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respects a new and favourable rela. Now we find, that the remedy tion on the part of God, but also a which Christianity brings forward to new and holy state of the affections our view is exactly of this kind. on the part of man. In other words, “ Jesus Christ came to bless you, the happiness of a sinner will by turning away every one of you depend, first, upon the conviction from his iniquities." God might that God has pardoned him; and, have left us to reap the harvest of secondly, upon the consciousness our rebellion. He might have left that he loves the Being who has us to the unchecked operation of thus tenderly dealt with him. That our wild and earthly passions; and God has pardoned him, is a thought had any messenger arrived from which will remove all his fears, hush Heaven, he might well have brought the tumult of his conscience, cast a tidings of long and of final calamity. brightness over the events of Pro- But « God's ways are higher than vidence, extract the sting from our ways, and his thoughts are death, and render the prospect of higher than our thoughts. eternity brilliant. That he loves hath not appointed us to wrath, God, is a consciousness derived from but to obtain- salvation by our the now accordant state of his feel. Lord Jesus Christ.” He sent him ings with God's benefits; from a to bless, and not to curse; to save, delight in the method of God's and not to destroy. He sent him dealings with him, from a return of to expiate our sin, and to render gratitude, from an approbation of his mercy lovely in our eyes. He God's character, from a sympathy sent us pardon, and he sent us the with God's views and intentions, means of loving the nature and the from an acquiescence in God's esti- heart from which that pardon mate of good and evil, from an in- flowed. ternal perception of an intimate In this complex operation, the communion between God and his means of human happiness are unsoul, whereby he cleaves to him as folded. The pardon of sin is comhis Friend, his Father, his Refuge, and plete and free, unclogged with any his God. The Presiding Power of condition or qualification. “ Rethe universe is thus his shelter ; turn unto me, for I have redeemed the Almighty Mind is in contact thee.” “ I, even I, am he that with his own; the eternal attributes blotteth out thine iniquities as a of God beam around him, as so thick cloud, and as a cloud thy many suns to cheer and to refresh sins.” " When we were enemies him; mercy and purity and love we were reconciled to God by the seem to encompass him, and there death of his Son."
16 God so is no evil which can ultimately loved the world th he gave bis wound his peace. He is travelling only begotten Son, that whosoever through a wilderness, but under in- believeth on him should not perish fallible guidance, and under unas- but have everlasting life.” sailable protection; and he will Thie guilty offender may now soon reach his home, bis heritage in look upwards and read the unequithe fair regions of eternity. Thus vocal declaration of pardon and rea sense of pardon, and a sense of demption. The way is again open love to that holy Mercy which has to God's mercy-seat. The great forgiven him, bring him into tran- High Priest stands before the quillity and safety. He is there- throne to intercede for the criminal. fore happy
“ There is no condemnation," but It is not conceivable that an in- perfect reconciliation and grace. telligent, but sinful creature, could Now the belief of this truth, under be happy in any other way, while the agency of the Spirit, conveys living under the administration of a healing to the heart. The discoholy God.
very of this act of conciliation to
any soul, is in the highest degree bled sea, whose waters cast up purifying. It is impossible that mire and dirt."
This is surely a the soul should retain its enmity, very intelligible statement of the its reluctance to God's service, in ultimate misery of sin, and a statethe face of all this holy mercy. Sin ment which entirely justities the becomes loathsome and odious when necessity for conversion of heart in its consequences are thus made order to reproduce happiness, while visible in the personal sufferings of it corrects the strange delusion of Jesus Christ; and obedience to the mere notions without works. God will and mind of God then becomes is the Governor of the world, and identical with peace and happiness. the principles of his government Thus Christ blesses by turning away will one day become apparent to from iniquity, by procuring at once all his creatures: we can, therefore, the pardon of sin, and by healing only be happy as our views and the disease of sin; by restoring affections are conformed to those peace in the relations between God principles. That man will certainly and man, and by making God's be happy ere long who loves God, · character the object of attractive and who loves God's ways; and no imitation.
other man can, with any pretension The necessity for a • healed to common sense, expect to be heart” to produce happiness, may happy. All things,” says the perhaps be questioned. It may Bible, “ work together for good to be said, that men have found a those who love God;" and the reavery large measure of enjoyment son is, that all things connected without a religious mind. The with their destiny will one day be answer to such an assertion is, how- adjusted to the steady operation of ever, very apparent. If it pleased his moral government, and their God always to withdraw himself delight will arise from the full acfrom the notice of his creatures, cordance of that operation with their and to encircle them with objects own principles. Then sorrow and adapted to their lower appetites, a sin will be for ever removed from large amount of enjoyment might them, and they will dwell in the certainly be found separated from blissful presence of God for ever! religion. But if God has declared, How stupendous is this mystery that the moment fast approaches of grace ! how munificent is this when he will summon man to his mission of mercy to the guilty ! bar, and force his conscience to a "Unto you first God, having raised tribunal from which there lies no up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless escape, it will then directly follow, you by turning away every one of
can long be happy you from his iniquities.” whose mind is not prepared for such The resurrection of Jesus Christ, a scrutiny. Supposing that con- it may be here observed, is an imscience sleeps until the moment of portant part of this statement: “God death, it will at least awake at the sent him to bless you, having raised moment of the resurrection, and him up,” that is, from the dead. the result must be inconceivably The ultimate blessings of salvadreadful. An infinite force will tion are said to be purchased for then surrourd us, and we shall find man by the sufferings and death ourselves opposed to the direction of Christ. “ He gave his life a in wbich that force acts: we must, ransom for many." Hence he went therefore, be thwarted and unhappy. down, in their behalf, to the grave :
The reluctance of our minds to but he went down as a Conqueror : God's moral government would, in “ O death, I will be thy plague: 0 fact, be even as hell to us. “ There death, I will be thy destruction." is no peace, saith my God, to the He rested the truth of all his assuwicked.” “ They are like the trou- rances to mankind upon the event
of his resurrection : “ If Christ be racter in Christendom, there are but not raised, ye are yet in your sins," two classes of men ; those who love and the doctrines of hope and of Christ, and those who love him not. eternal life are fables and a dream! Those who love him act as reason
We may safely judge of the actual ably towards him as they do towards interest which we ourselves have in others. Because they love bim they the resurrection of Christ, by the think of him, they study to please moral effect which the belief of it him; they draw their strength, their has produced upon our minds. Have hope, their tranquillity, their purity we regarded it as the seal which from his inexhaustible fulness. It is God has affixed to the truth of every not with them a matter of indifferdoctrine delivered by Jesus Christ ence whether or not his name be to man? And, as such, do we be- profaned, his regulations be set at hold in it the pledge to us of eternal nought, or his cause on earth be mercy, the assurance of forgiveness opposed.
“ Unto you that believe of our sins, and of our own resur- He is precious." Hence with such rection to everlasting felicity? Do persons godly anxiety is a reasonwe connect with it the continual able sensation, and the hopes of mediation and friendship of the Son eternity enter into all their calculaof God in our behalf? Do we con
tions of human felicity. template him as near to the throne But with those who love him not, of God exercising uncontrouled no such godly anxiety exists. They power, and this in our favour? “Lo have no sympathy with his views, no I am with you always, even unto the delight in his service. To lull the end of the world." “I am He that reproaches of conscience, and to liveth and was dead, and am alive throw some rays upon the darkness again, and have the keys of death of the future, they may often apand of hell." Come unto me, pear as his worshippers; yea, they and I will give you rest.” “ He that may kneel at his-altar, and partake believeth on me shall never die." of the emblems of his body and of "Let not your heart be troubled: I his blood; but they have no real will come again and receive you attachment to his person, and to his unto myself, that where I am there cause. They live happily with his ye may be also." What influence foes, they sport with his laws, they have these and similar declarations make their convenience or their upon our moral and spiritual exist. pleasure the standard of their relience ? Religion is not a ceremony gion! They sometimes say, “ Lord, or a name. It is a deep sympathy, Lord,” but they make no heartfelt binding down the soul to allegiance effort to do the thing which he says. and to love. It is the cure of the But how fearful is the delusion heart, the consecration of our facul- which such worldly religionists ties and of our affections unto the practise upon themselves! What a Benefactor by whose hands we were cruel pang of disappointment will created, and under whose benignant one day fasten upon their souls ! influence we still live and move and « God is not to be mocked, whatsohave our being. And as such it is ever a man soweth that shall he also a matter of distinct consciousness. reap.” Who doubts of the existence of his If the Bible be the record of God's affection, and of his fidelity, as exer- ultimate dealings with mankind, cised towards his fellows? And why then the eternal destiny of men shall not this affection, and this rests upon their allegiance and their fidelity, be as much the subject of attachment to their Saviour! It is not certainty and of consciousness when an opinion, it is service, it is alleexercised towards God?
giance, it is loyalty to Christ, which It is such ; and at this moment, God demands. amidst all the shades of human cha- If these be yielded, all is ultiCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 293.
mately safe. Then, amidst the sad- abundant mercy, hath begotten us nesses of life, our souls may often again to a lively hope by the resurrise to the tone of grateful and ex- rection of Jesus Christ from the ulting anticipation. 66 Blessed be dead, to inheritance incorthe God and Father of our Lord ruptible and undefiled, and that Jesus Christ, which, according to his fadeth not away."
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.
that the Scriptures sanction the
existence of slavery under the It must appear strange to every Christian dispensation; and that mind imbued with the true spirit of the silence of Scripture, in not reChristianity, that the apologists for probating the practice, is to be conslavery should continue to defend strued into an approval of it. It their cause, by what you have just- is not the ordinary manner of the ly denominated, in your critique up- sacred writers to comment on the on Bailey's “ House of Bondage,” facts which they record; but the (Christian Observer for 1824, p. 624,) absence of strong condemnatory that 66
unmanly canting, and jesu- remarks is not to be understood as itical argument,” that the system is a tacit approval of the conduct of not contrary to Scripture. In the last those whose actions are related. Number of the Quarterly Review, Thus, when the murder of the inin a critique on a very flippant vo- nocents is perpetrated by the order lume, intitled “ Six Months in the of Herod,“ not one text can be West Indies,” the reviewer takes pointed out in which” this atrocity occasion to observe, that the Abo- is reprobated. So also in the stonlitionists assert “ that the existence ing of Stephen (if we except St. of slavery is an absolute violation of Paul's humbling confession of the the precepts of the Bible,” but that part which he took in that murder, “ these gentlemen (the Abolitionists) Acts xxii. 20,) and the murder of can hardly be ignorant that personal James by Herod; and many other slavery is mentioned or alluded to instances which might be adduced. in almost every page of the Scrip- The assertion, that not one intures; and that, from the first verse stance of emancipation is recorded of Genesis to the last of the Apo- in the New-Testament history," is. calypse, not one text can be pointed true in part; that is, no particular out in which its existence is repro- instance is related; but if, as was bated.” And again ; “ they (Abo- doubtless the case, litionists) cannot be ignorant, that first converts of Christianity, the among the first converts of Chris
great majority necessarily consisted tianity, the great majority neces- of slaves and slave-proprietors," how sarily consisted of slaves and slave are we to understand the facts reproprietors." They cannot have corded in Acts ii. 44, et seq.,
where entirely overlooked the striking, we are told that “ all that believed however, according to their view, were together, and had all things inexplicable fact, that not one in- common,” unless we suppose that stance of emancipation is recorded the slaves were emancipated in order in the New-Testament history,” &c. to partake of the common property pp. 501-503.
of the church, according to the peThe sophism in these passages culiar necessity of the times? But if consists in endeavouring to prove a text be wanted which reprobates the
existence of slavery, we cannot re- conducted, or how the slaves are
L. Y. who act "
contrary to sound doctrine." (1 Tim. i. 10.) Besides, how are we to observe the golden law of Christ, of doing to others as we
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. would that they should do to us, if I READ without surprize, being personal slavery is to be maintained? well aware of the existence of such We know that the “ inspired teach- rites in the Romish Church,) the ers of our faith never preached any form of the consecration of Bells, doctrines but those of submission, published in a late Number of your contentment,” &c. to slaves; but work. But the Romish servicethey also said to the slave, “ If thou book is very far from being that mayest be made free, use it rather.” mass of absurdity which persons (1 Cor. vii. 21.)
unacquainted with it may thence With respect to the author of be induced to suppose. It contains “ Six Months in the West Indies," the originals of nearly all the finest it reflects no credit on him as secre
Collects which adorn our own Litary to a bishop, to speak in so light turgy; and many others, on the a strain of the solemn offices of the subject of fasting, prove that our church, as we find him doing in the ancestors in popish times knew case of the baptism of Black chil. (theoretically at least) with what dren, and the marriage of the Ne- spirit it ought to be practised, and groes. He talks of mothers “jockey- to what ends made subservient, ing for the honour of first baptism,” among Christians. My present and of the “ regenerated piccanin- purpose however is not to transcribe nies;” and he borrows his expres
any of these, but to send for
your sions from the pugilistic ring, when insertion-I will venture to say, for he speaks of the backwardness of the admiratio. of your
readers-an one woman to be united to a man, address to parents and sponsors to whom it seems she had promised (not to sponsors only, but to parents marriage; he terms this not being and sponsors,) after the celebration willing to come to the scratch. of Infant Baptism, “ ex Rituali See also his language respecting the Romano, jussu Benedicti XIV children on the estates, pp. 135— edito, extractus.” Omitting a few 137. I have been more than six vix tolerabiles ineptias, the exhormonths in the West Indies; and have tation runs thus : -" This child is seen so much of slavery, that I have now baptized, delivered from the long since formed the opinion, that slavery of the devil," &c.—“ You a man retained in personal slavery then, father and mother, offer your is justified in the use of any lawful most fervent acts of thanksgiving, means to recover his liberty, and for the singular mercy obtained in that British Christians are bound to this sacrament; and beseech your supply these means to the utmost Divine Saviour, that he may grant of their power. I would not debate you life, to instruct the child in the subject with any one as to the the duties of a Christian. You are treatment which the slaves receive: bound to exert all your powers, to the single question, in my opinion, preserve the baptismal innocence, is, by what right are slaves held in and prevent the assaults of the evil bondage ? By what right are they, enemy, who incessantly labours to in the first instance, taken from their destroy it. Your example must own shores? The principle is to be concur with your instructions; and condemned, and not a dispute to be therefore you are obliged to labour maintained how the slave trade is strenuously in the care of your own