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Epistolary correspondence among the casion amounted to about 60 rix-dollars. chiefs has become common. Scarcely a _Respecting the principal colonial misvessel passes from one island to another, sions of the London Missionary Society in without carrying many letters, composed South Africa, an English gentleman who by natives in their own language ; though, has visited them, writes to Dr. Philip; until convinced of the contrary by the “ To allude in detail to every object which missionaries, they regarded the “ speaking strikes the eye, or attracts the observation letter” as a magical operation, quite be- of a stranger at these institutions, would yond their powers of attainment. Two be an unnecessary trespass on your time, thousand copies of a hymn-book, contain- who are already so fully acquainted with ing forty-seven “ Songs to Jehovah the them: I shall therefore confine my remarks true God," in the Hawaiian language, to a few of the most prominent features have been printed, and the work is read they present to those who keep in view by the natives with much interest. Pre- the great end of their establishment, the parations are making for the translation disseminating of religious truth, and the and printing of the New Testament. moral improvement of the people. Among Bethelsdorp particularly, English habits from the English Liturgy, together with and English feelings seemed to be rapidly the Gospel of St. Mark, A. D. 1787; and gaining ground. Many of their houses printed in London (by the Society for the were exceedingly comfortable and clean; Propagation of the Gospel). What news and in this respect it is rather remarkable was this to me! And have you read how far they have overcome the proverbial this?' said I - Constantly, every Sunday, filthiness of thér former habits. Their 'in Morning and Evening Prayer, with the public spirit and disinterestedness have poor scattered members of our tribe, been shewn in the gratuitous contribution providentially sojourning on this river,' of their labours to works of charity and said they by their interpreter. I inquired, general utility; such as the church, schools then, if they understood and felt the great house, road, kraal, tank, and poor-house importance of the truths which they utterat Bethelsdorp, constructed entirely at ed with their mouths. They replied, that their own expense; while the voluntary they hoped they did; but that many of support of this last-mentioned asylum for their people were inclined to run astray the aged and infirm affords also a strong into the wickednesses of the tribes that proof of the benevolence of their disposi- surrounded them, notwithstanding all that tions, and the influence of civilizing prin- the old men could do. •Poor, blessed ciples of the best kind on their general people!' thought I, while suppressing my conduct.”
It is believed that every considerable the various instruments employed for these chief on the islands favours the mission- important objects, schools have ever held aries, the meliorating tendency of whose a primary place. At all the institutions intluence is already to be perceived in an we found Sunday-schools, both for adults edict prohibiting infanticide, and in and children, in active operation, and the mildness-altogether unprecedented zealously supported by the people themin those islands- with which the late war selves, as well as almost every individual on Tauai was conducted. Many of the resident at the station, whose assistance warriors on the side of the king, were from could be made useful as teachers. Many the schools at Honorura ; and the van- of the latter class were selected from quished were not slain, but were sent to among the Hottentots; and when it is contheir lands, with injunctions to attend to sidered, that not less than 600 adults, and the new system of instruction. In some from 300 to 400 children, are regularly instances, the observance of the Sabbath receiving instruction, and learning to read has been enjoined by authority. Marriage the Scriptures, in these schools--that the has been introduced in a few cases, and greatest number of the children are also also the Christian mode of burial.
taught on week-days to read and write The missionaries state that much indeed English—it is impossible, for a moment, to remains to be done : but that there are deny that the work of improvement is gomany animating encouragements to per- ing forward. severe in Christian exertion.
“ There exists, both among the mis
sionaries and people, a great degree of zeal, CHRISTIAN MISSION AMONG and a real interest in the missionary cause. THE HOTTENTOTS.
Indeed, the punctuality of their attendance At the formation of an Auxiliary Mis- on the daily public exercises of devotion ; sionary Society at Theopolis, one of the the correct seriousness of their demeanstations occupied by the London Society's our while there; the readiness they have Missionaries in South Africa, several of evinced in contributing towards the rethe natives delivered their sentiments. The ligious improvement, as well as temporal first took a view of the former wretched necessities of their brethren in the misspiritual condition of the Hottentots. The sionary and charitable associations formed second made some justly severe remarks among themselves, left us no reason to on those who said that the Hottentots doubt the statements of the Missionaries, were not men, but a superior order of ba- that the Gospel has been received among
My friends," said he, “ I now see the people, not in word only, but in that Hottentots can think, and feel, and power,' and that its effects are displayed act, like other men. What do I now be- in the lives of many, as well as in the hold-a Missionary Society formed among moral and orderly conduct of the whole Hottentots ?” A third noticed, it is stated, community at the several stations. with much good sense, the present awful “ With regard to the progess of the state of a great proportion of the Hotten- Hottentots in civilization, I have no hesitots; and having lately visited Caffreland, tation in saying, that many of the Hottenhe described the condition of the Caffres, tots of these institutions appeared to us and hence inferred the necessity for fully on an equality, in point of eivilization, strenuous exertions on behalf of the mis- with a great portion of the labouring class sionary cause. The collections on the oc- in our own country. Among those at
tears : ‘God give me grace, to be found
worthy of serving you !' VISIT TO A TRIBE OF INDIANS, • During the remainder of the evening, BY BISHOP CHASE.
intelligence was spread throughout the The venerable Bishop of the Episcopal woods, that, on the morrow, Divine SerChurch in the diocese of Ohio, describes, vice would be performed, and a sermon in the following letter to a friend, an inte- preached at eight o'clock; while, wearied resting visit lately made by him to a tribe with the exercise of the day, I reposed of Indians in his neighbourhood.
myself on the hard bed of an Indian cabin, “A most interesting scene took place in and slept sweetly till morning. my visitation of the Oneida and Mohawk “ The appointed hour came; and, though Indians on the Sandusky River. They it rained most abundantly, a large numare the remnant, or rather a branch, ber, both of male and female natives, of those once-famous tribes, which, in assembled. How interesting the sight of moving back from their former residence, 80 many devout worshippers; and how accepted of an invitation from the Senecas great the comfort of joining with them in to settle on the lands reserved by Con- those prayers and praises which had been gress for the Senecas about the Sandusky the vehicle of the piety of all whom I held River in this diocese. I had heard of dear through thirty years of Christian them as being attached to the Church of ministration in holy things, I leave you to England, but never could go and see them conceive. till this summer. I found them in their “By proceeding with all the prayers as peaceful retreat, engaged in the duties of the church has directed, the whole conhusbandry; raising corn, and cultivating gregation, through an aged reader, could their gardens.
join in repeating and offering up the same “My friend and guide who conducted petitions and praises with myself,they, me, through the devious foot-paths in the in the Indian language; and I, in English. wilderness, in the rain, for nearly a whole And when we sang the metre Psalms and day's journey, introduced me to this most Hymns, their version being in the same interesting people. Decent and dignified measure with the English, I could join in their manners, they received me with with them in this also : with voices ungreat respect; and when I told them that commonly sweet and full, they sang tunes I came among them to do them good with which, most happily, I was well acand not harm, to pray with them and to quainted; and never did I witness more preach the Gospel to them in the name of order, yet plainer indications of true devoJesus Christ our common Saviour, they tion. Though many of them could speak fully comprehended my meaning, and gave a little English, yet the sermon was interme'a hearty welcome.
preted to them in their own language. “To shew the medium of our mutual They have used lay baptism, they say good understanding, they produced their out of necessity; yet would be much re: Common Prayer Book, being that which joiced, if they could have an authorised was translated into the Indian language, ministry. (the Mohawk,) with very little alteration, “My mind was most favourably impressCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 289.
ed toward these poor people; and my enlarge the mind and elevate the feelings. attachment to onr primitive liturgy Accordingly, when schools were first esmightily strengthened, by this instance tablished in India, although boys repaired of its great utility. Without such a help, to them in large numbers, it was almost how much of the missionary labour is impossible to prevail upon parents, owing lost; like oil spilt upon the ground, with- to the prejudices and customs of the out a vessel to contain and perpetuate it. country, to allow their girls to partake of Had it not been for this Prayer-book, the the benefit. These obstacles have, howworship of God would, to all human view, ever, been lately surmounted; and, in connever have been perpetuated to the salva- sequence of the indefatigable exertions of tion of these now interesting people. Mrs. Wilson and other British ladies in
“ George Lyman, twenty-two years of India, aided by the Church Missionary age, having a wife and one child, is the Society, female schools have been esmost moral and the brightest man in tablished with great - success in various intellect in the whole tribe. Connected parts of the Indian empire. In aid of with him, are four or five youths, of most these establishments, a separate fund has promising appearance, from fourteen to been instituted by the Society, to which it sixteen years of age. Observing their de- must be the anxious wish of every British sire for knowledge, - I proposed to George, female, who knows the value of a religious and through him, as interpreter, to the education, cordially to contribute. chiefs, that he and these youths should “ A plan has therefore been lately decome, and attend our school; and, if vised by some ladies friendly to the object, they wished it, should receive a collegiate by which this particular fund may be eneducation.
larged; and it is earnestly hoped that the “It is my intention, and I pray God affecting appeals which have been urged in to give me the means, to be useful to behalf of the object, will stimulate many these poor injured people. I will be their
to co-operate in this truly excellent design. friend; and, in being so, I think I shall It is proposed that there shall be an annual have the approbation and prayers of all sale of ladies' fancy and other work, &c. my English friends.”
in London, during the month of May;
that at least 150 ladies shall be engaged to LADIES' FUND FOR FEMALE supply each two guineas' worth of articles SCHOOLS IN INDIA.
(if possible), and to add as many more to We have received the following address their numbers as they shall be able to inrelative to a subject which has been so terest in the subject. The produce of the frequently noticed and earnestly urged sale is to be devoted exclusively to the in our pages, the promotion of Female fund set apart for promoting the female Education in India, that we need add schools in India. The proposers of the nothing on the present occasion to ex- plan would earnestly press the scheme press our deep sense of its immeasurable upon all who are interested in this cause of importance.
Christian mercy, and request them to lend • The condition of females in India is their personal aid and influence, in order truly deplorable: they are kept in a state of to its effectual advancement. If further the greatest ignorance and degradation; information be required, application may they seem to be regarded as an inferior be made to the Rev. J. W. Cunningham, class of beings, and are excluded from all
Harrow." those pursuits which are calculated to I For a mass of interesting Religious Intelligence, we refer our readers to the Appendix
to our last Volume, published with the present Number.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
from the official documents published on Russia.-Upon the death of the Em- the subject, that Constantine had reperor Alexander, his eldest brother, the nounced the throne before the death of Grand Duke Constantine, was proclaim- Alexander; and in this renunciation, ed his successor; and the troops and whether voluntary or extorted, he still public authorities took the oath of fealty persists. Nicholas therefore has been to him ; the second brother, the Grand proclaimed the Autocrat of all the RusDuke Nicholas, being the first to tender sias. This event was followed by a his allegiance. It now appears, however, mutiny among the troops, who refused
to revoke the oath they had just taken will be ultimately for the public benefit, to Constantine, and some bloodshed en- both by the discussions to which it will sued in quelling the disturbance. No- give rise throughout the country, and thing very precise is at present known especially in Parliament, with a view to as to the real cause of these singular and the revision of our whole monetary sysmysterious transactions.
tem ; and also by the restraint which it
is hoped it may impose in future upon UNITED STATES.— The President's that wildness of speculation to which, in message, always an interesting and im- part, the late alarming pressure must be portant public document, and the more attributed. so in the present instance, as being the An ordinance has been issued in Defirst official exposition of the new Presi- merara and Essequibo, professedly for dent, Mr. Adams's sentiments, is to the the religious instruction of the slaves, and following effect :-He congratulates his the improvement of their condition, and countrymen and the world on the pre- apparently on the model of the Order in sent pacific aspect of the European fa- Council for Trinidad. It falls miserably mily of nations, and that most of their short, however, even of that in some governments are acting upon the princi- respects defective Order, entirely omitple, that the proper end of political in- ting some of its most material provistitutions is the happiness of the people. sions, and mutilating and modifying He notices the changes lately effected in others, so as to deprive them of all their the system of the commerce and naviga- efficacy. It is not easy to imagine on tion of this country; and does justice, what ground this departure from the renot only to the good intentions, but the cognized principles of the Trinidad Orwise and liberal conduct, of the British der has been permitted, especially as ministry. He announces a treaty of Lord Bathurst, in a letter of the 20th commerce with Columbia, and gives an November 1824, had positively refused intimation that similar treaties are about to assent to such deviations. to be concluded with the other South- sume that some explanation will be American Governments. The United given of this circumstance when ParliaStates have accepted the invitation to ment meets. send representatives to the great congress A treaty of commerce has been ratiabout to be held at Panama, in which fied between this country and Brazil, on the system and relations of the whole the basis of reciprocity; and another by Westem world are to be discussed and which the Government of Brazil engages fixed upon a wide and solid basis of re- to abolish the slave trade in four years, ciprocity and mutual defence and in- and in the mean time to regulate it by terest. He states that the revenue for defined rules, and to grant to this counthe year has been twenty-two millions of try a mutual right of search. This is dollars, and the disbursements only six- another advance in this important work teen millions; so that, with the aid of two of mercy. millions raised by a loan, eight millions The last accounts from Sierra Leone (that is, substantially six millions) of the announce the voluntary cession to the national debt have been paid off this British Crown, by the native chiefs and year, leaving only eighty-one millions in people, of a large tract of territory inarrear. We must pass by several topics habited by the Sherbro Bullums, situated more immediately relative to the internal to the south of Sierra Leone. It comaffairs of the United States; but we are prises an extent of coast, of about a hunhappy to infer from the whole the con- dred miles in length, and fifty or sixty in tinued and increasing prosperity and depth. It has been computed, that from happiness of these our fellow-men, our its shores have annually been exported kinsmen, and once our compatriots, with for some years past from fifteen to twenty whom long may it be before any thing thousand human beings for the slave occurs to disturb the relations of peace markets of the western world. This horand mutual regard !
rible traffic gave rise to the most dreadful
predatory wars: whole tracts of country DOMESTIC.
weredepopulated; civilization,commerce, We are thankful to the Author of all and all the valuable intercourses of human mercies, to be able to report an abate- life were proscribed; till the wretched ment of the late commercial consterna- natives, worn down with the vexations tion; but the effects of it still remain, in they endured, gladly cast themselves for innumerable instances, a painful memen- protection into the arms of the British to of the uncertainty of every thing hu- Government. Their offer has been acman. We trust, however, that the shock cepted: they are now our fellow-subjects,
possessed of the rights and privileges of the crew were dining on meat and fish, this happy land; the slave trade, above these poor creatures were fed with the all, is annihilated in that quarter; and pot liquor and entrails—food so nauseous civilization and commerce will succeed ihat, almost famishing as they were, they in its place. We rejoice that the re- rejected it with disgust. Shortly after ligious necessities of this people will not the ship's arrival, a humane gentleman be overlooked : we understand that the brought on shore the lad we have menmanagers of the Church Missionary tioned. The poor fellow was much caSociety, in particular, are considering ressed, and his owner became apprehenwhat can be done for their benefit; and sive of losing him. The gentleman who we would hope that the public liberality had brought him on shore had pledged will enable them to go forth into this new his word to return him, ignorant of the Nefield of Christian exertion with a zeal gro's acquired rights when once within the and promptitude adequate to its claims jurisdiction of any courts of law. Still,howupon their philanthropy,
ever, he felt most reluctant to return the We lay before our readers the follow- unhappy boy to the custody of his master. ing affecting recital. Such narratives It was then impudently asserted that the must deeply excite the spirit of the British boy as much belonged to the Frenchman public against every thing connected with as the watch in his pocket, and that the the slave trade, and its ally and gene- gentleman had as much right to take the rator slavery, for the extinction of which one as the other! The boy was restored : the nation is expressing its voice at and the captain stated, that on sale, in the public meetings,and by petitions through- West Indies, he would produce him out the country,
401. Immediately on the ship's arrival, Last month, a French vessel, the Perle, Mr. Hingstone, a gentleman at St. Ives, arrived at the port of St. Ives, in Corn- wrote to Mr. Wilberforce, mentioning wall, on her return from the coast of some of the facts we have stated. Mr. Africa and the West Indies, with a crew Wilberforce instructed his solicitor to consisting only of twelve men; the cap- take the necessary proceedings for retain, supercargo, and eight others having, storing the poor slaves to freedom, and according to the representations of Legue, an application was made to the Chief the acting captain, died in the course of Justice of the Common Pleas, who did the voyage. 'The vessel being boarded, not hesitate for a moment to grant a and seized, was found fitted out with all habeas corpus, even on the necessarily the furniture of a slave trader, and the vague information then obtained, and hold adapted to the reception of slaves. exhibited much humane anxiety for the Among her other stores there were ma- enlargement and comfortable disposition nacles and shackles in great abundance; of the unfortunate creatures. The writ a long chain, to confine the unfortunate was immediately dispatched and served; creatures in gangs, with various imple- and the slaves were brought on shore, ments of torture. Five poor creatures but could not proceed to London in conwere found on board, one of them a young sequence of the illness of one of the party, boy, part of the wretched cargo, who had occasioned by the severity of the weather. been retained to assist in navigating the The reception of them by all classes was vessel, on account of the death of so enthusiastically compassionate. Many many of the sailors. They were confined of the poor themselves thrust into their in the main hold, having only sails to lie hands little presents of food or amuseupon, and a few pieces of coarse canvass ment; and it was with difficulty they to protect their bodies from the incle- were restrained from the exercise of the mency of our northern climate. While great kindness in these respects.
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. keep alive the spirit of religion in the
THE REV. R. M. MANWARING, hearts in which it already exists, and to While the self-denying labour of the encourage those who are treading the zealous missionary is attended with the same arduous path, it cannot but be useful ready moed of applause from every Chris- sometimes to cast our eyes upon the less tian tongue, and his exertions in carrying splendid but not less important operation the Gospel, to those who sit in darkness of the same impulse, acting in those whose and the shadow of death, are recorded to mission is directed to carry the Gospel of