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UNITED STATES NATIONAL SO. to assist some unhappy person, or promote CIETIES.

some other charitable object. The three The number of the National Religious hundred and fifty francs were the produce and Charitable Societies is eight. In Bos- of as many hours of extra labour. His ton are, the American Board of Commis- first view was to liberate some prisoner; sioners for Foreign Missions, and the but, upon applying to the magistrates in American Education Society. In New the place of his residence, Geneva, there York are, the American Bible Society- was not an imprisoned debtor to be found American Home Missionary Society, in any of the jails of that town. He then American Tract Society - and American remitted his gift to the society for ChrisSociety for meliorating the Condition of tian Morals ; who gave him his choice the Jews. In Philadelphia is the Ame- of liberating a prisoner, ransoming a Greek rican Sunday-School Union. In Wash- woman or child from the Turks, or foundington is the American Colonization So- ing a prize for the object above stated. ciety. They are all managed by oth. He chose the last; with an expression of cers, selected from different parts of the deep contrition, that in bestowing his docountry.

nation he had not been sufficiently divested

of a proud and selfish spirit. The society PARIS SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING have made up the sum to five hundred

CHRISTIAN MORALS. francs; boping the example of this laThe society has proposed a premium of bouring man may teach others in the same five hundred francs, for the work best condition of life, to “go and do likewise.'' calculated to excite feelings of Christian The friends of charitable and religious charity among the labouring classes, and institutions in France are judiciously ento shew how they may exercise it most deavouring to promote among the working practicably and beneficially. The proposal classes, those sentiments of charity and originated in the following circumstances. Christian duty which are so honourably A short time since, a person whose name conspicuous in this country, and to which is withheld in compliance with his own our Bible and Missionary Institutions are injunctions, and who is mentioned only as indebted for a very large part of their rea Swede, and an honest labouring man, sent the society three hundred and fifty The society now enumerates the folfrancs, with the following statement. He lowing committees, devoted to its several had lived, be said, negligent of many of objects of benevolence: A committee for those obligations which Christianity re- promoting the abolition of the Slave quires; and though he was industrious, Trade ; a prison discipline committee; a frugal, and even occasionally charitable, juvenile committee for the relief of orhe was so, less from a sense of duty than phans; a committee for succouring the to promote his temporal interest, to main- Greeks; a committee for general purposes tain his family with respectability, and to of benevolence ; a moral and religious conciliate the esteem of his neighbours. tract committee; and committees for adSome time since, a few numbers of the judging prizes for works calculated to assist society's journal having fallen into his the following objects: the abolition of hands, he read them, and, to use his own capital punishments ; the promotion of expression, his eyes became opened to civil courage, with a view to repress the duty and the possibility of charitable duelling: the extinction of national hosexertion; and he began to consider, whe- tility; the abolition of lotteries, gaming,, ther, by retrenching every day something &c. &c. These various committees are from the moderate sum which he reserves proceeding with great zeal and prudence, for his necessities, and by working every in their several objects of benevolence. day one hour longer, he might not be able



co. Dor.

Rev. R. H. Law, to the Archdeaconry Rev. W. Mair, Fulbourn All-Saints V. of Wells.

Cambridgeshire. Rev. W. O. Bartlett, Canford Magna Rev. J. Maitland, Church of Kells, co. V. with the Chapel of Kingston annexed, Kirkcudbright.

Rev. S. Martin, St. Mary Magdalen R. Rev. G. B. Bloomfield, Tattenhall R. and St. Nicholas V. in Lincoln. co. Chest.

Rev. W. Menzies, Church of Keir, Rev. R. Buchanan, Church of Gargun- Dumfr. nock, co. Stirling.

Rev. H. A. Napier, Swimcombe R. Rev. T. Cannan, Church of Carcephain, Oxford. co. Wigton.

Rev. C. H. Parker, Comberton Magna Rev. T. H. Coventry, Croome Hill R. R. co. Worcester. Worc.

Rev. W. Parker, Comberton Parva R. Rev. H. Cripps, Stonehouse V. co. co. Worcester. Gloucest.

Rev. A. C. Price, Chesterton V. co. Rev. G. W. Curtis, Winnington R. co. Oxford. Dorset.

Rev. J. Richardson, Church of Largo, Rev. H. Davis, Burford St. Michael co. Ayr. P. C. co. Oxford.

Rev. G. Lod, Church of Tealing, co. Rev. W. Dow, Church of Tongland, Forfar. co. Kirkcudbright.

Rev. T. Turton, Gimingham and Trunch Rev. R. Downes, Berwick St. John R. R. co. Norfolk. co. Wilts.

Rev. J. Walker, Church of Muthill, Rev. D. Evans, Llanafanfewr V. Wales.

co. Perth. Rev. — Dunn, Church of Slains, Aber- Rev. T. Westcombe, Preston Candover deen.

V. Hants. Rev. C. Green, Buxhall R. co. Suffolk. Rev. T. Whitfield, Winterbourne R.

Bev. T. T. Haverfiend, Godington R. co. Gloucester. co. Oxfordshire.

Rev. T. Wilde, St. Andrew's R. WorRev. W. F. Hook, Mosely P. C. co. cester. Worcest.

Rev. W. Wood, Staplegrove R. co. Rev. W. T. Hopkins, Nuffield R. co. Somerset. Oxford.

CHAPLAINS. Rev. J. Lamb, Church and Parish of Rev. J. Davis, to the Dowager Lady Kirkmaiden, co. Wigton.

Boston. Rev. D. Macfarlane, Anderston Cha- Rev. T. H. White, to Marquis of pelry, Glasgow




out doubt will do, from the contest, the PORTUGAL.—This country is at present issue in favour of the constitution cannot, a scene of tumult and apprehension, in we should trust, be uncertain or long consequence of the invasion of its frontier, protracted. by armed bands of its own subjects, FRANCE.—The chambers have opened disaffected to the constitution, who have with a speech from the throne. In rebeen fitted out for their enterprise within ference to the affairs of Spain and Porthe Spanish territory, and are endea- tugal, the little that is said is decidedly vouring to rally around them those of pacific; his majesty stating that disturbtheir countrymen who share their political ances have broken out in some parts of opinions. The Portuguese authorities the peninsula, but that he shall unite his have in consequence, felt it necessary to efforts with those of his allies to put an apply to this country for assistance, which end to them, and to obviate their consehas been most heartily granted, (see Do- quences. The speech announces a new mestic Intelligence,) and we trust will bill for further restricting the press; anobe found sufficiently prompt and power- ther for amending the regulation of juries; ful to prevent any further mischief. If and a third, which, it is to be hoped will France keeps aloof, as her government be more efficient than any that have prehave pledged themselves to do, and with- ceded it, for repressing the slave trade.

Since the delivery of the speech, the the merits of all petitions against the degovernment have expressed, in the legis- cisions of such committees, and to report lature, in the most decided manner, their to the house on the subject. We wish intentions with regard to the peninsula. the house had been induced to listen They state that France had pledged itself with equal complacency to the motion to England, that Spain should not pro- for preventing bribery at elections. As ceed to hostilities with Portugal on ac- matters at present stand, it would be count of its constitution; that France' better, in a moral and religious view, that itself has been outraged by the conduct seats should be openly and legally venal, of the Spanish court on this subject; than that they should be really so under that her ambassador had been withdrawn the safeguard of silence or perjury. from Madrid, in testimony of the dis- But a still more important measure satisfaction of the French cabinet; that has been brought before parliament: we the conduct of England had been highly need not say that we allude to the emhonourable, and her right to assist Por- barkation of troops for Portugal, to enatugal perfectly clear; and that the French ble the Portuguese Government to repel government are using their efforts, and the attacks of its foreign enemies, who they hope with success, to induce Spain have assailed it by means of hostile bands to renounce the ill-advised course of pro- of its own subjects, organized and fitted ceeding upon which it has entered. The out within the frontiers of Spain. MinisFrench government appears to be, at ters have considered it their duty, under length, heartily tired and ashamed of its the obligation of treaties, to assist, by a milate peninsular policy. The expense, litary force, the government of Portugal, inconvenience, and dishonour, which our oldest ally, against external aggresFrance has incurred by its alliance with sion, but without interfering in its intesking Ferdinand, in his crusade against tine disputes. Their decision has been liberty, and his attempt to establish warmly hailed by men of all parties in despotism, is no more than the retribution parliament, and generally throughout which such conduct merits; and which the country. We see not indeed how we trust will not be without effect, in they could have acted otherwise, either securing the future peace of the world, in national honour or on considerations of and the unmolested progress of consti- expediency; and with regard to the risk, tutional freedom, and intellectual and the expense, and the possible bloodshed moral light.

that may ensue, we trust that, under the DOMESTIC.

present aspect of affairs, and with the The corn-importation indemnity bill, avowed disapprobation of France to the to pass which the legislature was ex- conduct of Spain, these will not be very pressly convened, having gone through great; and at all events, we fear, they its stages, parliament has adjourned its would have been eventually much greater sittings to the 8th of February. Ministers bad a less decisive course of proceeding have expressed their determination to been adopted by this country. Even bring forward some decisive measure re- yet, we would hope, and earnestly would specting the corn laws, immediately after we pray, to him who is the Author of the recess. The delinquencies of certain peace, and the lover of concord, that the Joint Stock Companies, implicating some sword maynot beunsheathed. Ifotherwise, members of the legislature itself, have this country ha at least the satisfaction been brought to the notice of the house of knowing that we are not sacrificing of commons by Mr. Waithman ; and a our blood and treasure to rivet on our committee has been appointed to examine fellow-creatures the chains of civil or into the charges against one of them, the religious despotism; but to support them Arigna Mining Company, with a pronsise in their just efforts to break the one, and from Mr. Canning, that a similar inqui- we trust eventually both. It may be sition shall be made in the case of any also, and every friend of humanity will others against which a presumption of earnestly implore our government to fraud equally strong can be made out. make it, one condition on which our aid The house certainly owes it to itself, and is granted, that this partial alarm of war to the country, not to shrink from the in Europe shall be the voice of peace to investigation; and, we are happy to ob- tens of thousands of injured Africans, by serve, that with a view to prevent in fu- our exacting from the Portuguese the ture that intrigue and unfair influence total abolition of that demoniacal traffic which have been too often effectually in blood, a fearful portion of which they exerted in the committee on private bills, have hitherto so obstinately maintained. a project is before the house for creating Having adverted to this subject, we a committee of appeal, to examine into cannot omit to notice the noble and un

deviating hostility, which is manifested Africa, devastated by fratricide, exhibits by the founders of South-American In- nought but crimes. After these relics of dependence to slavery in all its forms. African tribes are transported hither, In an address to the legislature of Peru, what law or power can sanction a donow Bolivia, on their assembling a few minion over these victims? The act of months ago to form a constitution, that transmitting, proroguing, and perpetuatdistinguished patriot Bolivar thus ex- ing this crime with its admixture of expressed himself on that subject.

ecutions, forms the most shocking out“ I have left untouched that law of rage. A principle of possession, founded laws-equality, without which all other on the most serious delinquency, could guarantees perish, as well as all other not be conceived without overturning rights. To her we are bound to make and upsetting all the elements of right, sacrifices. I have laid prostrate at ber and without a perversion of the most feet the infamous state of slavery. absolute notions of duty. Nothing can

“Legislators,—slavery is the infringe- break asunder the sacred dogma of equament of all laws. A law having a ten- lity; and is slavery to exist where equadency to preserve slavery would be the lity reigns? Such contradictions would grossest sacrilege. What right can be rather impugn our reason than our jusalleged in favour of its continuance? In tice. We should then be deemed insane whatever view this crime is considered, rather than usurpers. If there existed I am persuaded that there is not a single no God, no protector of innocence and Bolivian in existence so depraved as to justice, the fate of a generous lion, reignpretend that such a signal violation of ing in deserts and woods, would be prethe dignity of man can be legalized. ferable to that of a captive in the service Man to be possessed by his fellow-man of an infamous tyrant, who, as an accom-man to be made a property of! The plice of his crimes, provokes the wrath image of the Deity to be put under the of Heaven. But no—God has intended yoke! Let these usurpers of man shew man for liberty! He protects him that us their title-deeds? The Coast of he may exercise the heavenly gift of Guinea has not sent them to us; for freedom."

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. JAMAICENSIS; D. M. P; Laicus ; D. D; R. P. B ; W., and R. L. will appear. CLERICUS; IMPULSUS; R. F; and W. H. M; are under consideration. Mistis will see that we have not forgotton his communications. L. L. T. had better tender his paper to some American publication. The paper on

which he remarks is wholly unknown to us. J. W. N. says, that in our review of Bishop Hobart's last work, we were led into a very

great mistake respecting the Christian Knowledge Society's Bible. On turning to the passage (Ezekiel xviii. 31), to examine the truth of our allegation that the editors have changed W. Lowth's term “regeneration” to “reformation,” he finds, to his surprise, the very term " regeneration," and not “reformation," subscribed W. Lowth. His edition, he adds, is that of 1818. We can only repeat, our statement, that in our edition (that of 1817), and also in Bishop Hobart's reprint, dated 1818–1820, the alteration is as we have mentioned. The circumstance was pointed out in our volume for 1817, in proof of the unfair liberties which the editors had in some places taken with the text of their authors; and as the discovery excited at the time considerable surprise and warm remonstrances, the editors may probably have thought it expedient to restore the author's own reading in the later editions. We should be happy to learn that they have acted in a similar manner throughout the work, wherever alterations occur which affect controverted points of doctrine. The members of the Society ought indeed to require a pledge from them, that they have done so, or will do so. The public must depend entirely upon the honourable feeling of the editors in this respect; for as the quotations are detached, and without any reference to page or volume, and rarige through a vast number of authors, it would require the labour of many years to collate them. It does not appear to us to be the most dignified course to correct here and there a false reading which hap. pens to be detected and animadverted upon, if others are suffered to remain so long as they continue undiscovered. If any passage do not express the opinion of the editors, they are at liberty to reject it; but they are not justified in mutilating it,

and then subscribing it with the name of the author. In this remark we speak, we are sure, the sentiment of the great majority of the warmest friends of the Society, and of no individual more than of the late highly venerated Secretary. We would urge the re-consideration of this subject upon the members of the Society, especially as a sub-committee of revision is actively engaged in the reformation of the Society's list of publications. We have already expressed our belief, that the great majority of alterations do not go beyond the limitations laid down by the editors themselves, in their preface; being introduced, as they state," for the sake of perspicuity and compression.” The number in which points of controverted doctrine are involved, is probably not great ; the editors having of course selected authors whose statements they generally approved ; but be they many or few,

they destroy all confidence in the extracts as vouchers in citing authorities. As we have been induced thus far again to enter upon the subject, it may perhaps

interest many of our readers to lay before them a specimen of actual collation, which we presume may be considered as an average exemplification of the corrections of the editors. In the annotations on the first three chapters of the First Book of the Kings, occur various extracts from Bishop Hall's Contemplations, which we shall range side by side with the original passages. It is but justice to say, that the alterations in them are within the limits prescribed to themselves by the editors. If other alterations of doctrinal importance occur to any of our correspondents, we shall be willing to specify them. Bishop Mant and Dr. D'Oyley.

Bishop Hall's Contemplations. “ Neither was the man, by whom God sent “ Neither was the man, by whom God to David that message of assurance, that his had sent that errand of grace to David conson Solomon should reign and prosper: yet cerning Solomon, assuring him both to reign now, when Adonijah’s plot was on foot, and prosper : yet now, when Adonijah's he did not sit still and depend upon the plot was thus on foot, he doth not sit still issue of God's decree, but bestirred him- and depend upon the issue of God's deself in the business, and consulted with cree; but he bestirs him in the business, Bathsheba, how at once to save their lives, and consults with Bathsheba, how at once and defeat Adonijah and advance Solomon. to save their lives and to advance SoloIf we would not have God wanting to us, mon and defeat Adonijah. (Here sir followwe must not be wanting to ourselves.” ing lines are unnoticed by the commenta

tors.] If we would not have God wanting to us, we must not be wanting to our

selves." “ Many good counsels had David given Many good counsels had David given to his heir: now, he sums them up at the his heir: now he sums them up in his end. end. Dying words are wont to be the Dying words are wont to be weightiest. weightiest: the soul, when it is entering The soul, when it is entering into glory into glory breathes nothing but divine.” breathes nothing but divine.”

“ The best legacy that David leaves to “ The best legacy that David bequeathes his heir, is the care of piety; himself had to his heir, is the care of piety; himself found the sweetness of a good conscience; had found the sweetness of a good conand now he commends it to his successor. science, and now he commends it to his Here was the father of a king, charging successor. [Here follows a sentence of the king his son, to keep the statutes of three lines, not noticed by the editors. ] the King of kings; as one who knew that Here was the father of a king charging greatness could neither exempt from obe- the king's son to keep the statutes of dience, nor privilege sin; as one who the King of kings; as one that knew knew, that the least deviation from the greatness could neither exempt from greatest and highest career is more perceived, obedience, nor privilege sin; as one that and therefore most dangerous. Thus, he knew the least deviation in the greatest charges his son not to look for any pros- and highest orb, is both most sensible and perity save only from well-doing. That

most dangerous. Neither would he have his happiness is built upon sand, which is son to look for any prosperity, save only raised upon any foundation besides virtue. from well-doing. That happiness is built If Solomon, when old, had well remembered upon sand, or ice, which is raised upon the counsels of David, he would not have any foundation besides virtue. If Solomon so foully miscarried.”

was wise, David was good; and if old Solomon had well remembered the counsel of

old David, he had not so foully miscarried." “ Joab now takes sanctuary in the taber- “ Who (Joab) takes sanctuary in the nacle of God, and places all his hopes of de- tabernacle of God, all his hope of defence is fence in the horns of the altar. If he had in the horns of the altar. Fond Joab, formerly sought for counsel from the taber

hadst thou formerly sought for counsel from nacle, he would not now have needed to fly the tabernacle, thou hadst not now needed to it for refuge. If his devotions had not to seek to it for refuge ; if thy devotions been wanting to that altar, he would not had not been wanting to that altar, thou have needed it for a shelter. It is the hadst not needed it for a shelter. It is the fashion of our foolish presumption to look fashion of our foolish presumption to look for protection, where we have not cared for protection, where we have not cared to to yield obedience.”

yield obedience.” • If this act of Shimei's was small, yet “ If the act be small, yet the circumthe circumstances were deadly: the com- stances are deadly; the commands of

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