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who lives by faith. His is that inspiring lowing after holiness-following after it promise of the Redeemer, •He that be with the utmost vigour and perseverance, lieveth in me shall never die.' United to of which our frail nature is capable, and the that Saviour whom in holy faith he has consequent attainment of it in the bent of served, the believer commends to his our affections towards God, and the geneDivine Lord his departing spirit. He ral conformity of our life to his commands, who holds the keys of death and hell,' are accepted,' instead of that rigorous and is with him to 'redeem him from death, to absolute holiness which the law demanded. ransom him from the power of the grave.' And these conditions of acceptance, thus In this last conflict he is supported by the mitigated, he enables us to perform, through grace of his Divine Lord, and he passes the quickening and sanctifying power of his through the grave and gate of death to a Holy Spirit. Insufficient of ourselves, our joyful resurrection.” Vol. II. pp. 79–82. sufficiency is of him; and his strength

With the delightful emotions aris- is made perfect in our weakness. This ing from such passages still fresh Holy Spirit, which transforms us by

the renewing of our minds ;' and creates upon us, the work of censure must

us anew unto good works,' and enables be indeed “a strange work.” And us to abound in love, joy, peace, long

, committed, not only to our readers, beste holy mess, goodness, and all but to our excellent Bishop himself, the sacraments, and ordinances, and minis

earnest supplications, is conveyed through by our previous remarks, that we trations of his church, which, as . his body, proceed to say, that in the two he animates with its life-giving power. sermons which precede these; the enables us to subdue in that degree which Sermons on the Victory through is necessary to our deliverance from the Christ, and on Justification; we, bondage of sin;-every virtue this Holy as before, find ourselves dissentient Spirit enables us to acquire in that degree from certain of the preacher's state which is necessary to our establishment ments; that we consider bim as enables us to discharge, so far as is neces

in holiness ;-every duty this Holy Spirit at variance, not so much with us, sary to constitute us the accepted disciples which were little, as with himself of our Lord and Master ;-and from every also in many of his other animating

temptation this Holy Spirit enables us delineations of true holiness; and

to escape ; so that 'in all things we are

more than conquerors through him that that we have not without cause hath loved us. Greater is he that is complained of certain passages in in us, than he that is in the world.” the preceding volume, will,

• Thanks be to God who giveth us the

victory through our Lord Jesus Christ." think, appear from the follow. Vol. 11. pp. 24-26. ing passage in the second sermon,

Could the very spirit of Antinowhere indeed the victory is made mianism, so abhorrent from the any thing but complete in our view, mind of our author, have desired and the manner of completing it more than the sanction of such a any thing but clear and perspicuous. passage as this, which, mutatis mu

Christ not only hath freed us from the tandis, might really pass for the guilt of sin, but from its dominion. “ He hath unfolded, in a most clear and

comfortable" allowances of the perspicuous manner, the will of God, en- celebrated “ prop against all delightening our understandings by express spair ?" And then as if every exprecepts, often repeated and inculcated; treme were doomed to meet in a and appealing to our imagination and hearts by parabolic and figurative instruc- statement, which, however comtions. And he hath rendered our duty mon, seems to his unsafe and unstill more clear, impressive, and affecting, scriptural, not only is the lowered by the exhibition, in his own spotless life, morality of the semi-Antinomian, of all the graces and virtues which he in

but the culcated. Not only hath he enlightened

virtue of the heathen

very us in our duty, but enabled us to perform himself, to be rendered acceptit; and thus completed our victory over sin. able to God. For the conditions of our acceptance are “Through the efficacy of his blood, the no longer unsinning obedience, absolute holi- sincere and pious, who lived under the

Through his gracious mediation, dispensation either of the law as proclaimobedience that is sincere and persevering, ed by the light of reason, nature, and trahowever imperfect it may be, is accepted. dition, or as delivered to the Jewish naThrough his gracious mediation, the fol- tion, were accepted; however imperfect


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their obedience, however inadequate it might by faith, without the deeds of the law.'” be to the rigorous claims of the law.” Vol. Vol. Il. p. 39. II. p. 30.

So far, so good; and if sola this Here then are we swept in one faith remained, we should be bappy wide circle of embrace from the to find it were not solitaria; even virtues of the temporising Chris- as happy as the Bishop himself so tian, to the virtue of a Socrates; to state it. But what does he ? To the former of whom we think it far avoid making it solitaria, he, in the better to leave to the stings of his next paragraph denies it to be own modifying and mitigating con- sola. 'He actually includes, in the science; the latter, and all other office of justification, works with heathens of similar character, where his faith. “ But they are included they are left most properly, and within faith as the condition of justificathe truest application of the terms, tion;" not as they ought to be the to the unrevealed mercies of God. fruit and effect of justification. And

On the subject of justification, in in a subsequent paragraph, St. the following sermon, we think it Paul and St. James are attempted the less necessary to be diffuse, as to be reconciled by saying, that we must be anticipated in our “ St. Paul, declaring faith to be the observations, no less than the only condition, and excluding the deeds

faith which bishop must have been anticipated worketh by love," which is lively and in his statements from all that has operative, which is made perfect by works; preceded. The subject, perhaps, and the deeds of the law which he exis also less our creditor at this cludes are not those evangelical works moment from a memorandum very faith, but those works which are opposed

which proceed from a true and lively appropriately given us at the foot to the Gospel, - works of law, which of the second page ; namely, of are not wrought through faith, and which the similarity of the views given are rested on as the meritorious cause of with those of Dr. Waterland on the

our acceptance. The Apostle James, same subject, as lately edited in insisting on good works as necessary to

justification, means not those works of bis works by the Bishop of Llandaff; the law which St. Paul excludes, but works and, consequently, of the claim that wrought through faith. And when he also this republication of a writer so

affirms that we are not justified by faith eminent, and so familiar to all Eng- lively faith, a faith working by love, which

only, he has in view not the true and lish divides, seems to urge on our St. Paul lays down as the sole condition of more particular notice at a future salvation, but that faith which is dead, period. Suffice it then to say,

being alone.' Vol. II. p. 40. without reference to Dr. Waterland

The amount of this, we consider al present, that Bishop Hobart, if to be, that faith is nominally the a true, does not appear to us a

condition of justification, but that very favourable, expositor of so really faith and works are so ; not very clear a writer. In stating only a faith producing works, but faith to be the condition of our

works produced by faith*. The justification, (for bere alone our Apostle Paul is made to exclude

difference commences with this from the business of justification otherwise excellent discourse, Bi- only works of the law, not evangelishop Hobart tells us, that “ FAITH

cal works. Consequently evangeis the condition, the only condition, lical works unite with faith in the of our salvation,” quoting, amongst office of justifying. And this faith of our salvation,” quoting, amongst which is thus forcibly compelled a variety of passages, in proof of faith alone, (sola, but not solitaria,) to receive works on the same level, justifying, that remarkable passage fairly expelled from her elevation in

is, as we might have well expected, of St. Paul :

** To him that worketh not, but believe eth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his sequel faith is made to justify, as being the

* This is entirely confirmed when in the faith is counted to him for righteousness.' principle from which good works proceed. -We conclude that a man is justified (p. 47.)

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a still subsequent paragraph, and that a proper distinction, a broad, made of no consequence whatever, tangible, and we might say imwhere it cannot be had; name- passable, line is not placed between ly, in the case of the poor heathen; faith and every other act of the of whom he says as the condition mind or life in the article of justiof justification,

fication. Such we entirely be. « The faith required of those to whom lieve to be the case in the memorathe dispensation of the Gospel is not revealed, is confidence in the Supreme Being,

ble statement of our own homilies, and obedience to his will, "[we cannot

which must be familiar to our understand how obedience can be faith,] author: “ Faith is the band, &c." as far as his attributes and will are made And such is the distinction of known to them, either by the light of Him from whose pure source our nature or by tradition derived from revelation, or by the secret inspirations of his

homilies themselves have drawn the grace.” Vol. II. p. 43.

streams of truth and life. “Abraham Now we state all this, not from being not weak in faith, staggered an intention of personally condemn- not at the promise of God through ing Bishop Hobart, or, indeed, any unbelief; but was strong in faith, really pious, and otherwise ortho- giving glory to God; and being dox Christians and churchmen, who fully persuaded that what he had hold the same views, at home or promised, he was able also to perabroad. And to those who have form; and therefore it was imarrived at these views, in company puted to him for righteousness. with so many amiable, excellent, Now it was not written for his sake and devout qualities as Bishop alone, that it was imputed to him ; Hobart, we do not portend that prac- but for us also, to whom it shall be tical mischief from holding them imputed, if we believe on him that to which they might seem likely to raised up Jesus our Lord from the give rise.

But we do dread their dead; who was delivered for our influence on the world at large; we offences, and was raised again for do fear them as connected with a our justification." very widely spread laxity of moral That the sincere and honest zeal feeling and Christian faith, with felt by our author for the advancewhich they are too often united. ment of his audience in all holiness We do dread them as generally and godliness of living, lies at the arrived at with little thought or bottom of his statements; that this study, and little comprehension of induces a mitigation of demand in the real meaning and bent of Scrip- respect to holiness, as well as a lure in its own peculiar and mys. mixture of it with justifying faith, terious dictations on the same as if in order that men may be so subject. We do dread them as much the better disposed to look essentially not scriptural, and as at and attempt both; we have doing injury to the real freedom of manner of doubt. And this the grace of the Gospel. And, we same practical view leads doubtless, would not say above all, but we in this same sermon, to some rehighly dread them as a departure marks on regeneration which would from the first vital principles of have more of our assent, if we our own Protestant Church, and deemed them strictly according to Protestant Reformation, and an the letter of our baptismal service. approximation-we by no means Without taking advantage in this speak personally or offensively-in sermon of the primitive practice of these dangerous times, to some of infant baptism, like some, for the those principles of Popery, which purpose of discarding personal our forefathers died to exclude faith altogether in the act of refrom the English church.

generation, the Bishop, indeed, To say, in one word, where our without reserve, declares in terms notion of the error lies, it is iu this: to which we fully subscribe,





.By baptism, on our professing sincere the Holy Ghost,” so as to make the that is, in the language of the Church, person baptized “ stedfast in faith, called unto a state of salvation.' – joyful in hope, and rooted in chaAccording to the declaration of the rity." Regeneration, in the language Apostle, • As many of us

and meaning of our church, seems baptized into Jesus Chrift, were baptized to imply both pardon' of sin and into his death ;' - that is,

Then if into a profession of his laws and doc creation unto holiness. trine, but into a conditional participation renewal be a word separate from of the merits of his death." Vol. II. regeneration at all, which we very p. 14.

much doubt, in general tenor of But he proceeds, in the next apostolic use,

it means at least paragraph, to make this state of only fresh measures of the same justification or regenerationen

grace formerly bestowed, not any tirely different from that renovation, new spiritual change, different from or " renewing of the Holy Ghost,' that which constituted original rewhich

generation. “ Means that change of heart and life,

We are aware we can but give through the operations of the Divine Spirit, which is necessary finally to se

hints upon this or any topic before cure to us the privileges of our baptismal

And we are the less disposed justification. The Apostles do not to pursue the present topic, because call on baptized Christians to be regenerated, but to be transformed by the vinced of, and confessing, the fatal

we see the preacher himself conrenewing of their mind, and thus to * make their calling and election sure;' nature of an error, too congenial to -to secure the blessings of that state less practical and reflective minds; of salvation or justification into which the error of making all sanctificathey are called by baptisın. And thus our church, while in all her services tion, as well as justification, unishe considers baptized Christians as 're- versally centre, or rather merge, in generated,' as called into a state of salva- the waters of baptismal regeneration,' as made 'members of Christ, chil- tion. How such persons as these dren of God, and heirs of the kingdom of last named can sincerely preach heaven,' prays that they may be renewed by God's Holy Spirit ; and exhorts them and command, “ Be renewed in the to die unto sin, and to rise again unto spirit of your mind, put on the new righteousness, that they may finally secure the privileges of their justification, may

may," &c.; which they believe to

have been universally put on at inherit God's everlasting kingdom. The error would be fatal which would suppose baptism, is to us quite inconceivthat no other spiritual change is necessary able; whilst to make baptism only than that which takes place in baptism.' justification in any case, seems to Vol. II. pp. 45, 46. .

Jimit it beyond the warrant of Now the respected Bishop here Scripture, and of our own plain plainly perceives, and honestly avows baptismal service; and that, even his perception, that some other though Waterland may say otherspiritual change must take place wise. ihan what takes place in baptism ; The case with which our worthy that is, we should say, than what Bishop settles, at the conclusion necessarily takes place in baptism. of this same prolific sermon, that But surely be would not limit the “there is no election of individuals operation of Divine grace from pro- to everlasting life;" and that the ducing an actual spiritual change, plain Scriptural view of our Sevenanalogous to sanctification in the teenth Article is for an election of baptized infant: and surely he must the whole body of Christians, vot allow that the whole tenor of our of individuals, as the Article seems baptismal prayers goes to identify to express it, “ chosen in Christ out the regeneration we pray for, not of mankind, to be delivered from only with “ remission of our sins curse and damnation,” is an ease by spiritual regeneration,” but also truly enviable, and one which we with “ washing and sanctifying with are sure we would not interrupt, Christ. OBSERV. No. 289.


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further than to say, that we think series of the whole collection comit advisable to admit difficulties diences with Sermon X. and ends where they exist, in order to with Sermon XXIV.; of which we strengthen our authority where we shall give the titles and a reference assert what is plain, and “without all to the texts. Sermon X. On the controversy.' The bottom, in this Truths of Revelation being incomcase, may be very sound when prehensible; Job xi. 7,8;—Sermon reached; but the iraveller may be XI. The Trinity; Rev. iv. 8;-Serplunged deeply in the mud before mon XII. The Only-begotten Son, he reaches it. For ourselves, we as set forth in the Nicene Creed; value our own neutrality on this 1 John iv. 9;-Sermon XIII. The subject too dearly, to press the Son, the Creator and Ruler of the Bishop with all the consequences Worlds; Hebrews i. 1-12;-Serwhich might be deduced in applica- mon XIV. TheWord; Jobni. 1-14; tion to this very point, from his -Sermon XV. Christ in the Form own principles rather unguardedly of God; Phil. ii. 5–11;-Sermon expressed, in a subsequent sermon XVI, By Christ all things created ; on the “ truths of Revelation being Col. i. 15–17; Sermon XVII. incomprehensible."

Christ- the Mediator; 1 Tim. ii. 5; “If the whole circle of religious truths -Sermon XVIII. Christ-a High were level to our comprehension, there Priest; Heb. iv. 14-16;--Sermon would be no circumstance calculated to

XIX. Christ-sacrificed for us ; repress a proud confidence in our own powers and attainments. The virtues of 1 Cor. v. 7, 8;-Sermon XX. The submission and resignation would be Holy Ghostbis Nature and Offices; stripped of their highest merit, if all the

Acts ii. 4;-Sermon XXI, The Procouncils and ways of God were perfectly clear and agreeable to our reason. As our

cess of Salvation by the Lord Jesus Sovereign Lawgiver, God possesses a su. and the Spirit of God; 1 Cor. vi. 11; preme claim, in the judgment even of -Sermon XXII. The Son deliverhuman reason, to our obedience and our

the Kingdom to the Father ; And these virtues are most meritorious in the exercise, when his exactions

1 Cor.xv. 24-28;–Sermon XXIII. are most mysterious, and his dispensations The Practical Importance of the most dark." Vol. II. p. 137.

Doctrine of the Trinity ; Ephes. Our notice of the remaining ii. 18;–Sermon XXIV. Our Knowseries, which completes the eccle. ledge here and hereafter contrasted; siastical calendar, as well as of 1 Cor. xii. 12. what follows in this volume, we On this large mass of Scriptural fear, must be very cursory: and truly orthodox Trinitarian di

Sermon VI. is a most admirable vinity, it is totally impossible for specimen of expository address, us now to enter. That the excellent being wholly a running comment on author has bestowed unwearied the 68th Psalm, very beautifully pains, deep consideration, long and spiritually applied to Christian reading, and much prayer, on these times. The next sermon, on the important investigations it would subject of judgment, is free from be impossible for us a moment to what we presume to consider un- doubt. And a

most invaluable scriptural blemishes, as to expres- antidote we consider them to the sion, in some preceding discourses numerous errors and vagrancies of on the terms of acceptance, and the times upon this all-important subcontains the remarkable expression, ject; a subject, the importance of amongst many similar statements, which can vary with no time, nor that "

our best works need to be yield to any other in its practical repented of.” How alien this is from bearing and effect, when drawn out a notion of conditions, in any sbape, into all its parts. This the Bishop with the Almighty Judge, we need has fully done, declining no statenot remark.

ment whatever on Scriptural auThe concluding and the largest thority, tending to the high and full

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