, connexion. The Chaldæans, at an early and have never since attempted to invade period, adopted the opinions of Nestothem. The Chaldæans constantly live rius, who denied that the Virgin Mary with arms in their hands, to preserve was the mother of God in his Divine their independence; and they do not lay nature: removed, by their situation, from them aside even when they assemble in the the control of the Greek Church, they churches for divine service on Sundays. retained the heresy in its primitive form, Their government is republican ; and at and are perhaps the only sect of Chris the head of it is a patriarch, who exercises tians at the present day among whom it both a spiritual and civil jurisdiction. prevails. But though they were not inflyz CHRIST. ORSERY. No. 291.

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