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analogous. Should you think the certed work. So, if He did not upfollowing statement on this subject hold and watch over every part of worth insertion, it is at your service. his works and suffer nothing to oc

It is true that we may wind up cur, however apparently trifling, but machinery, and then leave it, and by his permission, the great chain feel satisfied that, barring accident, of causes and events might be it will continue to move for a cer- disturbed, and the all-perfect plans tain time. But this motion is not of his providence thwarted. The owing to any power which can be universe would not go on with cercommunicated to senseless wheels tain and measured steps towards and weights. In order to exer- that beautiful consummation of all cise and improve our faculties, things, which in due time is to be while our comfort is promoted, God unfolded to the admiration of all at the creation decreed that matter created beings. might be moved according to certain Such, at least, are some of the laws, from which (except by direct reflections that strike my own mind miracle) he never swerves; and his on the question; though, after all, energy is always at work to move yourself and your readers will promatter in conformity to these laws. bably be of opinion, that these meAt the same time he gives us ability taphysical arguments on such a subto discover what these laws are, and ject are of comparatively little avail, thus to benefit by the creatures either for establishing truth or exwhich he has made for our use. It posing error.

For all that is ne. is only by experience that we know cessary to be known by us as con. of what motions matter is capable; cerns intercourse with and if we were so absurd as to en- adorable Creator, we have “a more deavour to endue it with a motion

sure word of prophecy ;” and it is contrary to those laws, we should therefore not any serious loss that instantly find that our skill does not

we are not able to speculate with give motion to matter, but only uses certainty upon what it does not the power of motion which it derives actually concern us to know. For from the unseen God. Our act practical purposes the especial protherefore, in winding up a machine, vidence of God is made abundantand leaving it for a time, is entirely ly clear to us in the Scriptures; but of a different kind from the act of the knowledge of the precise mode God in enabling the machine to of its operation, may be one of those move at all, and is no argument points which are reserved for the against the necessity for his uni- disclosures of a future world. versal presence.

T. B. Allowing, however, for the sake of argument, that matter might be endued by the Creator with a power Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. of self-motion and gifted by him with a temporary independence on In comparing the following passages; him-points respecting which, from Luke xxii. 35--38 and 49–52; our limited knowledge, we are ut. xxiii. 32, 33 and 39–43; it seems terly unable to argue-another rea- to me probable, that the transgresson for God's perpetual superintend- sors among whom Isaiah prophecied ance may be deduced from the con- that our Lord should be reckoned sideration of these very machines referred particularly to those disormade by the art of man. If our derly and rebellious bodies, who attention is withdrawn from every were setting up pretended Christs part of them for an instant, we have to free the nation from the Roman no security that some hindrance yoke, and give them universal license. will not occur, which may disorder They were robbers and murderers, the whole and derange the best con- and were hunted down without

one

mercy, wherever they could be used, applies rather to stealing in found. St. Paul was confound- secret ; a crime not punished with ed with of these leaders, death under the Jewish Law, and Acts xxi. 38; and Gamaliel (Acts v. ought to be changed for “robber" 31-39) hesitated to determine whe- both here and in Matt. xxvii. 38. ther the Apostles were organising Our Lord's being put to death besuch bodies of men or not. It was tween two men who were notorinécessary for the fulfilment of the ously guilty of this crime, was perprophecy, that a charge of this na- haps intended to fix the charge more ture should be, as in fact it was, strongly upon him, and also the acurged against him ; Lukexxiii. 1-5. cusation inscribed on his cross; for Herod mocked him, as one who at- the leaders of those lawless bands tempted some great revolution which generally pretended to be the Christ, he possessed no means of effecting. the expected King of Israel. The His persecutors, perhaps, took ad. quotation of the same text by our vantage of his having desired his Lord, when he required that swords Apostles, when he was leading them should be provided, and by the by night to a secret place near the Evangelist Mark, xv. 27, 28, main road over Olivet to Jerusalem shews the connexion between the to provide themselves with necessa- act of arming themselves, and the ries as for a distant journey, (they advantage taken of it, when his might perhaps insinuate, into the enemies accused him. They repreWilderness, as in Acts xxi. 38,) and sented him as a “transgressor," with purse and scrip, and also with like the malefactors who were to be swords. Our Lord foresaw that the executed on that day. I may add, sword would be improperly used; that the Jews never executed more but he exercised miraculous power than one criminal in one day, exin healing the wound which it in- cept for the same offence, and we flicted. His disciples, we may sup- have no intimation that Pilate viopose, were searched before the of- lated their customs by this threeficers dismissed them; and all these fold execution. circumstances, though omitted in If the foregoing interpretation is the brevity of the narrative, we may well founded, it furnishes a remarkreadily conceive, would be urged able illustration of the very minute against him as proofs of lawless in- and circumstantial accuracy of the tentions. Our Lord's question, prophecies respecting the Messiah ; xxii. 52, implies, that he was con

and thus adds to the multiplied sidered as a robber, and was appre- proofs of the divine inspiration of hended under that designation. those astonishing predictions. “ Thief" is a word which, as now

T.B.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. recent article in the Quarterly Re

view deserves notice, as an illus. In one of your late Numbers, you tration of this remark ; but I am noticed the augmented patronage particularly anxious to invite the bestowed upon Christian missions, attention of your readers to the and the increased respect with which following extract from it, on acthey are regarded even in quarters count of the defence which it conwhere, till of late, they were neg- tains of some of those minor finanlected, if not openly ridiculed. A cial schemes of charity which have been peculiarly censured or derided. pence in every day's receipts, and The paragraph is penned somewhat recommends others to follow his explayfully, but certainly in one of ample; another, in still humbler the best moods of that not very con- life, does the same with the farsistent journal; and it proves that things. The wife of a Greenwich the writer had neither a head nor pensioner presented to a late Wesa heart that could ridicule what, leyan Missionary Meeting at Greenthough abundantly open to the jest wich, a bag containing nine hundred ing of little wits, must command sub- and sixty farthings. One person stantially the reverence of every wise gives every year the produce of a and good man. Those who can ri- cherry tree.

Sometimes a Sunday. dicule the penny subscriptions, and school girl presents a portion of her slight votive offerings made in be-' earnings. Sometimes the workinen half of our modern charitable insti- at a manufactory contribute largetutions, would have had an excel. ly; and not unfrequently servants lent field for the display of their make contributions in proportion, sportive faculties in ancient times, which evince a noble spirit. If an from the collections made towards item now and then appears which the building of the Temple to the may raise a smile, there are others offering of the widow's mite. which excite a different feeling.

“No minister," says the reviewer, One sum of 1001., and another of " however expert in the art of rais- 1501., are given as offerings to God ing money, could ever succeed in for an unexpected accession of forputting so many ways and means in tune. One of the last Missionary motion as have been devised by the Registers acknowledges ten pounds ingenuity of missionary directors as a thank-offering on the recovery and collectors,or suggested by those of a child. A lady presents thirty who took a lively interest in the pounds as the produce of her jewels; cause. Large gums are continually and a blind basket-girl as many shilproduced by penny-a-week subscrip-lings, being the amount of what tions. “It has been calculated,' says candles must have cost her during the London Missionary Society, in a the winter, if she had eyes to see. late Report, that if every house in What a sunshine of the soul must Great Britain raised only one penny that poor girl have enjoyed! •If per week, the product would be thou hast much, give plenteously; 450,000l. per annum.' It is curious if thou hast little, do thy diligence to look over the Reports, and ob gladly to give of that little ; for so serve by what various devices the gatherest thou thyself a good reamount of the yearly receipts is ward in the day of necessity.' This swollen. A little is done by mis- cruse will not fail. The whole resionary boxes, in shops or in private ceipt of the Church Missionary Sohouses, like the poor boxes in our ciety for its first thirteen years was churches. Schools and juvenile little more than 22,000l. : last year societies supply more: a great deal the income exceeded 39,0001. In is raised by · Ladies' Branch Socie- reference to this subject,' they say, ties, or Associations ;' something there is a fact to be stated which from the sale of pincushions and deserves attention. On a careful ladies' work of all kinds. In an investigation it appears, that the SoEvangelical Magazine before us, ciety never had, since it began to these items appear : By selling send out missionaries, and has not matches, ll. 3s. ; by lending tracts, at this moment, more funds in hand 21. Os. 9d. ; Sunday school boys, 7s. than would serve to discharge its ac6d.; produce of the sale of orna- tual obligations on account of its mental mouse-traps, ll. 4s. 6d.'— missions in various parts of the One .tradesman in a small way,' world. And yet it has never been lays aside for this purpose the odd put to any difficulty in discharging the obligations which it had con- súrely the regularity and solemnity tracted ; nor has it been withheld, of our religious observances would merely by the want of funds, from make some impression upon perentering on any promising under- sons to whose ancestors we owe taking brought before its Commit- the light we now enjoy, but who tees. The Committees state this have themselves fallen back into fact as a ground of thankfulness to darkness. The persons attached to Almighty God, that he has enabled the embassy and the Duke of Cum. the Society to proceed with such an berland are numerous: there are equal and steady course.''

H.

more than half a dozen English students, and nearly twenty other Englishmen connected with the

gasworks here, some of whom have Tothe EditoroftheChristian Observer. wives and families; and there are THINKING that the following ex- also many English persons regu. tract of a letter from a gentleman !arly settled here. I have likewise visiting Berlin, dated last February, heard many Germans who speak may interest your readers, and

per- English, say, that such a service haps forward the excellent object would be well attended by those which my correspondent has in view, acquainted with our language, to I request its insertion in your pages. hear it pronounced with purity and

C. propriety; and they form a nume“ As for devotional observances, rous and most respectable class. unhappily for all our countrymen Though coming at first from an here, and we are not a few, there is inferior object, we may hope that no English service, nor even an they would derive benefit of a higher English clergyman in the place, not- kind: I have therefore no doubt, withstanding we have an embassy, but a suitable minister would collect and the Duke of Cumberland's a considerable congregation." establishment here. Indeed, the general absence of religious feeling in Berlin, so close to the cradle of the Reformation, is truly astonish- Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. ing. The majority of the shops There appears to be a strong are open on Sundays, as are all necessity for calling the attention public offices : the mechanics like- of the public to the manner in which wise are all at work : no distinction the singing is usually managed in is made in family arrangements : all most of our village churches, espethe usual proceedings go on as on cially where there is no organ to other days: balls are given, the regulate the melody; and, even theatres are open, and are crowded where this assistance is found, the and warmed with stoves, while the psalms and hymns are often most churches are miserably empty and inaptly chosen, whether we look to dreadfully cold and damp." While the appointed services of the day, the cold was at all bearable, we or to the subject of the sermon. went regularly to the French Especially is this observable when Church, as it kept up the habit of a hymn is chosen for either of our distinguishing the day.

great festivals, or at a funeral. In “ For myself

, I really think that addition to these evils, the singing you should apply to some of our gallery too frequently becomes a excellent Societies, and request mere theatre for the display of the them to send a missionary hither, supposed vocal and musical skill as Government does nothing for of the singers, to the total exclusión the spiritual welfare of absentees. of that devotional harmony which In many respects the character of was intended as a guide for conthe Eng.ish stands high here ; and gregational singing. These evils are most seriously to be lamented, it would be desirable if a few perand call aloud for public interference. sons of respectable character were

It may be replied, that the offi. chosen by the minister, or by him ciating minister ought, as in duty and the church-wardens, to whom bound, to interfere, and to regulate a small remuneration should be the psalmody of his church. But given from the parish purse, to sing this is much more easily said than some plain and devout tunes for done, especially in country villages. parochial instruction in congregaIt is granted, that the minister has tional singing. And, if a selection nominally, but he has not really, of appropriate psalms and hymns the management of the singers; for for every Sunday and Festival, with if at any time he conscientiously a few proper tunes annexed, were interfere with them, he is looked published under the sanction of the upon as intermeddling with what venerable Society for promoting does not belong to him, -as being an Christian Knowledge, the clergy enemy to psalmody, and is opposed would have the opportunity of and cried down as such. The con- adopting a regular systematic plan sequence, probably, is, that the of psalmody, highly conducive to singers refuse to sing, except on general congregational singing. It their own plan; and, if not given is most desirable, either in this or way to, absent themselves altoge- some other way, to regulate our

her from the church. The clergy- village psalmody, that our churches man, in consequence of two evils, may echo with the praises of a mereither enduring the singing as he ciful God in Christ Jesus, from the finds it, or causing a schism in lips of the assembled congregation, his congregation,-usually chooses instead of either a monotonous solo the less, and prefers continuing the from the clerk or an ostentatious inapposite psalmody to offending display of musical skill by a band of his Hock; on whom, even on the in- singers, in anthems unintelligible by truders themselves, a word in season their complexedness, and indevout may, by the Divine blessing, minis- through their theatrical effect. ter to edification.

A COUNTRY CURATE. Under these circumstances, I would respectfully suggest whether it would not be desirable for the diocesan kindly to counsel the Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. parishioners on the subject, and to support and patronize the minister on the fearful subject of slavery, in improving the psalmody. Exhor- the wish, I am convinced, of many tations and directions to this effect of your most judicious readers, is, might, not inaptly, be introduced in that the motto of your publication an Episcopal Charge, by means of should be “ Nulla dies sine lineâ;" an address to the church-wardens not a Number without at least some at the visitation, or by a circular brief fact, argument, or allusion, to sent to the parishes. The eccle. keep alive and strengthen the absiastical law or canonical usage on horrence of the public to the whole the subject might be expressed, and system, and their resolution to exert the bishop's wishes, or even com- every lawful and prudent effort for its mands, be signified. Instructions extinction. Permit me to contribute might be given to the officiating my humble mite to this desirable minister to select the psalms or object, by requesting the insertion hymns, and to regulate the tunes; of the following extracts from a and the church-wardens be directed work entitled “ Travels in Western to see officially that the minister is Africa, in the years 1819, 1820, not interrupted in carrying these and 1821, by Major William Gray, instructions into practice. Perhaps and Staff-Surgeon Dochard," lately

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