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what became of him! I had then no doubt introduced him to me. I shuddered to but I could procure the release of Mr, look at the man ; for a more forbidding Judson if he had not been executed, by countenance was surely never before seen. getting a petition presented to the queen: I found, to my sorrow, that, under the but I was also a prisoner, and could not governor, he had much to do with the move out of the house. After dark, Moung prison, and had power to make us suffer Ing returned, with the intelligence that much. He took me aside ; and told me, he saw Mr. Judson conducted to the that if I wished to make the situation of court-house, and thence to the death the missionaries more tolerable, I must prison, the gates of which were closed, bring him two hundred tickals and two and he saw no more. What a night was pieces of fine cloth,-on the reception of now before me! The uncertainty of Mr. which he would release Dr. Price and Judson's fate, my own unprotected situa- Mr. Judson from the hole, and put them tion, and the savage conduct of the ten in another building, where I should be Burmans, all conspired to make it the allowed to send them pillows and mats to most dreadiul night that I ever passed. sleep on, and their daily food. At the I barred the doors, and retired with the same time I obtained an order from the four Burman children into the inner room. governor for an interview with Mr. JudThe guards were constantly ordering me son; and, for the first time in my life, to unbar the gates and come out, as they looked into the interior of a Burman could not be assured of my safety, if I prison. The wretched and ghastly apremained within. They next threatened pearance of the missionaries produced to go in, and inform the magistrate that feelings indescribable, and forbad a moI had secreted myself; and that they must ment's hesitation in producing the sum not be blamed if I made my escape. demanded for their temporary relief. Mr. Finding themselves unsuscessful in their Judson was allowed to hobble to the door demands, they took the two servants and of the prison ; and, after five minutes' made their feet fast in the stocks. As I conversation, I was ordered to depart by apparently took no notice of this, they a voice and in a manner to which I had ordered the stocks to be raised, which been accustomed, and which convinced makes the situation of the person con- me that those underlings felt that we fined extremely painful : this I could not were entirely in their power. Our house bear to see, and promised them all a pre- was two miles from the prison; and, sent in the morning, if they would release knowing that nothing could be done the servants. The next morning I sent without money, I had provided myself Moung Ing with a piece of silver, in order with a considerable sum in the morning, to gain admission to the prison to ascer- which enabled me to pay the two hundred tain the real situation of Mr. Judson. Dr. tickals without delay; and, the same Price and the three Englishinen were all evening, had the consolation of hearing confined in the inner prison, each with that Mr. Judson and Dr. Price were in a three pair of iron fetters, and fastened to better prison. a long pole.

• My next object was to get a petition “My only concern was how to get to the presented to the queen, the brother of governor of the city, who has the entire whom is by far the most powerful man in direction of prison affairs, in order to ob- the empire. Our situation as prisoners tain at least a mitigation of the sufferings rendered a personal interview with the of the missionaries. I sent a request to queen impossible. I was obliged, therethe governor to allow me to visit him fore, to address her through the medium with a present. The next day I received of her brother's wife, who is of low origin, an order, which was most readily obeyed, and proud, haughty, and ambitious. I had to visit him. My present gained me a visited her in better days, and received favourable reception; and, after listening distinguished marks of her favour ; but attentively to my relation of the brutal now the scene was changed: Mr. Judson manner of Mr. Judson's arrest and his pre- was in irons and in distress, which were sent dreadful situation, he manifested con- reasons sufficient for a frigid reception. I siderable feeling, severely reprimanded the took with me a valuable present, consistwriter who allowed such treatment, and ing of a gold-wrought mantle and other then assured me that he would make the little trappings. She was lolling in state, situation of the teachers' more comforta- and hardly deigned to raise her eyes on my ble. He told me, however, that I must entrance into her splendid hall. I took my consult with his head writer respecting seat, not at a respectful distance or at her the means, and immediately called and bidding, but as near as I could well ap


proach, that she might not lose a syllable civilized than any other which I witnessed of what I had to communicate. I waited in Ava. The silver was weighed, and laid not for the question usually asked, “What aside. Have you no more?' said one of do you want?' Grief made me bold; and, them. •Search for yourselves,' I replied: at once, I began a relation of our wrongs. " the house is at your disposal.' — Have I stated to her that Dr. Price and Mr.

you not deposited money and jewels in Judson were Americans—that they were the hands of others ? ' • I have no friends ministers of religion—that they had no- in this country: with whom should I dething to do with war or politics—and that posit treasure?'— Where is your watch?' she well knew that even their residence in I produced an old one of Mr. Judson's, Ava was in consequence of the king's com- which had been out of use for a long time; mand. In vain I strove to work on her but which answered their purpose just as feelings, by requesting her to imagine her. well, and was the means of preserving a self in my situation—a stranger in a foreign good one which I had then about me. land, and deprived of the protection of • Where are your goods, your pieces of an only friend, who, without any alleged muslin, handkerchiefs, &c. ?' • Mr. Jud. crime, was thrown into prison and fetters, son is no merchant: he neicher buys nor She unfolded the present, and coolly said, sells; but subsists on the free offerings of • Your case is not singular: the other the disciples of Christ, who collected the White prisoners suffer equally with your money which you have taken to build a husband. I will however present your church for the preaching of the Gospel. Is petition to her majesty the queen: come it suitable to take the property of a Pongagain to-morrow. I went from her with yee (priest)?' ' It is contrary to our a little hope; and, faint as it was, I en- wishes,' said Koung-tong; but we act in deavoured to communicate the same to obedience to the king's command.' Evep Mr. Judson, but my admittance was strict- our trunks of wearing apparel they exly forbidden by the writer to whom I had amined: I begged that they would not given the two hundred tickals.

take them, as they would be of no use to “ The next morning I saw three of the the king, but to us they were invaluable: king's officers pass; and was informed, they said that a list only should be taken, that they had gone to take possession of and presented to his majesty; when, if he Gauger's property, and that on the mor- gave no further order, they should remain. row our house would be searched. I spent They did the same with regard to the the day, therefore, in making preparations books, medicines, and most of the furnito receive them; arranging and secreting ture; and, on presenting the list to the as many articles as possible, knowing that king, he gave an order that these things we should be in a state of starvation, un- should not be taken at present. These less some of our property could be pre- gentlemen, however, took every thing new served. I again endeavoured to gain ad- or curious, and whatever to them seemed inittance to Mr. Judson, but was refused. valuable. When they had finished, I gave

“ The three officers, who had taken them tea; and begged the royal treasurer possession the day before of Mr. Gauger's to intercede for the release of Mr. Judson. property, now came to take an account of

“ After their departure, 1 had an opporours. Among the three was one (Koung- tunity of going again to the queen's sistertong-myoo-too), who seemed to take an in-law; who informed me that she had interest in my forlorn condition, and who presented my petition to the queen, and prevented the others from taking many that her reply was, 'He is not to be exearticles, which were afterwards, during our cuted: let him remain where he is!' I felt long trial, of the greatest use. They first ready to sink down in despair, as there was demanded my silver, gold, and jewels: I then no hope of Mr. Judson's release from replied that gold I had none-jewels I had any other quarter; but a recollection of never worne since my residence in their the judge in the parable, who, though he country—but here was the key of a trunk feared not God nor regarded man, was which contained the silver, open and look moved by the importunities of a widow, for themselves. They seemed pleased induced me to resolve to continue my with my offering them the key, requested visits until the object was obtained. But I would open the trunk, and that only one bere, also, I was disappointed: for, after person should be allowed to enter my inner entreating her many times to use her inroom to take an account of the property. fluence in obtaining the release of the misAnd here justice obliges me to say that sionaries, she became so irritated at my the conduct of these Burman officers in perseverance, that she refused to answer this transaction was more humane and my questions; and told me, by her looks

and motions, that it would be dangerous even then could gain admittance only after to make any further effort.

dark, when I was obliged to return to our “ I find, my dear sir, in being thus par- house, two miles, without an attendant. ticular, that my letter will be stretched to “ The means which we invented for coman immoderate length; and must, there munication were such as necessity alone fore, be more general.

could have suggested. At first I wrote “ For the next seven months, hardly a to him on a flat cake, baked for the purday passed in which I did not visit some pose, and buried it in a bowl of rice; and, one member of government, in order to in return, he communicated his situation interest their feeings on our behalf. The on a piece of tile, on which, when wet king's mother, sister, and brother, each in with water, the writing became invisible, turn, exerted their influence in our favour; but when dried perfectly legible. But, but, so great was their fear of the queen, after some months' experience, we found that neither of them ventured to make a that the most convenient as well as safedirect application to lis majesty: and, al- est mode of writing, was to roll up a chit, though my various efforts were useless as and put it in the long nose of a coffee-pot to their grand object, yet the hopes which in which I sent his tea. These circumthey excited kept our minds from sinking, stances may appear trivial; but they serve and enabled us to endure our long impri. to shew to what straits and shifts we sonment better than we otherwise could were driven : it would have been a crime have done.

of the highest nature, to be found making The last person to whom I applied, communications to a prisoner, however was the celebrated Bundoolah, just previous nearly related to his departure for Rangoon. He had “ Bundoolah departed from Ava, in all gained some advantages over the native the pomp and splendour imaginable; comsoldiers at Arracan, 200 of whom he had manding an army of between 40,000 and sent as prisoners to Ava: this, together 50,000 men: he was to join the Prince with the circumstance of his having ob- Thar-yar-wadee, who had marched some tained two or three thousand English nonths before, at the head of an equal muskets, gained him a most favourable number. The first two or three reports reception at court; and every honour, in of the invincible general were of the most the power of the king to bestow, was flattering nature, and were joyfully reheaped upon him. He had the entire ma- ceived by the firing of cannon. Nownagement of affairs, and in fact was the real Rangoon was surrounded by the Burman king of the country. With fear and trem- troops: then—the fort on the pagoda was bling I presented to him a written petition taken, and guns and ammunition sufficient for the liberation of Dr. Price and Mr. for the Burman army, should the war Judson : he listened to the petition atten- continue ever so long : and next-his matively, made some inquiries relative to our jesty might expect to hear, that not a coming to Ava, and then said that he white face remained in Rangoon! But no would reflect on the subject- Come such report ever came : the cannons ceased again to-morrow.' My hopes were now to fire on the arrival of a boat; and soon more sanguine than ever; but the morrow it was whispered about that the Burmans dashed them all, when the proud Bundoo- were defeated, and thousands of them lah uttered— I shall soon return from killed, among whom were many officers; Rangoon, when I will release the teachers, and that Bundoolah and the few that rewith all the other prisoners.'

mained bad fled to Donaboo. With what “ The war was now prosecuted with anxiety did we listen for the reportall the energy of which the Burmans are • The English are advancing !' for, in capable. Their expectations of complete the arrival of foreign troops consisted victory were high; for their general was our only hope of deliverance. invincible, and the glory of their king “ The war now dragged on heavily on would accompany their armies. The go- the part of the Burmans; and, though the vernment talked loudly of taking Bengal, king and government continued to supwhen they had driven the presumptuous ply Bundoolah with what he required, yet creatures from their own territories; and their confidence in him was shaken, and of destroying from the earth every white- their hopes far from sanguine. faced stranger. So great was their hatred “The news, at length, came, that the to the very appearance of a foreigner, that English army were advancing, and that I frequently trembled when walking the they were within twenty miles of Donastreets; and, that I might not immediate- boo. The town was all confusion, and ly be recognised as a stranger, and some- the queen began to send away, to a more times gain admission to Mr. Judson's secure place, her immense treasure. It prison, I adopted the Burman dress alto- was now the first of March, the comgether.

mencement of the hot season; which, in “ Extortion and oppression had now Ava, is peculiarly severe. The white become so familiar to us, that we daily ex- prisoners were all pnt inside of the compected their appearance in some new garb mon prison, in five pair of irons each; or other. Sometimes for ten days together, and where they were so crowded with BurI was not allowed to see Mr. Judson; and man thieves and robbers, that they had not sufficient room to lie down. There were He was immediately raised to the highest at the time nearly a hundred prisoners, all rank, and all power committed to him. in one room, without a window or hole His first object was to manifest his invefor the admittance of air, and the door terate hatred to every foreigner; and those, half closed. I again applied to the gover. who had for eleven months escaped connor of the city to allow the missionaries finement, now fell into his merciless hands, to be removed to their former place, or and were thrown into prison. Among the at least to let them remain outside of number was Mr. Lonogo, a Spanish genthe door during the day. I offered him tleman, who had for twenty years been money, and promised to reward him high in the king's favour, and had done all handsomely when in my power; but all in his power to alleviate the sufferings of in vain. The old man shed tears at my the foreign prisoners; but he was now distress; but said that it was not in his among them. power to comply with my request, for his “ Mr. Judson had now been in close conorders were from a high quarter : he had finement, and in five pair of fetters, for a even been commanded to execute all the month; and, with anguish indescribable, white prisoners in private ; and to keep I saw him sinking under the weight of his them in close confinement was as little sufferings. He was taken with a high as he could do. He ordered, however, fever. My distress and entreaties now that they should be allowed to go outside prevailed with the governor of the city to of the door to eat their rice; and, when give a written order to remove Mr. Judson inside, be placed as near the door as pos- from the common prison, into a little bamsible. I was afterward informed, from boo room, six feet long and four wide. I authority, that the queen's brother, Men- also obtained an order to give him medicine, tho-gyee, had ordered the governor to de- and visit him whenever I wished. I had stroy the white prisoners; but that the removed into the governor's compound, governor, fearing they might be required and was living in a bamboo house where by the king, dared not obey the com- the thermometer daily rose to 106; but mand.

thought myself happily situated to be near “ The situation of the white prisoners the prison, and allowed to visit Mr. Judwas now wretched in the extreme. The son, who began now to hope that he heat during the day was dreadful : indeed, should recover from the fever, as his the confined air deprived them of inelina- situation was so much better than before. tion for food, and their whole appearance “ But new and dreadful trials were yet was more that of the dead than of the living before us. I had gone in, one morning, I daily visited the governor, and continued to give Mr. Judson his breakfast

, and in-' to entreat him to pity the foreigners : tended spending a few hours as usual, sometimes he appeared to feel for us, and when the Governor, in great haste, sent seemed half inclined to listen to my re

I was agreeably disappointed on quest; but the fear of Mentho-gyee, appearing before him, to find that he had doubtless, prevented.

nothing in particular to communicate, and “ It was now reported that the foreign that he was uncommonly kind and obliging. troops had reached Donaboo; and it was He had detained me a long time, when a whispered about that Bundoolahwas dead. servant came in hastily, and whispered No one, at first, ventured to say this that the foreign prisoners had all been openly; but the report was now con. taken out, and he knew not where they veyed officially to his majesty, who was were carried. Without speaking to the mute with disappointment, while the governor, I ran down stairs into the queen smote her breast and exclaimed, street, hoping to catch a sight of them; * Ama Ama!' What was to be done but they were beyond the reach of my now? Where could another general be eye. I 'inquired of all whom I met, which found, and from what quarter could troops way the white prisoners were gone; but be raised? The prince and woongyees at no one knew. I returned again to the the Burmese camp had intimated the governor, who declared that he was pernecessity of making peace : but this was fectly ignorant of their fate ; and that he too humiliating to be thought of for a did not know of their being taken out of moment. • What!' said one of the prison till a few moments before. This woongyees at court, shall we allow it to was all false ; as he had evidently been be recorded in a future history of the detaining me, to avoid witnessing the country, that our glorious king made a scene that was to follow. He also said, peace with strangers, and gave them part with a meaning countenance, “You can of his territory? No, we will die first.' do no more for your husband : take care

“ The pagan woongyee, who had been of yourself.'. This was a day never to be in disgrace for some time, now thought it forgotten. I retired to my little bamboo a good opportunity to retrieve his cha- house, and endeavoured to obtain comfort racter and regain his influence. He peti- from the only true source; but my mind tioned his majesty to allow him to go at was in such a distracted state, that I could the head of a new army; and positively not steadily reflect on any thing. This assured the king, that he would conquer one thought occupied my mind to the the English, and drive them from Burmah. exclusion of every other that I had seen

for me.

Mr. Judson for the last time, and that he Judson, who was immediately conducted was now probably in a state of extreme to the Burmese camp, then at Wialowni, agony. In the evening I heard that the where he remained six weeks, translating prisoners were sent to Ummerapoorah ; for his majesty: he was then sent back but what was to be their fate was not yet to Ava; and, as a reward for his services, known. The next day I obtained a pass ordered back to the Oung-pen, to prison. from government to follow Mr. Judson, but, before the order could be executed, with my little Maria, who was then only I sent• Moung Ing to Koung-ton, who was three months old ; and, with one Bengalee now high in othce, and bad for a long time servant, set out on my journey, We manifested a disposition to belp us; and reached the government house at Umme- begged that he would intercede for Mr. rapoorah; and were informed that the Judson, and prevent his being sent again prisoners had been sent off two hours to prison. Koung-tong complied with before to Oung-pen-lay, (a place similar my request, offered to become security to Botany Bay,) whither I immediately for Mr. Judson, and took him to his house, followed. I found Mr. Judson in a most where he was kept a prisoner at large wretched state. He had been dragged nearly two months longer. out of his little room the day before : his “ The British troops were now so rapidshoes, hat, and clothes, excepting his shirt ly advancing, that the king and governand pantaloons, had been taken from him, ment felt the necessity of taking some and in his feeble state of health, and in measures to prevent their arrival at the the hottest part of the day, had been capital. They had, several times, refused literally driven ten miles with a rope tied to listen to the terms which Sir Archibald round his waist. His feet were torn in Campbell had offered ; but they now saw such a manner, that, for six weeks, be that there was no other hope for the was unable to stand. He was nearly ex- preservation of the golden city.' Mr. Hausted with pain and fatigue, when a Judson was daily called to the palace, and servant of Mr. Gauger’s, who had followed his opinion requested in all their proceedhis master, took from his head his turban, ings; and the government finally entreated gave part of it to Mr. Judson, who hastily hiin to go as their ambassador to the wrapped it about his feet, which enabled English camp: This he entirely declined; him to proceed without sinking. He and but advised their sending Dr. Price, who Dr. Price were now chained together; had no objection to going. Dr. Price and, with the other prisoners, put inside being unsuccessful in his mission, on his of a small wood-prison almost gone to return Mr. Judson was taken by force, decay. We afterward were informed and sent with him again. Sir Archibald that the Pagan Woongyee had sent the had before this demanded us, together foreigners to this place, with a design to with the other foreign prisoners; but the sacrifice them, in order to secure success king had refused, saying, “They are my in his contemplated expedition : but the people : let them remain.'. We then did king, suspecting him of treasonable inten- not venture to express a wish to leave the tions, caused him to be executed before country; fearing that we should be imme. he had time to accomplish his designs. diately sent to prison. Mr. Judson com

“ I here obtained a little room from one municated our real situation to the Geof the jailors, where I passed six months neral ; who, with all the feelings of a of constant and severe suffering. Mr. British officer, now demanded us in a Judson was much more comfortably si- way that his majesty dared not refuse; tuated than when in the city prison, as he and, on the 21st of February, after an had only one pair of fetters; and, when imprisonment of nearly two years, we recovered from his fever and wounds, was took our leave of the 'golden city, and all allowed to walk in the prison inclosure. its magnificence, and turned our faces But I was deprived of every single con- toward the British camp, then within 40 venience; and my health, which had miles of Ava. enabled me to bear severe trials hitherto, “ No one can conceive our joy, when we now began to fail. I was taken with one had safely passed the Burman camp; for of the country disorders; and, for two then we felt, indeed, that we were once months, was unable to go to Mr. Judson's more free, and out of the power of those prison. Our little Maria, who had just whose tender mercies are cruel. The British recovered from the small-pox, was near

General received us with all that kindness starving to death, as I could neither obtain and hospitality for which your countrymen a nurse nor a drop of milk in the village. are so far famed, provided us with every But our Merciful Father preserved us all, comfort during a fortnight's residence at through these dreadful scenes; and, at the camp, and kindly sent us on to Rangoon the expiration of six months, an order in this gun-boat. We deeply feel the arrived for the release of Mr. Judson, and kindness of Sir Archibald Campbell; for, I was allowed to return to our house in town.

“ I was then unable to move, having “The king was much in want of an been ill with typhus fever in Mr. Judson's interpreter ; and, from selfish motives, absence; in which I lost my reason, and had given orders for the release of Mr. was senseless several days.''

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