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system. M. Malan was deprived of The members of the society having his place of Regent in the college, occasion, about the beginning of and M. Mejanel was ordered to July 1818, to change the place of quit Geneva.
their meeting, found a large mob For some time, however, the in- prepared to insult them. These dividuals who retained their alle- enlightened and worthy abettors of giance to the Helvetic Confession, the Reformed Church of Geneva, and remained in Geneva, still held and citizens of that free Republic, their meetings with little other assembled at the house of meeting, provocation than that of a few hard and vociferated, amidst other exnames, such as “ Enthusiasts, Naza- pressions of hostility,—we transcribe renes, advocates for exploded doc- the words with shame and horror, trines *,” &c., with which the do- ." A bas Jesus Christ ! a bas les minant party, in the exuberance of Moraves! a mort, a la lanterne," &c.: their wit and the overflowing of and pursued the obnoxious ministheir liberality, had the gratifica- ters as they came out, with similar tion to bespatter them. But, whe- cries. Neither did they stop here: ther it is to be ascribed to some their valour and zeal, as is the case want of point in their witty effu- with all mobs, became more impesions, or to the dulness of the tuous as they were not resisted : persons attacked, certain it is that
“ Notre silence," says the narrator, "au these names seem to have produced milieu de toutes ces insultes, ne les satisupon
little impression. faisant point, ils n'en sont pas restés là : The arguments next adopted, were
menaces, malédictions, coups de pierres, calculated to supply the defect. micile, voilà ce que nous avons eu à
poursuite dans les rues, violation de doWe cannot too often recal the atten
souffrir." Histoire, p. 53. tion of our readers, to the principles of Had not the police exerted these calumniated and persecuted men. In reference to these charges, they say: orders, the event would probably
themselves to suppress these dis-“ Voici notre seule et unique réponse ; elle est claire et simple, comme elle est have been still more painful. catégorique. Nous ne sommes point no- How far the pastors and profesvateurs en fait de doctrine, puisque nous sors attempted to soothe the somerecevons et croyons tous les points que what irregular zeal of their stonepar nos pères, et respectées encore de throwing and blaspheming partitoutes les communions Protestantes, éta- zans, may perhaps be inferred blissent comme fondamentaux et comme from the following anecdote.
In eux, nous adorons et nous servons un seul the autumn of 1818, M. Malan, Dieu, Père, Fils, et Saint-Esprit ; et que, having been forbidden to preach in tout en reconnaissant la nécessité des Geneva, determined to exercise his bonnes auvres, nous ne voulons, créa- ministry, as occasion might allow, tures déchues et coupables, fonder notre in the cathedral church at Ferney. espoir de salut que sur le mérite parfait de Jésus-Christ, à qui nous désirons con- He officiated there for the first time sacrer notre vie en reconnaissance de ce on the 10th September ; afterwards qu'il a fait et souffert pour nous.”
And in a note to the words tous les very frequently: and how did they points” in the above passage, they sub- take it at head-quarters ? join, “ Ce sont entr' autres, le péché
“ Un des éclaireurs de la venérable originel, la Trinité, le salut par grâce, fruit Compagnie s'amusa à faire insérer dans la de la parfaite satisfaction de Jésus-Christ, feuille d'avis de Genève, du 7 Octobre, ou la justification devant Dieu, par la 1818, l'avis suivant : foi seule en ce Dieu Sauveur, et la régé
“Dimanche prochain, à Ferney-Voltaire, nération ou renaissance spirituelle par le la troupe des Momiers ', sous la direction Saint-Esprit. Voyez, entr'autres fessions de foi, celles des églises de • This, we believe, was the first inFrance, et celle qui est connue sous le stance in which that contemptuous term nom d'Helvétique, et que souscrivirent was publicly adopted as descriptive of the tous les ministres de Zurich, de Berne, persecuted' believers in the Divinity of de Bale, de Schaffouse, de Saint-Gall, des our Lord. Since that time the liberal Grisons, de Mulhausen, de Brienne, et de party of the church at Geneva seem to Geneve.” Histoire Veritable, p. 54. have made a very common use of it.
du sieur Régentin (M. Malan, ministre et in a hurry, as if church and state regént au collége de Genéve) continuera ses exercises de phantasmagorie, jonglerie,
were in peril, to send a deputation et tours de force simples. Le paillasse to the more yielding of the editors noir contribuera par ses lazzes à faire rire entreating and beseeching him, as ses auditeurs. On trouvera des billets he valued the peace of the church, d'entrée prés le bureau de la loterie.' and the credit of the Scriptures, Histoire Veritable, p. 69.
and the character of the clergy, And was no person courageous and the faith of the people, and even enough, all this time, to appeal to the safety of religion, to stop the the recorded principles of their church? Were the passages which the absurdity greater, in this sup
press! Risum teneatus. Yet why is we have cited from the Helvetic posed case, than in the other? If Confession absolutely exploded and the venerable Company were not forgotten ? A sort of subterraneous conscious that they have, however rumour had for some time been covertly, abandoned their old creed, heard, which foretold the re-appear and introduced into their church a ance of that formidable document : and in 1819, the tremendous intelli- it, what possible subject could they
system altogether inconsistent with gence was awfully confirmed. It was
have discovered in this matter for now placed beyond a doubt, that two alarm? We rejoice to say, that of the pastors, M. Cellerier, sen., their efforts to prevail upon MM. and M. Gaussen were occupied in Cellerier and Gaussen, to suppress preparing that formidable explosion the publication, were abortive. It
" In vain,” says M. Chenevière, “the appeared in 1819, with an excel. clergy sent a deputation to the elder and lent preface; and if ever that demore gentle of the two, to represent to him that the publication of such a work generate church shall learn to remight excite fresh disturbances; and that pent and do its first works, we are if Christians saw their teachers opposing inclined to think that this well. each other, and exhibiting the Holy Scrip- timed publication will have been ture as self-contradictory, it would duce mistrust, and be injurious to their among the most powerful means of faith and piety; that the pastors, there. its resurrection. fore, having warned these two brethren Should
any of our readers think of the danger to which they exposed reli- this language concerning their algion if they persisted in their undertaking, leged defection from the orthodox selves of the unhappy effects which faith scarcely warranted, after all, might follow. M. Cellerier, sen., and M. unless confirmed by their own stateGaussen were not deterred from publish- ments as well as by their acts, we ing their Confession of Faith
and their fear that in this respect also there Preface; and what was the time chosen for this publication? That at which the is no lack of evidence. Many direct pastors were unjustly assailed, and at and distinct charges have been made which silence was enjoined by the civil against them, in the controversy on authority. Neither the Confession nor the Preface produced the impression anti
the subject, urged by individuals cipated by these gentlemen.” Haldane, p.9. well known to the Company, and We hope that the learned, pro- found nothing in reply like a satis
fully qualified to speak; yet we have fessor and his terrified coadjutors will not be offended; but, often as
With respect we have read this passage, we are particularly to the doctrines of our not yet able to peruse it without
Lord's Divinity, of original sin, and a smile. Imagine two clergymen,
the influences of the Holy Spirit, an in this country, to announce their
answer has been demanded from intention to publish the Articles of them again and again. Nothing the Church of England, what should
more is necessary for you, say the we say, if the highest of our ecclesi. accusers, than to utter one word, astical rulers were to meet on the
*, and there is an end occasion, in a great fright, at Lambeth, or at London House ? and all
To this the Trinitarian writers at Geneva endeavour perpetually to bring
to the charges : but that simple and Athanasians, and followers of phrase they have not yet condescend- the Council of Nice (ib. p. 115): ed to utter. Silent, however, they that these are questions (we now have not been : in M. Chenevière quote the Rector of the Academy,) especially, who, we perceive, is de- “ les plus abstruses et les plus désignated as the Apollo of the party, licates de la théologie, et celles sur they have found a champion who la solution desquelles les docteurs seems to be alike confident himself, ne sont point encore parvenus, et ne and to possess the confidence of his parviendront probablement jamais, brethren : but what a defence a s'accorder unanimement *;" that he made for them! Non tali auxilio “ les imputations les plus hasardées, nec defensoribus istis! We have no les calomnies les plus odieuses ont hesitation in saying, that if an enemy été prodiguées pour ôter à des paswere to accuse the Church of Eng- téurs la confiance de leurs paroissiens land of rejecting the Divinity of et l'estime de l'Europe entiere," our blessed Lord, and its apologists (ib. p. 27): that there is not a better were to talk like M. Chenevière, Christian in Geneva than Cellerier, not a man living could doubt the fils (ib. p. 65): that Malan holds justice of the charge.
individual inspiration (ib. p. 66), Out of many direct attacks, which &c. &c. ? Why all this puling and have been publicly made upon them, amphigouri? Why not answer, like we will insert merely the statement honest men? Why write pamphlet of M. Bost.
upon pamphlet, evasive from be. " A great number of the pastors and ginning to end, when two lines would professors of Geneva have embraced for a suffice? long time past the principles of Arianism
But indeed, M. Chenevière, perand Pelagianism ; and many others enter, more or less, into the different degrees of haps we do you wrong: you will Socinianismmommand, for myself in par- tell
you have spoken, and ticular, I can say confidently, that during that very distinctly. Distinctly the four years which I passed in the study enough to our perception ; but that of theology, I have constantly seen the two first of these systems followed, and “un mot” you will not utter. Tothe third appear under a thousand forms. ward the close of his pamphlet, the a.To the proofs which I have alleged, and professor has presented us with his which, on the first demand, could be sup. creed: it comes just after his tirade ported by an unlimited number of witnesses, a multitude of others could be against Methodists, and Athanaadded.” Haldane, p. 138.
sians, and the Council of Nice It is no satisfactory reply to this (p. 115): and there is nothing in it, grave charge, that M. Malan and which the most determined Arian his friends are 66 Momiers : that would not say as well as himself. M. Bost has only proved his igno- Yet with all the self-satisfaction of rance as a critic (Chenèviere p. 30): that this is all a crusade of super- de Mahométisme modéré et mélangé avec stition and fanaticism (ib. p. 37): plusieurs choses empruntées des Métho
distes Anglais et des Quiétistes Allemands.' that the impugners of the venerable
pp. 10,41.-We shall feel infinitely obliged Company are Methodists and Ma- to M. Chenevière to tell us what kind of hometistes *, and Predestinarians, person a Mahometan Methodist is.
* In reply to the statement of doctrine them: “ Vous n'aviez qu'un mot a dire: by M. Malan; namely, “Qu'il n'y a qu'un Nous croyons a la Divinité de Jesus Christ ; seul Dieu, le Père, le Fils, et le Saint-Esprit; comme y croyaient nos pères, et comme que l'homme nait dans l'état de péche; y croyaient toutes les eglises a l'epoque qu'il ne peut en être tiré que par la noude la Reformation.”—See Histoire, p. 45, velle naissance, opérée par le Saint-Esprit; &c. &c.
le salut de l'homme est un don abso• “ Quelques-uns de ces Puritains, qui lument gratuit que Dieu fait, en son Fils, n'ont point encore rompu à l'extérieur aux pécheurs qu'il lui plaît de sauver, et avec le clergé, continuent de travailler que nos auvres ne sont que le témoignage pour faire adopter un projet qui contient de notre reconnaissance pour notre Sauleurs principaux articles de foi. Le fon- veur, et n'ont aucun mérite pour racheter dement de cette doctrine est une espèce notre âme!” Histoire, p. 47.
conscious victory, he demands at will not. Then he is trifling with the end of it, “ Aprés cela, que us: he is throwing dust into men's demande-t-on plus ?” And, after eyes, and then challenging them to endeavouring again to blind us by say, whether they can see any thing a few sounding words about Jesus
in him. Christ as the corner stone, the pro- And, after all, these evasions can mised Messiah, &c. &c.; words which
answer very little purpose; for we an Arian has no difficulty to inter- have only to examine the matter pret, he allows his imagination to somewhat more closely, and we get so far the better of his discre. shall discover assertions, on the tion, as to exclaim,
part of these gentlemen themselves, “ Veut-on ensuite sur des questions dif- which put the question, as to their ficiles, sur de profonds mystères exiger creed,' beyond the possibility of une uniformité qui ne se rencontre jamais, même sur des objets plus clairs et plus doubt. M. Chenevière has given us accessibles ? comparez Bossuet et le Con- his notions of the Methodists; concile de Trente, et dites s'il y a uniformité fused enough : we do not remementre ces docteurs ! Prenez au hasard dix ber such an exhibition of ignorance Calvinistes, dix Anglicans, dix Catholiques Romains, interrogez-les sur les points and absurdity. But we will not en litige; sur l'union du Fils avec le Père, quarrel with names, when we know sur l'imputation du péché d'Adam, sur la what a man intends by them : and ces messieurs ont des confessions de foi, among the more prominent points les voilà nivelés, alignés autant qu'il est
of the Methodistic system he marks, possible." Precis de Debats, p. 116. as altogether different from the re
Thus he changes, as it seems, the ligion of Christ, the doctrine of subjects in debate, just as the vener- original sin, of the atonement, of able Company had done in that fa- justification by faith, of the ineffimous reglement of May 3, 1817: cacy of good works to procure sal(Q. Was it drawn up by this gentle- vation, of good works and sanctifiman ?) and then discovers that no cation as necessarily springing out ten Englishmen taken au hasard of faith in Christ Jesus; that is, he -(they must not be Churchmen- charges with Methodism and fanathey must not be of the general ticism, the Second, the Ninth, the class of Dissenters—they must be Eleventh, the Twelfth, and the picked up, au hasard, at Temple Thirteenth Articles of the Church Bar or Charing Cross, in the high of England. Heintimates, moreover, tide of noon-day existence) would that the devil is a surely figurative agree about them: about what ? the personage; an image simply to refact of our Lord's Divinity, the doc- present the dangers and seductions trine of original sin, or of the influ- of the world. But we can find no ence of the Holy Spirit ? We sus- acknowledgment of the Divinity of pect that M. Chenevière does not our Redeemer. Whether the permean the doctrines as thus stated, sons whose picture he draws under or we venture to believe that his ex- the name of Methodists, hold the periment would fail, as it respects crude hyper - Calvinistic notions, persons of any education even at which he further assigns to them, Charing Cross. But if he do mean we know not: very possibly they these doctrines, we say that in his may: they may be in love with proposed experiment he has seized those parts of the Helvetic Conan unfair position: the question is fession which are certainly not not, what do the mass of persons among its highest recommendations; taken au hasard think? but, what and even these they may perhaps think the clergy of the church at exhibit in caricature : but it is an Geneva ? or, to state a parallel case, awful thing to mix up, in one gethe clergy of the Church of Eng- neral condemnation, the peculiar land? Will he venture to make doctrines of the Reformer of such an assertion about these? He Geneva, pushed even to a ridicu. lous extreme, with the essential doc- clergyman, who is in this instance the trines of the word of God. But organ of the theological school of Geneva
as to its present course of instruction. we beg pardon : the present creed M. Chastel begins by establishing; that of Geneva seems scarcely to recog- the doctrines of Christianity may be renize any doctrines as essential.
duced to two classes. The first are re
cognized as anterior to the interpretation “ Importe-t-il,” says one of their apo- of the Gospel, without which Christianity logists in 1818, « au bonheur d'un peuple could not exist : to this class belong the Protestant de croire à certains dogmes belief in the existence of God, the divine plutôt qu'à d'autres ; d'être Calviniste mission of Jesus Christ, and the inspiraplutôt que Luthérien, ou Socinien, ou Ar- tion of the Holy Scriptures; these we minien ? On doit comprendre que je term primitive. The others are derived pars du principe que Dieu n'a point at- from a fixed interpretation of the Gospel, taché son salut à l'une de ces croyances after it has been recognized as a rule of plutôt qu'à l'autre (page 16.) En serons faith ; these we will term doctrines of nous plus unis pour croire à la prédes- interpretation. tination, au péché originel, à l'existence “ On the primitive doctrines, all Chrisde trois dieux en un? Le seul dogme de tians are agreed; for they would cease to l'immortalité de l'âme et d'une resur- call themselves Christians, if they disrection suffit pour entretenir la pureté des owned God, Jesus Christ, or the holy meurs. L'écriture n'y en ajoute aucun Scriptures. On the doctrines of interde bien essentiel.” Histoire, pp. 60, 61. pretation, the Catholics are equally agreed,
because they attribute infallibility to their But this writer is anonymous; church, and the right of settling the true he does not perhaps speak the sense meaning of the Scriptures. But the rethe venerable Company. Let us
formers, when they separated themselves
from the Romish Church, adopted the hear then the statement of their following principles : that the word of philosophical friend, M. Sismondi*. God is the only rule of our faith; that as After lauding these worthy persons, there is no infallible judge on earth, no in bis“ Progress of Religious Opi- one has the right of imposing a fixed inter
pretation of the Scriptures; but that every nions," for their reglement of May Christian is at liberty to adopt that which 3, 1817, he proceeds thus:
appears to him the best. By virtue of
these principles, each person interpreting “ At the same time that the company the Scriptures in his own way, different of pastors of Geneva united thus in its creeds will arise ; they will agree on the practice the greatest tolerance with a cha- primitive doctrines, but will differ on ritable attention to the stifling of religious those derived from interpretation.' controversies, and preventing them from “ The author passes from these prindisturbing the edification of the faithful; ciples to the history of confessions of many of its members published, with, at faith. He shows that they were not releast, the implied consent of their body, garded as obligatory till the third century writings that may be regarded as the real of the Christian zera; that far from esprofession of faith of the reformed church, tablishing a unity of faith, they have the only one consistent with the right of raised discussions and divisions on the examination, which is the essence of Pro- most intricate questions; that they have testantism, and with the independence of multiplied heresies; in fine, that they individual belief, which is its necessary were as much opposed to Christian chaconsequence.
rity as to the right of free inquiry, which “ Amongst these writings, all of which is the basis of the reformed religion. He well deserve the serious attention of re- goes farther; he would banish uniformity ligious philosophers, we shall confine our- of instruction in seminaries, in order that selves to the most recent, by a young he who proposes to instruct others may
be acquainted with all creeds, and be
better able to select the best. - A ChrisThis work by M. Sismondi on “the tian,' he says, “well convinced of his Progress of Religious Opinions,” &c. we proneness to error, will never compel may possibly take up as connected with others to adopt his principles, especially the larger discussion on the state of reli- if he believe that salvation depends on gion in Germany. In the mean time, we his belief: it seems to me, that he would refer to the Appendix to Bishop Jebb's be afraid of their eternal damnation ; he Sermons, in proof that the Church of would have some repugnance to driving England differs in one important principle people from his communion, who, from from the continental churches in its re- his own showing, think perhaps more raverence for Christian antiquity. M. tionally than himself, people whom Jesus, Sismondi's Protestantism, as here de- perhaps, prefers to himself
. He will alscribed, is not the Protestantism of the ways respect the sentiments of his brethChurch of England.
ren: he will never treat them as heretics;