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BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE The cash account of the year was as SOCIETY.
follows: The last Number of the Bible Society's Free contributions from Monthly Extracts contains an interesting Auxiliary Societies . £36,631 19 10 account of the Twenty-Second Anniver- Receipts for Bibles and sary of the Society.
Testaments, Reports, Lord Teignmouth, the president, open- and Monthly Extracts 36,462 1 9 ed the meeting.--" In the success,” said Legacies...er
3,434 11 8 his lordship, “ which has so amply re- Sundry other sums
6,239 96 warded our efforts for the distribution of the holy Scriptures, we cannot but recog
Total net receipts
82,768 2 9 nise, with heartfelt gratitude and devout Total net payments
96,014 13 7 thanksgiving, the guiding and protecting The issues from the depository during hand of the same good and gracious God the last year were 110,963 Bibles, and who has so wonderfully preserved his 175,439 Testaments ; forming a total of written and inspired word to these times, 4,009,389 copies of the Scriptures issued for the instruction of mankind in righteous. in this country by the Society in twentyness, and to point out to them the way to
two years. éternal life. If obstacles have occasion- The usual resolutions were then seally occurred, they have been removed; verally proposed and adopted. — The foldifficulties have been surmounted; and, lowing are extracts from the speeches. if a passing cloud has thrown a dark shade The Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. over the horizon of our hopes, it has soon -“ I have ever approached the cause of been dispersed. I could with pleasure es. the Bible Society with interest, admirapatiate on the benefits conferred on man- tion, and gratitude; and, though clouds kind through the instrumentality of our have arisen in our horizon, difficulties have institution, if my strength permitted. It started up in our way, and I fear a consiis a topic peculiarly calculated to excite derable defulcation been experienced the best sympathies of our nature, and to in the funds during the past year, yet I animate our perseverance in our labour of confess, looking to the past, the present, love."
and the future, I see no cause to weaken An abstract of the Report was read by my attachment to it, to cool my ardour in the Rev. Andrew Brandram, one of the its support, or to damp my hopes—I might Secretaries : in the introduction to which rather say, my assurance of its ultimate the following Resolutions were contained,
It is still that reservoir, from as the final determination of the Society which must be supplied those Scriptures on the subject of the Apocrypha :- by which alone the profession and practice 1. That the fundamental law of the Son of true religion can be supported, and the
ciety, which limits its operations to the superstitions and errors of false religion circulation of the holy Scriptures, be undermined, overthrown, and effaced from fully and distinctly recognised as ex- the earth. It must still be esteemed that cluding the circulation of the Apocry- fountain-head whence must flow those pha.
streams of living water which give spi2. That, in conformity to the preceding ritual knowledge, hopes of pardon, and
Resolution, no pecuniary aid can be light of guidance, to the perishing souls granted to any Society circulating the of men.” Apocrypha ; nor, except for the purpose Lord Calthorpe.--" I will, in the few of being applied in conformity to the observations that I shall have the honour said Resolution, to any individual what- to address to the assembly, merely allude ever.
to two of those stations which in one 3. That in all cases in which grants, whe. respect, perhaps, afford a more striking
ther gratuitous or otherwise, of the illustration than almost any other, of the Holy Scriptures, either in whole or in universality of the labours of the Society part, shall be made to any society, the two that are placed at the most distant books be issued bound; and on the extremities of the globe we inhabit. If express condition that they shall be dis- we look to the vast empire of China, a tributed without alteration or addition. promise of such beneficial labours seems to.
be open to is, that really, if we had ac- is more than this arithmetical result, is quired a habit of thinking less of great the improvement produced by the propaoperations than we have done, we might gation of the Gospel among the Protesthave considered as visionary any attempt ant population of France. Many persons to shake the faith and the idolatry of such had long neglected their religious duties ; an empire: but we have been accustomed but now they not only frequent public now for some time to contemplate the in- worship, but even seek their edification road that is likely to be made into the in private and family prayer, which were darkest and most besotting ignorance of so long the only consolation of our fore. that empire, the Society having overcome fathers. The Protestants, in general, that which was considered, but a few seem aware of the duties imposed upon years ago, an insurmountable difficulty: I them by the happiness, the liberty, the mean the acquisition of the Chinese lan- peace, the enjoyment they now have, comguage. This being accomplished, surely pared with the lamentable period of our the Society has reason to look to the religious wars and unjust oppression: and brightest and most encouraging prospects truly nothing is more proper to produce and anticipations.-I will only advert to in our hearts piety and gratitude than this that other great field of enterprise on change. Our ancestors then came into which this institution has recently entered: this hospitable island to search an asylum I mean the South-American Continent. against oppression; and, to-day, we come It seems, in the prodigious prospects of only to entertain a peaceful and pious greatness which that country presents- intercourse. The Bible found in their prospects full of the warmest interest, hands was a sufficient reason to condemn and of peculiar sympathy to those who them to the galleys ; but now there are exult in liberty-one of the greatest glories institutions publicly formed to circulate that could be conferred on this country the Holy Scriptures. I saw lately, in the (which may justly be considered as the subterraneous part of your cathedral at nurse and cradle of the civil and religious Canterbury, the place where our ancestors liberties of the world), to shed on the were allowed to celebrate their wornewly-acquired blessings and privileges ship among the tombs; but now their which the natives of that country are ob- children are building, in every part of taining for themselves, the highest lustre their own country, fine churches. Your of Scriptural light, the most beneficent Queen Elizabeth sent an assistance of crown and cement of all their blessings, soldiers and military stores to our Henry the Bible, to which we ourselves, under the Fourth; but now we ask only a supply Providence, owe the permanent happiness of copies of the Bible—the weapon which and greatness we enjoy."
alone destroys misery and sin. I am The second resolution was moved by happy to say, that this improvement in the Bishop of Salisbury, and briefly se- our public feeling is not confined only to conded by the Earl of Harrowby. the question of religious toleration, but
The Hon. and Rev. G. T. Noel intro- extends itself to every thing which can duced to the meeting, as a representative contribute to the happiness of mankind. from the Paris Bible Society, Monsieur I have assisted lately at the public meetthe Baron Pelet de la Lozère, who made ing of a Society which has offered a prize the following interesting statements :- for the best work on the causes of national “My lord, I regret not being able better hatred in general, and the means of ex. to express the gratitude the Paris Bible tirpating it entirely. Assuredly, it will Society feels to you, and to your illustrious be found that the best way, and indeed institution, for the assistance you con- the only way, is the propagation of the tinue to afford us, with so great generosity, Gospel. I mean not merely the material, in our enterprise to spread the Holy Scrip- but the moral propagation of it. We tures among our Protestant brethren. You know that philosophers have attempted to will learn from our Report, that your as- destroy these animosities by serious argusistance has not been as seed fallen among mentation or ridicule ; but the powerful stones and remaining fruitless. We have word of our Divine Redeemer will no made, this year, considerable progress in doubt remove it entirely, because it every thing-in the number of our aux- preaches love and charity, and unites, in iliary societies, in our income, and, above à bond of brotherhood, men of every all, in the amount of the copies of the colour and every clime.' Holy Scriptures issued from our deposi- The Right Hon. Charles Grant.--"Well tory: the number has been about 12,000, do I remember the day when the first nearly double that of last year : and what whisper was heard of the prospect of a
Bible Society in France : well do I re- ance attached to me as chief magistrate member the delightful feelings then ex- of the city is, I conceive, the reason why cited throughout the country: well do I I have been called upon to take a part in remember its first announcement in this the proceedings of the day; and I am not room ; and happy am I that I have lived displeased at the opportunity of expressing to see the period when every anticipation my increasing conviction that it is my duty, has been more than accomplished. We as all who hear me will acknowledge it to have heard from that illustrious French- be the duty of every Christian, to attempt man, sentiments which do honour, not to by all means to diffuse the word of God human nature alone, but to our Society throughout this country, and throughout as well. He has told us that the seed we the world. I am persuaded that the cause have sown in France has not been fruit- of the Bible Society rests not less on feelless: and well has he proved the truth of ing than it did; but, at the same time, in this assertion in what he said. It naturally proportion as it is more known, it rests on recalled to my mind those lines,
the conviction of the understanding also.
I believe the dissemination of the word of 'Coasts frown on coasts, by adrerse waves
God to be the great means by which disjoin'd;
Christians are made spiritual themselves, Arms-gods opposed—but most the ad
and by which others who are mistaken verse mind.
will be converted and led into the right These lines shall now be banished from
way. our recollection. We shall forget national “ I was exceedingly delighted with what enmity—a thing hateful to humanity, and fell from the French nobleman: it is just execrable in the ears of Christianity. We what I should have expected; because I now deny that 'coasts frown on coasts, know that wherever the principles of the by adverse waves disjoin’d.'
Bible prevail, there every thing favourable coasts smile on coasts. We say, that they to peace and good order will prevail also : were opposed, but are so, thank God! no and wherever there prevails any thing unlonger. There are no longer the adverse der the name of religion which is at variminds, but friendly and fraternal minds; ance with the interests of mankind, you and, above all, God is no longer opposed. will always find it shrink from the light of We are ranged round the same memorial the Bible. I have with pleasure retreated of our common salvation; we acknow. from the stormy scenes in which I am enledge one Redeemer; we bow to one God; gaged in the city, where all is uncertaintyand confess ourselves one flock under one and, I will not say all, but much is disShepherd. And well has that illustrious tress-to this scene, where all is certainty, person observed, that this eradication, as
and all is peace; where, without a disI hope it may be called, of national hosti- sentient voice, or even a feeling, all agree lity, may be ascribed to a higher cause that we should separate with an increased than mere human philosophy. Much may desire to do what we can to promote the be done by philosophy: much may be knowledge of the word of God, both at done by learning and science : but let me home and abroad." say, and I only repeat what he has so well Rev. J. W. Cunningham.-“ We like a said, that this science is not taught in the practical conclusion to all our remarks; sun-burnt arena of other science, but in 1 confess I have a great design upon every that volume which we are met to circulate: man's bosom and powers and faculties in taught in the recollection of those scenes, this assembly. For the danger is, lest, to which we look back with wonder and delighted with what you have heard, you affectionate sympathy — the scenes of should take up your strain of congratulaGethsemane and Calvary; and taught, tion, or go away saying it is all exceedingbest of all, at the foot of that cross which ly true; and there the matter should end : was elevated as the banner of all nations; whereas, I speak to my clerical brethren and which at this moment, though we see and other ministers of religion behind me, it not, is as truly elevated as if we did see and to those before me; and the meaning it with our eyes; and is collecting in its of this plain honest English address is, ample shade all the ransomed nations of that you should bend your powers, your the world, who will henceforth follow one faculties of body and mind, to the work ; leader, the Captain of their salvation, and it is from yourselves we expect the made perfect, indeed, through suffering, restitution of what we have lost. I look but crowned at last with triumph and at many faces to-day; and I should say, we glory.”
have so many staunch friends, every man The Lord Mayor." The local import. will be a hearty operator in this great
and work ;-but that is not the fact. I know this interesting people reside. The first that the very energy which we sometimes European inhabitants of these valleys feel on occasions like the present, instead preferred the wilds of Africa and a good of exciting to action, becomes the apology conscience to the advantages of civilized for inaction; and we go home and do no- life, when they could no longer worship thing. I trust a Divine blessing will be God according to their apprehensions of so granted to every man, that all will take the nature of the worship He requires : this resolution - I will not be the dead and the God whom they served has picture, but the living man; and this So- blessed the descendants of those noble ciety shall feel the benefit of my prayers confessors, both with temporal and spi. and my labours. I will endeavour to turn ritual blessings, in a manner I never could one subscription into two, and to deepen contemplate but with the liveliest sensathe interest in all hearts in my parish: and, tions of gratitude and delight. instead of suffering myself to be rocked to “On a late journey into the interior of sleep in that cradle which not the friends Africa, in which I travelled 2500 miles, but the enemies of the Society have pro- I took with me
as many Bibles and vided, I will go forth to the battle of the Testaments as I could accommodate in my Lord, and strive to live to His glory, in waggon; and if I had had three times the promoting the salvation of all mankind.'' number I could have disposed of them all.”
The Rev. Dr. Philip, Secretary to the —Dr. Philip then furnished the Meeting South-African Auxiliary Society.--" The with an account of a Hottentot Auxiliary labours of this Society are at this mo- Bible Society, recently formed at the ment cheering the dreary abodes of the Missionary Institution of Theopolis, at Polar regions; they are elevating the which a Caffre Prince presided; and read character of the inhabitants of the great some of the speeches made by the aboriPacific Ocean; they are multiplying the gines ;-one of whom said : • I know I means of salvation among the colonial speak the feelings of all, when I say we inhabitants of South Africa ; and they are all willing to assist the Bible Society are gladdening the hearts of the Hotten- to the utmost of our power. We all feel tots; and making the wretched Bushmen, it to be a duty of those who enjoy the the inhabitants of the rock, to sing for benefit of God's word, to aid that Society joy, and to shout from the tops of the which furnishes us with Bibles. We have mountains.
When an attempt was made a society for the relief of our poor ; we to establish a Bible Society at the Cape of have formed a Missionary Society; we Good Hope, the proposition was met in have much to do for the improvement of a similar manner to that in which a pro- the station ; and we have our families to posal of the same kind, as has been stated, support. Nothing would give us greater was received when the first effort was
pleasure than to establish an Auxiliary made to establish a Bible Society in Bible Society, if there be a prospect of Sweden. We were told, that no such supporting it: we however pledge ourinstitution was needed.' In the face of selves to do all that we can, to aid the this assertion, confidently made, we British and Foreign Bible Society, and to formed a Society; and the event has been manifest our gratitude for the benefits as we anticipated : we soon discovered which we and our children derive from that Bibles were required, and we not yet been able to supply the deficiency. Lieut. Colonel Phipps, after relating
Among the colonists, I have met with various circumstance respecting the prono class of persons who have not thank
gress of Christianity in India, concluded fully received the Scriptures; and many his remarks with the following incidents : instances of the beneficial effects resulting -“ I will now relate an instance, which from their distribution, which I cannot has come under my own observation, of now state, have from time to time come the effects of the translation of the Scripunder myown observation. Among those tures into the Bengalee language. I was in South Africa who prize the Bible, I travelling about four years ago in a remote cannot omit mentioning the descendants district in Bengal, and I came to the house of the French Protestants, who were of a gentleman belonging to Portugal. I driven from their country by the revoca- found him reading the Scriptures in the tion of the Edict of Nantz. There is Bengalee to seventy or eighty people, men, perhaps no part in Great Britain itself women, and children, of that country, where the cause of the Bible Society is who were all very attentive. This gentlemore warmly espoised than amidst the man told me that he had been led to embeautiful and picturesque valleys in which ploy some of his leisure moments in this
way; • And to-morrow,' said he, 'as you is the tie of gratitude; and often is that pass my farm, mention my name, and they gratitude expressed, when, in their worwill procure you a bed ; and you will then shipping assemblies, they pray for Britain. see the effects of reading the Scripture.' • Thence came the word of God to us,' The next day I called at his estate, where they say. Long may that word grow I saw one hundred men, women, and chil- there! and long may that country be emdren, who had all become converts to ployed by God in sending forth his word, Christianity within three or four years. till it shall grow in every land !' Time I inquired how they found themselves : would fail to tell the change the Bible has they appeared delighted, and thought it a produced in the islands of the Southern happy thing for them that Europeans had Sea : the verdant landscape, once lovely translated the Scripture, that they might in romantic wildness, often now appears read in their own tongue the wonderful a cultivated garden ; the lowly leaf-thatchworks of God. I had some intercourse, ed hut is now a neat and cheerful cottage; also, with an official person in that dis- and the wanton, roving, idle native, has trict,—and I mention it because some per- become a decent, steady, and industrious sons tell you that nothing is doing by the member of society. Domestic happiness missionaries. I asked the magistrate was unknown, and had not, in their lanwhat was the conduct of these Christians; guage, a term by which it could be exand he said, “ There is something in them pressed: but it now pervades the families, that does excite astonishment: the inha- and sheds around their social circles its bitants of this district are particularly unnumbered blessings. Their civil insti.. known as being so litigious and trouble- tutions, since the introduction of the some that they have scarcely any matter Gospel, have undergone a change no less but what they bring into courts of justice; surprising. Their government was forbut during three or four years, not one of merly a most cruel and despotic system, but these people has brought a cause against is now both mild and equitable. A charter, any one, or any one against them. I or code of laws, has been adopted by mumention this to shew that Christianity tual agreement between the chiefs and will produce, in all countries, peace and people, by which the rights of person and happiness to those who know the truth as
of property are inviolably secured: courts it is in Jesus.”
of justice are established ; judges are apThe Rev. W. Ellis, a missionary from the pointed, to administer justice according to South-Sea Islands, whose Tour through the laws; and the Trial by Jury, with all Hawaii was reviewed in our last Number, its advantages, is now enjoyed by the nasaid, that “ the first missionaries who tives of the South-Sea Islands. A high reached the shores of the South-Sea Is- tone of independent feeling, and a bold lands, found the language of those island attachment to their natural and acknowers distinguished by its beauty, variety, ledged rights, pervade the several classes and strength ; but, like their mountains of the community; of which they have and their valleys, it was uncultivated. Its given many striking instances. Í shall elements they reduced to a system; books only mention one, which occurred in the were prepared ; and the natives taught to island of Huahine, where I resided seread. Portions of the Scriptures have veral years. In the autumn of 1822, the been translated; and not less than 26,000 Queen of Tahiti, the widow of Pomare, copies of different parts of the sacred visited Huahine. Her attendants, who volume have been printed on paper libe- followed in her train from Tahiti, requirrally furnished by the British and Foreign ing a piece of timber, she directed them Bible Society, and distributed among the to cut down a bread-fruit tree growing people ; of whom, in all the islands, there in the garden of a poor man on the opare probably 10,000 capable of reading in posite side of the bay, near which her their own language the holy Scriptures, own residence stood.
Her orders were which are able to make them wise unto obeyed, and the tree was carried away. salvation.' England,” he continued, “may Teube, the owner of the spot on which it have many friends, but there are none who stood, returning in the evening, and befeel a more lively or affectionate concern ing informed by his neighbours that the for the advancement of her best interests queen's men had cut it down, repaired to than the natives of the South-Sea Islands : the magistrate of the district, and lodged they look to Britain as the agent, under a complaint against the queen. The God, from whom they have received all magistrate directed him to come to the those blessings which the Gospel has im- place of public justice the following parted. The tie that binds them to us morning at sunrise, and substantiate his