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he will never hate them, he will never The march of science! We wish reject them on account of their belief.'
this worthy personage would take “ No appeal has yet been made to the religious world in a spirit of greater charity logic into his ranks, even if it were and reciprocal tolerance. The clergy of only among the raw recruits. We Geneva address themselves to all men trust that we shall not offend very who believe in God. We only refuse,' seriously, when we say that we have who themselves refuse to take that title. been tempted to relax our brows If you acknowledge Christ and the holy occasionally at the professor's reaScriptures, we recognize you as Christianssoning; and have now and then and as brethren; we do not ask you on thought that the art of Mnemonics that account to renounce any of your might not be without service in dogmas, any of your doctrines, but only not to impose them on us.' Sismondi's his camp. We will explain, by Progress, pp. 74–77.
two, what We have no reason to doubt, mean. and much reason to believe, that And first, as to logic: In oppossuch are the sentiments of the ing the publication of the Helvetic Apollo of the party, the pastor Confession, the heralds of the veneand professor of divinity, M. Che- rable Company argued -- and M. nevière himself. In 1819 he pub- Chenevière has given us the argulished a work, which from the co- ment with evident approbationpious extracts given in the “ His- that if the public should thus see toire," &c., appears to be precisely their pastors opposed to each other, of the same character with that and the holy Scriptures opposed to cited by M. Sismondi. He tells us itself, then there would result, &c, here, that he has done his utmost to &c. Could the professor be really reprove cette manie Athanasienne; serious in the assumption? Did he that is, to put down the doctrine of actually mistake the Helvetic Conthe Trinity; that all the aberrations fession, and their reglement of 1817, on religious topics originate in the for parts of the holy Scriptures ? If absence de l'esprit philosophique ; not, where is the connexion between and assigns more particularly four the contradiction of these instruspecial causes : namely, Contempt ments to each other, and the as
reason, recourse to autho- sumed opposition of the holy Scriprity, the passion for systems, and ture to itself? The publication of the evil of abandoning in theo- the Confession would indeed prove, logy the march which men follow as it has proved, that the new creed with success in other sciences, to was in flat opposition to the old arrive at the truth. In the deve- one; but against the Scriptures lopment of his ideas, he makes no man of common understanding reason the only judge of the truths could ever dream that it proved of revelation : he treats Calvin and any thing. For another marvellous the fathers with no little lack of instance of the same sort, we refer ceremony; the general councils are back to p. 699. M. Chenevière and very summarily dispatched ; and as his friends abhor the idea of being dito the Swiss Confessions, Gulliver rected what the ministers shall teach, was not more effectually fixed to the and boldly and most authoritatively earth by the inhabitants of Lilliput, declare what they shall not; they than is the professor Chenevière, abhor a dead pope (Calvin or the by their unphilosophical constraint. Helvetic Confession), as it is someHe compares them to the “grand where remarked, and they see no clou, que saisit Deborah, pour at- inconsistency in submitting themtacher son ennemi a la terre ;” and selves to two or three dozen little pathetically demands,
Garotté popes. par ces confessions de foi, comme Secondly, as to Mnemonics: “ It par autant de liens, peut on per- appears,” says M. Chenevière, refectionner la science ?
porting the decisions of the Consis
tory, by the answers and writings nor on the continent of Europe will of M. Malan, that he regards none it ever be forgotten. The zealous as Christians, but those whom he de visitor, who gave lectures to the signates by the name of Momiers." students from the Epistle to the Was M. Malan the inventor of that Romans, may, for any thing we know, elegant title?-And again :
have taken to himself an authority “ Gèneve n'est plus Chrétienne ! voilà ill befitting his own station, and le cri qui, poussé de sein même de cette very provoking to the rulers of the ville, et répété par la malveillance, s'est Academy; and he may possibly have fait entendre en Angleterre, en Hollande, conducted himself with more than en Allemagne, en France, et a retenti jusqu'aux oreilles étonnées des babitans seemly contempt for the regular du nouveau monde.
teachers of the place. M. Malan “ Pourquoi tout ce tumulte? pourquoi also, in addition to his boldness in tant de fracas? Parce que les Genevois n'ont pas voulu, parce qu'ils ne veulent asserting unpalatable truths, may pas être Methodistes.” Precis des D. Jats, have wandered into discussions of
little profit, and have indulged in If the learned professor will read views derived rather from a warm over again his own definition and imagination than a sound judgment, description of Methodism, he will and may have rejected, with too desee that his memory has deceived termined a spirit, the opportunity of him. The Church of England returning into the church from which would certainly condemn, and in he had, for conscience sake, found it the strongest terms, the principles necessary to withdraw. We admit avowed by the venerable Company; such hypotheses as possible at least, but he must be a bold man who and are willing to make every alwould ascribe to that church all the lowance, on these accounts, for the notions assigned by the professor to irritated feelings of the ecclesiasti. Methodism.
cal rulers; but all this affects not For other instances, see Dr. Pye the great question at issue: it leaves Smith's Vindication.
M. Chenevière and his associates, as Our deliberate opinion then, con- to religious principle and Christian cerning the church at Geneva, is instruction, just where it found them. unquestionably, that it has departed Neither can we be at a loss to awfully from the faith of the Gospel; account for this apostacy. Indeand that it deserves no longer to be pendently of other considerations, ranked among the orthodox churches the single fact of the venerable Comof Protestant Europe; and we con- pany doing away with subscriptions demn in most unqualified terms the to the Helvetic Confession on the trickery which has endeavoured, by part of candidates for orders, is sufo 80 many artifices, although with ficient to account for it. There can little success, to delude the world be little doubt, we admit, that the by plausible “ amphigouris,” and persons who so covertly introduced unwarrantable attempts at secresy. that change of system were deeply Neither can we speak otherwise tainted already with principles adthan in terms of strong reprobation verse to those professed by the great of the treatment which has been leaders of the Reformation : but we inflicted by the venerable Company must, in common charity, conclude, upon the advocates of a purer faith, with equal confidence, that, when the assertors of the doctrines of the they subscribed that confession on Reformation. This treatment, we being ordained to the ministry, they admit, might doubtless have been believed it to be consistent with the worse ; and whether it owes its miti- word of God. Their views therefore gation to the pastors or the civil must have subsequently changed: authorities, we shall not very scru- and the question with them would pulously inquire; but it is bad then be, 6 Shall we now resign our enough : and neither in England situation of pastors; or sball we enCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 299.
deavour to get rid of this obnoxious ministers, many excellent things, Confession, and deprive it of autho- and who has stated, with great force rity ?” Their integrity gave way to and justice, the degeneracy of that the temptation; and from 1705 they church, and the little credit which took care that the avowed creed is due to such intrepid assertors of of their church should inspire no whatever likes them as M. Chenequalms into the consciences of future . vière, appears to us to have entirely candidates for orders. Had sub- overlooked this important argument. scription to the Confession continued As a Dissenter, he expresses himto be exacted, the apostacy of that self with much satisfaction on the generation of pastors might have abandonment of articles of faith; perhaps perished with them: no and, will he forgive us for saying it? conscientious man would have af- with some common-place remarks fixed his signature to articles which about the benefits of such a loose he did not believe : and on that and latitudinarian principle, not most important doctrine--most im- suited to a person of his extensive portant from its inseparable con- knowledge and experience? Is it nexion with that worship which is the Genevese system of a mere acin spirit and in truth, and with the knowledgment of the Scriptures as other essential articles of the Chris- the word of God, which Dr. Smith tian faith-the doctrine of the Di- would undertake to vindicate? vinity of Christ, the Church of Ge- Would he think it a sufficient secuneva would, we may trust, have rity for the orthodoxy of a minister, preserved the truth unimpaired and according to his own views, and in inviolate to this day. The Articles his own denomination of Dissenters, of the Church of England corre- that the candidate for the ministry spond in essential points with the professes to believe in the Bible? Helvetic Confession: and though Is it not, on the contrary, the gethey certainly do not restrain every neral, if not the universal, practice minister of our communion from of Dissenters, to require of their falling into the same apostacy with ministers a declaration of faith; and the Company of Geneva, yet one that too for the most part in the preeffect they do produce—that if a sence of the congregation over which minister thus circumstanced do not they are to preside? And is this a feel himself bound in conscience to scheme which leaves the mind of resign his situation, at any rate his an honest man more free than suberroneous principles die with him: scription to articles ? Would our the next candidate for orders, if a Dissenting brethren admit to one conscientious man, subscribes the of their chapels a young minister, articles from a conviction of their who, in place of making a public truth, as strong as if his predecessor profession of attachment to their had never lived to deny them. And principles, should dilate upon the without undervaluing the other safe- benefit arising to the cause of truth guards of sound doctrine in our own from leaving him unfettered on such venerable church, venerable not in matters, and giving him on all such title only, but in uncompromising subjects the most free exercise of love of the truth, and in suffering mind? Would they not reply to for the sake of it, we cannot but him? “We have no quarrel with feel that, in requiring subscription to you ; but you must go to another her articles, she has raised a most class of Christians. You cannot powerful embankment against those be of our communion. And poisonous and overwhelming floods what is this but to require his conwhich have covered the church at sent to articles and creeds ? What Geneva.
is it but to do by a side-wind-and Dr. Pye Smith, who has said, in therefore with less solemnity and his Vindication of the persecuted openness—what the Church of England does by a direct and decisive be forthwith prepared ; and that to requisition? It is a curious fact, those questions, when sanctioned by that the Methodists in this country, the Conference, distinct and explicit although, since their first Confer- answers should be given in the proence, they have submitted their per meetings, by every new leader, preachers to examination both as local preacher, or candidate for an to principles and conduct, and hold itinerant ministry, before be can be annual conferences for the regula- fully admitted, or officially recomtion of their concerns, and for the mended for full admission, to the maintenance of discipline, have re- exercise of any of the offices here cently declared their intention of specified. 2. Our president and taking refuge in articles. The fol- secretary, with Messrs. George lowing is an extract from the mi- Marsden and Robert Newton, are nutes of the last Conference, held requested to prepare, in the course at Liverpool, July 1826. “Question of the year, such a series of quesxxv. Can any further improvement tions as is above described, and to be made in our mode of examining submit them to the consideration of persons proposed for admission to the next Conference.” p. 83. important spiritual offices in our There are some other matters connexion, either as leaders, as which we might suggest to Dr. local preachers, or as travelling Smith, in reference to his opinion preachers ? —Answer 1. It is deem- of Established Churches ; but this ed desirable, that a series of ques- subject would carry us into irreletions on the most essential points vant discussions. We must also of Christian doctrine, experience, defer our examination of theCantonand practice, and embracing also de-Vaud part of the question to our the leading points of our establish- next Number. ed discipline, in reference to the
(To be continued ) duties connected with those offices,
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
Two examiners are appointed from the PREPARING for publication : Death on university of Cambridge ; one of them to the Pale Horse ; by the Rev. J. Bruce ;- be annually replaced. The candidates A Sequel to the Diversions of Purley; will be examined in the Greek Testament, by J. Barclay ;-Ezekiel's Temple ; being and in some of the works of Homer, an Attempt to delineate the Structure Herodotus, Demosthenes, or in the Greek of the Holy Edifice, with Plates; by J. plays; also in some of the works of Isreels.
Livy, Cicero, Tacitus, and Juvenal, inIn the press :-Howell and Stewart's cluding collateral reading in Ancient HisCatalogue of English Theology.
tory, Geography, and Philosophy. They
will further be examined in Mathematics, Cambridge. The following is the subject including Euclid, Algebra, Logarithms, of the Norrisian prize-essay for the ensuing Plane Trigonometry, and Mechanics; year :-—“The proofs of General Judgment and also in Modern History, principally to come,
and the advantages of the know- taken from “ Russell's Modern Europe," ledge revealed to mankind concerning it." and in “ Paley's Evidences of Christianity."
The Seatonian prize has not been ad- The splendid pile of building at the judged this year.
British Museum, for the reception of the The new regulations for the examination library given by the king to the public, is of candidates for writerships, in the service nearly finished. The west front is towards of the East-India Company, are as follows. Bedford-square. The entrance is at the end of Montague-place. The first apart- detail,) " that if these slaves did do ment on the right is of very great length, come over here, they would be deprived extending to the centre of the building of the light of the Gospel, the knowledge The adjoining room is nearly equal in die of which every good Christian is bound mensions to the first, beyond which there to promote.” Of how little avail is this are two rooms. The whole of this noble argument he shews by describing the desuite of apartments, which are very lofty, plorable effects of the institution of slaare of an equal height, and decorated at the very upon the character of the priesthood top with an enriched cornice, frieze, &c. themselves. which encircles the whole of the rooms. “ Our clergy,” he says, “ with only a The ceilings are highly decorated. The few exceptions, ignorant and corrupt, are frame work, which supports the room, is the most eager to become possessed of entirely of iron, which renders the building slaves, in order to add to their own fire-proof.
riches, by hiring them out to labour, or UNITED STATES.
employing them in tilling the ground; alA society of Jews bas been organized though frequently, out of the chosen feat Charleston, South Carolina, with the males who may have had the misfortune professed intention of bringing back their to fall to their lot, they form Turkish religion to the standard of Moses and the harems to gratify their own vices." He Pentateuch. The society was instituted adds, that no families, however rich and in January 1825, after a fruitless remon- respectable, can enjoy the benefits of edustrance addressed to the rulers of their cation, uncontaminated with such exambody. The objects of their remonstrance ples, on the part of their teachers, conwere, to reform the service of the syna- stantly before their eyes. The impolicy gogue, to cut down its repetitions, to of, and the actual loss incurred by, the shorten the length of it, to enforce better continuance of slavery in Brazil, are also order during the performance, and to in- demonstrated by him. troduce the language of the country for
OTAHEITE. the Hebrew, which few of them under
The missionaries have formed a gramstand.
mar of the Otaheitean language. They COLUMBIA.
call it the Italian of the Polynesian lanIt is stated that a mine of platinum has guages, for its smoothness, sweetness, and been discovered at Antioquia, in Colum- great nicety of expression. The dual bia. Hitherto this precious metal, so va
number runs with exactness through the
whole of it. luable in the arts, had been found only in the Uralian mountains in Russia, in
INDIA. Brazil, and a few other places, but always been transplanted to India, where it has
The absurd science of phrenology has in alluvial lands, where it could be met
found a soil in which it is said to flourish. with only accidentally; but it is asserted that the metal exists in real veins in the Besides the lectures at Calcutta, others
have been delivered to crowded audiences newly discovered mine.
at Madras, BRAZIL.
BURMAH. S. D. Andrada, a gentleman of Brazil, In the journal of the proceedings of in a memoir on slavery, addressed to the deputation to the court of Ava, the the legislative assembly of the empire of writers state, that the king's palace is not Brazil; after describing the inhumanity only splendid but marked by chasteness of of the slave trade, and after reproaching design in the structure, and taste and the Portuguese nation with being the elegance in the ornamental part. The first that made it a branch of legal com- well-constructed wall and gates around merce, says, “ Such, however, is the it shew that the person of the monarch effect of avarice, that men see tears flow. is secure against intrusion. The populaing in torrents from the eyes of their own tion of the city, though it would seem to species, without calling forth a single sigh be overrated, is reckoned at a million. of compassion or tenderness from their It is found necessary to draw ropes across flinty hearts. Avarice never thinks and the streets at night, to assist in preventing feels like reason and humanity. In order robberies. Any one passing the streets to repel the accusations justly raised after a certain hour, if unable to give a against its proceedings, it resorts to a satisfactory account of himself and his thousand captious pleas, to serve as an business, must be content to indergo apology. It asserts,” (among other reasons confinement till morning. The king, in which the writer mentions and refutes in receiving the deputation, appeared as il