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The committee next direct the SWITZERLAND.-On his arrival attention of the members to their at Basle, Mr. Banga made it his foreign operations.
object to procure information, by Commencing with the Nether- correspondence and verbal comLANDS, they report, that the Rev. A. munication, respecting the state of S. Thelwall has continued, as far as the Jews in France, Switzerland, his health would permit, to labour at and Germany, that he might form Amsterdam, assisted by Mr. Stock- his plan for future proceedings. feld and Mr. Chevalier. In the The Jews of Alsace, and in the midst of a manifest decline of Jewish greatest part of the south of Gerprejudice and superstition, Mr. Thel- many, he describes as quite of the wall laments the prevalence of a old school, strict Talmudists, ignogeneral unconcern on the subject of rant, superstitious, and bigoted. At religion, especially in the large towns. Basle the Jews have established a The few who are seeking the truth well-organized school, which is atare afraid of the rest, and conceal tended by some pupils who come their sentiments. In the Nether- from a distance. lands, the deplorable ignorance in At Ibenhausen, Mr. Banga found which the great mass of the Jews a considerable Jewish population. are sunk presents a formidable bar- Into their school the improved rier to any efforts for their instruc- system of instruction had been intion in Christianity. The most en- troduced. He visited it, and found couraging circumstance, amongst sixty-six children. He also paid the Jews in Holland, according to a visit to Berne, where attention Mr. Thelwall's statement, is, that has been excited in favour of the though the instances of conversion are Jewish cause. At Strasburg be few, they are very decided and sub- had many opportunities of conversstantial. He speaks with the greatest ing with the Jews. The majority delight of the Christian intercourse were much disposed to gainsay and which he is able to maintain with resist; but some few seemed better six individuals in one family, whose inclined. Christian deportment is exemplary, From Frankfort the committee Besides this family, Mr. Thelwall have not any thing interesting to has become acquainted with four communicate. The progress of the or five Jewish individuals in humbler society established in that place situations, who give evidence, as far seems to have been suspended, by as man can judge, of a real conver- the increasing difficulty of finding sion to Christianity. He states also, employment and support for such that in a little town in one of the Israelites as are desirous of professprovinces, two Jewish families, con- ing Christianity.
This difficulty, sisting of eighteen persons, have the committee hope, will, in some lately been baptized.
measure at least, be overcome, when Mr. Stockfeld represents the re- the institution of the pious Count sult of his experience during eight Von der Recke, at Dusselthal, shall months' missionary tour to be, his have attained a greater maturity. conviction of the necessity of great The committee have conscientiously patience and perseverance in visit. adhered to that rule of the society ing the same places and persons which requires them to abstain from again and again, to revive the im- giving temporal relief to Jews, and pressions which may have been made, are as firmly as ever convinced of and to answer the objections of in- its propriety as it respects an instiquirers, and thinks it best, therefore, tution whose chief object is to sees to have a confined sphere of labour. their spiritual welfare. While, howHe has also learned not to place too ever, they retain this conviction, much dependence on first appear- they rejoice in witnessing the at
tempts of others to supply this lack of service to the house of Israel. The the attributes of the Divine Being, committee are satisfied that the dif- and the Moral Law, the substance of ficulties with which professing con- which is love to God and to our verts from amongst the Jews have neighbour? Do not these doctrines to contend are exceedingly great, form the fundamental part of Chrisand deserve the sympathy and as- tianity? Yet, as in Berlin, we have sistance of Christians.
not been permitted thus to advance Mr. Golberg is still stationed at gradually to Christianity ; we have Dresden, and employed in the edu- here also to struggle against a similar cation of Jewish children. Mr. opposition. We are not even allowed Smith has been engaged in travel to transfer the celebration of the ling in different parts of Germany Sabbath to the Sunday. Suppose and Prussia during the past year, we are not yet prepared to subscribe and has had many opportunities of to all the dogmas of the Christian conversing with Jews, and of distri- religion, does it follow that our buting Testaments and tracts. He children will not receive them? We mentions the baptism of a whole have had it in contemplation to infamily of Jews, in respectable cir- stitute among ourselves a Bible Socumstances, at Breig. He also states, ciety, to give the Bible, in the Gerthat an important improvement had man language gratuitously to poor taken place amongst them in that Jews; for the word of God is the place, in the education of their true engine to overthrow the docchildren. In addition to the obstacle trines of the rabbies. And we are opposed by the superstitions of pro- desirous to form a Bible Society, if fessed Christians to the conversion of the British and Foreign Bible Sothe Jews, Mr. Smith has found their ciety will assist us with a grant.'" impiety also producing the same la- The committee next direct their mentable effect.
attention to Prussia. His Prussian Mr. Petri, a converted Jew em- Majesty continues efficiently to paployed under the care of the Det- tronize the society established in mold Society, has continued his Berlin for the promotion of Christilabours amongst his brethren with anity amongst the Jews. All letters unremitted activity. His journal and parcels connected with the cause affords an additional proof of the pass by his command free of expense gradual diminution of prejudice throughout his dominions; and he amongst the Jews towards Christi- has ordained, that all candidates for anity, and of their readiness to con- the ministry shall be well instructed verse with those who come testify- in Hebrew, to qualify them to be ing that Jesus is the Christ. In missionaries to the Jews in their the course of his journey, he met respective parishes. The committee with several Jewish rabbies, who learn from Professor Tholuck, that were favourably disposed towards the Berlin Society has received, Christianity.
during the past year, some valuable At Hamburg, Mr. Petri was in- new members, and that their income troduced to some of the "reformed” has not decreased. A second misor deistical Jews. He says ;—"I sionary is about to co-operate with have at length been introduced to Mr. Hændes, who has been received the minister of the temple, who by the Jews with great cordiality. remarked, “It is objected that we In Strzellno, the magistrate sent a preach only the doctrines of natural paper among the Jews of the place, religion. But if the Jews, from their to ask them whether they would adherence to dead forms, and to permit the missionary to preach to rabbinical superstitions, are to be them in their synagogue; and if they led back to the purer doctrines of did, to write their names. All the the Prophets, how can that be better Jews of the place, without excepeffected than by preaching to them tion, signed the paper; and the Christian missionary, in his clerical and great prudence and patience are robes, delivered to them a sermon requisite in carrying on the work. of one hour and a half in the syna. These difficulties arise, partly from gogue, from the place where they the worldly-mindedness and infideare accustomed to read the law. lity ofthe Jews themselves, and partly Above one hundred persons of the from the wickedness of many of the Jewish persuasion were last year professed Christians by whom they baptized in Berlin. Of the piety of are surrounded. But notwithstandmany of these converts Professor ing this general indifference, some Tholuck entertains a good hope. interesting discussions have been The committee have resolved to held with individuals, and some employ two converted Israelites as books have been silently dispersed. missionaries, on probation for a year, The society at Malta have been to their brethren.
engaged in carrying on their work In Poland, the missionaries have of inquiry and research respecting continued their exertions with pa- the Jews on the Mediterranean, and tience and zeal. From the govern- in the translation and circulation of ment they have received authority tracts for their use. The society and protection, in pursuing their doubt not much useful information missionary labours amongst the respecting the Jews in Turkey and Jews; and in some instances, those Africa will be elicited. labours, it is hoped, have not been In Palestine and SYRIA the comin vain. They have conversed with mittee regret, that they have little many Jews, and distributed a con- to report but what may call forth siderable number of books. Mr. the sympathising tears of Christians. M'Caul has made known to the The united efforts of the Popish and committee his deep impression of Mohammedan powers are still dithe want of a translation of the Old rected against those who desire to Testament in the Judeo-Polish; carry the light of truth into these and the committee have consent- regions of spiritual darkness. ed to his proposal to undertake this Mr. Wolf_had journeyed from translation, with the help of some Palestine to Persia, to seek out his intelligent natives, and he has since brethren in that land. He had been employed in carrying it on.- been every where received by the The committee pay a grateful tri- British residents with the greatest bute to the memory of the deceased hospitality. At various places be Emperor of Russia. Not long be- preached to the Jews, and distrifore his death, he had established a buted tracts amongst them. Ai committee in Poland, for the pur- Bushire, he was the means of expose of advancing the moral and citing considerable interest amongst civil improvement of the Jews. And the Europeans on the subject of as a proof that his desire for their education, which led to a determspiritual welfare was unabated, one nation to establish schools, on the of his last acts in Poland was, to plan of mutual instruction, for the renew his sanction of the society's Armenian, Persian, and Jewish missions to the Jews in that country. children.--At Constantinople there Nothing had occurred to make the is a considerable commotion amongst committee fear any interruption to the Jews. A society has been formthe support which has hitherto been ed, consisting of 200 individuals, afforded by the Russian government. some of them Jews of consequence,
From the missionaries, employed who are discontented with the tramon the shores of the MEDITERRA- mels of superstition in which they NEAN, various communications have are held by their rabbies. Great been received. Difficulties of a formi- alarm has been taken by the latter, dable kind are there opposed to the who were using all their influence labours of missionaries to the Jews, to reclaim the malcontents, but without effect. Whether the reading dras respecting the progress of the of the New Testament was the cause Jewish schools under the care of of this difference, Mr. Leeves had Mr. Michael Sargon, have been .not then been able to ascertain ; but satisfactory. It is, however, the that the rabbies considered it to be earnest desire of the committee, so, appears from their having issued that a qualified English clergyman new orders, and used new efforts, to should be sent out to co-operate prevent its circulation and perusal. with him in that field of labour. Mr. Leeves adds, that fifty-two co- The American missionaries in that pies of the Hebrew Bible, contain- neighbourhood have 115 Jews in ing the Old and New Testaments their schools, and ten Jewish teachbound together, had been very ers in their employment. lately sold at the magazine of the The committee however, in conBible Society. Mr. Wolf, on his clusion, repeat what they have often arrival at the Turkish metropolis, declared, that they do not consider found that several Jews on whom success as the criterion of their duty, he had made an impression at Je- or as the
ground of their encouragerusalem, had come to Constanti- ment. The command of Christ is nople, and bad increased the inquire their rule, and the promises of Jeing spirit already awakened there, hovah to his ancient people are their and that parties of them now meet unfailing encouragement. In humble privately together, to read and study obedience to the one, and in firm the New Testament.
reliance on the other, they are reIndia.—The accounts from the solved, by the grace of God, to percorresponding committee at Ma- severe in their work.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. In the last Report, the society justly continues to enjoy the undiminished congratulate its members and friends confidence of the public; and is upon the satisfactory progress of its steadily proceeding in the discharge affairs during the year. The re- of its first great duty, the distribuceipts have amounted to 65,3141. tion of religious books. To prove being an increase of 29271. upon the itself not unworthy of this confidence sum received during the last year. and liberality, and to meet the inThe whole number of books and creased exertions of its supporters tracts delivered from the society's by increasing facilities and accomstores amounted to 1,490,691.- modation, the Report adds, is the The distribution of Bibles, Testa. task which now presses itself most ments, and Books of Common Prayer immediately upon the society's athas considerably exceeded even the tention. The first and principal large issues of the preceding year. measure resorted to during the last In 1824, the Bibles distributed year, in discharge of this duty, has amounted to 50,402; in 1825, to been the adoption of a new set of 68,008. In 1824, the Testaments rules for district committees. The and Psalters distributed amounted demand of a third of all money colto 68,652; in 1825, to 83,556.- lected for district purposes is reIn 1824, the Books of Common Pray- linquished; and committees may er distributed amounted to 133,459; dispose of books to local subscribers, in 1825, to 165,152. A portion of or to any other person, upon such this large increase, namely, 8,384 terms as may be deemed expedient Bibles, and 24,748 Books of Com- by each committee, provided they mon Prayer, has been produced by account to the society for the difthe late excellent measures for sup- ference between the members' price plying the religious wants of the and the cost price of all books so army. This statement, the Report disposed of. By this arrangement observes, will shew, that the society the controul of the local funds of each district is left to the discretion Bible, Discourses of our Saviour, of those by whose exertions and li- Parables of our Blessed Saviour, Miberality the funds have been obtain- racles of our Saviour, &c. ed. These regulations having refe. Fourteen new committees have rence simply to the benefit of those been established since the last Redistricts in which committees are port. Two of these are for the paestablished, and none whatever to rishes of Lambeth and of St. Martin'sthe increase of the society's means, in-the-Fields; the others are for it is hoped, that all district com- Tandridge, Bedminster, Swansea, mittees, while they avail themselves Cardiff, Carmarthen, Rugeley, and of the advantages thus offered to a committee for the Highlands of them, will keep in view the impor. Scotland, Foreign committees have tant object of contributing to the been formed in New South Wales general funds of the parent society, and at Van Dieman's Land, in the and thereby enabling it to assist diocese of Calcutta; at Honduras, poorer districts at home, and to in the diocese of Jamaica; and at maintain and extend its operations Montserrat, Nevis, and Trinidad, in abroad.
the diocese of Barbados. An alteration has also been in- The especial attention of the sotroduced in the rule which respects ciety has been directed to its affairs pecuniary collections made by cler- in the East. A despatch had been gymen for the use of their parishes. received from the late lamented For the future, books may be pur- Bishop of Calcutta, in which his chased to the whole amount of the lordship took a detailed view of the collections at cost prices, either from operations of the society in his diothe society in London, or from any cese, and offered many judicious of its district committees. An ar. suggestions for its future managerangement, upon the same principle, ment. Valuable information bas has been adopted with respect to also been received from the Rev. foreign committees. Another step Dr. Barnes, late Archdeacon of which has been taken by the society, Bombay, who has returned to this in order to promote an increased country after an absence of eleven distribution of its books, is, a reduc- years, during which he has been the tion in their price, amounting, on the constant promoter of the society's average, to five per cent. The last interests. The society's last Report measure designed to further the ob- acquainted its members with the jects of the society, is the revision transfer of the missions in southern of its religious books and tracts. India, to the Society for the ProThe nature of the task forbids pre- pagation of the Gospel in Foreign cipitation, and its completion will Parts. Committees of this last sonot be effected for a considerable ciety have been formed at Calcutta, period of time. But the society Bombay, and Ceylon, under the pledges itself to persevere until the patronage of the Bishop; and his whole of the works on its catalogue lordship announced his intention of have been carefully examined. forming a similar committee at Ma
The tracts admitted upon the so- dras. ciety's catalogue during the year At Calcutta, Bishop's College is are, Bishop Blomfield's Family beginning to attract that attention, Prayers, Rev. G. Davy's Village and to fulfil those purposes which Conversations, Rev. E. Berens' Ad- were anticipated by Bishop Middlevice to Married Persons, also to Ser- ton. It is in full operation, containvants, and Reflections on Confirma- ing eleven pupils of promising chation; with several tracts in Spanish racter, pursuing their various studies and English, some in French, and in every branch of eastern learning. some in Welch,—such as Ostervald's The printing-press was regularly at Abridgment of the History of the work for the supply of missionaries,