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vigour to the plan by a donation of 1001.; ciety issued 6049 Bibles and Testaments; which he soon doubled. In the year 1780, making a general total, up to that period, the Society was regularly organized, as- of 175,400 copies of the holy Scriptures suming at first the designation of the distributed to sailors and soldiers : the Bible Society;'as, at that time, there ex- number of naval and military officers conisted no other institution for the express tributing as subscribers had increased to and sole purpose of distributing the holy 315. In this year, 1825, his royal highness Scriptures.
announced to the Society and to the army. “ In 1794, fourteen years after the for- that his majesty had been pleased to apmation of the Society, the result of its prove of a code of regulations, recomlabours exhibited an issue of 22,000 copies mended by the distinguished prelates of the holy Scriptures, chietly to the army. aforementioned; the purport of which was, In 1804, its designation was changed to that every soldier who can read shall be that which it now bears, in consequence furnished with a Bible, &c.; the expense of the formation of · The British and to be borne by the public; and that the Foreign Bible Society,' which occurred chaplain-general of the forces shall procure that year: the number of copies of the from the Naval and Military Bible Society, word of God distributed had increased to and other sources, such number of Bibles, 34,000: the subscriptions and donations &c. as may be required; and a further received that year amounted to 1331., and supply to be lodged as a depôt in the there were only two navalor militaryollicers orderly-room of each corps, in order that on the list of contributors. In 1811, the recruits and others may be provided from issue of Bibles and Testaments had time to time as necessary. In conseamounted to 100,000. Collections made quence of this regulation, a communicain several churches and chapels yielded tion was entered into with the Very Rev, nearly 30001.: subscriptions and donations the Dean of Carlisle, chaplain-general, reached almost 20001.; and the number of which has led to the issuing of 16,000 subscribing naval and military officers Bibles from the depository of the Naval had increased to 109: his royal highness and Military Bible Society to the army the Commander-in-chief had become since May 1825. The Society, having patron; the Duke of Gloucester and consented to supply the Bibles at two Prince Leopold, vice-patrons; the Arch- shillings per copy less than their prime bishop of Canterbury, president; the cost, have, on the recent issue just men, Archbishop of York, the Bishop of London, tioned, incurred an immediate loss of and many other prelates, with the Duke 16001. ; besides the necessary sum wanted of Wellington, the First Lord of the Ad- to meet the increasing demands from seamiralty, several cabinet ministers, besides
generally, and from the soldiers of many noblemen, admirals, and generals, the East-India Company.” vice-presidents."
With regard to the naval department “ The correspondence, at that period of the Society's operations, we have adwas replete with subjects of the highest duced many testimonies in our pages to interest. An officer, commanding a troop the important facts, that religion is greatly of horse artillery, wrote, that the greater on the increase among our seamen of every part of his men had requested to set apart class, and that its influence is found on a portion of their pay for the benefit of the board a ship, as every where else, producSociety. Another officer wrote from on tive of morals, industry, good order, and board a frigate at Spithead, that most of every other virtue. We copy the followthe seamen and the whole of the marines ing additional testimony from an address had voluntarily subscribed one day's pay of Captain W. E. Parry delivered at the for the same purpose : and, on the me- last meeting of the Society. morable battle of Waterloo, when all “ Captain Parry was merely desirous of Europe stood more astounded at the stating what, according to his experience, Christian forbearance of British troops in was the influence of religious instruction the hour of victory, than their undaunted on the conduct of sailors : he was the courage in the hour of battle, the Naval more anxious to do so, as there were and Military Bible Society was not with many distinguished members of the profes. out the most respectable testimonies, that sion to which he had the honour to belong, much of this spirit could only be traced to who, although inclined to treat religion the influence of that sacred volume which with all possible respect, still deemed it had now been extensively distributed inconsistent with the temporal duties of throughout the army.
a sailor. From such an opinion, however “ In the year ending May 1825, the So- conscientiously entertained, he differed in the most unqualified manner. Having the towns, together with those of the lately had the honour to command seamen neighbouring streams, &c. will perpetuate under very peculiar and trying circum- the memory of the numerous benefactors stances in the Northern Expedition, and re- of the institution. ceiving, as he did, most implicit and immediate obedience on their part, he was, af- CHEROKEE INDIANS. ter due consideration, convinced that the A committee has been appointed in maintenance of such exemplary discipline New York for the purpose of obtaining was owing to the improvement of their donations on behalf of the Cherokee Inmoral and religious character. In the dians, to aid them in procuring a printing schools established on board the ship, the press and types. The Committee state first object was religious instruction ; and some facts and considerations, of high imthe result fully satisfied him that the true portance, not only in reference to the welreligion of Christ, so far from being a hin- fare of the Cherokees, but to the general drance to the performance of arduous du- subject of Indian civilization. The Cheties, was in itself a strong motive for exer- rokees present the first instance of an Intion; and his honest impression was, that dian nation having renounced all that was in proportion as sailors received religious peculiar in their former habits and opiinstruction, so would they become what dions, and adopting those of civilized and England would wish to see them. Dur- Christian society. The faithful exertions ing the expeditions on which he had been of missionaries, teachers of schools, merecently engaged, the best sailors-he 'chanics, and farmers, sent among them, meant those who were called on on an have been happily instrumental in proemergency-were the men who had ducing these results. And so strong at thought most and seriously on religion. - present is the current of public opinion He was far from advocating the diffusion throughout the tribe, in fuvour of whalof spiritual knowledge ou merely temporal ever may aid their progress in knowledge grounds; but his motive for taking this and civilization, that the heads of their last view of the question was to shew that government have appropriated fifteen hunthe two objects not only did not clash, but dred dollars of the public money towards were, in fact, really united; that the best establishing an academy and a printing Christian was invariably the best subject; press at New Town, the seat of governso that even from a consideration for the ment, and to appoint an agent to solicit interests of our beloved country, we should donations to make up the amount which never relax our exertions, until by the may be required for these objects. They blessing of God, from whom alone all hu- say that the establishment of a printing man efforts derived their efficacy, we com- pressamong them will constitute an epoch municated to every sailor the inestimable in the hitherto dark and melancholy hisbenefits of a religious education. Then, tory of the Indians: that this great engine and then only, could we send out our fleets of moral and civil influence is indispensable under the special protection of God, not to the success of their plans for the further trusting in our own strength, but strong improvement of their condition. in the Lord."
The progress of civilization among the
Indian tribes,and especially the Cherokees, OHIO EPISCOPAL SEMINARY. under the system now pursued of preaching The Legislature of the State of Ohio has the Gospel to them in the English language, passed an Act to enable the President and teaching that language in their schools, Faculty of the Theological Episcopal Se- and by instruction and example encouragminary to confer collegiate degrees; and ing agriculture and the mechanical arts, is every exertion is being made by the bishop most favourably noticed in a recent Reto carry into effect the intentions of his port from the United States' Department British friends. A beautiful set of stereo- of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of War. type plates of the Common Prayer Book, After contrasting these features of the preçast expressly for the purpose, bad already sent system, with the previous unsuccessarrived, and an elegant press, on an im- ful attempts to benefit the Indians, and proved plan, had been purchased and was stating that more than eleven hundred ready for being put up. The town to be Indian children " are now having imparted laid out on the ground belonging to to them, and successfully too, the bless, the seminary will be called after Lordings of civilized and Christian life, whilst Gambier: the college after Lord Kenyon; the other Indians, struck with its transthe chapel after the Countess Dowager of forming effects, are themselves practising,
and the names of the streets and of to a very great extent, the lessons which
they receive from their more fortunate off- the Cherokee Mission, says :-“A few spring;” the Report states, that“ the Che- · hours of instruction are sufficient for a rokees on this side the Mississippi are in Cherokee to learn to read his own language advance of all the other tribes. They may intelligibly. There is no part of the nation, be considered a civilized people." Their where the new alphabet is not understood. march has been rapid. The first school That it will prevail over every other meestablished there under the present system thod of writing the language, there is no was in 1817. This Report expresses with doubt. If a book were printed in that confidence the opinion, that should the character, there are those in every part of Indians retain their present location, and the nation who could read it at once.” the means now employed for their civilization be continued and increased, they LONDON SOCIETY FOR FEMALE will in the course of a very few years be
SERVANTS. come citizens of the States within the li- At the last anniversary meeting of this mits of which they reside.
Society, the Lord Mayor, the president, A form of alphabetical writing, invented in recommending it to public patronage, by a Cherokee named George Guyst, who observed, that among all classes of the does not speak English, and was never community there are none that need so taught to read English books, is attracting much attention and assistance as female great notice among,
s, the people generally. servants; for that few, if any, are so much Having become acquainted with the prin- exposed to danger and temptation; but ciple, that marks can be made the symbol that there is something so striking to the of sound, this uninstructed man conceived imagination in the recovery of an offender, the notion that he could express all the that the attention is often more directed syllables in the Cherokee language by se- to the restoration of the profligate than to parate marks or characters. On collect the preservation of the innocent and happy ing all the syllables, which, after long from ruin, and encouraging them to persestudy and trial, he could recal to his me- vere in the path of rectitude, piety, and mory, he found the number to be eighty- peace. The objects of this Society are to two. In order to express these, he took excite and cherish mutual good-will and the letters of our alphabet for a part of confidence among the superior and subthem, and various modifications of our ordinate branches of a family; to induce letters, with some characters of his own servants to view their employers as their invention, for the rest. With these sym- friends, and to continue as long as possible bols he set about writing letters; and very in the same service; and to prevent fesoon a correspondence was actually main- male servants entering upon that declining tained between the Cherokees in Will's course by which multitudes are rendered Valley, and their countrymen beyond the wretched through life, and in death! Mississippi, 500 miles apart. This was In their endeavours to promote these done by individuals who could not speak objects the Society have distributed among English, and who had never learned any servants at least 40,000 tracts; and 909 alphabet, except this syllabic one, which Bibles have been given to as many serGuyst had invented, taught to others, vants, on completing their first year of and introduced into practice. The inter service in the same situation since their est in this matter has been increasing for nomination for the Society's rewards, and the last two years ; till, at length, young three thousand two hundred and forty-six Cherokees travel to a great distance to be pounds have been given in 1923 pecuniary instructed in this easy method of writing rewards to servants who have lived from and reading. In three days, it is stated one to thirteen years in the same family. they are able to commmence letter-writ- Eighty-four have obtained a certificate, ing, and return home to their native vil- and a reward of three guineas each, on lages prepared to teach others. It is the completing their seventh year. opinion of some of the missionaries, that During the past year 586 engagements if the Bible were translated, and printed have been made between employers and according to the plan bere described, hun servants through the medium of the Sodreds of adult Cherokees, who will never ciety's gratuitous Registry at 110, Hatton learn English, would be able to read it in Garden, and 209 servants have been noa single month.
minated by subscribers for the rewards of Mr. Worcester, who has lately joined the Society.
REVIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
fost among the deluded populace conGREECE.—The fortress of Missolonghi, cerned in these lawless aggressions. after a most courageous and long-pro- Public liberality, we are happy to add, tracted defence, has at length been forced, has been prompt and extensive in assistby the pressure of war and famine, to ing the distressed workmen and their yield to the besieging army. The Turks families, and subscriptions continue to sacked the place, destroying such of the flow in to the fund raised for this purinhabitants as were able to bear arms, pose by voluntary contributions. His without mercy, and sparing only the Majesty, in particular, has sent several women and children to be sold as slaves. considerable donations to the suffering We trust the Christian governments of districts from the privy purse. By the Europe will at length be induced to prompt measures taken to repress or preunite, even at some sacrifice of their re- vent disturbances, combined with the asspective jealousies, in some wise and hu- sistance afforded by the public liberality, mane plan for preventing the continued the riotous proceedings have been quelleffusion of blood in this unbappy contest, ed; and a hope of considerably alleviatand bestowing upon the people of Greecé ing the distress has further been excited their just rights and privileges as mem- by parliamentary enactments for throwbers of our common humanity.
ing into the market the foreign grain,
amounting to upwards of 500,000 quarDOMESTIC.
ters, at present under bond in this country, We are much gratified in being at and for giving the Government a discrelength enabled to report the termination tional power of opening the ports for the of the Burmese war. This auspicious importation of 500,000 quarters more, event had been preceded by a complete at a duty of 12s. per quarter, should the victory on the part of the British army circumstances of the country appear to over the enemy, whom they put to flight, them to require it. These are salutary not however without an enormous sacri- measures of relief considered in themfice of human life. The terms of the selves, and with a view merely to their peace are as follows: That the four pro- present and temporary effect on the comvinces of Arracan, and the provinces of fort of the labouring part of the populaMergui, Tavoy, and Zea, are to be ceded tion; but they are chiefly important as to the East-India Company, The Bur- pointing out the true line of policy for mese Government is to pay the Company this country in respect to corn; namely, one crore of rupees. The provinces or the substitution, for the existing law on kingdoms of Assam, Cachar, Zeatung, that subject, of an unrestricted importaand Munnipore, are to be placed under tion of corn, at a fixed rate of duty, as princes to be named by the British Go- nearly equivalent as possible to the pecuvernment; and Residents, with an escort liar burdens which may appear, on full of 50 men, are to be placed at each court. investigation, to attach to agricultural caBritish ships are to be admitted into pital, as tythes, &c. A considerable part Burmese ports, to land their cargoes free of the landed interest has strenuously opof duty, and Burmese ships are to have posed both these expedients, especially the same privilege in British ports. The that of empowering the Crown, at its Siamese nation is to be included in the discretion, to admit for home consumppeace.
tion the farther quantity of half a million We deeply lament to state, that the of quarters beyond what is actually under pressure of the times has been felt with bond. Nevertheless the expediency of extreme severity throughout the clothing that measure has been so strongly felt manufacturing districts. The unemploy- both by the Government and by the Oped and famishing workmen, erroneously position that it has been sanctioned by conceiving that their distress is in a considerable majorities of both Houses of great measure connected with the em- Parliament. All parties also seem now ployment of 'machinery, have in various to admit that some permanent change in places riotously congregated in large the corn laws has become necessary ; numbers to destroy some of these ob- and we trust, therefore, that in the next noxious implements. The mills have in session of Parliament such a change consequence been obliged to be defended will be effected on sound principles. by armed parties, and in various instances The subject not only -of slavery, but by soldiers; and several lives have been of the slave trade, has again been brought before the House of Commons. Mr. Mr. Brougham's motion has not been Buxton has obtained a Committee to carried, his able and luminous stateinquire into the conduct of the public ments, in which he exposed the worthauthorities at the Mauritius relative to less and illusory nature of every thing the slave trade, which it is alleged, on which any of the Colonial Legislatures apparently strong grounds, has con- had professed to dignify with the name tinued to be carried on there to an enor- of reform, must have deepened the conmous extent. The facts adduced in viction which is already so generally support of this allegation were of so felt throughout the country, that the decisive a character, that Government Colonists themselves will do nothing tohave seen fit to assent to the appoint- wards the extinction of slavery ; and ment of a committee of inquiry. Mr. that that object is to be effectually acBrougham also has brought forward a complished in all the Slave Colonies, motion, expressing the deep regret of only by the same compulsory means the house, that the Colonial Legislatures which Government was forced to employ have done nothing effectual for carry in the case of Trinidad. ing into execution the recommendation Parliament is on the very eve of disof government and parliament for the solution. Is it unseasonable to remind amelioration of the state of slavery, and our readers of the solemn duty which pledging the house to proceed to an will devolve upon them in consequence early consideration of the subject next of that event? Can they answer it to session, with a view to the adoption of their own consciences, or to their God, effectual measures for the attainment of if they neglect the opportunity which the object. The motion was met by the is thus afforded them of bearing their previous question, chiefly on the ground, strong and unambiguous testimony that government was already expressly against the crying iniquity of colonial pledged to carry the resolutions of par- bondage ; and of doing what may be in fiament into effect, and had recently re- their power to put a period to its unnewed its urgent representations to the numbered evils, by refusing their aid to colonial authorities, to proceed forth- any candidate who does not heartily with to the adoption of the measures of and unequivocally pledge himself to reform indicated in the Trinidad Order promote its extinction; and more espein Council, intimating to them at the cially to any candidate whose pecuniary same time, that if they did not comply, interests are opposed to those of. huParliament would, and must, be ap- manity and justice? pealed to on the subject. But though.
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Rev. H. Taylor, South Pool R. Devon- Rev. J. Allen, Chaplain to the Earl of Rev. G. Whiteford, Delham with Ho- Mountnorris. ning V. Norfolk.
Rev. A. Foster, Chaplain to Duke of Rev. F. Winstanley, Isleham V. co. Cambridge. Camb.
Rev. J. C. Helme, Chaplain to Earl of Rev. C. J. Yorke, Latton with Eisey Stirling. V. Wilts.
Rev. H. J. B. Nicholson, Chaplain to Rev. A. P. Percival, Chap. in Ord. to Duke of Clarence.
Rev. J. Taylor, Chaplain to Dowager Rev. S. S. Wood, Chaplain to Duke Duchess of Richmond. of York.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Briton; L. Y. ; B. S.; H.; A Country: CURATE; R. P. B.; D. D. ; and
H. B., are under consideration. In abstracting in our Appendix for 1825, p. 805, that part of the last Report of the
Society for promoting Christian Knowledge which relates to the Society's list of looks of science and amusement, we fear we may have inadvertently led some of our readers to suppose that these books are circulated at the expense of funds devoted to objects of a directly religious nature. This is not the fact, as those of our readers will see who will take the trouble to refer to the Society's explanation on the subject inserted at length in our Volume for 1822, p. 808. At the same time, as the misapprehension is very general, we regret with our Correspondent W. E. H. that the Society did not adopt the suggestion of one of the District Committees, to prefix an explanatory notice to the supplemental catalogue.