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sage to refer to the communion of “which were written for our learnsaints with one another, appears ing,” to endeavour to derive from foreign to the Apostle's general ar- them the instruction which they gument, and interferes with gram- were intended to convey, by no matical accuracy.

means excluding the historical, pa-, The Christian Knowledge So- rabolical, and other parts, the pracciety's Family Bible quotes Dr. tical use of which is not always so Whitby as observing, that “ some immediately evident as that of the manuscripts read with him, which is more directly doctrinal or hortatory either the true reading, or gives the passages. But at the same time, we true sense of the other reading; that should beware of allegorising the is, we have communion with God, narratives of the Bible; or of elicitas is evident from ver. 6.” To the ing, from circumstances which were same effect speak most, if not all, only intended to complete the debiblical commentators of repute; scription, (as is frequently the case but, as the mistake is of common in the parables,) a meaning which, occurrence among those who can however in itself useful or instrucrefer only to the English version, tive, they do not legitimately afford. and is often observable, even in dis. It is with some surprise that I ob. courses from the pulpit, it may be serve, even in such works as Cruof service to notice it for the pur- den's Concordance, and Goode's pose of correction.

Essays upon the Names and Titles òf Christ, (vol. III. p. 95.) the fatted calf mentioned as one of

those titles, with a reference to Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.

xv. 23:

Thy brother is The practice alluded to by two of

come, and thy father hath killed. your correspondents, in illustration the fatted calf, because he hath reof some expressions in the Parable ceived him safe and sound." I can. of the Ten Virgins, is not confined not see any one single circumstance to India, but is observable even to in the passage to justify the apthe present day in oriental nations plication of this title to the Restill nearer the scene of Scripture deemer: the circumstance seems narrative.

The following passage to have been added merely to refrom Le Bruyn describes a similar present the festive joy which fol. torch used in Persia, at Ispahan.

lowed the return of the prodigal “ En nous en retournant sur le

to his father's house. Mr. Goode soir, nous trouvâmes deux coureurs considers it as a feast and a sacriaux Chiaerbaeg avec des flambeaux fice; but I think he confounds the allumés. Ce sont des certaines sacrifice of joy, and the sacrifice of boules de toile trempées dans de

propitiation He writes : “ Bring l'huile, et fixées, dans une chine de fer attachée au bout d'un nal Father, and kill it ; or, in pro

forth the fatted calf, says the Etergrand bâtun, avec une platine de phetic language, more expressive cuivre ronde etamée en forme de and significant, • Awake, O sword, soucoupe pour recevoir l'huile qui against my Shepherd, against the en degoute. Il faisoit cependant man that is my fellow, saith the encore assez clair ; mais c'est une Lord Almighty." ceremonie qui se pratique parmi les calf,” he adds, is indeed representpersonnes de consideration." Le ed as slain when the prodigal reBruyn, c. 38.

E. turned; whereas this sacrifice is

already finished, never more to be

repeated. But even in this we Tothe Editorofthe ChristianObserver. may be led to admire the fulness It is undoubtedly the duty of every and all-sufficiency of the RedeemChristian, in reading the Scriptures, er's sacrifice, and the unchangea



bleness of its virtue. As he is said there be;" can be interpreted to reto be crucified again by the reject- fer to indwelling sin. This intering of him, so he is set forth as pretation seems to have arisen from crucified afresh to every returning the use of the word plague. Had the sinner, and again exhibited in all Hebrew word been translated sorhis dying love to the eye.” Mr. row, afliction, or distress, the idea Goode here evades the objection; would not perhaps have occurred. and, like Samson from his antago. The expression in Prov. xiv. 10. is nist, obtains “sweetness from the exactly parallel. “ The heart knowstrong, and meat from the eater.”

eth its own

bitterness; and There are various other passages stranger doth not intermeddle with of the Bible which might be men. its joy;" and though it might with tioned with the same view; one of truth be applied to indwelling sin which is an expression used by So- and spiritual joy, yet I think it is lomon when, in his prayer at the evident, that, as in his prayer at the dedication of the temple, he be- dedication, Solomon here refers to seeches God to “hear in heaven individual and temporal sorrows. what prayer and supplication soever I would not object to every quo. be made by any man, or by all his tation of a text except in its strict people · Israel, which should know and literal sense. Passages of the every man the plague of his own Old Testament are frequently cited heart.(1 Kings viii. 38.) This by accommodation in the New; phrase is a well-known Hebraism, and much valuable instruction may and corresponds in meaning with often be derived from the practical the words in 2 Chron. vi. 29, “his application of an historical passage. own sore and his own grief.” “ The But when the interpretation is unformer petitions” (says Mr. Scott, authorized by the original, and is in his Commentary, very justly), incongruous with the context, such “ particularly respected public an application of Scripture, besides judgments and distresses : but this being improper in itself, tends to passage related to private affic- injure the cause which it is intended tions and trials, and whatever should to strengthen, and excites prejudice , fill the heart and conscience of any in the minds of those who are but. individual with anguish and dis- too ready to imbibe it. may.” “ This interpretation,” Mr.

N. I. N. Scott proceeds, “ doubtless includes, though it is not confined to, that meaning which is very frequently Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. given to the expression, 'the plague of his own heart;' namely, the pre- A CORRESPONDENT who signs himvalence of indwelling sin, which, self Operpov, in your Number for as a plague, or pestilential disease, January, requests a reply to the is the grief and sore of every true query, “ Is it rubrical for the conbeliever.” A marginal note in gregation to repeat aloud, with the Charnock's excellent discourse on minister, the Lord's Prayer, at the Providence also remarks, '“ Sin is commencement of the Communion called the plague of the heart,” Service ?” He has, however, so sa1 Kings viii. 38. Now I do not tisfactorily proved the affirmative as see how the expression as it stands to render any additional remark unin the prayer of Solomon, in close necessary. By “ Divine service" connexion with the preceding your correspondent understands verse, “If there be in the land the Book of Common Prayer :" famine, pestilence, blasting, mildew, he must mean the whole of public locust; if their enemy besiege them worship, as directed by that book. in the land of their cities; whatso. The same argument then must sure. ever plague, whatsoever sickness ly apply to the repetition of the

Lord's Prayer, which is ordered, by nal God is thy refuge, and underthe fifty-fifth canon, to be used at neath are the everlasting arms." the end of the prayer before ser

And whence is it then that those mon; and in which, in one church who live under a dispensation of which I have attended, the congre- far brighter glory, who call themgation joined.

selves the followers of Him who Archdeacon Sharpe, as quoted by brought life and immortality to your correspondent, observes, that light; who have a more ample rethe clergy, have “ tied themselves velation of the will of God, a fuller down to a regular, constant, con- manifestation of his promises, and, scientious performance of all and above all, that most affecting disevery thing prescribed by the Book play of his love and pity which is of Common Prayer." I should be exhibited in the incarnation and obliged to any of your correspon- death of his beloved Son for the dents to inform me therefore by redemption of a lost world;--whence what permission the great majority is it that those who are thus most of our clergy read no more than the favourably circumstanced should in first sentence of the Exhortation to general be so little sensible of the the Communion, in which the church privilege of having God for their prepares her members for the due refuge; should often live almost as celebration of the most solemn of though the knowledge of his name her rites. She considers it her duty and perfections were but an idle to exhort her communicants to con

dream? It is, because men are too sider the dignity of that holy mys- often Christians only by name; tery, and the great peril of the un- while they are practically ignorant worthy receiving thereof; and so of all that is worthy to be called to search and examine their own Christianity. They have no true consciences, that they be received love for God, no scriptural confias worthy partakers of that holy dence in him; their pursuits, their table: and offers to the dejected hopes, and their enjoyments are not the comfort of absolution and in heaven: they live only for this counsel from the “ ministers and world, and all beyond it appears stewards of her mysteries.” I can- to them but as a distant phantom.. not see any reason why the clergy True, they believe, or profess to be should neglect the rubric by omit- lieve, in the declaration contained ting so useful and important an ex- in our text; they acknowledge the hortation. In some dioceses a com- happiness of the righteous; in words, pliance with this rubric has been at least, they account his condition urged by Episcopal authority, but I preferable to every other lot : but, am not aware with what effect. while their judgment is convinc

N. B. I.

ed, their hearts are not interested; they have far other preferences as it respects their own personal con

dition ; they are content with far FAMILY SERMONS.—No. CCX. inferior objects of desire, and are

willing to risk the favour of God Proverbs xviii. 10.– The Name of and the happiness of eternity for

the Lord is a strong tower : the their enjoyment. Let me urge you righteous run into it, and are safe. this day to a wiser choice : every

thing earthly may and must disap“God is our refuge and strength, point you ; but “ the Name of the a very present help in trouble.” Lord is a strong tower,” and, whatSuch was the language of the de- ever events may ensue, those who vout Psalmist David ; and it well “ run into it are safe.” With a view accorded with the still more ancient to impress the subject deeply upon declaration of Moses, The eter- our minds, we shall inquire,

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First, What we are to understand the world ; with reference to which by the expression, “ The Name of two points the sacred Psalmist dethe Lord ;”

voutly exclaims, “ O Lord, our Secondly, What is meant by its Lord, how excellent is thy name in being a strong tower;

all the earth, who hast set thy glory Thirdly, What is the security above the heavens !" “ When I which it affords;

consider thy heavens, the works of And Fourthly, Who are the per- thy fingers, the moon and the stars sons that partake of that security. which thou hast ordained, What is

First, What are we to understand man, that thou art mindful of him ; by the expression, “ The Name of and the son of man, that thou visitest the Lord.” This comprehensive him!” Here the character of God phrase is used in Scripture to point is illustrated by the works of his out all that relates to God, including creation and the dispensations of whatever he has revealed to us his providence ; the Psalm concludconcerning himself in his word. ing, as it began, with the devout When Moses asked him what was exclamation, “ O Lord, our Lord, his name, be made known to him his how excellent is thy name in all the eternal, his independent, his incom- earıh!" But this, though a part prehensible existence, “ I am that what we are taught respecting God I am:" “ Thus shalt thou say unto in his word, is not that which is the children of Israel, I Am bath more peculiarly meant when bis sent me." “ I appeared," he says name is spoken of. It is his conin another place, “ unto Abraham, duct towards us as transgressors of unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the bis laws, and the means which he name of God Almighty ; but by my has graciously provided for our parname Jehovah was I not known to don and recovery, that the sacred them." His name is used to ex Scriptures most emphatically con

his character and attributes: nect with the name of God. thus it is said, “ The Lord descend- have manifested thy name," says ed in the cloud, and stood with our Saviour, addressing bis Father, Moses, and proclaimed the name of “ unto the men which thou gavest the Lord; and the Lord passed by me out of the world.” And what and proclaimed, The Lord, the was the name or character of God Lord God, merciful and gracious, which he manifested ? It was, that long-suffering, and abundant in “ God so loved the world that he goodness and truth, keeping mercy gave his only begotten Son, that for thousands, forgiving iniquity, whoso believeth in jim should not transgression, and sin, and that will perish, but have everlasting life.” by no means clear the guilty.” Here His mercy was exhibited, his perhis name exhibits to us the relations fections were displayed, his name which he bears to his creatures, was, as it were, visibly embodied either in his goodness or his severity. before us in the person of his Son, In a particular manner, his name has who was “ the brightness of his respect to the revelation which he glory, and the express image of his has made of his purpose of mercy person." The long-suffering and to our fallen race through the atone- mercy of God, and whatever the ment of Christ. He has not de. Old Testament writers assert of his scribed himself to us merely as infinite goodness, here connect them the God of nature or of providence. selves with the name of the eternal True indeed it is, that even in Word, the second person in the holy these points the Scriptures are full Trinity, and who himself is the only of instruction : they teach us to name under heaven given among read his Divine name exhibited in men by which sinners, and such are the works of his creation and the all mankind, can be saved. His events of his moral government of name, in a word, is a scriptural exThe great



pression for Himself; for all he is every image of strength and sein his own Divine nature, and all curity as expressive of the prohe is in relation to his creatures; tecting power of God towards his and his revealed word being a de- people. Thus, the Psalmist Daclaration of his will, addressed not vid, who had been remarkably exto the fallen spirits or to the angels posed to alarm and danger both in in heaven, but to the race of Adam, body and soul, says, “ The Lord is it especially exhibits his name in my rock, my fortress, and my dethat aspect in which it was most im- liverer; my God, my strength, in portant for us to behold it, as con- whom I will trust, my buckler, the nected with all our hopes, and horn also of my salvation, and my duties, and enjoyments, for time and high tower.” And in reference to for eternity.

Christ, who was to come into our But, secondly, what is meant by fallen world to be the refuge of this Name being a strong tower ? sinful men amidst the storms of A strong tower is a place of intend- life and the terrors of futurity, the ed security for the lives and pro- prophet Isaiah prophesied : “ A perty of persons exposed to danger Man shall be a hiding-place from or depredation, especially amidst the wind, and a covert from the the perils of war. And such is tempest; as rivers of water in a dry God to all who trust in him. The place, and as the shadow of a great verse which follows our text illus- rock in a weary land.” trates the meaning of the expression: But we shall perceive more fully " The rich man's wealth is his strong the aptness of the metaphor in our city, and as a high wall in his own text, in considering, thirdly, the conceit.” Is he exposed to danger ? nature of the security which this he trusts that his riches will allure

strong tower affords. friends, or purchase defenders, or majority of mankind are insensible bribe his enemies. But wealth is of the value of having God for their not always a strong tower even as refuge, because they have not reconcerns the affairs of this life; flected upon the afflictions which it may procure physicians, but it lie around every path of human life, cannot purchase health: it may the dangers to which they are exheap together all the accommoda- posed, the enemies which lie in wait tions and luxuries of life, but it can- for their soul, or the peace and not secure the enjoyment of them; safety which are to be found in much less can it still the voice of a God alone. Our church has briefly guilty conscience, or open a bright summed up the various kinds of prospect in the hour of death, or affliction which may befal us, unappease the just anger of an omni. der the heads of distresses of mind, potent and omniscient God. It is of body, and of estate. Now, in often most weak where its possessor all these this strong tower affords had expected to find it impregnable, a place of refuge. With regard, in and may in a moment make to itself the first place, to troubles arising wings and fee away as an eagle to. from our worldly condition, whatwards heaven.

ever our estate may be, whether But in the fear of the Lord is high or low, rich or poor, there is strong confidence, and his children

in God a full supply for every nehave a place of refuge." “ He that cessity. He did not forget Joseph dwells in the secret place of the in the prison, or the people of Israel Most High, shall abide under the in the house of bondage, or Daniel shadow of the Almighty.” The in the den of lions; and if even an servants of God “ shall be as mount earthly parent who is evil, that is, Zion that cannot be removed, but encompassed with sin, and frailty, abideth for ever.” The sacred writers and ignorance, and imperfection, seem to delight in accumulating knows how to give good gifts unto

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