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of Whites and Indians, 41,401 Mulattoes, have, at Dwight, two missionaries and and 10,336 Negro Slaves : the Mulattoes four assistants, with 75 scholars. The and Negro Slaves will, doubtless, partici- United Brethren have two missionaries pate in the benefits of the Liberator's just and an assistant, at Spring-place and authority. The United Provinces of La Oochgelogy, and from 15 to 20 scholars. Plata have engaged, by a treaty with Great The American Baptists have a missionary Britain, ratified on the 19th of February of and six assistants, at Valley Towns and last year, to co-operate with his Majesty Nottle, with 66 scholars. The Methoin the entire abolition of the slave trade. dists have three stations-Potawatamies, - These surely are circumstances which Ottawas, and Miamas, south of Lake Miought to excite British Christians to the chigan : the Baptists have a missionary utmost zeal and vigour, and the most fer- and three assistants, with 70 scholars, at vent prayer in behalf of these our Transat- Carey-Chippawas, in the Michigan terrilantic brethren, as far as opportunity may tory: the United Foreign Missionary So.. be afforded for promoting their welfare. ciety has, at Fort Gratiot and Mackinaw,
two missionaries and three assistants, with NORTH-AMERICAN INDIANS.
102 scholas-lyandots, in the northern The following is a succinct view of the va- parts of Ohio. The Episcopal Church has rious plans in operation, for the benefit of some promising yonths under its care : an the various tribes of North-American In- account of a highly interesting visit paid by dians. The beneficial effects of them have Bishop Chase to some of the Indians of already begun to be very conspicuous.- his diocese was given in our last volume : The different schools among the Indians, the Government has since appropriated established by various societies, and aided 600 dollars per annum for the mainteby an annual grant from the American nance and education of some young InGovernment, are 38, and the scholars dians under Bishop Chase's care. The 1159, with an appropriation for the year of Methodists have four missionaries among 13,550 dollars. To the Mosquitos, near the Wyandots, of Upper Sandusky and the Bay of Honduras, the English Bap- Canara River: they have 57 scholars, tists have sent a missionary--Osages, on large congregations, and many converts the banks of the Missouri and Arkansas, Sir Nations. The Episcopal Church has in number about 8000; at Harmony, two missionaries and an assistant among Neosho, Union, and Hopefield, the the Oneidas and others in the north-west United Foreign Missionary Society territory: there are 33 scholars. The has 4 missionaries, 2 physicians, and 11 United Foreign Missionary Society has two assistants : there are 59 Indian children in missionaries, three assistants, and 127 the mission families-Creeks, in the scholars among the Senecas, Onondagas, western part of Georgia and the eastern and Tuscaroras. The Methodists have part of Alabama; estimated at 20,000 by a missionary and from 25 to 30 scholars Dr. Morse: the American Methodists among the Mohawks of Upper Canadahave two missionaries, with an assistant, Delawares, in Upper Canada : the United and 40 scholars, at Coweta, now called Brethren have two missionaries at New Asbury: the American Baptists have a Fairfield, with a congregation of 199 permissionary and two assistants, with 34 sons, of whom 46 are communicantsscholars, 'at Withington - Choctaws, in North-West Indians. The Church Missionnumber 20,000; almost entirely in the ary Society has two missionaries, an asState of Mississippi: the Board of Missions sistant, and 169 scholars, chiefly Indians have stations at Elliot, Mayhew, Bethel, and Half-breeds, at the Red-river settleEmmaus, Goshen, and four other places; ment, among Chippawas and other Inwhere there are three missionaries, a dians. physician, 20 assistants, and 222 scholars in this last-mentioned mission, the -Chickasaws, in number, by a late census, Rev. David Jones and the Rev. W. 4115; in the States of Mississippi and Cockran have the most promising proAlabama : at Monroe, the Synod of South spect of extending their labours, both in Carolina and Georgia has three missiona- the vicinity of the settlement and on the ries and an assistant, with 56 scholars. side of the Rocky Mountains. Governor The Cumberland Missionary Society has Simpson, in a late visit to the Columbia, 31 scholars. The tribe, eager for civili- has ascertained some important particulars zation, surrendered their annuity of relative to the Indians of the western 35,000 dollars, for one year, to be appro- coast. Mr. Jones writes—“ The climate priated to the improvement of their child is healthy--the natives are stationary, dren-Cherokecs ; nearly 14,000 in num- and live in villages--the country is rich ber, east of the Mississipi, and 5000 west and productive-the Indians are not only of that river: among those to the east, the favourably disposed, but are earnestly Board of Missions have 4 missionaries, a soliciting the boon of Christian instruction physician, and 13 assistants, with 109 at our hands. Governor Simpson told scholars, at Brainerd, Creek-path, Car- me, that the only subject of importance mel, High-tower, Will's-town, and with them was, whether they should have Haweis: among those to the west, or the missionaries to teach them the knowledge Cherokees of the Arkansas, the Board of the Great Master of Life.” Two
sons of chiefs at the Columbia are in the brethren in June last, it appears that the Society's school.”
whole number was seventy-five, containToward the region of the Rocky Moun- ing 1394 pupils--a number which, though tains, indeed, the tide of increasing small compared to the vast population of population in the United States seems to the country, sufficiently proves that the be rapidly impelling the aboriginal inha- system is making sure and steady progress. bitants. Some of the tribes, however, No distinct memoir on the subject of are on the increase in their present allot- the translations has arrived since our last ments: the Eastern Cherokees, for in- meeting ; but a recent letter from Dr. stance, who were estimated at 11,000 by Carey states, that no less than fourteen Dr. Morse, have increased to 13,563. versions are now advancing towards a terThis and some other tribes seem deter- mination ; each of which is nnder his permined to maintain their ground : but sonal superintendence, and the several others are silently sinking away; and all proof sheets pass three or four times under will, perhaps at no distant period, be his revision, before they are finally comeither lost or compelled to seek an asylum mitted to the press. 'In printing the on the shores of the Pacific. The efforts versions of the Bible,' he adds in a subseof missionaries have been, in various quent letter, we may go to the very extrecases, greatly blessed of God among the mity of our funds. The New Testament Indians; and rapid improvements, parti- will soon be published in at least thirty-four cularly by the Cherokees, are made in the languages, and the Old Testament in eight, state of society.
besides versions in three varieties of the
Hindostanee New Testament These vaBAPTIST MISSION IN INDIA. rieties excepted, I have translated several The last Report of the Baptist Missionary of the above, and superintended, with as Society contains the following remarks ro much care as I could exercise, the translaspecting the Society's proceedings in India. tion and printing of them all. The Chi
“Our communications from Serampore, nese Bible, which Brother Marshman during the past year, þave been frequent translated and conducted through the and interesting. Notwithstanding occa- press, is not included in the above number. sional interruptions, the health of our I am fully conscious that there must be senior brethren who have so long occupied many imperfections in these versions; but this station, has been so far continued, as I have done my best, and I believe the faults to enable them perseveringly to apply to and imperfections will, when party rivalry their important labours ; the beneficial ceases, be found to be much fewer than effects of which are becoming more and might be supposed. I think I can speak more apparent. The brief notices which with some confidence of them, and yet have been repeatedly published of those I am not disposed to magnify my own lanatives, male and female, who have ex- bours.' We leave this ingenuous statepired at this station, exhibiting the ge- ment, remarks the Report, to make its nuine influence of the Gospel of Christ, own impression : quoting it with the form a refreshing contrast to the tales of greater readiness, since renewed attempts horror and of blood with which the Brah- have lately been made to depreciate these minical superstition has rendered us too important biblical labours.' familiar; while the progress of native “ Several persons, native and others, education, as ascertained by the annual have been added to the care of our junior | examination of the students in the college, brethren; and their journals furnish abunand the pupils in the female schools, pre- dant evidence that their exertions in prosents a pleasing prospect in reference to claiming the Gospel, at Doorgapore and the rising generation. The former of these elsewhere, have not been diminished. It examinations was conducted by Dr. Carey, is pleasing to learn, from the same mein January last, in the presence of his Ex- dium, that the spirit of active zeal has so cellency the Governor of Serampore, and far pervaded the religious public of Cal. many other respectable persons, both cutta, small, comparatively, as that body European and native. The proficiency still is, that institutions, embracing almost made by the students in the Sungskrit every object of spiritual benevolence, have and English languages, astronomy, geo- been formed in that city, the anniversaries graphy, and other branches of knowledge, of which are held in the month of Januwas highly satisfactory. Nor was the ary, and are characterized by much Chrisexamination of the female schools less en- tian harmony and animation." couraging. Two hundred and thirty little “ Mr. Statham, whose situation appears girls were present, many of whom re- to afford him peculiar opportunities to ceived rewards for their improvement; watch the progress of the native mind, in and the cheerfulness and animation, visible alluding to the misrepresentations of the in their countenances, seemed almost in- Abbé Dubois' Statements,' remarks, sensibly to fill the company with pleasure that they are so glaringly false and inand delight. From a statement of the vidious, that even the foes of missions, female schools, established in India, by residing on the spot, are obliged to pallibenevolent individuals of different denomi- ate and apologize for them,' and expresses nations, drawn up and published by our his persuasion, • that the real cause of
such opposition is the probable success of about these things.' I have at this momissionary efforts. There is, and none ment thirty-six boys, the sons of natives can deny it, who knows any thing of these of good estate, reading the Scriptures matters, a far greater prospect of the es- in my verandah, who some time ago tablishment of the Redeemer's kingdom were afraid to touch a book. I would not among the Hindoos, than ever presented anticipate too great things, but I do humitself before. I well remember the time bly trust that your hearts will be soon rewhen, if I offered a tract or Gospel to a rich freshed by intelligence of the most pleasBaboo, he would reject it in scorn ; and ing description.” now the same character is continually in- At the Society's station at Monghyr, quiring for more books. Not two years the missionaries state, that a considerable ago female education was looked upon by degree of attention is paid to their message. the rich natives as a thing derogatory to It is by no means uncommon for the natheir caste : now they are desirous to get tives to call them into their houses and female teachers for their wives and daugh- shops, and there sit around, and eagerly ters. I recollect, when in Sulkea Bazaar, listen to the word of God. “Religion,” it the natives would not let myself and the is stated," appears to be spreading among native with me get a place to preach in; the natives, in a way that both astonishes now they say, 'Come osten-tell us more and delights us.”
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
authority, whether direct or indirect, of FRANCE.--A powerful struggle still con- all ecclesiastical power.”—The king, who tipues in this country between the ultra- had gained a momentary eclat on his montane doctrines of Popery on the one accession to the throne by the abrogahand, and every other shade of opinion tion of the censorship and his pledge to on the other. Many of the most devoted support the Charter, is increasingly unmembers of the Gallican Church are popular from his subserviency to the found now, as formerly, in the list of views of the Catholic priesthood, who opponents to the bigotted principles are making every where the most zealous which the Jesuit missionaries in parti- efforts to recover their former power. cular are urging upon the public; and a A work of the Abbé de la Mennais, powerful remonstrance has been pre- the first part of which was reviewed in a sented to the king in the name of the former Number, and to which a still more French cardinals, archbishops, and hi- inflammatory sequel has since been pubshops at present in Paris, against these lished, has been prosecuted by the goimpolitic and unconstitutional doctrines. vernment, and condemned as libellous. These dignitaries remark, in reply to the The popular party have obtained a propositions of such ultra-Catholics as great triumph by the rejection, by the the Abbé de la Mennais, that“ a just and chamber of peers, of the proposed law good God does not give tu sovereigns of primogeniture. It was combated with the right to oppress the people, to perse- extraordinary force and eloquence cute religion, and to command crime and various peers; and among the rest, by apostacy. The princes of the earth are, the Duke de Broglio, whose speech has like other Christians, subject to the spi- been printed, and throws much light on ritual power in spiritual things; but to pre- that most interesting subject. tend that their infidelity to the divine law GREECE.- Various rumours have been would annul their titles as sovereigns, circulated of the fall of the fortress of that the pontifical supremacy might go Missolonghi, and the massacre of its so far as to deprive them of their crowns, brave defenders, after a protracted and and to deliver them to the mercy of the courageous resistance worthy of the anmultitude, is a doctrine which has no cient Greek name, and of the cause of foundation either in the Gospel, or in the freedom to which that long, oppressed apostolical traditions, or in the writings of people have devotedly pledged themthe doctors, and the examples of the holy selves.-Lord Liverpool, in reply to a persons who adorned the brightest ages question from Earl Grosvenor, has stated, of Christian antiquity.” “ We remain that the above rumour was not authentiinviolably attached," continue they, “to cated, and was at all events premature; the doctrine of the rights of sovereigns, but with respect to the probable fate of and of their full and absolute inde- Greece, as connected with Russia and pendence in temporal matters of the Turkey, his lordship added that he could
make no remark consistently with that those deep feelings of abhorrence which neutrality to which this country is every man of common humanity must pledged towards those two empires. instinctively cherish respecting the whole
of this unchristian system. His lordship DOMESTIC.
withdrew his motion, in consequence of The chief home occurrences of the the opposition of Lord Bathurst; who month relate to the proceedings in Par- contended that what the colonists did, liament; which however have been some
had better be their own act than forced what indecisive on several of the principal upon them by the British Parliament; questions which divide public opinion, but the reasonableness and justice of in consequence of the approaching elecé Lord Suffield's suggestion are too obtion,--no party wishing to agitate topics, vious to be denied. In the House of the discussion of which may be injurious Commons, Mr. Smith has brought forto their views at the approach of that ward a similar motion; on which occaevent. On this ground, the friends of sion Mr. Canning reiterated the deterthe Catholic claims have postponed the mination of Government to carry into introduction of any parliamentary pro- effect the reforms proposed in the Orceeding on this great question : and for ders in Council, and stated his full conthe same reason ministers have put off the viction that Government and Parliadiscussion of the corn laws, though with ment will be able to find both the an explicit declaration of the necessity of means and the power to do so, sooner a radical revision of the system. Mr. or later, in spite of every opposition. Huskisson in particular, in consequence of There is no doubt of this fact; but una motion by Mr. Whitmore on the subject, happily this saving clause,“ supported by that gentleman in a most later," is pregnant with mischiefs to argumentative and unanswerable speech, which no date of expiration is at present repeated his unaltered opinions on the assigned, and which may, and too prosubject of a free trade, especially in an bably will, continue in operation till tens article of such prime necessity as corn;
of thousands of additional victims have but knowing the opposition which such been added to the long catalogue of those a proposal would meet with in various who have pined and perished beneath quarters, he was unwilling to open such the withering influence of an exterminata source of contention on the eve of a ing slavery. As a proof how little has general election, and when there would been hitherto actually effected for the probably not be time to consider the sub- amelioration of colonial bondage, notject maturely before the expiration of the withstanding all our zeal and warm pro session.
fessions, our speeches and petitions, our The subject of colonial slavery has parliamentary resolutions, and official again been discussed in Parliament on remonstrances, and ministerial pledges, several occasions; and though Govern- we subjoin the following brief statement ment has resolved to delay the enforce- of facts on the subject. Those of our ment of its measures, its leading mem- readers who wish to go further into debers have continued to express their de- tail will do well to consult a very able termination not to shrink from them. and convincing pamphlet just published, In the House of Commons, Mr. Canning entitled, “ The Progress of Colonial Rein particular has again and again de- form ; being a Brief View of the real nounced the whole slave-system; and
Advance made since May 15th, 1823, in Lord Liverpool, in reply to a remark that carrying into Effect the Recommendathe people of England were unjustly pre- tions of his Majesty, the unanimous Rejudiced against the planters, regretted solutions of Parliament, and the univerthat the conduct of the colonial legisla- sal Prayer of the Nation, with respect to tures had been such as amply to coun- Negro Slavery; drawn from the Papers tenance such prejudices. Lord Suffield, printed for the House of Commons, prior in moving an address to his Majesty, to the 10th of April, 1826.” The facts praying that in future he will be pleased to which we advert are the following. to appoint to the offices of Governor, “ Only five of the colonies, out of Chief Justice, Attorney General, Fiscal, thirteen, having legislatures of their own, Guardian, and Religious Instructor, such have done any thing whatsoever towards persons only as are not owners of, or carrying the resolutions of the 15th May, otherwise inierested in, Slaves, detailed 1823, into effect ; and of these five, none from the papers before parliament a se- have done any thing with respect to reries of atrocities practised on those un. ligious instruction. One only (Tobago) happy and defenceless persons, which has abolished Sunday markets. Four cannot but have strengthened in the only (Tobago, Grenada, St. Vincent's, mind of every noble lord who heard him and Dominica) have given a very limited
protection, in certain cases, to the pro- stance, an equal administration of it to perty of Slaves. Two only (Tobago and White and Black. These enactments Grenada) have lowered the scale of arbi- proceed on a totally different principle. trary punishment by the master. Two “Further, even those provisions of law only (Grenada and St. Vincent's) have which wear the semblance of amelioramade a mere show of abolishing the tion, are almost all destitute of adequate driving-whip. Three only (Tobago, sanctions, or of an executory principle ; Grenada, and St. Vincent's) have ad- and they are all confided to the adminismitted the evidence of Slaves in a very tration of the very men whose power it limited degree. None have given to the ought to be their object to controul, and Slave the power of effecting his manu- against whom it is the universal feeling mission by purchase. One only (Baha. of the country, that the Slave requires to mas) has legalized marriage, and two be protected. (Grenada and St. Vincent's) have per- “ But here the colonists, and their mitted it in certain cases. One only friends in this country, meet every call (Bahamas) has prohibited the separation for parliamentary interference, by arguing of families, either by private or judicial that it is impossible that Parliament can sale; and one only (Grenada) has pro- legislate effectively for the colonies, unhibited it by judicial sale. None have less the colonists become the willing and abolished the fogging of females. None concurrent executors of its enactments. have prohibited the sale of Slaves de- It will, however, be admitted that good tached from the estate.
laws are better than bad laws. In as far tablished saving-banks. After reading as the colonial statutes are chargeable this statement, let any man look carefully with a want of uniformity and consisat the vain and inefficient, and often tency; with gross inequality and injuscontradictory and unjust, provisions by tice; and with the absence of adequate which it is pretended to ensure even the sanctions and executory provisions; it scanty measure of improvement which would clearly be in the power of Parliathe most partial advocate of the colo- ment to apply a remedy. The obnies can venture to assert; and he must ject of Parliament would be to give feel convinced, that no useful or consis- effect to its own wishes and resolutent legislation is to be expected by con- tions : the object of the colonists, in all tinuing to pursue the present course. the colonies, is rather to resist, and, if Delay and disappointment can be its they cannot resist, to elude, their accomonly results.
plishment. Here, at least, would be a " In the first place, the great mass of manifest advantage on the side of parliathe boasted enactments are framed in mentary legislation. If it be doubted direct contradiction to the admirable whether any good may be done by means principle involved in a passage of one of of checks and sanctions, introduced into Lord Bathurst's letters to the Governor the Colonial Acts by some paranıount of the Bahamas, in which he says; authority, it is only necessary to refer to -Since the superiority of rank and the Trinidad Order in Council. It is education which belongs to the White there provided, that the Protector of inhabitant, is an aggravation of the of- Slaves shall not be entitled to receive his fence committed by him, there is an in- salary until the returns which are requirjustice in assigning to the aggravated ed from him have been made in a comoffence the minor punishment.' He also plete and satisfactory manner. This condemns those clauses which enact that single provision will serve to illustrate a severer punishment should be inflicted what may be effected by the judicious on a crime committed by a Slave, whose regulations of willing legislatures, in enignorance is an extenuation of his guilt,' forcing even those laws which are obthan by others, for whose guilt no such nuxious to the general feelings of a comextenuation can be presumed.' And yet munity. it is the uniform character of the, so called, “ But however well the laws may be uneliorating laws which have now been framed, as to their letter, it must be adreviewed, that they are built upon this mitted, that if the judicial administration reprobated principle.
of the colonies remains on its present “ The enactments in question are footing; if the judges are still to be further at war with the important principle planters, and to be dependent for their laid down in a late debate, by such high salaries on assemblies of planters; comauthorities as Mr. Canning and the At- paratively little good would result from torney General ; namely, that it was in- the improvement. But is it not the duty dispensable to the ends of justice, that of Parliament to provide, not only that there should be, both in form and in sub- the laws should be good and just, but