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peace into the bosoms
our own pea- Rugby school, and from thence to Brasantry, to awaken the people who not sennose College, Oxford, where he afteronly remain in darkness amidst marvel, wards took his degree with credit. louš light, but who, if they continue in their At this period of his life, with the allureslumters, will have a heavier account, in ments of fortune at his command, and inproportion as that light has been resisted. vited into the gaiety of the world by mulThe tranquil duties of an English pa- tiplied excitements, he steadily and trirochial clerg;man are not the less spiri.. umphantly resisted the temptations which tually arduous, because accompanied with would lead him from serious meditation; less temporal privation than the office of and in reflecting upon the choice of a prothe missionary. Those who are faithfully fession, he committed bimself to the proendeavouring to discharge such duties, mised direction of that Holy Spirit who with any thing like an adequate impression had led him to the knowledge of the truth ef their importance and the responsibility as it is in Jesus. In this he was anxiously which they involve, can best declare the dif- encouraged by an elder sister; and those ficulty of making any religious impression only who have experienced the consolation upon hearts often tempered into more which is afforded by an interchange of than heathen hardness, by the habit of re- Christian sympathies, especially at the outsisting those sacred influences of the Spirit set of a religious life can justly estimate which soften wherever they penetrate, but the advantage which Mr. Manwaring leave only the more obdurate those by derived from this source. Thus aided, whom they are rejected. In such a work, and with inuch searching of the Scriptures, the Christian messenger to the unconvert- he found the pearl of great price, and was ed of our own land needs as great en- willing to part with all the gratifications couragement as he who is sent to the of the world to preserve it. Residing in heathen, and the knowledge of the pro- a dissipated city, possessed of advan. gress of others engaged in the same course tages which placed its dissipation within a lords him a consolatory support, similar his reach, and moving in a sphere in which to that which is experienced by the mis- his conscientious abstinence from many of sionary when he conteinplates the suc- those plausible indulgencies by which the cesses of his brethren, devoted to the same young and the thoughtless are enticed momentous object.
into a dangerous and too often fatal vortex, Those who are impressed with this could not but expose him to much of feeling will not refuse their attention to a the ridicule and reproach with which the record of the life of one who-having been world ever regards all serious religion ; called to undertake that awful responsibi- he was however mercifully enabled to put lity which attends a commission to feed on the whole armour of God, that he might the flock, of Christ, was enabled, with have power to stand against all these wiles, a maturity in the Christian ministry and by the grace of his Saviour to turn his comparatively seldom bestowed after so mind to that ministry of reconciliation upon short an experience in it, freely and faith- whichhe afterwards went forth to theworld. fully to preach the Gospel which he had It is not uncommon to hear young men, freely received, and rapidly ripening for who have been educated at our univerheaven by the abundant increase which sities for the purpose of taking orders, is promised to those who thus exercise express an intention of passing the interthe gists bestowed upon them-was joined val between their degree and their ordito the spirits of the just made perfect, nation in enjoying those pleasures of the mysteriously, but to the eye of faith wise- world, of some at least of which the dely, in the very meridian of his usefulness. cencies of society will deprive them when
The Rev. Roger M. Manwaring, was the they assume the sacred function. It is youngest son of John Robert Parker, Esq. indeed lamentable to find persons thus of Kirmincham Hall, in Cheshire. He publicly proclaiming their love of that was born in Ireland, in February 1794, which they are about to bind themselves and was baptized Roger Manwaring in to repress with all their efforts, and disrespect to his maternal family. When playing the unfit state of their minds for only fifteen years old, by the will of a ma- that sobriety of thought and conduct, ternal great aunt, he was appointed her in which they take upon them to maintain succession to a family estate bequeathed and encourage. It is terrible to consider to her, and according to her desire the awful responsibility into which such he changed his name to Manwaring. men rush, when they take holy orders, Whilst under the care of a clergyman, at with their minds reeking with the vain a very early age, he shewed more attention thoughts and follies and desires of worldly and was more impressed, by hearing Dr. gratifications which hang upon them like Porteus in the pulpit, than could have a thick cloud, at the most serious moment been expected from his years; and as he of their lives, instead of cherishing selfpossessed a natural diffidence which led to abasiing thoughts, and heavenly affections. retired habits of life, his meditations upon in proportion as this inconsistency is to be these discourses may have probably laid deplored, must we rejoice when we witthe foundation of his future choice of a ness such an earnest preparation for that profession. Ac fifteen he was sent to sacred office, as
was evinced in the
case of Mr. Manwaring, and that too, in the stated minister. Young as he was, defiance of the formidable array of temp- his advancement in vital Christianity had tations which then assailed him. He was been great; and his abilities, as a public admitted into holy orders in June, 1817, teacher, might rather be measured by his by the present Bishop of Lichfield and zeal than by the period during which he had Coventry, who appointed him to the cu- exercised them. It was in this place that he racy of Whaddon in his diocese.
became acquainted with Miss P. Blackden, A young clergyman's first curacy is to whom he was afterwards united. He generally a voyage of discovery into an had previously returned to his charge at unknown region. He has to ascertain the Bisham, whither he now conducted his bearing of the land in the difficult naviga- bride. From the very earliest period of tion of that deep abyss, the human heart; his marriage, his tenderest affections were and, for want of a knowledge of the one severely put to the trial by domestic afguiding Star, many fail to find a secure flictions. But as his whole heart was deeplanding-place upon which to erect the ly imbued with the spirit of the Gospel, standard of Christ in token of possession, and an entire reliance upon the providence or from whence to spread abroad the glad of God, these only rendered him more tidings of great joy. With Mr. Man- devoted to the service of Him by whom waring, no doubt, these difficulties ex- all blessings, and among others the isted, in a great degree; but he steered blessing of fatherly chastisement, if neby the one only true guiding Star, cessary, are dispensed. and obtained experience with more His earnest and unwearied exertions, than common rapidity. He set about his for the temporal and spiritual welfare of Master's work with a zeal which shewed his beloved partner, through the danitself to be according to knowledge, and gerous struggles of a typhus fever, prewhich attracted the attention and gained pared his own frame to receive the fatal the favour of his diocesan. His conscien- infection, which too soon manifested itself tiousness of mind was displayed in a during the gradual recovery of the beloved remarkable manner, in consequence of the object of his anxiety. Though he was approbation with which the Bishop re- exhausted in body, and deeply agitated garded him. His lordship offered him a in mind, he continued his pastoral duties living; but he was placed in such circum- with increased devotion and earnestness. stances as would have precluded his resid- On Sunday, the 2d October, 1825, he ing upon it, had he accepted it: he there- was found at his post of duty; and fore declined the offered kindness. None proved himself a faithful watchman, in who were acquainted with his character preaching his last sermon on the aftercould refuse their esteem and admiration noon of that day. The impressive manat his motives.
ner in which he delivered that discourse, After a useful course of ministration at will not be soon forgotten by his auditors Whaddon, he repaired for a short time to and his text (1 Cor. vi. 19, 20,) was an the curacy of little Dean; but several rea- epitome of the religion evinced in his sons concurring to induce him to quit that whole life. “What! know ye not that place, he undertook the temporary charge your body is the temple of the Holy of the parish of Bisham, near Marlow. Ghost, which is in you, which ye have Here his ministry was peculiarly blessed of God, and ye are not your own: for to several of his parishioners; while the ye are bought with a price ; therefore impressiveness of his manner, in his pub- glorify God in your body, and in your lic discourses, and his urbanity and un- spirit, wbich are God's.” wearied attention in the more private I cannot refrain from extracting one duties of his charge, endeared him to all. passage from this sermon, which will conWhen he had publiclydeclared the truths of vey to the reader a more just impression the Gospel in a way which he thought cal of the state of his mind at that moment, culated to suit the particular state of mind and of the purity of his religion, than of any individual in his congregation, he could be effected by volumes of description. failed not to appear at the cottage of that In discoursing upon the latter part of the person, at the earliest opportunity, to en- text, he said, “By the expression of force by special application, the general glorifying God in our body, we may un. argument he had advanced. For such derstand that he will consider himself opportunities, he was ever on the watch, robbed of his glory, unless we surrender and many of them appear to have been ourselves to him in all the active duties most usefully improved.
that he has enjoined. It is not enough While at Bisham, a large sphere of that we praise him with our lips, unless usefulness appeared to open to him, in we praise him with our life. We are consequence of the indisposition of the bound to yield all our members as instruRev. Mr. Bradley, the curate of Wy- ments of righteousness unto God-not combe, who, being unable to continue one or two only, but all.
The hypocrite the weekly lectures at his church, had is partial, the real Christian is universal, recourse to the assistance of Mr. Man- in his endeavours to please God, having waring; who, on Mr. Bradley's quitting no reserves. He must wage war against the curacy, became for several months all sin : it matters not what it is: if it be
sin, it must be opposed. It may be a be- exempt from trial, affliction, and sorrow. loved sin, an easily besetting sin, a long It is not only the fruit of man's sin; but indulged sin ; no matter--the Christian is it evidences the high authority of God, not his own, he is bought with a price- who sends them when, and how, and upon he will therefore glorify God by cutting whom he will, according to his sovereign off the right arm or plucking out the right pleasure, and forbidding all men to ask eye. He will say with Ephraim, * What in proud rebellion, What doest thou ? have I any more to do with idols?' lle But how hard is it to glorify God at such will enter into the spirit of the Psalmist, a season ! How hard to obey that in
• All false ways I utterly abhor.' junction, Be still, and know that I am But he will still more distinctly glorify God! How difficult to possess one's God. As his body is the temple of the soul in patience, and in the darkest season Holy Ghost, and as different parts of the to ascribe righteousness and mercy to our temple and its furniture may be employed Maker and Redeemer, and to cast our to different, though, in every case, holy care upon him. Difficult indeed! But purposes, so the Christian strives to yield still we are the temples of the Holy all his different members, each according Ghost. Still we are bought with a price, to their different offices, to God's glory. and therefore must glorify God, not only And in this way he becomes a new crea- by actions, but by suffering his will in ture, or new-created in Christ Jesus unto patience, and faith, and hope. good works, for all his powers are newly In the state of mind which this discourse created and turned to their proper use. bespeaks, he retired from his church and His eyes, which once gazed upon evil with employed the Sabbath evening in preparing delight, now serve to glorify God by ad- for the duties of the following Sunday, mitting more of heavenly light and infor- taking advantage of the devotional frame mation. He longs for a more thorough engendered by the sacred exercises in acquaintance with the character and will which he had been engaged, to compose a of God, and with the truth as it is in sermon for his next public discourse. Jesus. His heart also is an instrument of The text he chose manifested the workings God's glory, for the pure fire of love and of his mind. It was Phil. iv. 6,7: “ Be devotion arises in it continually. His lips careful for nothing, but in every thing by in like manner; for, instead of 'saying as prayer and supplication with thanksgiving, heretofore, My lips are my own, he uses let your requests be made known unto them to celebrate the praises of the Most God; and the peace of God, which passeth High, and says with the Psalmist, “Awake all understanding, shall keep your hearts up my glory, I myself will awake right and minds through Christ Jesus." He early to sing and give thanks.' Nor are his wrote the greater part of an excellent disfeet and hands idle, for they also minister course; but he became evidently indisposed in holy things—the one is stretched out to before he could finish it, and retired to rest do his will; and with the other he runs in with symptoms of illness. He rose howthe way of God's commandments, with ever in the morning, and went to visit out weariness and without fainting. some of his flock who needed his presence,
“ Nor is this all; he strives to glorify This was the last time he discharged any God by a zealous attention to all the ac- of the duties of his office, for on that eventire and relative duties of life-I mean, by ing he lay down on that bed which he his conduct towards his neighbour. Here, never after quitted alive. His worn-out he will ask, What is the will of God in frame was peculiarly susceptible of the Christ Jesus concerning me? How may infection to which he had been so long I spend my time, my money, my talents, exposed, and he fell a sacrifice to it. and use my authority so as to benefit my Delirium came on, which disturbed his neighbour in body and soul, discounte- mind at intervals during the five succeednance sin, promote holiness, and bring ing weeks; but at all other times the fersome little revenue of praise to my God vency of his prayers, and of his praises, and Saviour ? Do you think that this is and his faith and trust in Christ evinced not required at your hands ? Indeed you the practical root from which his spiritual err. It is a duty required by the same instructions had flowed so freely to others. authority, and to be enforced by the same It is unnecessary to particularise the motives; for he who gave you your being many deeply afllicting circumstances which gave your neighbour his, and he has thrown were the result of the situation of his you into society, and bound you by laws family during this period. The misery of that you might in love serve one another, it was greatly alleviated by the tender and by doing so shew forth his praise. cares of a younger sister attached to him,
“ And while I speak upon this subject, not only by the ties of nature, but by an let me mention in particular one way, affection that flows from his having been the and that not the least, of glorifying God; means of strengthening the impression of I mean, by suffering with patience whatso- serious religion on her mind. His atžlicted ever he sees fit to lay upon his people. wife was still unable to leave her bed We are called upon to suifer. All Scrip- from debility, while her medical attendture leads us to expect it-all experience ants judged it right to keep her in igno, confirms the expectation.
No man is
rance of his state; and she mourned and
wondered at his absence when she needed where the spirits of the just made perfect the consolation which his constant prayers glorify God and the Lamb for evermore. with her had hitherto afforded; while he. May every minister of Christ have such a patient, humble, and resigned, glorified God crown of rejoicing as is prepared for him, with his spiçit as his body gradually failed in the presence of the Lord Jesus Christ, to have the power of being an instrument at his coming; and may all who peruse this of God's glory, till, on the night of Sunday brief memoir, leave behind them as sure the 6th of November, he passed through and certain a hope of a resurrection to a the gate of death into that eternal Sabbath life of eternal blessedness!
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Hon. and Rev. Dr. Stewart, to be Rev. T. Kennion, Harrowgate P. C. Bishop of Quebec.
York. Rev. H. Wetherell, Archdeacon of Rev. R. Eden, Hertingfordbury R. Hereford
Herts. Rev. R. V. Law, Prebendary of Wells Rev. W. Findlay, Church and Parish Cathedral.
of King Edward, Aberdeen. Rev. F. Swan, Prebendary of Lincoln Rev. G. Fowell, St. Mary in Thetford Cathedral.
C. Norf. Rev. R. Sanders, Minor Canon at Wor- Rev. W. Greenhill, Farnham R. Essex. cester Cathedral.
Rey. T. Kilby, St. John P. C. WakeRev. J. Buller, St. Juste V. Cornwall. field. Rev. J. Case, Meteringham R. Lincoln. Rev. J. King, Henley upon Thames V.
Rev. C. B. B. Clerk, Bedingfield V. Oxford. Suffolk.
Rev. A. Maciver, Church and Parish of Kev. T. Chevallier, St. Andrew the Sleate, Presbytery and Isle of Sky. Great V. Oxford.
Rev. J. Maitland, Church and Parish Rev. J. Davies, Over Norton R. Ox- of Halls, Presbytery of Kircudbright. ford.
Rev. J. Saumarez, Huggate R. York. Rev. H. W. Mærker, Southleigh, R. Rev. P. Sınith, Guiseley R. W. Yorksh. Devon.
Rev. W. Waters, Rippingale R. Linc. Rev. J. W. Peters, Langford V. Oxford Rev. J. E. Orpen, Chaplain to Earl of and Berks.
Egmont. Rev. T. L. Shapcott, St. Michael's Rev. E. White, Chaplain at Cawnpore, V. Southamptoa.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. A CONSTANT READER. ; J. E. O. E; M. P.; S. D. ; W. G.; Zenas; D. G.; and
E. M. B. ; are under consideration. We are requested to state, that the sum of £500 is still wanting to cover the first ex
penses of the School at Cowen Bridge, for Clergymen's Daughters; and also about £40 in annual subscriptions. For an account of this excellent institution, see our
Volumes for 1823, p. 520, and 1824, p. 264. Will A. B. C. be kind enough to favour us with a name or reference ? A Correspondent, in conveying to us a copy of a Petition against Slavery, by a Con
gregation of Protestant D szenters in London, wishes us to mention the circumstance of such a Petition having been adopted, “ in hopes,” he says, " that it may lead the Dissenters in general to imitate the example.” The Petition particularly urges the impossibility of duly instructing the Slave Population in the principles of Chris, tianity under their present system of bondage ; and states, that, rather than contribute any longer to the protecting duties on West-India produce, the petitioners would prefer affording a compensation to those whose property might be injured by the Abolition of Slavery. We have no space at present for numerous other papers
which have reached us on this subject. We fear it is too late now to retrace why “ A Plaintiff's” paper, intended for insertion
as long back as 1814 was not inserted, especially as our Correspondent furnishes us
with no clue to the subject of it. The Rev. Thos. Boys states, that a Correspondent in our Number for December
must have been indebted for some remarks on Hebrews v. 18, 19, to his “ Tactica Sacra” (pp. 92, 93); and he “thinks it due to him and his theory," that the writer should have made this acknowledgment.
FEBRUARY, 1826. [No: 2. Vol. XXVI.
IN MATTERS OF FAITH.
For the Christian Observer. religious subjects, may be added a
much larger class of persons, whose ON THE USE AND ABUSE OF REASON
errors have of late been brought,
both by themselves and their oppoTHE respective provinces of faith nents, with great prominence before
and reason have been often the public,—the genuine, devotees considered, and accurately laid of the Roman-Catholic communion. down; but, at no period was it ever Their opinion may be gathered from more necessary for every reflecting the following passage, in a late pasChristian to have clear and settled toral letter of Dr. Doyle to his views on this important subject, clergy, in which he says ;—“Truth than in the present day, when two can only be found in the Catholic opposite errors are widely prevalent Church; and the faith that believes respecting it. On the one hand, in it, as there propounded, is the we find ranged the infidel, the gift of God—to be obtained, not by sceptic, and a large body of pro- disputation, but by humility, almsfessedly rational Christians, who deeds, and prayer. The judgment presume to try the doctrines of of man is too slow, and too unrevelation by the test of human settled —the objects of its investireason; not believing because God gation are too mysterious and too speaks, but judging whether God far removed—it may reason interspeaks by inquiring whether what he minably, and dispute, but it can is alleged to say is consistent with never determine; authority alone their opinion of what it befits him can decide. By the sun alone of to utter. On the other hand, there the church,' as Jerome observes, is a class of religionists, who, believ, all the streams or rivulets of error ing fully the divine authority of the can be dried up.' To ascertain the Gospel, maintain that it is entirely existence of this church; for the a matter of impression ; they believe infidel, signs and tongues may be because they believe; they feel necessary; for a Christian, the grace because they feel ; they are assured of his baptism," &c. Here reason of the truth of Christianity because is entirely rejected in favour of “the they are assured of their own in- church;" as in the case of the reliterest in its blessings; or rather, as gionists before-mentioned, it was in they would state it, they believe, supposed honour of " faith :” which, feel, and are assured by the direct being “ the gift of God," is thought teaching of the Holy Spirit, without to be dishonoured the moment the aid of any mental or intellec- that any inquiry, however humble, tual process. I believe in election, is made relative to its validity. By say such persons, because I know these extremes of religious absurthat I am elected; I believe in final dity, a false countenance is given to perseverance, “ because the Lord the opposite . errors first noticed, hath shewed me that I shall perse. and, to avoid being irrational, men vere.” To these rejectors of the bring in reason as an umpire upon legitimate exercise of reason on points on which she is utterly unable CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 290.