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salvation, that no word or work of service-book generally, than yours may contribute in any shape correspondent seems inclined to to let the devil take possession of admit. this sacred temple of the Lord. The constant struggle which you ought to exert against your own frailties Tothe EditoroftheChristianObserver. intimates your necessity of an early In many of our churches, includdiligence against the first t:imultsing some of recent erection, wheof human passions; and your own ther under the parliamentary grants, experience proves beyond contra- or otherwise, a most distressing diction, that you ought not to lose reverberation of sound, prevails ; a day without labouring to advance often to such a degree as to yourselves, and your child, in the render the officiating minister quite fear and love of God. The god. inaudible by the greater part of fathers and godmothers must his congregation. If any of your never forget their obligations of correspondents, who may be pracinculcating the doctrine of the tically acquainted with the subject, Christian church, which they as- would point out how this evil may sented to, and solemnly avowed in be prevented in new erections, and the name of this child; nor are they remedied in old ones, he would conJess bound in the duty of example. fer a substantial benefit upon the Satan, with his works and pomps, public in general, and upon the has been renounced ; their lives Church of England in particular. should publish that glorious renun- In my neighbourhood, so completeciation, so that the child they have ly unable was one incumbent of a answered for may be armed with newly erected church to make himincentives to lead a life entitled to self heard, in consequence of the a glorious resurrection."
reverberation of sound which preCLERICUS ANGLICANUS. vailed in it, that he has been in
duced to hang up, beneath the We have thought it just to insert roof, a drapery somewhat resemthe above communication : and we bling the canopy of a bedstead; should be well pleased if our own and this, when some other methods service also contained a solemn of cure had failed, was found an address to parents, at the baptism of effectual (although of course an their children ; their duties being inconvenient and unsightly) rerather taken for granted, in that medy. In many other churches, formulary, than expressed ; but we some with, and others without, think it necessary to add, that we vaulted roofs--some with, and others by no means adopt the softened without, galleries—some with, and phrase used by our correspondent, others without pillars and side-aisles in characterising some of the “in- — the same complaint, as to the overeptiæ” which he has omitted, or powering effects of echo, and the confeel unqualified “admiration” re- sequent inaudibility of the officiating specting even the passage which he clergyman is made. In most of the has extracted ; and which, in addi- churches alluded to, the reading tion to particular expressions of an desks and pulpits are placed sepaunscriptural complexion, such as rately, (and at an equal altitude“ Jeading a life entitled to a glorious some with, and others without, resurrection,” rests, as a whole, sounding boards,) against the East. upon an hypothesis respecting the ern extremity of the building, and actual effects of infant baptism, near the angles formed by the Eastwhich the Bible does not appear to ern with the Northern and Southern us to warrant. There is also much walls. I am anxious to ascertain more of “ absurdity" in the Romish whether the grievance above-men
tioned has been found in churches man, entitled “ An Address to the built in the transept form; and Legislature, urging the immediate also how far a groind roof, such Abolition of Briefs, and suggesting as is to be seen in most of our a Plan by which the Funds of the cathedrals, is to be considered as Society for promoting the Enlargefavourable, or otherwise, with re- ment and Building of Churches and gard to echo?
Chapels may be annually replenished, and made efficient for the Accomplishment of its important Ob
jects.” Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.
The substance of the writer's pro
posal is as follows :Permit me to invite the attention Within the last seven years much of your readers to a subject already has been done to meet the spiritual noticed in some of your former vo- wants of the people; but, from the lumes, but which still requires public last Report of the Society for proattention to be recalled to it-I moting the Enlargement and Buildmean the system of briefs to be reading of Churches and Chapels,” it apin churches. It seems to be a very pears, that, so far from their wants general opinion among persons who being supplied, “ such is the inhave considered the system of Briefs, creased and increasing population that the evils incident to it can be of the country, that church-room to abolished only by the abolition of a much greater extent is still rethe system itself. Even if the large quired, and that applications are fees of office were struck off, there more numerous than they would still remain in addition to the were at any former period.” expenses of paper, printing, canvas, In some large towns, where, carriage, and postage, the sum of through the liberality of Parliament, fourpence on each church brief, and new churches have been erected, eightpence for each fire brief; which the supply is yet but very inadealone amounts, on the whole num- quate. In many places, where it ber of the former issued, to about was determined
that only one 1821. and of the latter to 3881.; mak- church should be built, from the ing, with the fees and charges above increased population, three at least mentioned, 2691. to be deducted
were required. But from this cirfrom every church brief, and 474.. cumstance alone, that parliamentfrom every fire brief, before the ary grants are restricted to the buildsufferers can receive a single shil- ing of churches, and this only in ling of the sums collected on their parishes whose population is not less behalf. My own view has long been, than 4000, and for which there is that it can scarcely, under any ma- not accommodation in the church nagement, become a beneficially for more than 1000, it is evident productive system ; partly from the that there inust be a very wide and reluctance of persons to contribute important sphere for a society formto an official routine appeal to ed “ for promoting the enlargement cbarity, and partly from the neces- as well as building of churches and sarily heavy expenses of collecting chapels.” For where there is an inindividually small sums in every creasing population in any parish of parish throughout the kingdom, more than three thousand inhabi
A plan has, however, been pro. tants, and the parish church will not posed for turning these parochial contain one thousand, or, it may be, collections into another channel, not five hundred, and is probably which particularly deserves the at- altogether destitute of free sittings ; tention of the clergy. This pro. who will say, that such a church, if posal is detailed at length in a required, ought not to be enlarged, pamphlet just publishel by a clergy- or that a Society for promoting the
enlargement as well as the building the various applications the Society of churches was unnecessary ? had received and approved, and the
Besides, many large and populous very peculiar and pressing circumhamlets have sprung up within the stances under which some of them last thirty or fifty years, which are were made: and the cases themwithout any church or chapel, and selves would form such an appeal, for which the parliamentary grants that there would be no want of make no provision, unless there benevolent contributors; especially should be a population of at least when it was known that the sums one thousand, resident from their collected would be received to the parish church or chapel at a distance full amount by the treasurer, to of more than four miles. But the whom all communications should residence of a thousand, or of eight be post-free. There are but few hundred persons, at the distance, country bankers who would not not of four, or of three, but of two have the kindness to send to Lonmiles from their parish church, is at don the collections made in their all times, but more especially in the town or neighbourhood, (if no other winter, a serious inconvenience, and plan could be devised ;) and the a circumstance that must be detri- minister would have only to advise mental, if not destructive, to the the treasurer that he had thus remorality and good order of any mitted the amount it had been his hamlet that may be so unhappily happiness to collect; or, as is now situated. A general and habitual the case with briefs, it might be 'neglect of public worship, with a paid at the visitation, and the whole consequent disregard of the Sabbath be sent from the several arch-deaaltogether, will be sure to prevail. conries in the diocese at one time,
The writer of the “Address” states, and by one responsible person. that he has a hamlet in his own parish, It would require an able casuist which, when the census was taken to determine which is the greater ; in the year 1801, contained a popu- the aversion of ministers to read a lation of 396; and which has since brief, or of the people to hear it. increased to nearly 1000, and is Why, then, should a mode of colstill rapidly increasing. The greater lecting be persisted in, which is part of the inhabitants are resident known to be so repugnant to genenearly two miles from their church; ral feeling? To read a brief, with and for this hamlet, and two others, its sameness, and its wearisome when the church was newly pewed in technicalities, can only be regarded the year 1775, only thirty free sit- as a painful interruption of Divine tings were allotted. Now, who will service, especially when the mind say, that such a hamlet ought to be associates with it those charges without a church ?
which will almost annihilate the But this case is not a solitary in- wretched pittance which may be stance; there are many whose wants contributed. The very thought, are still greater, and their claims, that perhaps the whole sum colfrom distance and other circum- lected may be swallowed up in fees stances, more urgent.
of office, and the object at last be Under these circumstances the nothing benefited, tends utterly to following suggestions are submitted extinguish those feelings of beneby the author of the Address. volence which ought to characterise
Let the Society for enlarging and a Christian congregation, and which, building Churches and Chapels be if justly excited, and properly dimade a chartered society; and, in- rected, might be turned to the good stead of briefs, let a circular address of our country, by increasing the be received, once or twice in the funds of the Society for enlarging year (as might be deemed most ex- and building Churches and Chapels. pedient or necessary), briefly stating Unless a church be in a very dilapidated state, and the parish sign, and knows that for a trifle he extremely poor, it will be found that may enjoy the security they afford, most parishes do, and will, repair there can exist no longer any ne; their own churches; and that the cessity for fire briefs. And besides claims on the Society for repairing this, in this age of philanthrophy, would be but few, in comparison of whenever an indigent, but sober and the applications for new or enlarged industrious man, loses any part of churches.
his property by “ a sudden and If but half-a-crown to a brief, terrible fire,” there is no calamity from every parish in England and which excites in his neighbourhood Wales, will raise no less than 23501.,
a more generous sympathy, or which how great a sum might we not receives more ample and immediate expect would be annually collect relief. ed and remitted, on the plan now It is not the wish of the author proposed ! With respect to briefs, of the Address, or of the present it is urged by some persons, that writer, to set aside any just appeal all we have to do is to give to them to public benevolence : only let more bountifully, and then the cha- there be adopted some such plan as ritable design of them would be an- has been suggested; one that every swered. But there actually exists minister must approve, and in supa stronger objection to giving port of which, as commending ittoo much than too little ; because, self to every man's conscience, he if a greater amount were collected can address his congregation.
A. B. on a brief than the case required, the undertaker has no power to apply the overplus to any other brief, or to divide it among those Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. that may have the same object, and I was glad to see the question of be returned at the same time. the nature and extent of the authoThere is now in the funds the sum rity of a bishop presiding over a of 9001. on account of fire briefs; diocese, lately considered in your and there it is likely to remain till pages. (p. 149.) I subscribe to all an Act be passed to abolish such a parts of the remarks of your cormode of collecting, and to assign respondent, including those points the amount to some charitable in- of caution and advice which he has stitution.
laid down on the subject, so far as Briefs are addressed not only to they are applicable to the case of the whole body of the clergy, but Curates. “ to all teachers and preachers of It is, however, to the legal opinion every separate congregation.” But of counsel I chiefly advert ; for it is it not folly to expect those to must be satisfactory to the mind of contribute to our churches whose the most scrupulous minister of our tenets are avowedly hostile to our church, to hear, that he has a right Establishment ? And as the cir- occasionally to employ any lawfully culation of briefs among those who episcopally ordained clergyman to cannot conscientiously contribute to officiate in his church, without be. them has no other tendency than to ing subject to the trouble and exincrease the expense, and to render pense of a licence for so doing, himthem more fruitless than they are, self being responsible to the bishop we have another plea for the abo- of the diocese for any improper ap. lition a bad system, and the im- plication of such right; and it would mediate adoption of a better. be an extreme hardship, to say the
As assurance offices, which were least, were the law otherwise; for unknown when briefs were first what minister can possibly foresee granted, are now so general that whether he himself may not be every one is familiar with their de- hindered by sickness or other sudden impediment, from personal. tan from obtaining a victory over ly officiating: and in this case, is us, by causing any dissensions, and the church to be shut up, and the by dividing our strength: and we administration of the word and should ever give heed to the Aposacraments to be dispensed with stolic injunction, which exhorts, that for the day?
we “ stand fast in one spirit, with As to whatever falls under the one mind striving together for the particular cognizance of the dioce- faith of the Gospel." Phil. i. 27. san, and within his ordinary juris
ANOTHER EPISCOPALIAN. diction, no minister, I conceive, would for a moment interfere with the lawful exercise of that authority Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. which the State has given for such purposes : but how far beyond this, One or two papers having appeared as it is not a point within the reach in your publication relative to the of legislative enactment, he would conduct of masters and mistresses be induced to go, each individual, professing religion towards their acting on the principle laid down servants, I beg leave to offer a few by “ Episcopalian,” (namely, that remarks on the character and conin case of extremity,“ we ought duct of servants generally, parto obey God rather than man,") must ticularly female servants. determine for himself. After paying
With a few pleasing exceptions, all due deference to the opinion and there are probably more complaints suggestions of those in authority, if of this useful class of the comcalled by the force of circumstances munity in the present day than at over which he has no controul, to any former period. That system of assert his right, he ought to do so, luxury and extravagance which peronly contending in the spirit of vades the middle as well as higher meekness, and committing his classes of society, more particularly cause to Him that judgeth righte- of late years, tends greatly to corously.”
rupt the lower orders, especially It is a happy circumstance that our servants, who from this evil exchurch recognises the important dis- ample are often unfitted to enter tinction between legislative and mi- the family of a frugal but honest nisterial authority (vide Art.xxxvii.); tradesman, or one who from prinand therefore neither bishops nor sub- ciple cannot sanction extravagance ordinate ministers can violate the law, or waste. That profuse expenditure whilst they separately or conjointly in housekeeping by which many act upon it, and “ take heed to the families are ruined, that want of ministry which they have received in regularity and good management the Lord,” that they fulfil it; and so essential to their interest and thus act up to the full spirit of the happiness, are also very injurious in solemn exhortation given them at their effects upon servants. The the time of ordination, when they frequent change of servants and siare required “ to teach and premo- tuations, is one great reason why nish, to feed and provide for the heads of families and servants feel Lord's family ; to seek for Christ's so little interested or concerned in sheep that are dispersed abroad, and the welfare of each other. The for his children who are in the love of novelty and change, dismidst of this naughty world, that proportionate wages, little work, they be saved through Christ for and indolent habits, are often enever.”
couraged by families keeping a larger This point, therefore,being clear- establishment than may be really ly understood by both parties, there needful. Some years since, it was will be no room for jealousies no uncommon circumstance for a among us; and we shall prevent Sa- young female entering a family to