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published. They will give some idea of force was bivouacked near our huts, the dreadful sufferings of the almost I went to the adjoining towns for incalculable numbers of our fellow- the purpose of ascertaining their creatures who are yearly carried off numbers, which I found to amount from Africa, previous to their being to about 1000, all horse. . They embarked on board the slave-vessels had made 107 prisoners, chiefly waiting to receive them upon their women and children, and had taken arrival on the coast, there to under about 240 head of cattle. Many go a new series of sufferings, of a of those unfortunate beings were nature not less horrid than those known to me. The men were tied which have preceded them. I am in pairs by the necks, their hands not so uncandid or unjust as to wish secured behind their backs; the wofor a mdment to implicate the West- men by the necks only; but their Indian colonist or proprietor, in any hands were not left free from any sympathy or participation with the sense of feeling for them, but in monsters of cruelty, whose atrocities order to enable them to balance the are described in the following pas- immense loads of corn or rice, which sages; but I surely am entitled to they were forced to carry on their ask whether a species of property, heads, and the children (who were if property it must be called, not unable to walk, or sit on horseonly wholly unjust in itself, but back behind their captors) on their created only by means of those backs.” dreadful atrocities, is to be viewed “I had an opportunity of witnessas a legitimate and unalienable ing, during this short march, the freehold, which neither justice nor new-made slaves, and the sufferings humanity has the power to restore to which they are subjected in their to its rightful owner. If, indeed, first state of bondage. They were the legislature of a Christian coun- hurried along (tied as I before stattry has sanctioned such a tenure, ed) at a pace little short of running, it is a fit question to ask what is to enable them to keep up with the their duty towards those who may horsemen, who drove them on, as be alleged to suffer by its extinction, Smithfield drovers do fatigued bul. but of that extinction at the earliest locks. Many of the women were practical period, no doubt ought for old, and by no means able to ena moment to be entertained. dure such treament: one, in parti

A dreadful instance of the de- cular, would not have failed to extestation in which the actual state cite the tenderest feelings of comof slavery is regarded by the free. passion in the breast of any except born Negroes, so far as they are a savage: she was at least sixty themselves concerned, occurred at years old, in the most miserable the destruction of one of these state of emaciation and debility, towns. The wives of some chiefs, nearly doubled together, and with who had either been killed or taken difficulty dragging her tottering by the enemy, determined - not to limbs along : to crown the heartsurvive their husbands' or their rending picture, she was naked, save country's fall, and preferring death, from her waist to about half way to even in its most terrifying shape, to the knees. All this did not prevent slavery and the embraces of their her inhuman captor from making captors, suffered themselves

and her carry a heavy load of water, their young

children to be burnt to while, with a rope about her neck, leath in a hut, where they had as- he drove her before his horse ; and sembled with that determination, whenever she shewed the least inand which was set on fire by them- clination to stop, he beat her in the selves."

most unmerciful manner with a

stick. Had any of those gentleAs only a part of the Kaartan men (if any there be) who are either

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advocates for a revival of that horrid moans might frequently be heard at and unnatural traffic in human flesh, the distance of some hundred yards; ór so careless about the emancipa- when, refusing to go on, she imtion of this long-degraded and suf- plored her fiend-like captor to put fering people, as to support the an end to her existence ; but that cause (if they do it at all) with little would have been too great a sacrifice ardour, been witness to the cruel. to humanity, and a few blows with ties practised on this and similar a leathern horse-fetter soon made occasions (to say nothing of their the wretched creature move again. sufferings in the middle passage), A man also lay down; and neither they would soon change their minds, blows, entreaties, nor threats of and be roused to make use of all death, could induce him to move.their best exertions, both at home He was thrown across a horse, his and abroad, to abolish in toto the face down, and, with his hands and Slave Trade, which, although it feet tied together under the animal's has received a mortal blow from the chest, was carried along for some praiseworthy and truly indefatigable distance. This position, however, exertions of Africa's numerous and soon caused difficulty of breathing, philanthropic friends in England, and almost suffocation, which would must exist as long as any of the certainly soon have ended his miseStates of Europe give it their sup- rable existence, had they not placed

him in a more easy posture, by al“ I endeavoured to purchase from lowing him to ride sitting upright ; Garran the freedom of the poor old but he was so exhausted, that, to woman; but, although I told him keep him on the horse, it was necesto fix his own priće, I could not in. sary to have him supported by a man duce him to comply. He told me, on each side. Never did I witness that nothing could be disposed of, (nor indeed did I think it possible before the King had seen all that that a human being could endure) was taken. I to no purpose repre

such tortures as were inflicted on sented to him, the more than proba- this man. When he first refused bility of this poor creature's falling to go on, they had recourse to a a victim to the hardships she must mode of compulsion, which I am necessarily undergo before she told is common on those occasions, could reach Kaarta.'

but of too disgusting a nature to be

described. I did not see the old “ The sufferings of the poor slaves, woman, nor could I ascertain what during a march of nearly eight hours, had become of her." partly under an excessively hot sun and east wind, heavilyladen with wa- « We commenced our retreat at ter, of which they were allowed to half after five on the morning of the drink but very sparingly, and travel- 8th of May, and at eleven reached ling barefoot on a hard and broken Guninghedy, where we halted during soil, covered with long dried reeds the heat of the day. We were acand thorny underwood, may be more companied by Bojar and his dieasily conceived than described.— vision, with their prisoners, whose One young woman, who had (for sufferings presented scenes of disthe first time) become a mother two tress which I am incapable of paintdays only before she was taken, and ing in their true colours. The wowhose child, being thought by her men and children (all nearly naked, captor too young to be worth saving, and carrying heavy loads) were tied was thrown by the monster into its together by the necks, and hurried burning hut, from which the flames along over a rough stony path, that had just obliged the mother to re cut their feet in a dreadful manner. treat, suffered so much from the There were a great number of chilswollen state of her bosom, that her dren, who, from their tender years, Christ. Observ. No. 292.

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were unable to walk, and were car- church-yards (13 Edward I. st. 2 ried, some on the prisoner's backs, c. 6); though, to this hour, this and others on horseback behind their desecration exists in some places, captors, who, to prevent them fall- as in the notorious instance of ing off, tied them to the back part Bristol fair ; and in truth, the feasts of the saddle, with a rope made of dedication soon degenerated into from the bark of the baobab, which pleasure fairs. In many instances was so hard and rough that it cut they were kept up for a whole week, the backs and sides of the poor little and a most disgraceful scene of innocent babes, so as to draw the idleness and riot they exhibited; to blood. This, however, was only a check which, Henry VII. ordered secondary state of the sufferings en them to be celebrated throughout dured by those children, when com- England on one and the same day, pared to the dreadfully blistered namely, on the first Sunday in Ocand chafed state of their seats, from tober. Sunday is still the day on constant jolting on the bare back of which, in some places, those riotous the horse, seldom going slower than scenes take place; though, I am not a trot or smart amble, and not un- aware that the first Sunday in Ocfrequently driven at full speed for a tober is at present the particular few yards, and then pulled up short. day of desecration, but rather the On these occasions, it was to me a day of the dedication of the church, matter of astonishment how the or of the patron saint. child could support the strokes it There can, however, be no doubt, must have received from the back that the gentry, the clergy, and the of the saddle, which, from its form, magistracy, are legally able, as well came in contact with the child's as in duty bound, to prevent these stomach.”

irreverent spectacles. Both the sacredness of the day and the con

secrated spot afford ample ground for Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. interference; and it is to be hoped,

that, after the excellent example The disgraceful scenes mentioned which the suburban magistracy of by a correspondent in your last London have lately set in suppressvolume, p. 616, as annually occur. ing some of the riotous scenes in ring in some of our village church- their neighbourhoods, their country yards, even on the day of sacred brethren

will not be inactive in direst, and under the observation of recting their attention to the cormagistrates and clergymen, origi- rection of kindred evils wherever nated, like many other evil customs, they are found, especially where in a good design; from the spirit of the Sabbath is the day set apart for which, however, they very naturally the unchristian exhibition. swerved, and became a public nui

CLERICUS. sance and profanation. The dedication of our churches was, in the times of Popery, celebrated with vast Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. pomp and ceremony, and an annual Bishop Kenn's Morning and Evencommemoration of the solemnity ing Hymns, at least a few verses was kept up, but unhappily too from each of them, are among the much in the manner of a common best known and justly popular of wake or fair, though with a strange devotional compositions; but his mixture of religious observances. Midnight Hymn, some of the stanzas The church-yard was then, as it is of which are quite as beautiful as now in the cases alluded to by your any in either of the others, is scarcely correspondent, the great centre of to be found in our numerous col. attraction for the populace. King lections of psalmody; and even Edward the First, expressly forbad where it is inserted, as, for example, either fairs or markets to be held in in Mr. Montgomery's admirable

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A MIDNIGHT HYMN.

Christian Psalmist,” lately pub- May I in sight of heav'n rejoice, lished, some of the stanzas

Whene'er I hear the bridegroom's voice ! omitted. The following is a cor

All praise to Thee, in light array'd, rect copy, as it flowed from the

Who light thy dwelling-place hast made :

A boundless ocean of bright beams, Bishop's own pen.

R. L. From thy all-glorious Godhead streams.

The sun, in its meridian height,

Is very darkness in thy sight : My God, now I from sleep awake, My soul, O lighten, and inflame, The sole possession of me take;

With thought and love of thy great name. From midnight terrors me secure, Bless'd JESU, thou, on heav'n intent, And guard my heart from thoughts impure.

Whole nights hast in devotion spent; Bless'd Angels, while we silent lie, But I, frail creature, soon am tir'd, You hallelujahs sing on high;

And all my zeal is soon expir'd. You joyful hymn the Ever Blest, My soul, how canst thou weary grow, Before the throne, and never rest. Ofantedating bliss below, I with your choir celestial join,

In sacred hymns, and heavenly love,
In offering up a hymn divine:

Which will eternal be above?
With you in heav'n I hope to dwell, Shine on me, Lord, new life impart,
And bid the night and world farewel.

Fresh ardours kindle in my heart;
My soul, when I shake off this dust, One ray of thy ail-quick’ning light,
LORD, in thy arms I will entrust; Dispels the sloth and clouds of night.
O make me thy peculiar care,

LORD, lest the tempter me surprise, Some mansion for my soul prepare. Watch over thine own sacrifice; Give me a place at thy saints' feet, Ali loose, all idle thoughts cast out, Or some fall'n angel's vacant seat; And make my very dreams devout. I'll strive to sing as loud as they,

Praise God, from whom all blessings flow; Who sit above in brighter day.

Praise Him, all creatures here below: O may I always ready stand,

Praise Him 'above, ye heav'nly host ; With my lamp burning in my hand ! Praise FATHER, Son, and Holy Ghost.

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

1. A Letter of Remonstrance to the tribution of the Scriptures. Ad

Rev. Thomas Gisborne, M. A. dressed to the Rev. Thomas
Prebendary of Durham; in con- Gisborne. 1826.
sequence of some Observations he 5. A Few Hints, respectfully ad-
made in a Speech at Lichfield, dressed to the Attention of the
advocating the Cause of the Neighbouring Clergy, in con-
Vaudois. By JAMES THOMAS sequence of a late Discussion.
Law, M. A. Chancellor of the 1826.
Diocese. 1825.

6. A Letter, respectfully addressed 2. Observations on Mr. Chancellor to the Rev. Edward Cooper ;

Law's Remonstrance, go. By containing an Examination of the Rev. THOMAS GISBORNE. his Remarks, fc. fc. 1826 *.

1825. 3. Remarks, respectfully addressed from a dilapidated city on the

to the Rev. James Thomas coast of Caernarvonshire was deLaw, M. A. &c. &c. on some rived, about a century past, the dePassages in his Letter of Re- signation of a controversy, which, monstance. By the Rev. Ed- for a long time corroded the peace WARD COOPER. 1826.

of the church, and diffused itself 4. Reflections on Recent Occurrences over the paragraphs of seventy pub

at Lichfield; including an Il-
lustration of the Opinions of exception of the Reflections,” &c, puba

All the above pamphlets, with the
Samuel Johnson, LL.D. on lished by Hatchard, are printed and sold
Slavery, and the General Dis- by T. G. Lomax, Lichfield.

lications. On this occasion also at an inn in Lichfield, for the pur, the name of LAW was conspicuous. pose of aiding the cause of the His Letters to the Bishop of Bangor, Vaudois, an expression in Mr, discovered an acuteness and mas- Gisborne's speech offended the culine strength, such as might have chancellor of the diocese, and been expected from the writer of produced a public Remonstrance. the Serious Call, and of the kindred Before we advert, in our report of treatise' on Christian Perfection. this trial, to the several pleas of The theological scheme of William plaintiff and defendant, and to the Law is generally acknowledged in- argument of counsel on both sides, deed, by casuists of the Christian we would endeavour to define the school, to be defective. He insists, law of controversy, which, we think, with a certain severity of manner, stands thus ;-A printed and pubon a life of devotional abstraction lished book is public property. If from the world; of indifference to Mr. Law, or Mr. Gisborne, or Mr. its pleasures, fame, and wealth; and Cooper should severally avow, in of self-denying usefulness to the the confidential intercourse of dobodies and souls of men; and somestic society, Unitarian or seditious far he has done greatly. The de- principles; the confession, whatficiency in his system is this,—that ever opposition it might encounter it does not supply a principle cor, in the circle where it was immedi'respondent to the prescribed effect. ately divulged, would be strictly a There is not, in his appeals, how- private possession. But if the avowever iinpressive and urgent in their al were transferred from fire-side practical tendencies, an adequate conversation to the press, and the reference to the atonement of Jesus transfer published, advertised, sold, Christ, and to the influence of the and circulated, then the confession Holy Ghost.- We do not therefore becomes part and parcel of the comdisown the portrait he has drawn of mon stock of literature, and is practical Christianity; but we la- abandoned to all consequences.ment the inconsistency of a teacher Even here, bowever, the, maxims who assumes the existence of fruit of sound law impose the restriction, on branches not inserted into the that no circumstances of private hisliving Vine. With this exception— tory shall be mingled with the exbut it is one of no slender import- amination of a public offence. The ance-against the writings of Law, author of a book must be attacked we entirely sympathize with the or defended in his abstract character. confession of Dr. Johnson, when he Individually he may be good or bad; said ;—“ I took up Law's Serious but that is nothing to the purCall to a Holy Life, expecting to pose. An infidel might compile an find it a dull book, as such books unanswerable view of the evidences usually are, and perhaps to laugh of the Gospel. A decided Chrisat it.

But I found Law quite an tian might draw up a treatise (on overmatch for me; and this was conic sections, for instance,) withthe first occasion of my thinking in out the most remote allusion to his earnest of religion, after I became faith. If the restriction in question capable of rational inquiry.” This be not observed, there is no limit to remark (familiar even to the idle the aberration of human passions unreader of advertisements) naturally der the excitement of controversy. transfers us from Bangor to Lich: Eloquence, and logic too, will soon field; for, in Johnson's native city, wander into the degradations of pera debate has also arisen, and al-sonality ; and the battle end in the ready gtven birth to the six publi- confusions of recriminative rancour. cations at the head of this article. It will resemble the saturnalia of It appears that, at a public meeting an election; where, by the conniheld on the 17th of December last, vance of the police, squibs and crac

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