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of Torquay and Brixham, contributed in a firmness in opposing themselves to the few days 112., and applied for 300 copies publication of the Strasburg preface, from of the Holy Scriptures.
the first moment they heard of it, (and that The Society this year has issued 21,395 not because it was a highly exceptionable copies of the Holy Seriptures; being nearly composition, though highly exceptionable double the number issued in any former it was, bat on the simple and sufficient year, and nearly equal to the entire num- ground, the only ground which as a comber issued in the first fourteen years of the mittee they could or needed to assume, Society's operations; and making a total that it was an infringement of the Society's of 196,795 Bibles and Testaments issued fundamental rule to publish any note or to soldiers and sailors from the Naval and comment on the Scriptures, good or bad), Military Bible Society. The receipts, in- must, we think, commend their conduct cluding a legacy, amount to 4,8631., and to all who are anxious for the circulation the expenditure to 4,792. Larger funds of the sacred oracles. Nor less commendare urgently demanded to meet the de- able we consider were the patience and mands made upon this highly valuable truly Christian suavity with which, withinstitution; and we trust that the Com- out the smallest compromise of the point mittee's earnest appeal will not have been in agitation, they pursued their object, so made in vain.
as if possible to induce the Strasburg com
mittee to be faithful to the fundamental BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE principle of the Bible Society, respecting SOCIETY.
notes and comments; a principle which We intimated in our last Number, that the Strasburg committee had made a law the committee of this invaluable institution of their own institution, grievously as they had thought it their duty to weigh with had violated it in their actual conduct. But care several charges which have been we forbear entering further upon the subgravely alleged against their proceedings, ject at present, and shall only once more and to communicate to the subscribers and urge our readers not to suffer themselves the public such explanations on the sub- by partial statements to be shaken in their ject as they trust will prove satisfactory. friendship for this trulyexcellent institution, Instead, however, of embarking upon a course of controversy, they have, with
LONDON HIBERNIAN SOCIETY. true “ meekness of wisdom,” determined The Twentieth Annual Report of the to confine their defence to the publication London Hibernian Society states, that of documentary evidence, leaving it to the during the past, eventful year the total reader to form for himself an impartial amount of the Society's schools has exjudgment respecting their conduct. The ceeded that of the preceding year by the first result of their labours has appeared number of 49, being 1196 ; while last year in a pamphlet detailing the whole of their they were only 1147. The number of resolutions and correspondence relative scholars, however, has diminished from to the Strasburg Bible Society. We 94,262 to 92,083. The items comprised hope to find space in a future Number, in this total are 741 day schools, with should it appear necessary, to give a
62,413 scholars; 50 adult schools, with summary of the Society's proceedings 2,024 scholars ; 405 Sunday schools, with as detailed in this publication, either by 27,646 scholars. This list is subject to itself, or when the expected documents considerable deductions in computing the relative to the other charges which have exact average number of scholars, as it been made shall have been published. For comprises the whole number which have the present we shall only remark, that no been admitted on the books; besides which, impartial person, we think, can read the there is a duplicate attendance of many pamphlet before us, without forming a very
of the children on the daily and Sunday high estimate of the wisdom, the zeal, and schools. It is honourable in the committee the assiduous care of the committee in the that they have frankly explained these circonscientious discharge of their important cumstances; and it is as politic as it is duties; duties, we will add, not a little honourable, since it precludes an objection laborious, and for the discharge of which which the opposers of the Society might their only reward must be the conscious otherwise have availed themselves of to ness of having endeavoured to promote discredit the statements of the committee. the honour of God and the good of their Of the seven hundred and forty-one fellow-men, by the wide diffusion of the day-schools connected with the Society sacred Scriptures, unadulterated by any 359 were under the direction of clergymen alloy of human exposition. Their inflexible of the Established Church ; 231 in con
nexion with noblemen, ladies, and gentle- sistance, in various degrees, from the men; 16 in connexion with Roman-Ca- London-Hibernian and the Kildare-Place tholic priests; 14 under the superinten. Societies. Of these 117 were connected dence of Dissenting ministers; and_121 with the Munster Education Society, and have no regular patrons or visitors. Each were only indebted to the Hibernian Soof these schools is a centre from which ciety for books and inspection. The comscriptural light is diffused through a widely mittee at Cork, by whom the Munster extended district. The importance of Education Society is conducted, in conseSunday schools is justly considered very quence of a communication from the Kilgreat. Large numbers of the Irish spend dare-Place Society to their several schools, their Sabbaths at feasts or fairs; in requiring them to decide with which infighting, wrestling, drinking, and other stitution they would be exclusively conevil practices. By collecting the rising nected, applied to the London-Hibernian generation into Sunday schools, they are Society, inquiring whether it would unnot only restrained from such deteriorat.. dertake to supply the deficiency occasioned ing practices, but are taught to read the by an entire separation from the KildareWord of God, and habituated, from early Place Society. The committee expressed years, to keep holy his day. The adult their readiness to comply with the applischools are, where practicable, connected cation, confidently expecting that the pubwith the day schools of the Society; and lic liberality would enable them to advance the peasantry are prevailed upon to attend the additional eight or nine hundred pounds after the hours of work in the evenings, per annum, which such an exclusive conand on Sundays and holidays.
nexion would require. They had scarcely By the inspectors, a vigilant superin- concluded this arrangement, when the tendance is mamtained over all the So- committee discovered that they did not ciety's schools; and the communication possess adequate funds to meet the ex. of scriptural instruction to the children is isting demands: they were, therefore, intimately connected with dispersing and compelled to intimate the difficulties of reading the sacred volume amongst the their situation to the Munster Auxiliary, adult population. The Society's two ob- who, in consequence, engaged in a negojects," the establishment of schools and ciation with the Kildare-Place Society, the circulation of the Scriptures, are thus stipulating for the preservation of the simultaneously promoted. Many of the Hibernian Society's plan of inspection, village and Sunday readers have been and, at the same time, requesting the comscholars trained up in their schools. From mittee to allow them to retain two inthe most intelligent and active of these spectors, with whose character and conreaders, the cursory inspectors and travel- duct the Cork committee were well acling readers are appointed; and these, in quainted. The committee observe, that their turn, are advanced to the office of by this regulation, the peculiar features of occasional and general inspectors.
the London-Hibernian Society's system The circulation of the Holy Scriptures will still be preserved, and the benefit of in the English and Irish langnages, by Scriptural instruction retained in the counmeans of the readers, inspectors, &c. had ty of Cork, though the above 117 schools proceeded this year with activity, but no have now no longerany connexion with their specific return had been received.
institution. Of the above 344 schools only Instructions have been given in several 146 continue in union with the Hibernian of the Society's schools, in the Irish lan- Society, the others having availed them. guage, and various copies of the sacred selves of the more liberal offers of the Kila Scriptures, in that language and character, dare-Place Society; but the Hibernian-Sohave been dispersed.
ciety's committee are convinced, that very The parliamentary commissioners on few schools would have withdrawn from education in Ireland, having recommended their connexion, had their funds enabled that the Kildare-Street Society should them to afford the requisite assistance. not assist any school which was in any The Society's expenditure for the year has way connected with other institutions, been 87771., exceeding the receipts by the a letter was addressed by the Kildare- sum of 20481. The committee therefore Street Committee to all the schools in make a most earnest appeal to the public connexion with the two Societies, require for a large increase of funds, without ing that each patron should make his elec- which not only must they be precluded tion to which Society the school under from forming new schools, but even a his patronage should exclusively belong. large part of those already in operation It appears that 31 schools received as. must be relinquished.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
New Testament, and wished to exhibit France.—There is not much public intel- them in a detached form for the public ligence from France, to require relation; veneration ; he may allege, that if he but the country appears to be advancing had given the miracles only, or first, the in its internal comforts and resources: argument might have been equally turned the finances especially are flourishing; against him, as if he intended to deny and the government have at length felt the historical veracity and moral exthe necessity of consulting the commercial cellence of the Scriptures : in short, interests of its subjects, by sacrificing a whatever may have been his secret obportion of its rigid doctrines, relative to ject, let it have been as insidious as it the non-intercourse of legitimate govern- might, (for we are by no means defendments with the new States of America. ing it, or apologising for his mutilation Mr. Canning, who has been on a visit, or of the sacred text,) he might at least a mission, to Paris, has been received urge that he had committed no tangible with the most marked and Aattering at- offence, nothing that the civil power tentions at court. Ecclesiastical feuds could justly take into its judicial cogare still prevalent ; nor, we fear, do they nizance. Yet, in spite of these and seem likely soon to terminate. The arm similar considerations, a sentence of fine of the civil power seems to be viewed in and imprisonment is pronounced against some quarters, as the only effectual in- the author by the correctional police, acstrument for enforcing religious sanctions; companied by a commentary on the chaand, in particular instances, it has exerted racter of his offence, which deserves to its authority in a manner little calculated be transcribed at length as a most singular to conciliate the public concurrence or exposition of the present state of French sympathy; so that, in the end, the recoil law in matters affecting religion. Can the is far more injurious to the cause of public authorities really expect that ChrisChristianity, than the intended protection tianity will ever be venerated by the can be beneficial. An illustration of people by means of such fatuity of arthis remark occurs in a prosecution gument as is contained in the following which has just closed of a person of the judicial decision ? name of Touquet, for publishing what “ The pamphlet, having for its title he calls “L'Evangile ; Partie morale et Evangile, Purlie morale et historique, historique;" in which he omits all that being only a mutilation of the Gospels, is miraculous, but without adding any the author having suppressed every thing of his own, either to disparage the thing relative to the miracles, and in thus portion omitted, or to pervert that which mutilating the Divine book—the basis of he has printed. The book consists simply, the religion of the state--suppressing in if we understand the matter aright, of the work all the miracles which signalised scriptural extracts ; garbled certainly, the birth, death, and resurrection of Jesus and, it may be, with a latent view of in- Christ, the author has had for his object validating the Divine authority of the to deceive uninstructed persons for whom record ; but still containing text, and his book is intended, by shewing them nothing but text, though not the whole Jesus Christ as a man, and not as a God. text. It does not profess to be an im- This is the greatest outrage which can be proved version : it is not accompanied done to the morality of religion, and to by Deistical, or even Socinian, or other the religion of the state; for it is evidenterroneous critiques or annotations; and ly done with a view of denying the Diit is given to the public, only as “a part” vinity of the Author of this religion, and, of the New Testament; the author even consequently, the religion itself; attackprofessing, however truly, that he was ing the morality of the religion by shewabout to print a second part containing ing its author as a mere philosopher. It the series of passages which were omitted not being for a negative fact, against in the first, as not being either ethical which the penal laws are impotent, that or historical. He may add, that he has the present work is prosecuted, but for a only done, on a larger scale, what scores positive fact, for the author has presented of the most pious authors have done as a complete Testament a book which is before him in their scriptural selections not so; and that, moreover, the author for the use of schools or popular reading; has thought proper, besides suppressing he may affirm, that he both believed the the miraculous facts, to distort several of history and admired, the morality of the the facts which he has mentionedo such CHRIST. Observ. No.298.
as the birth of Jesus Christ, whom he RUSSIA.
The Russian government has describes, suppressing the mystery of the issued a declaration of war against Perincarnation, as born of Joseph and Mary. sia, in an elaborate manifesto; in which As far as concerns Touquet, for these it declares its utter inability to divine the reasons, he having declared bimself the cause of the invasion by the Persians on editor of the accused work, pretending the frontier of the Russian empire. It in vain that he had the intention of pub- determines, however, to pursue the war lishing a second part, to complete the with the greatest vigour, with the hope Gospels, in which he was to recount all probably of adding a portion of Persia the miracles, which is only an allegation, to its already unwieldy dominions. but which, if were proved, would not the less make Touquet guilty of outraging
DOMESTIC. religious morality, and the religion of the The approaching meeting of Parliastate, by the publication of the first part ment will doubtless lead to the consideraof this work; consequently, he has ren- tion of several important subjects of great dered himself guilty of outraging the publicinterest; but at present there is little religion of the state, as provided for by intelligence of moment that requires nothe articles one and eight of the law of tice. We lament to find, that the reMay 17, 1819, and that of March 25, venue for the year has considerably fallen 1822; he is sentenced to nine months' off, though it was what, from the calamiimprisonment, and to pay a fine of 100 ties of the country, could not but be anfranks. The seizure of the work is de- ticipated. The deficiency, as compared clared lawful, and the copies seized shall with the preceding year, is 3,256,1101.; be destroyed."
but it must be remembered in extenuaNETHERLANDS.—The king has opened tion, that several imposts had been dithe session of the States General with minished, and also that the preceding a speech, chiefly of domestic interest; year was one of far more than average in which he states, that he continues to enterprise, and commercial activity. receive from his allies the strongest as- Several public meetings have been held surances of amicable dispositions; that in different parts of the country, on the he has entered into commercial con- subject of the corn laws. Of the three ventions, from which he anticipates an parties into which, as respects this quesextension of traffic with all parts of the tion, the country may be divided, the landworld ; that negociations have been owners, with considerable exceptions, opened at Rome, to settle the affairs of are, as might be expected, in favour of the Roman-Catholic Church ; that an the present monopoly; the practical agriepidemic prevails in some of the pro- culturalists are beginning to be divided vinces of the kingdom ; but that the in- on the subject, their interest being clearly ternal improvements, the colonial affairs, distinct from that of the landlord, and and the financial state of the country, are not at all benefited in the long run by the in a flourishing condition. Public in- restrictions on importation; and the restruction, it is added, is every day be- mainder of the public at large, who are coming more adequate to the wants of decidedly opposed to this most injurious society. The indigent can every where and unreasonable monopoly. We trust enjoy it gratuitously. In some towns a that our readers will not fail to offer beginning has been made with success, their fervent prayers to the Author of all to give to the working classes scientific mercies for the high court of Parliainstructions, with a view to increase their ment,” and especially for the newly technical knowledge.
elected branch of it, that “ he would be A commission of national legislation pleased to direct their consultations to has finished the compilation of the civil the advancement of his glory, the good of code, and is engaged in drawing up the his church, and the welfare of our sovepenal code.
reign and his dominions ;" that “ peace His majesty concludes by imploring for and happiness, truth and justice, religion his country the blessing of God; upon and piety, may be established among us which, he adds, he founds all his hopes. for all generations."
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Rev. F. P. Bouverie, Whippingham R. Rev. H. Cripps, Stonehouse V. Glouc. Isle of Wight, and a Canonry of Salis. Rev. C. Day, Rushmere V. Suffolk.
Rev. W. Bradley, Nether Whitacre R. Rev. Dr. Forster, Quarrington R. Linc. Warwick.
Rev. C. Coxwell, Dowdeswell R. Glouc, Rev. J. S. Cocks, Neen V. Salop.
Rev. C. H. Grove, Berwick St. Leonard Rev. J. Compson, St. Chad's V. Salop. R. with the Chapel of Sedgehill, Wilts.
For the Christian Observer. more intimately known.-It is by no REV. JOHN RICHARDS, A. M. means my intention to attempt a delineTo many of the readers of the Christian ation of Mr. Richards's character, but Observer, the name and excellencies of merely to specify a few of the chief pırthe late Rev. John Richards, of Bath, ticulars that contributed to render him must doubtless be well known; and to so highly respected and beloved while such, an obituary notice cannot fail to living, and so deeply regretted in his prove acceptable. To those who knew death. Taken altogether, there scarcely him not, the following extracts from two ever, perhaps, was a man who more letters written to Mrs. Richards since clearly illustrated the compendious phrase his decease,—the one by the Bishop of with which Lord Clarendon closes the Lichfield and Coventry, the other by description of one of his highly wrought Mr. Wilberforce — names second characters-hewas an honest Englishman. none, in all that adorns and elevates the Thoughout the whole, both of his chaChristian character,—will prove a suffi-", racter and compositions, in his profescient introduction. The Bishop remarks, sional services and in his social and “ You know too well the deep interest domestic manners, the leading charactake in all that concerned my excellent teristic was simplicity. There was not friend, and all connected with him, to to be detected in him the slightest touch doubt of my desire to aid (if I have it of affectation or vanity: hence, as well in my power) in the exhibition to the as from the clearness of his conceptions, world, for their spiritual benefit, of so very and the wholesome soundness, if I may amiable and valuable a character.” After use the phrase, of his understanding, his mentioning his conscientiousness and public discourses were uncommonly perdisinterestedness, as shewn in his earnest spicuous. It was probably owing to this wish to resign a small living which he natural and dignified simplicity, animated held, but could not reside upon, and his by a solemn and affectionate vehemence, zeal and liberality in some works of piety that while his discourses were peculiarly and charity connected with it, Bishop intelligible and grateful to the poorer Ryder adds: “The recollection of the orders of his hearers, they were also many happy hours we passed together, highly acceptable to men of high rank, in planning and carrying forward these of cultivated understandings, and great undertakings, is one of the many gratifying mental refinement. It was not however (though at the same time painful) sub- solely, or even chiefly, to his good sense jects of retrospect upon which I have to and classical taste, though Mr. Richards dwell
. As a most agreeable and faithful possessed both of these, that the simplicity friend, and as a most able and delightful of his compositions was to be ascribed. associate and counsellor in ministerial It proceeded still more from his deep labours and trials, he will ever hold a sense of the supreme importance of the high place indeed in my memory." message he had to deliver, and from his
Mr. Wilberforce remarks : " It is a earnest wish to be completely understood trite observation, that we seldom estimate by the lowest and most uninstructed of our blessings so highly as after we have his hearers. These, indeed, were to him, been deprived of them; and I am almost as to his Divine Master, the prime ob inclined to conceive myself a verification jects of attention. That very inferiority of the remark, from my own feelings, of condition which might have caused whenever I reflect on the chasm that the them to fall below the regards of some death of your excellent husband has pro- men, was of itself a strong recommendaduced in the Bath circle of my friends: tion to his notice. He loved to call yet I can truly declare, that Mr. Richards, around him the poor of the flock; he when living, occupied as high a place as sought out the obscure and the forgotten; any man in my esteem; and if I con- he invited the afflicted and heavy laden; ceive that my value and regard for him he delighted in raising up those who might have been greater, if I had enjoyed were sinking under a load of guilt and more and longer opportunities of culti- shame, in holding out to them the offers vating his friendship, it can only be be- of pardoning mercy and sanctifying cause such qualities were found in him grace, and in at length cheering their as must necessarily produce such an hearts with the supports and consolations augmentation, in proportion to their of the Gospel. Hence, as well as from being more completely developed, and his uncommon liberality, it arose, that,