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that they should be justly, and equitably, “ Besides this, there is another and oband faithfully administered ? Would it vious palliative at least, if not remedy, make no difference in the character of for the evil under consideration, in the that administration, if the offices of Judge, admission to the jury box of those free Attorney General, and Fiscal (to say no- Blacks and Persons of Colour who are thing at present of Governors, and of qualified by their property, and intelliProtectors and Assistant Protectors of gence, and acquirements, 10 take a share Slaves), were filled by barristers of a in the administration of justice. Why certain standing, wholly unconnected should they be excluded? Have they with colonial interests, with fixed and not interests, and large interests too, at suitable salaries, altogether independent stake ? Even foreigners have a right, of the local assemblies, and receiving when tried, to have a moiety of their peers their authority and their instructions from foreigners like themselves.
By what the Crown? Would not the institution strange anomaly in British jurisprudence of a universal system of record, report, is it that native-born subjects, men posinspection, publicity, and consequent re- sessing a common interest in the state, sponsibility, go far, of itself, and still shall, not on account of the want of a more when combined with the suggested qualification as to property, or intellichange in the executive department of gence, or loyalty, but on account of the the law, to reform many of the existing varying shades of their complexion, be evils of the colonial system ? And is it excluded, as a degraded caste, from the not in the power of Parliament to follow first and dearest right of the British Conup its enactments for the improvement of stitution, a trial by their peers ? the law, by such improvements in the
“ That such reforms are in the power administration of that law as have now of Parliament; and that, if made, they been hinted at? And if in the power, is would improve the administration of jusit not also the duty, of Parliament to tice, and afford increased security to the do so?
slave, and thus obviate the only solid ob“ But it will be argued, that, though jection to parliamentary legislation cansomething may thus be done towards not be questioned ; and without parliacorrecting the existing evils of the Slave mentary legislation, what hope exists system, yet the juries must still be com- that slavery will either be materially mitiposed of men actuated by colonial pre- gated, or finally extinguished ?". judices, and ready to render nugatory We are glad to find that Ministers every obnoxious law. This is to a cer- have determined not to renew the inhostain degree true: but there is a large de- pitable Alien Act; but to propose in its partment of the judicial administration stead a registration of foreigners. which is entirely in the hands of the The armistice with the Burmese bas judges, independently of juries; and even not led to a negociation for peace. Hosin that department of it which rests tilities have re-commenced, in which both wholly on the decisions of a jury, it can- parties are likely to expend much blood not be supposed that the presence and and treasure, without any countervailing dicta of an intelligent and unbiassed honour or advantage. We are astonished judge, and the system of revision and at the apathy of the British public in republicity which has been suggested, ference to this impolitic and inglorious, would not produce a very powerful and but unhappily most sanguinary and exsalutary effect on those decisions.
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Rev. H. Anson, Bylaugh P. C. Norf. Rer. H. Evans, Swanton Abbotts R. Rev. B. Barker, Shipdam R. Norf. Norf. Rev. J. Case, Springthorpe R. co. Linc. Rev. C. R. Handley, Sturry V. Kent. Rev. W. Cowlard, Laneast P. C. Corn. Rev. J. M. Parry, North Muskham V. Rev. C. C. Crump, Halford R. co. Warw. co. Nottingham.
Rev. J. Davidson, Upton-upon-Severn Rev. S. Philips, Puddington R. Devon. R. co. Worcester.
Rev. J. Pyke, Parracombe R. Somer.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. E.; ANOTHER EPISCOPALIAN ; S.; H. Y; ClerICUS ANGLICANUS; A CHURHCMAN;
L. Y.; K.; A. B. ; B. Q. R.; B. R.; E. M. B.; H. ; W. H.; C. E. ; C. H. ;
are under consideration. The Secretary of the Society iespecting which H. inquires, is the Rev. H. G. Wat
kins, St. Swithin's Rectory, London. The British and Foreign Bible Society, have received the remaining half of a Bank
Post Bill, No. 4538 for £100, as an Anonymous Donation.
MEMOIR OF MR. C. MARTYR.
diate dissolution, yet do I find my(Concluded from p. 198.) self strong enough to commence an
undertaking I have long meditated A MONG Mr. Martyr's papers as an imperative duty I owed to my
was found one containing bis dear children.” To engage their last wishes and directions respecting attention to the instructions which his funeral, dated in August 1822; he had thus prepared, he left the at which time he was suffering se following affectionate letter, the verely from the disorder which date of which cannot be ascertained: proved fatal to him. In this paper “ It is probable that when this letter is recorded the following declara- meets your eye, the heart that diction of his Christian resignation and tates it will have ceased to beat ; trust : “ Believing death to be at and the hand that is now busily enno great distance, I have no hesi- gaged in preparing the best offering tation in saying, that, individually, of a parent's love, will be cold. In I have found an ample equivalent such case, you will, perhaps, have for the loss of property, prospects, attained an age, when, I trust, you friends, and health, in the discovery will be able fully to appreciate the that I have a friend in Jesus Christ; motive that has led to this underand that, great as my anxiety for the taking, and to give to the subject it welfare of my children may be sup- embraces all the consideration that posed to be, I feel confident at this it so especially merits. · When you moment that the Lord will take discover that the object I have in them into his keeping and provide view is to lead you to a right underfor them. May He, through the standing of the principles of the influence of his Spirit, lead them to Christian religion, it may at first trust in Him through Christ, and seem strange to you that in the prethey need not fear that He will for sent enlightened age I should think sake them.”
such an undertaking necessary; but, His warm affection for his chil- ny dear children, it is from a firm dren was evinced by various other conviction, the result of long obserpapers, which he had prepared for vation, that the greatest errors, and their future instruction, as they the most profound ignorance prevail grow up, in the principles of the among all classes of society, and Christian religion. Though suffer- among none more so than that in ing under disease and weakness, he which you are likely to move, of the was not checked in his efforts to plan of redemption offered to our provide for their spiritual good. He acceptance in the holy Scriptures. commences a valuable system of It is, I say, under the firmest conadvice for them as follows: “ Al viction that the most awful and though I have been now for a long alarming danger exists among those time suffering from a painful and who have not the slightest fear as lingering illness-an illness that at to their spiritual safety, that I am one time threatened almost imme- anxious to warn you, while I am yet CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 293.
able, to flee from the wrath to come, presumption of attempting to unby searching for yourselves, in ravel what God may never have inthe pure records of eternal truth, tended to discover to man, I must for that light which alone can lead impress it upon your minds as a you to everlasting life, and without truth the most affecting and importwhich the utmost efforts of man areant-affecting, as it displays to us unavailing. But, although I am the unbounded mercy and love of confident that the Scriptures are the Christian's God-and importfully able to lead you to salvation, ant, as it concerns the state of your if read with singleness of heart, and souls for ever-that by a diligent use with continual prayer for the teach- of the appointed means, and by a ing of the Holy Spirit, my conscience firm reliance upon the teaching of would misgive me if I did not de. the Holy Spirit, you will attain a tail to you my ideas upon the sub- knowledge of all that is essential to ject; and at the same time use my your salvation. With the Bible in most hearty endeavour to prepare your hands, and the Holy Spirit for you for all the opposition you are your guide, I should have no fear likely to meet with in your search of leaving you to steer your course after truth, both in the natural dic- through life; and my main object, tates of your own heart, and from in now addressing you, is to enforce the little world about you; an op- the necessity of reading the sacred position which nothing but the volume with prayer, making its power of God can overcome. This precepts your rule of life, and of power, however, is promised to all invariably referring, where doubts who seek it, and rely upon its in- may occur, to the standard of Auence in the warfare which every God's word, and not to lull yourChristian is called upon to wage, selves into security by comparing during his pilgrimage on earth. yourselves with other people, and
“ Nothing is more necessary to then remaining satisfied because enforce in the outset, than that the you conscientiously believe the heart of every man by nature is op- comparison to be highly favourable posed to all that is spiritual; and to yourselves. Of all the devices that such is necessarily the imper- of satan, this is the most common fect state of our nature, even when and the most fatal, and, as such, the heart is renewed by the grace requires a particular consideration.” of God to resemble, in some mea. Paternal affection and Christian sure, its state before the fall of man, piety breathe in every line of this that we must perpetually view its letter. Happy would it be, if every suggestions with distrust. Prayer, father had the same anxious solici. constant unremitting prayer, to the tude for the spiritual welfare of his God of all mercies for a right judg- children; and were equally influment in all things, must attendenced by religious principle, to every endeavour to understand the cherish for himself and them the Scriptures; but even with all this, same correct views of revealed there may remain many things that truth. seem unintelligible, and irreconcile- To introduce the whole, or even able; but bear in mind, my dear the greater part, of his excellent and children, that man is in a state of Christian advice to his children, intellectual as well as moral dis- would far exceed the limits assigned cipline, and that there are mysteries to the present narrative. All that in the operations of grace, as well can be attempted, is to extract one as in the operations of nature, which or two other passages, as a specimen the human mind cannot fathom; of the whole. and that of a truth · great is the After speaking of the value of mystery of godlinesg.' Yet, al- religion, and the urgent necessity though I would warn you of the of searching the Scriptures, as alone
containing the truths essential to holy religion ; upon which you know salvation, Mr. Martyr refutes, in all your hopes of eternity must the clearest and most convincing rest.' manner, some of the common ob- “I should be unwilling for you jections against a diligent perform- to fancy, that I attribute all this ance of this duty. He then proceeds formidable opposition that I prewith the following impressive ad- dict, to any predetermined attack monition :-“I warn you, my dear upon Christianity by those about boys, in the most solemn way, not you. I ascribe it, first, to a thorough to be diverted from your purpose. want of suspicion on their parts, I know that with many, the very that they are pursuing, either in docidea of young people voluntarily drine or practice, a course of conembarking upon an undertaking of duct inconsistent with the rules laid such solemn and momentous im- down for them by Christ himself; port, will be thought unnatural, and secondly, and consequently, to and, perhaps, reprobated as metho- an utter unconsciousness of their distical, and so forth. Be on your own danger. The origin of all this guard, I beseech you, that you may is again to be traced to their want escape the danger too likely to re- of acquaintance with the word of sult to young minds from observa- God. Living as they do, accordtions of this kind; coming, as they ing to what they may really think may, from those among whom you a Christian life, it is impossible that may be moving, and whose charac- prejudices and habits grown grey ters for judgment and virtue you with use, and supported by the may have been accustomed to re- concurrent practices of thousands spect. I well know the kind of about them, under an equal deluobservations you will have to en- sion, can be overcome hastily; or counter, if you seriously commence indeed until a sense of danger, the task I am urging; but I beg or some such circumstance shall you to turn a deaf ear to them. awaken them from their alarming You will be warned not to be too lethargy, and their thoughts are much in earnest, not to be righte- directed to the Book of Life for ous over much ;' and told that the spiritual instruction.” mind resting too intensely upon one Convictions such as these could great object, will become bewil- not fail to “ bring forth the fruits of dered; and occasionally religious good living" in the individual who madness will be hinted at, and had thus happily imbibed them.instances will be recorded of persons Never, perhaps, were Christian faith who have taken the most pains on and Christian practice more entirely the subject, being still in the great- united. Finding that public employest doubt,—and that there are mys- ment was still unattainable, he anxteries in religion, which are difficult iously looked round for some opporand impossible to be understood. tunity of occupying, with advantage But bear in mind, my dear children, to his fellow-creatures, the leisure Who hath said, · Search the Scrip- thus afforded him. “I feel confident,” tures ;' and be assured, that until said he to a friend, “that no person you have a higher authority than can move in so contracted a sphere, our Saviour himself for the recan- or possess means of usefulness so tation of this simple but positive limited, as not to be able to do much commandment, you are certainly good. For my own part, I am conguilty of a high misdemeanour vinced that my present leisure is not against the Almighty himself, (to given me for nothing. Others have use the mildest terms,) unless you riches, or rank, or power, or great take advantage of the means you abilities, for the use or abuse of which possess to make yourself acquainted they must one day give a solemn with the revealed truths of our account. All I have to give is time: this is, indeed, but " one talent,'
operator in the labours of the bebut that one must not be hid in the nevolent societies in his vicinity. earth.”
Mr. Martyr's zeal and judgment Accordingly, Mr. Martyr com- were no less conspicuous in availing menced a regular system of charita- himself of every favourable opporble visits, from which not even his tunity for introducing into ordinary own weak and precarious state of conversation the all-important sub. health could ever deter him, except ject of Religion. He did this in when he was absolutely confined to language at once energetic and unhis bed; and from that time it may compromising, yet without that inliterally be said, that, in imitation of discreet and intrusive forwardness the blessed Master whom he truly which sometimes injures the high loved and served, he “went about cause it is meant to serve. His dis doing good.” His was not that sen- position was so cheerful, his manner sibility which can weep at the peru- so mild and conciliating, and every sal of some fictitious tale of woe, pious thought appeared to come so and yet shrink from the real, every- warmly from his heart, that the atday sorrows of a wretched fellow- tention of even the most indifferent creature. He never heard of a case hearer was for a while arrested by of distress within his reach, that he what he said on religious subjects. did not in person visit the unhappy In visiting the poor, he was most object, and endeavour to adminis- earnest and indefatigable in his enter some balm to his afflictions. No deavours to better their spiritual hovel was too mean for him to enter, condition; always carrying to their no bed too wretched to sit beside, houses some copies of the holy wbere either pecuniary aid was re- Scriptures, and various religious quired to procure the necessaries of tracts, for distribution, and frequentthis life, or spiritual exhortation ly occupying several hours in a day wanting to turn a dying sinner to in reading to those who, either from repentance. His own pecuniary re- infirmity or want of education, were sources being very scanty, he ex- unable, without such assistance, to erted himself unremittingly in ob- enjoy this privilege. taining, from persons better able to Much more might be added to afford it, the means of doing good. the extracts already given from Mr. The peculiar talent which he pos- Martyr's valuable papers ; but it is sessed of recommending to the no- necessary that I should hasten to offer tice and sympathy of others, any some brief account of the last few deserving objects of charity, and of months of his life, and especially of thus drawing forth from all who its closing scene. In April 1825, heard him some little contribution he obtained the appointment of towards their relief, will long be re- Purser to the “Ordinary” at Chatmembered with delight, and ought ham, which, together with the soto be regarded as an example, by ciety of several warm and pious all who knew him. The sums he friends in that neighbourhood, once thus collected were usually small, more held out to him a prospect of seldom exceeding a few shillings independence and worldly comfort. from any individual at one time; In the course of that summer, how. and yet such was the persevering ever, the disease with which he had industry with which he pursued his been so long afflicted, began to exobject, that in the year 1823, his bibit still more dangerous symptoms, accounts, in which he was extremely an internal abscess having evidently regular, contained more than 2001. been formed, leaving little hope of thus collected by himself within ultimate recovery. Fully aware as twelve months, and judiciously ap- he was of his own state, for several plied to charitable purposes. He months previous to his decease, his was also an active and valuable co- pious cheerfulness never forsook