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1630. The one was in consequence of a had thrown upon truths, for their adheterrible plague, which swept off three rence to which his poor brethren had fourths, or certainly not less than two been so often obliged to conceal themthirds, of the inhabitants; and spared selves in their mountain fastnesses. •But two only, out of their thirteen pastors. remember,' said the old man, with conUpon the venerable ministers, Gilles and scious and becoming pride, remember Gros, who were already worn down by that you are indebted to us for your years and informities, devolved the care of emancipation from papal thraldom. "We all the churches of the Vaudois. They led the way. We stood in the front rank, were obliged to have recourse to France and against us the first thunderbolts of and Geneva for a supply of Protestant Rome were fulminated. The baying of clergy; but none could be found who were the blood-hounds of the Inquisition was able to administer divine service in the heard in our valleys before you knew Italian tongue, which had hitherto been its name.' They hunted down some of the language of their Liturgy, although our ancestors, and pursued others from the patois of the country still continued glen to glen, and over rock and mountain, to be spoken. It was necessary, then, till they obliged them to take refuge in either to be without pastors, or to have foreign countries. A few of these wan. the service performed in French ; and as derers penetrated as far as Provence and the ancient language of the Vaudois is a Languedoc, and from them were derived sort of dialect between French and Italian, the Albigenses, or heretics of Albi. The the people soon became accustomed to province of Guienne afforded shelter to the new formulary. This accounts for the the persecuted Albigenses. Guienne was first adoption of the Liturgy of Geneva. then in your possession. From an En
“The other change was the annexation glish province our doctrines found their of the Valleys to the crown of France in way into England itself; and your Wickthe same year. The new government lifte preached nothing more than what and the new clergy produced many inno- had been advanced by the ministers of vations, contrary to the spirit of the former our valleys, four hundred years before his discipline of the church, and among others time.' : Whence,' continued my aged was the neglect of the moderator's annual informant, with increased animation, visitation.
* came your term Lollards, but from a “After we had been some little time Waldensian Pastor, Walter Lollard, who with M. Peyrani, he produced a packet flourished about the middle of the thirof papers and parchments, which he opened teenth century? And the Wolloons of in a sort of fidgetty haste, and appeared the Low Countries were nothing more anxious to submit to our inspection. than a sect, whose name is easily found in Dust, damp, and mould, had discoloured, the corruption of our own.
As for ourand almost obliterated, the characters in selves, we have been called heretics, and many of them ; but they proved to be Arians, and Manicheans, and Cathari; but family memorials, and he at length suc- we are, like yourselves, a church built up ceeded in selecting those which he was in Christ, a church with the discipline most solicitous to lay before us. One and regular administration of Divine serpaper contained the letters of orders of vice which constitute a church. We have his maternal grandfather, who was or adhered to the pure tenets of the Apodained by Dr. Robinson, Bishop of Lon. stolic age, and the Roman Catholics have don, in the year 1707, or 1717, 1 forget separated from us. Ours is the Aposto. which, and licensed by the same prelate lical succession, from which the Roman as tutor in a nobleman's family. The hierarchy has departed rather than ourothers were some letters from a mercantile selves. We are not only a' church by family of the first distinction in London, name and outward forms, but a church to whom he thought himself distantly actually interested by faith in Jesus Christ related. He was interested, he said, in the corner-stone. these documents, not on his own account, “ I ventured to ask M. Peyrani if the because time was advancing rapidly with Vaudois clergy urged the doctrine of aban old man like himself, but for his chil- solute predestination and election. He dren's sake : they were what they might replied that these nice points of controcarry into the world, as proofs of their versy were not often discussed in their connection with England.
pulpits, and that for his own part he had “I cannot forget, nor must I omit to never given his assent to the belief in abnotice, the evident satisfaction M. Peyrani solute predestination. felt in explaining how closely the doc- “I also took the liberty of observing to trines of the Vaudois Church assimilate M. Peyrani, that the close intercourse to those of the Church of England. He between the Vaudois students and canpointed to the works of Tillotson, Barrow, didates for holy orders, and the ministers and Taylor, which still enriched his book of the Genevan Church, rendered it an case, and declared that every time he object of apprehension, lest they might read them, he was more and more gratified become tainted with the Socinian infecby the light which these English divines tion of Geneva. He rejected the idea CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 300.
with considerable energy, assured me that sters, the king was, after a while, persuadthe doctrine of the Trinity was still pre- ed to take into consideration the very dis. served in all its purity by the whole of tressed state of these exemplary men, and his community, and shewed me an old to allow them a pension. Thus 1040 catechism, which he trusted would als francs a-year, with the use of the presby. ways form the basis of their belief. Some tery, or parsonage-house, is the utmost few of the questions and answers on this fixed and certain income, upon which any head are very simple.
of these poor ministers have to depend. " You say that you believe God the They have no fees for burials, baptisms, Father, God 'the Son, and God the Holy or marriages. If it were not for the oc. Ghost to be three persons. You have casional bounty which they receive from three Gods then ?
Switzerland, Prussia, and the Netherlands, · No, I have not three.
it would be impossible for the ministerial “. But you have named three.
office to be supplied. “ « Yes, as far as relates to the distinc- “ M. Peyrani himself, and afterwards tion of the Persons, but not in regard to M. Bert, the pastor of La Torre, searched the essence of the Divinity.'— Ma non all their accounts in my presence, to see per rason de la essentia de la Divinità,' what succours had been rendered to the are the words in the ancient language of Vaudois on the part of England, indethe Vaudois.
pendent of the pension arising from the “Upon a question as to the learning and national grant. Every benefaction and acquirements of the Vaudois clergy, M. service is carefully recorded in books kept Peyrani lamented that, not being able to by the moderator, the moderator adjoint, finish their education at home, the youth, and the secretary; but some Bibles from who were intended for holy orders, were the Bible Society, some books from a obliged to submit to the inconvenience few generous individuals, and two hun. and expense of going to Switzerland, but dred pounds from the Baptist Society, said that they returned in general well were all that appeared under the head of stored with scholastic and useful infor- British bounty. mation. His own son, he said, would “ Of the royal pension, to which Nashortly go there, if he could raise the poleon alluded in his conference with M. funds necessary to support the charges of Peyrani, no part whatever has been reso distant a journey.
ceived since the year 1797 : ic was sup“ Talking of the present and late govern- pressed by the British government when ment of Piemont, the good old moderator Piedmont became subject to France, and drew no comparisons to the disadvantage has not been restored with the legitimate of the former, but only remarked that dynasty.. I was shewn, by M. Peyrani, Napoleon had done the poor Protestants a copy of an order in council, held at good and harm; good, in that he had Westminster, under the protectorate of placed them upon a footing with the Ro- Oliver Cromwell, a transcript of which is manists, and equalized their condition in in the hands of almost every pastor in the the state with the rest of the subjects of three valleys; and, upon the strength of the empire; and harm, in that the privi- which, they partly found their claim to the leges, then extended to them, only served pension in question. The collection alnow to make them more sensible of their luded to, amounted to more than 38,000. present grievances. This subject led to of which upwards of 16,000%. was put out a mention of the audience which M. to interest. Peyrani had with the late Emperor of “ It was with extreme regret we witFrance, when he formed part of a depu- nessed the approach of the hour which tation who were charged with an address told us we must take leave of the venerable to him. Bonaparte noticed M. Peyrani Peyrani. The good humour, cheerfulness, immediately, and accosted him in a style and resignation of the old man, his perfet of unusual condescension, and even re- recollection of events and conversations spect.
which took place years ago, his profound “ In consequence of the Emperor's or- erudition and general information, lent : der, the Vaudois clergy were enrolled with deep and peculiar interest to his discourse. the clergy of the empire, and lands were My young companions were rivetted with allotted for their provision. At the re- attention. He appeared to them like a storation of his Sardinian majesty they being of a different order to what they had were deprived of these payments; and in been used to see : all that they heard and failure of these resources, the families of saw had more the air of romance than several of the pastors were reduced for a reality; The little window of the room time to such extreme necessity, as to de- opened upon the wild mountain scenery pend upon the charity of their neighbours of Pomaretto; the roar of the distan for subsistence. The sufferings of one of torrents was heard through the casement; the clergy and his seven children, were and the impression left by the whole scene such as the veriest pauper in England does was so much the greater, from the connot experience.
“ In consequence of the urgent appli- • This pension, we are happy to remind cation of the Prussian and Belgian mini- our readers, has just been restored.
trast between the elevated character of ing him no more, without being sensibly the noble old man, and the circumstances affected. His son accompanied us to the in which he was placed. Poverty within, edge of the torrent, and there we said and desolation without, formed a dark and adieu to him. striking back-ground to the portrait of the “ Such was our visit to the successor philosophic minister, whose lips teemed of the bishops of the purest church in with eloquence, and whose mind was Italy, whose necessities were such that stored with all the riches of the most in- we felt bound, by a sacred sense of duty, tellectual society.
to run the hazard of wounding those feel“ Before we parted, I looked several ings of pride which every man of sensitimes earnestly round the room, that I bility must retain, even amid the most might carry away with me every possible urgent poverty, by pressing upon his acrecollection of the chamber, in which Ro- ceptance a heart-offering for the purchase dolphe Peyrani was likely to finish his of a few of those comforts, which his age days. The ordinary and antique furni- and infirmities required. I have had many ture, and the prints which hung upon the struggles, before I could make up my walls, were all objects of interest; and inind as to the propriety of stating this some of them illustrated the character of circumstance; and nothing could have inthe man. In the centre, and directly over duced me to do it, but the persuasion that it the fire-place, was the moderator's diplo- will put the case in the strongest light, and ma, presented to him by the royal academy shew at once the deplorable situation to of Turin. On one side of the diploma which many of these excellent pastors was George the Fourth, taken when he are reduced. We could not have prewas Prince of Wales : on the other, the sumed to proffer, nor would the venerable King of Sardinia ; for no sufferings or in. moderator have condescended to accept, justice done to him could efface the loyal the assistance of private individuals like principles of M. Peyrani. Several kings ourselves, if it had not been a very timely of Prussia, Isaac Newton, Luther, and succour: and certainly the circumstance Calvin, occupied another place; and the never could have appeared in print, but duke of Wellington, and 'Lord William with the object of drawing attention to Bentinck, were in a very conspicuous the wants of a people who have been too situation. The good man pointed to the much overlooked by those who have the latter, and spoke of him with much grati- means of aiding them. tude. If any thing could have been “ Reader, the sufferings of Rodolphe done for the Vaudois, Lord William Peyrani are at an end. He died about would have effected it,' he said ; but the three months after our interview with restored king was deaf to his interces- him. His spirit could no longer bear up sions.'
against a complication of maladies and “ As M. Peyrani followed us feebly sorrows; and now all that I remember of down stairs, he shewed us the door of an him is literally like a dream that is past, apartment, which had never been opened, or a tale that is told. he told us, since the day on which his “ The father is happily gone to his brother had been carried out of it to be rest; but it is painful to speak of his son, consigned to the grave. I asked what of that excellent young man whom we brother, and the answer was a momentary were all so disposed to esteem. He is shock. It was Ferdinand Peyrani, the now studying, preparatory to taking orders, pastor of Pramol. It was like hearing at Lausanne, and existing upon a pittance the knell of a dear friend. Ferdinand which is not enough for the necessaries Peyrani was the first person who inte- of life. The author is most happy in rested me in the history of the Vau- having the opportunity of reporting, that dois. It was his letter, addressed to the several unsolicited donations have been Society for promoting Christian Know- remitted to him, to enable this good young ledge, which directed my attention to man to pursue his studies more comfort. them, and occasioned this excursion to ably at "Lausanne. He has written his their Alpine retreats. He was one of acknowledgments of this succour, which, the pastors to whom I felt so anxious to however, is only temporary, in a strain of be introduced, and this was the first news piety worthy of his venerable father. of his being no more.
His death was
“A few years ago a Roman-Catholic Cure hastened by the scurvy, a disorder in- of Geneva wrote a pamphlet in defence of creased by poverty and want.
the adoration of saints, and image-wor" At the door of his humble presbytery ship. It was much admired, had a great the aged moderator wrung our hands, and sale, and was thought by the friends of said farewell, with every symptom of re
the Curè to be unanswerable. The Progret at parting. He stood at the thresh- testants of Geneva were burning to see a hold, watching our departing steps; and reply to this able tract; but none appearthe last sight that I had of his long grey ed, to the disappointment and mortificalocks, floating in the wind, left an impres- tion of every good Lutheran and Cal. sion that will not soon be removed. I am vinist. Just at the crisis of its popularity, sure nobody could take leave, as we did, Mr. Lowther, the author of • Brief Obserof M. Peyrani, with the certainty of see- vations on the present State of the Wal
denses,' happened to be on his visit to the MSS., without stating that it had Valleyo, and, in an interview with M.
ever been published. Peyrani, expressed his regret that no answer had been made to this redoubtable
Having thus laid before our pamphlet. The moderator drew some pa- readers an account of the present pers from his desk, and shewed Mr. Low- condition of the Vaudois, and the ther that he himself had drawn up a reply; plans in progress for their benefit
, “• But why have you not published it?' it was asked.
and particularly introduced them to “• Because I have not the means. I the venerable moderator Peyrani, cannot print it at my own expense, and we postpone the remarks which know of nobody who will undertake it.' • Mr. Lowthier begged, and obtained
suggest themselves to our minds, consent to take charge of the MS. and to
till our resumption of the subject. send it to the press.
We were, however, unwilling to “ It was printed, had a rapid run ; and defer again calling the attention was so admirably well written, was so of our readers to the benevolent convincing, so keen and cutting, that the popish polemic bought up all the remain objects contemplated by the friends ing unsold pamphlets of his own, out of who have particularly interested shame. Mr. Lowther assured me, that he themselves in the welfare of this was unable to buy a single impression, once fruitful vine, which an Although he offered a louis for one, when he wanted to have it inserted in a volume mighty hand brought from amidst of miscellaneous articles, and that he was
the desolations of the papal Egypt, obliged to borrow one, and to have it and preserved through so many written out in the place of a printed copy." storms; but whose branches have Gilly, pp. 67—99.
been plucked by the spoiler, and
whose once fertile clusters need the This pamphlet is given in Mr. fostering care of Protestant beneSims's volume. The editor appears volence again to mature them to to have given it from Peyrani's their wonted luxuriance.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
Chancellor's medal, is “ The Druids." PREPARING for publication :-Memoirs of The members' prizes: For Bachelors, Mr. Robert Spence; by R. Burdekin ;-A “ Homerus" ;-for Undergraduates, History of the Council of Trent;--Prac- "Græcia capta ferumvictorem cepit, et artes tical Sermons, on the Life and Character Intulit agresti Latio." of David, King of Israel ; by the Rev. Sir William Brown's medals : Greek Ode, H. Thompson ;--A Guide to the Study “ Sanctius his animal of History; by I. Taylor, jua.;- Selec- Deerat adhuc, et quod dominari in tions from the Works of Bishop Hop
cætera posset i ... kins, in 1 vol. ; by the Rev. Dr. Wilson.
Natus Homo est...' In the press :—An Account of Public Latin Ode, “Iphigenia in Aulide." Charities, digested from the Reports of Epigrams, Παθήματα, μαθήματα the Commissioners on Charitable Foun- The Porson prize, Shakspeare's As dations; with Notes and Comments ;- You Like It, Act II. Scene 3. Three Letters to the Archbishop of The University has given 501. towards Cashel, on the recent Apocryphal Pub- rebuilding the English Church at Amlication of his Grace ; in which also are sterdam. demonstrated, the late age of the Zonor ; At a meeting held at Norwich, the chapand the propriety of applying the Caba. lain of the county goal, in alluding to the listic scheme of the Sepiroth to the illus- connexion that exists between ignorance tration and confirmation of the Trinitarian and crime, stated that, of 593 prisoners, hypothesis; by the Rev. John Oxlee. 300 could not read at their commitment; read and write. “ The most common once again praise ! By the grace of God origin of crime,” he says, “ I have found by the miracles of the prophet, our to be the violation of the Sabbath : but I lord and saviour of the two worlds, and cannot forbear observing, that poaching by the force of favouring fortune, and the leads more easily and rapidly to the per- influence of the fruit of justice of the petration of the higher crimes than any monarch at the present time adorning the other incentive, and that the time and throne, overwhelming with felicity the nature of the employment, and the des- earth placed under his protection-deperate combinations that are entered into, stroyer of the wicked who revolt against create a greater ferocity of spirit than I him-preserver of the most true of all have hitherto found in any other class of religions, the most weak, the most inoffenders.”
68 could read a very little ; 68 could Cambridge. The subject for the Vice- read moderately well; and 157 could for a regular supply of garden-seeds from NETHERLANDS.
efficient of his servants, Massdariedschi. In consequence of the clause of the sade Seid Hussein, first assistant in the Copyright Act which enjoins the gift of imperial academy of engineers, has fortueleven copies, of all published books, to nately discovered, &c. My most humble various libraries, series of expensive en- hope is, that it will please the high and gravings are often published without any just will of his majesty to cause the letter-press to explain them. The king's statement of this event to be inserted in architect has just published a twenty- the annals of the empire, that the macheguinea' work, entitled “the Pavilion at maticians of Europe may not be able to Brighton,” in this defective manner. Rob-appropriate this invention to themselves.” son's “Picturesque Views of all the English
INDIA. Cities” are appearing in the same form. The last report of the Serampore Cola FRANCE.
lege states, that the number of students Some" celebrated French geographical in attendance is forty-five. The head engineers have obtained the measurement
student has made great progress in Sanof the western part of the upper Py- scrit, and the next five have passed their renees, at Argelez, where the crater of annual examination in the most satisfaca high mountain forms the limit between tory manner. France and Spain. The attempt has been
The Calcutta Agricultural Society has often made in vain, and so perilous was offered a premium for the earliest producthe enterprise, that of eleven men who tion of several European vegetables; and first ascended, kone only could be in the Society propose to adopt measures duced to make a second trial.
Europe. With a view to the promotion of science, Various leading members of the native the king of the Netherlands has taken community of Calcutta are beginning to measures for the erection of an observa- take great interest in works of public adtory at Brussels. A design of forming vantage. A splendid instance of this lian extensive botanical garden also oc beral spirit has recently occurred in the cupies the attention of the inhabitants. case of the two sons of the late Maharaja RUSSIA.
Sookmoy, who have presented a lac and The emperor has issued certain regu- four thousand rupees for distribution lations with respect to the Mohammedan amongst several of the principal instituand Pagan districts of his empire, in tions of Calcutta, founded for the purposes which he decrees that such persons as em- of charity or education. brace Christianity are to be exempt from
BURMAH. all peculiar imposts attached to it, and The foundation of a town to be called from all imposts whatever, for three years: Amherst Town, and which bids fair to they are neither to be liable to serve as become a place of considerable political recruits, nor to pay towards the funds and mercantile importance, has been for recruiting. These regulations are to laid at Martaban, in the Burmese terri. extend to the children of the converts, tories. The British commissioner adwhether born before or after the conver- dressed a proclamation to the natives, in sion of the parents.
which he says,-“ The inhabitants of the TURKEY.
towns and villages who wish to come, A pamphlet on the trisection of shall be free from molestation, extortion, an angle, published at Constantinople, and oppression. They shall be free to worby Seid Hussein Massdariedschisade, ship, as usual, temples, monasteries, priests, affords an idea of the progress of ma- and holy men. There shall be no interrupthematical studies among the Turks. tion of free trade; but people shall go The author exclaims, ** Praise ! and and come, buy and sell, do and live as