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a concession for such a document, And was (as some the principal
how much more to be lamented is Conspirators confess)
the sacrifice of the time, and spirits,

Devis'd of purpose to be done,

(An action merciless,) and devotional feeling of all the Within the houses named before ; Church-of-England congregations That where laws many å one, in the land, in the midst of Divine Most good and needful, were decreed service, while Acts of Parliament, Of true Religion, Church and State ; and other secular notifications are

Which they with slander term, obtruded on their reluctant atten. And falsely call most cruel laws tion! Here then follows the worthy Enacted against them, rhymester's version.

And their religion ; both the place

And persons all should be
WHEREAS Almighty God hath in
All ages shew'd his power,

Destroyed, and blown up at once ;

The which all men might see
And mercy in miraculous

Had to the utter ruin turn'd
Standing our Saviour ;

Of these dominions all,
And gracious deliverer

Had it not pleas'd Almighty God
Of church and children dear;

To let his mercy fall
Protecting safely kings and states
Who right religious are.

Upon our sovereign lord the King

His royal majesty, And where no nation of the earth

Whose heart he did with spirit divine
Hath been more rarely blest,

Inspire most graciously
With greater benefits, than this
Our realm among the rest;

To make interpretation of

Dark phrases in a letter,
Which freely now enjoy’th the true

Shew'd to his royal majesty
And free profession

The which he did discover.
Of sacred Gospel under our
King and dread sovereign,

Surpassing far constructions all

Of ordinary kind,
Who greatest and best learned is,

A work itself miraculous,
And most religious king,

This treason hid to find ;
That ever reigned in this land,

Which he, in wisdom great, reveal'd Enriched with blessing Of a most hopeful progeny,

Not many hours before

The dep'lish execution time
And plenteous royal seed

Set by the Romisli whore.
Descending of his royal race,
And promising indeed

Continuance of this happiness

Therefore the king and all his lords And true profession,

Of honourable sort,
Even unto all posterity,

And all his faithful subjects do
Which the malignant one

Most justly with comfort
With dev'lish Papists, Jesuits,

Acknowledge and confess, that this And seminaries all

Great blessing did proceed Did greatly fear, and envy, with Merely from God, in mercy great, Their priests satanical:

As his most gracious deed :

And therefore do ascribe unto And they, thus fearing, did conspire,

His own most holy name And that most horribly,

All honour, glory, laud, and thanks, That when our sovereign lord the King

With praises for the same; His royal majesty,

And do retain in memory With Queen and Prince, and all the Lords This happy joyful day, (Most fearful to remember),

Of that most rare deliverance
With all the Commons had been met, To praise of God alway.

The fifth day of November.
Within the year of Christ our Lord Be it therefore enacted, by
Sixteen-hundred and five,

The royal majesty
Then suddenly to have blown them up, Of our good King, and by his Lords,
Not leaving one alive,

Divines and temporality; With houses both of Parliament

And also by authority And all that royal court,

Of this whole Parl’ament, With gun-powder ; to church and realm The aforesaid powers and Commons all To work the deadly hurt.

Assembled now present ; A plot so barbarous, inhumane,

That all and singular divines And full of cruelty,

In churches, cathedrals, As never was the like before

And ministers in every church Heard of or known to be.

Which is parochial,




Or other place, that is for use

Enacted, by authority,
Of prayer know by name,

As it aforesaid is,
In England's realm, or within

That every minister warning give
Dominions of the same,

Unto parishioners his,
Shall always on the fifth day of

In public at the prayer-time

On Sabbath morn before
The month of each November,

The fifth day of November come, In prayers to Almighty God

That it for evermore
Give praise and thanks for ever,
For this most wond'rous happiness May duly be observed as
In our deliverance,

A day of sanctity;
That so the same may be preserv'd

And that that day, this Act be read In due remembrance.

In public distinctly.

Having thus transcribed Mr.

Dod's Version, I think it right to And that all people dwelling in

remind my readers, that I am very England's dominion, They shall resort with diligence

far from meaning to discredit the Alway that day upon,

solemnization of any day of useful In faithfulness, to parish church national commemoration ; and the Or chapel customed ;

fifth of November in particular, Or to some usual place, whereat Our God is worshipped.

besides its notoriety for the “Gun.

powder Plot,” is still more memoIn prayer, preaching, or the like To serve God usually :

rable and valuable, as the era of And then and there they shall abide

the establishment of our liberties In order soberly,

under King William ; but the serAll time of prayer reverently,

vice of God in his house of prayer, Or preaching of God's word, Or any other service true

and especially on the day of holy Performed to the Lord.

rest, is too sacred to allow of secu.

lar interruptions; and it is well that And that all persons may be put In mind of this good law,

this sentiment should be widely inAnd of this duty, as they stand culcated, in order that at least no Of God and king in awe;

future burdens of this kind should And that they may the better to be added to those which already The same prepared be,

exist. In holy service to our God,

A WATCHMAN. Be it a sure decree,


An Appeal to the Christian Philan- that form the great bulk of their

thropy of the People of Great parishioners; and who, rising above Britain and Ireland, in behalf of the narrow distinctions of sect and the Religious Instruction and Con- party, have been ready to hail as version of three hundred thou- brethren, and as fellow-labourers in sand Negro Slaves. By the Rev. the vineyard of their common Lord, J. M. Trew, Rector of the Parish every zealous minister of the Goof St. Thomas in the East, in the spel, of whatever name, who should Island of Jamaica. London. aid them in turning any portion of Richardson. ls.

their yet heathen flock from dark

ness to light, and from the power We have learnt to entertain a high of satan unto God.” Mr. Trew respect for the author of this is the rector of St. Thomas in the pamphlet. He is one of the few East, in Jamaica ; a parish containcolonial clergymen of the Church ing at least 26,000 souls. When of England who have appeared to he first undertook its cure, almost take a pastoral interest in the slaves the whole of this vast multitude

were sunk in the most profound moral spiritual wants. Among the advodarkness, with the exception of a few cates of freedom, he cannot find one hundreds who had been converted individual attempting to lay hold of to Christianity, by the benevolent the popular feeling, in order to proand never-to-be-forgotten labours of mote Christianity among the slaves ; some Wesleyan missionaries. He and very few indeed who have consoon saw that the field he had to tributed their money to that object. cultivate was far too extensive for “ The cry of Negro emancipation,” his own exertions, though aided he says, “ has penetrated the heart by those of a pious and excellent of the kingdom ; and numerous curate, Mr. Stainsby. Instead there- pamphlets have issued from the fore of indulging any feelings of press on both sides of the question : hostility towards these missionaries, but we have yet to learn how far as insidious and dangerous in the professed friends of the measure truders on his demesnes, he rather are really disposed to assist in teachrejoiced to witness their indefati- ing the slave what is the value of gable exertions, in extending among the soul, and in what man's chief those nominally committed to his happiness should consist on this care, but whom that care could by side the grave.” We acquit Mr. no possibility reach, the saving Trew of any intention to misrepreknowledge of Divine truth. But sent the Abolitionists; but we must though thus efficiently aided, he say, that he has wholly overlooked represents more than three-fourths the most important facts of the of his flock as still wholly des case, and has therefore been guilty titute of any adequate means of of great and palpable injustice toChristian instruction. On this ap- ward them. If he had read Mr. palling fact, exhibiting indeed a Wilberforce's " Appeal,” for examlamentable state of religious desti- ple, “to the Religion, Justice, and tution, even in this the most highly Humanity of the Inhabitants of the favoured (with perhaps one excep. British Empire, in behalf of the tion, that of Kingston, of all the Negro Slaves in the West Indies, parishes in Jamaica, he founds his he never could have advanced such appeal to the British public, and a charge. And why was it that more particularly to that part of that Appeal to the Religion of this it who have laboured to improve country failed to produce the effect the temporal condition of the slaves, which it was so well calculated to for assistance in improving their produce ? Was it not, in some measpiritual condition also. — Before sure, because the Rev. Mr. Bridges, we proceed to make the observa- a clergyman of Jamaica, was pertions which have occured to us on mitted, without one line of contrathe claims thus preferred, and on diction on the part of Mr. Trew, the general subject of the religious or any one of his other colleagues state of Jamaica, we are anxious (with the single exception of Mr. to settle some small points of dif- Bickell,) to charge Mr. Wilberforce ference with the pious and with gross and wilful misrepresentaspected author of this pamphlet. tion, for having endeavoured to ex

He begins with reproaching the cite that very feeling which it is the Abolitionists with their culpable in- object of our author's pamphlet, at attention to the moral well-being this late hour, to excite, for the laof the slaves. Petitions for the mentable destitution of adequate reamelioration of their temporal con- ligious instruction under which the dition have been presented to Par- slaves of Jamaica appeared to him to liament; but he has looked, in vain, labour? In his “ Appeal,"published for any petitions arousing the pub- in 1823, Mr. Wilberforce, for the lic attention to the slender pro- hundredth time, denounced that vision yet made for supplying their deplorable neglect of the spiritual


interests of the colonial slaves · And did they confine themselves which Mr. Trew, after a personal to a barren exposition of the evil knowledge of that neglect, during which they thus denounced ? Far twelve long years, has at length from it. Among the very first procome forward, after Mr. Wilber- positions which were made by Mr. force's example, to denounce. Now Buxton to bis Majesty's Ministers, we do not pretend to blame Mr. and to Parliament, on the subject of Trew for having been so tardy Negro Slavery, were the following:in his efforts : we know the formi- 6. To abolish markets and comdable difficulties of his situation : pulsory labour on the Sunday; and but we marvel that he should have to make that day a day of rest, as chosen to break his silence by well as of religious worship and charging those with culpable neg. instruction;" “ to provide the lect who, for years, had been doing means of religious instruction for their utmost to rouse attention to the Black and Coloured population, the subject; and we can only ac- and of Christian education for their count for it by supposing that some children;"—and further, “ to insuch censure might be deemed re- stitute marriage among the slaves; quisite, in the outset, in order to and to protect that state from vioobtain a favourable reception, from lation, and from either forcible or colonial readers, for the benevolent voluntary disruption." (See preface designs which he proposes and ad- to Debate of 15th May 1823, pubvocates.

lished by Hatchard, p. xxvi, &c.) • But this was not all. Another Can it then with any justice be pamphlet, which, in conjunction said, that the Abolitionists have with that of Mr. Wilberforce, led overlooked those spiritual necesthe way in the present discussions, sities of the Negro population which and which was also published early they are now accused of having in 1823, by the Anti-slavery Society, merged in an exclusive solicitude and with their express sanction, dis- for their temporal condition ? tinctly pointed out the “moral con- But no petitions, it seems, have dition of our slave colonies," as been presented to Parliament soliloudly calling for the best efforts citing its attention to the slender of the benevolent in this country. provision made for supplying the What was the picture drawn of that spiritual wants of the Negroes. But condition? It was this : “ The on what ground could Mr. Trew marriage of slaves has not yet been expect that such petitions Whould legalized. The most unrestrained have been presented ? No sooner licentiousness prevails, almost uni- indeed was the question agitated, versally, on estates, among all classes than government at once expressed whether White or Black. The face their intention of giving to the coof society presents, with few excep- lonies a regular episcopal establishtions, one unvarying scene of open ment, and of contributing from the concubinage. The Christian Sab- public purse to its maintenance. bath, instead of being a day of rest Whatever else might be required, and religious observance, continues it was obvioas, ought to be supto be the universally authorized plied by the colonists themselves, market-day; and, in almost all the who are as much bound, whatever colonies, and especially in Jamaica, Mr. Trew may say to extenuate a day of compulsory labour for the the force of this obligation (see p. slaves," they being compelled to 21), to supply to their slaves the cultivate their provision grounds on means of religious instruction and that dayon pain of starving. (“Negro education, as the proprietors of the Slavery,” “especially as it exists in soil in this country, or in Scotland, Jamaica," published by Hatchard, are to provide for the spiritual 3d edition, p. 87.)

wants of their dependants. Why should the landholders in the West within the scope of their benevoIndies be exempt from this just lence, which was to be directed burden, any more than the land- exclusively to the free population. holders in England, or in Scotland ? He must also bave well known the Must we be onerated not merely to general and most inveterate hosenrich the planter by bounties and tility, on the part of great numbers protecting duties, but in order to of the planters, to any instruction exempt him from the obligation of at all; and of almost all of them, to applying any part of what he thus any but what was strictly oral being pockets to the spiritual benefit of communicated to the slaves ;-an those very labourers who till the hostility to which the bishop himself, soil for his exclusive profit without and probably Mr. Trew, have been wages ? Besides, has nothing in- clearly under the necessity of deferdeed been done, by the Abolition- ring. And yet it is for not having ists, for the spiritual benefit of come forward, with a kind of quixotic the slaves ? Have none of them liberality, to scatter their seed at hacontributed to the Moravian mis- zard in a soil so unfavourable, in the șions, to the Methodist missions, vain hope that it might, some how or to the missions of the London other, yield its fruit, that they are so Missionary Society, or to those of severely censured. What could have the Church Missionary and other justified them in such a course ? episcopal institutions? If they have Nothing which we can conceive, been backward in contributing in except the very ignoble motive of any one particular channel, may avoiding the sneer of some colonial they not have had good reasons journalist, or the graver censure for their backwardness? Are they of our well meaning but mistaken to be blamed, if they have hesitated author. If Mr. Trew can shew that about placing funds in hands which the Abolitionists, in their respective might possibly, according to their lines of operations, have neglected view, misapply them ? Surely be- any good opportunity which has fore their money is placed at the been hitherto really presented to absolute disposal of either West- them, of promoting the spiritual Indian planters, or West-Indian improvement of the Negro popula. elergymen, or even West-Indian tion, then his censure may be just. bishops, for such sacred objects But we cannot see that they have as those of extending among the done so, unless it is wrong in them slavesc knowledge of the Gospel, not to have sent missionaries and and of bestowing upon them a schoolmasters of their own to con: Christian education, some security vert and educate the slaves. And should be obtained that the parties what reception these would have so confided in have earned that met with at the hands of the plantconfidence by the zeal they have ers of Jamaica, no man can better already shewn for the spiritual in- tell than Mr. Trew. Cautious, and terests of the poor Negroes. Mr. measured as his own conduct has Trew cannot have forgotten that, in been, he has not escaped the susthe year 1822, the Jamaica Auxi- picion of anti-colonial designs; mereliary Society for promoting Chris- ly because he has dared to shew a tian Knowledge, comprising among more than ordinary solicitude, to its subcribers all the clergy in that do his duty to the slaves as a miisland, most of the public func. nister of Christ. Has he not, on tionaries, and many planters, deemed that very account, been branded it necessary to obviate the popular and denounced, by such men as alarm which their institution had Mr. Bridges, as an enemy to the created, among the mass of the colonies, and an emissary of the White colonists, by explicitly declar- African Institution, and been under ing that the slaves were not included the necessity of appealing to the

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