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ment, life, property, reputation, civil I might therefore hope to be exerand religious liberty, are happily cised in doing something that would protected ; and that the general be useful to myself and others; character and virtue of its inhabi- something that would agreeably emtants take their complexion from ploy my mental powers, and prethe nature of their constitution vent that tedium and irritability and laws. On leaving my native which bodily infirmities too often country, there was not therefore occasion." To effect these several any land on which I could cast my objects, Mr. Murray composed his eyes with so much pleasure ; nor is first work, “ The Power of Religion there any, which could have afforded on the Mind," which appeared anome so much real satisfaction, as I nymously in the year 1787. All have found in Great Britain. May the copies were neatly bound, and its political fabric, which has stood distributed, at the author's own exthe test of ages, and long attracted pense, to the principal inhabitants the admiration of the world, be of York and its vicinity; each acconsupported and perpetuated by Di- panied with an anonymous note revine Providence! And may the questing a favourable acceptance of hearts of Britons be grateful for it, and apologizing for the liberty this blessing, and for many others he had taken. The work was well by which they are eminently dis- received: and it was not long before tinguished !”

he was encouraged to print various Mr. Murray soon purchased a editions of it, in London, which pleasant house and garden, at met with a good sale; to promote Holdgate, a village about a mile which, for the benefit of the public, from York, where he continued to he disposed of the copyright to the reside till he exchanged his earthly booksellers without any pecuniary dwelling, for “a house not made recompense. with hands, eternal in the heavens." In the year 1794, Mr. Murray When he first settled at Holdgate, was seized with a long and dangerous his health had been, in some degree, illness, respecting which he remarks: improved; and he was able to walk “ During the continuance of this in his garden, without assistance, affliction, I was often desirous, that, several times in the course of á if it were the will of Divine Proday. But his weakness soon re- vidence, I might be removed from turned, and increased so much that this state of trouble, and landed a walk even from his seat to the safely, as I hoped through infinite window, at last overcame him, and mercy I should be on those happy produced a distressing weariness; shores where there is neither sick so that he was at length obliged to

But I must ac relinquish all attempts at walking, knowledge, that this desire of being and to confine himself entirely to released from life, and its attendant his sofa. He was, however, not trials, was not consistent with that only resigned to his situation, but reverence and resignation to the always cheerful and grateful under will of God which are due to him his affliction. “I have often con- from all his rational creatures." sidered it,” he says, “ as a special “ There are many powerful reasons privilege, demanding my grateful for our bearing with patience, reacknowledgments to Divine Pro- signation, and even with cheerfulvidence, that my afflictions have ness, the bodily afflictions with admitted of great alleviation ; and which we are visited. It is the that they have been laid upon me will of God that we should be subwith a most lenient hand. I could ject to them. Pain and death are still employ myself in reading, in the appointment of Divine Proviwriting, and in conversation. My dence, as the lot of man : and mind was preserved free and active. therefore, to endure them with

ness nor sorrow.

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composure and reverence, is our of his valuable life. The correction duty. They are designed to let us of the press occupied some of his see our weakness, the insufficiency leisure hours; and, for a time, afof the things of time to make us forded him amusement; and, inhappy, and the necessity of pro- convenient as the employment afviding for a better state. They terwards proved, when it increased tend to refine our minds, to exalt much beyond bis expectation, he our views, and prepare us for future still continued it, with a hope that happiness. These light afflictions, it would be productive of good which are but for a moment, work effects. His literary labours, he out for us a far more exceeding and found, were not a little beneficial eternal weight of glory.'-—They to his health. “I have therefore form a part of the punishment for reason,” he says, “to deem it a sin in general, and often for par- source of gratitude to Divine Proticular sins. Why doth a living vidence, that I was enabled, under man complain ; a man for the pu- my bodily weakness and confinenishment of his sin ?' How light is ment, to turn my attention to the this correction, when it is compared subjects which have, for so many with what we deserve ?”

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years, afforded me abundant occu. afflictions, or our works, how grievous pation." or how great soever they may be, His views in writing and pubcannot, indeed, be a satisfaction lishing were not of a pecuniary nafor sin, and the ground of our ac- ture. His great objects, be says, ceptance by Heaven.

These tran- were “ to be instrumental in doing scendent blessings are derived to a little good to others, to youth in us from an infinitely higher source, particular; and to give his mind a the sacrifice and merits of the Re- rational and salutary employment." deemer of the world, through the It was his early determination, that medium of our faith. But works if any profits should arise from his that are truly good are not to be literary labours, be would apply undervalued. They are the genuine them to charitable purposes, a refruits and evidences of true faith; solution which he kept to the end they are acceptable to the God of of his life; but to which he attached love and mercy; and they are re- no sort of merit, especially as his quired by him, as our indispensable income was more than sufficient to duties. These views of Divine support the expenses of his family, Providence and Grace, if they were and he had not any children to thoroughly impressed on our minds, provide for. He was anxious that would have a strong tendency to his example should not be supposed reconcile us, not only to bodily to convey any censure on other afflictions, but to all the distresses writers, whose situation, connexions, and trials which the wisdom and or other considerations, render goodness of our heavenly Father the application of the profits of may be pleased to appoint for us." their works, to increase the amount

Mr. Murray, having been often of their property, proper or necessolicited to compose a Grammar sary. of the English language, at length The last time Mr. Murray was complied with this request. The able to go out in his carriage, was first edition of his work appeared in the autumn of 1809. From that in the year 1795. Soon after the time till his decease, a space of Grammar had been published, he upwards of sixteen years, he was was persuaded to compose a volume wholly confined to the house ; with of Exercises, calculated to corres- the exception of one or two times, pond with and illustrate it. His when, after an illness, he went out various other publications followed in a sedan, but without receiving in gradual succession to the close any benefit. The total want of exercise brought on an acutely pain- by many of his most distinguished ful disorder ; but his mind was, as contemporaries in America, where usual, calm and resigned. In an his works have procured for him a interval of comparative ease, he high degree of celebrity. The testisaid : “ My trust is in the mercy of mony of their approbation, especiGod, through Christ, my Redeemer. ally of those with whom he had Nothing which I have done, that been personally acquainted, was may seem meritorious, affords me peculiarly acceptable to him. Seany satisfaction, on reflection, ex- veral of his countrymen, at different cept as an earnest of Divine mercy times, visited him : some of whom and goodness." But, upon the bave published interesting accounts whole, his health was not so much of their visits. One of them, Mr. impaired as might have been ex- Griscom, in his “ Year in Europe," pected, from his total confinement says: “ Among the social occurto the house, his advanced age, and rences which I shall remember with enfeebled constitution. His spirits the most pleasure, is a visit this afwere, with very slight exceptions, ternoon," (27th of February, 1819,) uniformly good; his demeanour was, “ to our very estimable country. at all times, gentle; and his dispo- man, Lindley Murray. Though so sition, mild, cheerful, and obliging. weak as to be scarcely able to bear

His acquaintance and society, his own weight, he has been enabled, particularly after his works had ob- by the power of a strong and welltained celebrity, were much courted balanced mind, and by the exercise by respectable and literary persons. of the Christian virtues, to gain a But there was a genuine humility, complete ascendency over himself; and even a diffidence, in his nature, and to exhibit an instance of meekwhich seemed to shrink from the ness, patience, and humility, which idea of personally attracting any affords, I may truly say, one of the share of public curiosity or ob- most edifying examples I have ever servation; and indeed neither his beheld. His mind is still clear, health nor his employments would sound, and discriminating ; and he allow of his encouraging the nume

feels the interest of a true philanrous calls, and applications for in- thropist, in the progress of educatroduction, which he received. But tion, and the general welfare of his he was not in the slightest degree fellow-creatures. I have been inunsocial or hypochondriacal. When formed, by persons who were his he was in a tolerable state of health, youthful contemporaries, that he was no one more cheerfully enjoyed, or possessed by nature of great vivacity more agreeably promoted, social of feeling, and passions not less dif. intercourse. In 1803, Mr. Edge. ficult to control, than those which worth and his daughter were among fall to the ordinary lot of humanity. his visitors. Their visit was in the But so effectually have the graces evening, and wholly unexpected of the Christian surmounted the wayThey were much gratified with the wardness of nature, and diffused their kind reception which they received. benign influence over the whole Mr. Murray's personal appearance, tenor of his mind, as to produce his unassuming demeanour, and his upon his countenance, a lustre and conversational powers, excited in a sweetness of expression, 'with less their minds a most agreeable surprise. of earth in them than heaven.'” They considered Mr. and Mrs. Mur- Mr. Murray carefully avoided all ray as “ the most striking example habits of indolence. His day was of domestic happiness, and of reli- regularly marked out by useful ocgion without ostentation, or the cupation. Devotional reading with spirit of dogmatizing, which they his family, morning and evening, had ever beheld.”

was a daily part of his employment. Mr. Murray was much respected Next to the Scriptures, Horne's

Commentary on the Psalms, and through the blessed Redeemer, to Doddridge's Family Expositor, were give us an inheritance in his holy the books which he chiefly used for and happy kingdom; there to be this purpose. Much of that com- re-united in our spirits, and joyfortable state of health and vigour of fully employed in thanksgivings and mind, which he enjoyed in his old age, praises, and the most devout and must be ascribed, under the blessing zealous services, to our heavenly of Providence, to his temperance and Father and Redeemer, for endless moderation, to his judicious self- ages! management, and his habitual peace- “ Whichever of us may be the fulness and serenity; not forgetting, surviver, I hope that Divine goodhowever, the ever wakeful attentions ness and mercy will be near to of his beloved partner whom he support that surviver under so deeply esteemed as “the greatest tempo- trying an event, and to produce a ral blessing of his life;" and whom humble, reverent submission to the on every anniversary of their mar- will of Heaven. May we both, my riage, he never failed to congratulate dear Hannah, now when the curtains in some little effusion of devo- of the night are soon, or before long, tional as well as conjugal feeling. to be drawn around us, be more Thus he says, June 22, 1817; and more diligent to make our “ This day, we have been united in calling and election sure; to be the sacred bonds of wedlock, for prepared for striking our tents, and fifty years—half a century! How removing to a better world ; where, very few have lived together so sinful and unworthy as I am, I many years, in this happy con- hope, through the infinite mercy nexion ! – Many are the dangers we of God in Jesus Christ, to be admithave escaped, and the preservations ted; and where, if admitted, we we have experienced, during this shall be finally delivered from all length of time, which have been sickness and sorrow, from all sin, seen and observed by us : but in- temptation, and imperfection.” numerable, perhaps, have been the As a further proof of Mr. Murdeliverances and protections, that ray's piety and humility, we might were unseen and unknown, which copy various fragments of writing, a gracious and merciful Providence found in his desk after his decease. has extended towards us! For In one he says: these, and all his mercies and bless- “ I am this day seventy-two years ings with which we have been fa- of age. How many preservations voured, we are bound to praise and and mercies have I experienced in glorify Him, to adore, love, and this long course of time! How serve Him, most gratefully, during poorly I have improved the goodthe short remaining period of our ness and forbearance of God to me! lives here; and in his holy and happy I know, by long and repeated proofs kingdom hereafter, if we should be in myself, and by the testimony of blessed, as I humbly hope we shall, the Holy Scriptures, that of myself to be partakers of that heavenly I can do nothing to effect my salinheritance." Again, in 1821; vation : my powers are all inade“ This day, my beloved Hannah, quate to this great end. It is by is the fifty-fourth anniversary of the grace of God alone, that the our marriage. Our remaining time work can be effected. May I ever here must now be short. Perhaps look to that, and pray for it, and we may not be permitted to see finally experience it to work in me another anniversary of our union. a most comfortable and stedfast If this should be the case, or when- hope, that I shall be made one of ever we may be removed from this those holy and happy beings who transient scene, may the God of shall glorify, adore, praise, and serve love and mercy be graciously pleased, Him, for evermore, with the highest degree of love and gratitude, temptations to desert the religion that their enlarged spirits shall then which they had embraced, surbe made capable of exerting." rounded them. They had to con

In the full enjoyment of life, and tend with their own national prejuin the discharge of all its duties, he dices, and with the arguments, the attained his eighty-first year. On reproaches, and the persecutions the tenth of January, 1826, he was of their countrymen. The Apostle, seized with a slight paralytic af- therefore, proves to them the surfection in his left hand. He was passing dignity and benefits of soon after attacked with acute in- Christianity above the Jewish disternal pain ; under which he evinced pensation, even in those very points great patience and resignation. which constituted the glory of the His illness was but short. Just latter. He shews them the infinite before his death severe bodily an- superiority of Christ to Moses; of guish was depicted on his counte- his atonement to the sacrifices nance; but it soon gave place to offered under the Levitical law; fixed serenity. His eyes were lifted and of the heavenly temple, and up in fervent supplication to God. the heavenly Canaan, to their earthly His lips moved, though no sound types under the Old-Testament disof his voice could be heard. He pensation. Our text is the opening lay without any perceptible motion, of his argument, and comprises the until his eyes gently closed of sum of it. That which shewed themselves. About half-past eight both the folly and the sinfulness of in the morning, of February 16th, the Jews in rejecting Christianity, he expired in peace; without a and which equally shews the folly sigh or groan. His life had, during and sinfulness of those who, while a long course of years, been a con- they in words receive it, in their stant preparation for his last change; spirit and lives neglect it, is, that so that death could scarcely at any it is not the word of man, but of time have come upon him unawares, God; a revelation from our Creator or found him in a state unsuited for conveyed to us through his own removal to a world of glory. It was, Divine Son, and of infinite importhowever, in a manner, sudden, and, ance to our everlasting welfare. to his friends at least, wholly unex- “ God who, at sundry times and in pected; but all his concerns, re- divers manners, spake in time past specting both worlds, were settled unto the fathers by the Prophets, and arranged ; and he was, through hath in these last days spoken unto Infinite Mercy, ready to depart.

us by his Son." This inspired declaration suggests to the mind the following important considerations;

first, that God has spoken to us; FAMILY SERMONS.No. CCXVI. secondly, the medium of his com

munication; thirdly, the nature of Hebrews i. 1, 2.-God who at sun- his revelation; and fourthly, the

dry times, and in divers manners, reception which it ought to meet spake in time past unto the fathers with from us. by the Prophets, hath in these last First, We learn that God has days spoken unto us by his Son. spoken to mankind. If we believe

that there is a God, a Being who This Epistle was written to the hath made us, and not we ourselves, early converts from Judaism to it becomes an interesting inquiry, Christianity; and the great object whether he has revealed himself to of it was to confirm them in the his creatures. He dwelleth in light faith and practice of the Gospel of which no man can approach unto ; Christ. And greatly did they need he is invisible to our mortal senses; this confirmation ; for on every side but has he pointed out to us no

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