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ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. This truly philanthropic society, effected. And yet, without the ef. with a view to forward its great ob- forts of abolitionists, and the loud jects of Christian mercy, has for and concurrent expression of public some time published, and widely feeling which these have called forth, circulated, a highly interesting can any man believe that we should monthly paper, entitled “ The Anti- have obtained the solemn resoluSlavery Reporter," to some of the tions of the legislature as to the exleading matters in various numbers Pediency of abolishing slavery; or of which we have already adverted that a single step would have been We shall take the present oppor- taken to that end? And even suptunity of laying before our readers posing such resolutions to have been a few particulars from some of the passed, what weight would they, or latter numbers, omitting those al- the speeches which might accomready noticed in our pages. We pany them in parliament, have had trust that no small number of our in the West Indies, unbacked by readers will be anxious to obtain the awakened feeling, and the firm the papers themselves, which, with and conscientious determination of all other publications of the society, the country at large?” may be had at their office, 18, Al. The Jamaica Gazette quotes a letter dermanbury; at Messrs. Hatchard's, from a member of parliament, in 187, Piccadilly; at Arch's, Corn- which hegives his West-Indianfriends hill; or through any bookseller; or the following important information: at the depôts of the Anti-Slavery “Ienclose three newspapers containSociety throughout the kingdom. ing the reports of the debates in the
The following are extracts from House of Commons, on Mr. Buxthese papers :
ton's presenting the petition of the “Of the 674 petitions presented city of London for the abolition of to the House of Commons, 376 have slavery, and on Mr. Denman's rebeen printed in the Appendix to solutions respecting the trials of the the Votes of that House. A very rebel Negroes in Jamaica-and in cursory inspection of them will the House of Lords, on the reprove, that on no occasion have so ference to them of the resolumany petitions, relating to one sub- tions of the Commons of 1823. ject, and uniting in the same general in the whole course of these deprayer, manifested so clearly that bates, there is not one person who they spoke the unprompted and did not admit the extinction of spontaneous feelings of the petition- slavery to be the whole object of ers, and that they were not servilely parliament and the country-an copied from any model. And, in object which they were determined point of fact, no such model was to accomplish, and that the only supplied.
difference was as to the means and “Mr. Canning objected to the time of its accomplishment. Noloud and concurrent expression of body ventured to contend that the the public voice on the subject of state of slavery ought to be mainslavery, and to the speeches and re- tained for ever. Even the Lord solutions which led to the petitions Chancellor, who spoke most strongly that have crowded the tables of both as to the due consideration for the houses of parliament, for this reason, rights of private property,' expressed among others, that the effect of his entire approbation of the resothem would be to make the obsti- lutions of the House of Commons, nacy of the colonists more obstinate; and his concurrence in the object and to excite determined resistance of putting an end to slavery. In a which must be overcome, before the word, this feeling has become so purposes of government could be universal throughout the country,
that any opposition to it would be really a profitable system ? In quite hopeless. The ministry are reply to this question, the society decommitted to the Trinidad Order monstrate thatit is quite the contrary, in Council; and the country are de- and is upheld only by bounties, protermined to have measures adopted tecting duties, and most impolitic in the colonies, which shall afford and unjust restrictions on trade. some certain means of putting an They add,“ While we continue end to slavery, though they may be these means of support, thus encontent to agree to their being couraging and rewarding the pergradual and slow in their operation. petuation and aggravation of slavery, They are also very much dissatisfied we make the crime our own, and with the colonial legislatures. They we set ourselves in direct opposition would, I believe, now have applauded to the beneficent designs of the any measure of rigour which the Almighty towards these his oppressgovernment might have been dis- ed creatures.” posed to adopt for enforcing the Of the nature of the regulations Trinidad regulations; and, if the which thus prevent the interchange assemblies should not adopt them of commodities, in direct opposition all (or with few or unimportant ex- to the general interests of mankind, ceptions), the country and the par- and especially to those of our own liament will drive the government population, we may form some idea to some strong measures of coercion. from the following facts:Seeing how violently and how ra- 1. For the express purpose of pidly the torrent of public feeling supporting slavery, we charge a is running, I am convinced the only protecting duty of 10s. per cwt. on chance of preserving the independ. all sugar, and of 28s. per cwt. on all ence of the colonial legislatures is by coffee, imported from our Indian the adoption of the regulations which dominions, and thus force our manuare about to be sent out in their facturers, for the sake of supplying next session."
a miserable allowance of clothing But notwithstanding these auspi- to 700,000 slaves in the West Incious anticipations, the Anti-Slavery dies, to forego the supply of eighty Society remind their readers, that, or a hundred millions of people in even if our prospects of effectual India. 2. Instead of encouraging reformation were much more flatter- that competition of free labour, ing than they are, we ought to bear which would as effectually destroy in mind that not one step has been the trade in slaves for the cultivation taken, nor has any thing specific of sugar, as it has already done for been proposed, by the government that of indigo, and thus remove the for putting a final date, however great barrier to our intercourse with distant, to slavery in the British 70,000,000 of people on the conticoloniés. For any thing which is nent of Africa, we prohibit
, by extrayet in progress, or even distinctly vagant duties, the importation of and seriously propounded, slavery any sugars grown there, and we may continue to pollute the national charge an extra duty of 28s. per character for a century, or even for cwt. on all coffee produced in the two centuries to come.
colony of Sierra Leone, which by Interest is a more powerful mo- discouraging cultivation must retard tive with multitudes than justice the progress of civilization also. and humanity; and therefore, whilst 3. A bounty was long paid on the any considerable number of persons exportation of refined sugar, the conceive a particular system to be effect of which was, to raise the profitable to them, it is not likely, price of all sugar in the British without much opposition, to be re- market6s. per cwt. equal to linquished, because it is unjust. Is 1,200,0001. per annum, At the then the system of colonial slavery close of the last session, this bounty was reduced about one half. Now moral or religious feelings of the it is clear, that the effect of this lower classes : in short, that we are bounty is not to increase our trade precisely in the same state his lordbut to lessen it ; to make sugar dear ship left us, except, as one of our to the people of England, and cheap correspondents has lately suggested, to the people of the continent. considerably worse, no doubt, from
Let us then think of our own the combined inroads of time and share in the guilt of upholding this negligence." system. Let us bring the matter Considerable discussions have seriously home to ourselves, and taken place in various newspapers, determine to do our own duty. And on the subject of Negro Slavery, if we fail, by all our exertions, to the chief results of which are given obtain any national act for the ex- in the Reporter. We copy one tinction of slavery, there is surely passage. no reason why we, as individuals, “ I think it necessary to produce should continue participators in the one more witness; I mean, Major crime. By their individual exertions Moody. The Major tells us, that the friends of humanity may still do he has profoundly studied this quesmuch ; and if they can do nothing tion. He had a full opportunity of else, they may, at least, more gene- understanding all its moral and phyrally than they yet have done, en- sical relations during the years he courage the consumption of the had the task assigned him of
coproduce of free labour. Let asso- ercing the steady labour' of Mr. ciations also be multiplied in every Katz's 1,500 or 1,800 slaves. His part of the country for raising per. attachment to colonial interest's manent funds to promote Anti- cannot be disputed. He is deemed Slavery objects, and for encouraging by the colonists one of their ablest, the use of the produce of free labour. and most skilful, and most influen
The following extract from the tial advocates. And what is his Gazette of St. Vincents, of the 20th evidence ? It is this:- In the of May, 1826, contains an exposition West Indies, the climate renders of the actual progress of moral and agricultural labour more disagree religious culture in that island ; and able to the African than similar will be found, if the truth were told work is, in England, to the English in other places with equal frankness, labourer ;' therefore, the African to exhibit a faithful picture of its will not voluntarily exert himself, progress in every island from the to the same extent;' for wages. Bahamas to Trinidad, as far, at least, Hence the formation of a code of as the efforts of the planters in ge- laws, with a view to coerce the laneral, or of the local legislatures, bour of the Africans,' and hence are concerned.
“ We understand the necessity of this coerced labour that the lord Bishop has signified to the creation of wealth, and to his intention of paying this island steady and productive industry, a second visit in two or three weeks. which the Major enforces through We cannot imagine to ourselves the many a folio page ; for the free Nesurprise and disappointment that gro, he says, 'is almost invariably will be felt by his lordship on his found recoiling from the pain of arrival, to find that of the various steady labour in the sun.' Nay, measures of improvement, or addi-the Black and Indian races, whose tion to our clerical establishment constitutions are most adapted to suggested by him on his first visit, agricultural labour, recoil from it, not one has yet been carried into beyond that moderate degree of effect; no additional place of wor- exertion necessary to procure their ship provided ; no school establish- subsistence.' In order to voluntary ment provided, or means devised for industry, the Negro, he tells us, giving additional impulse to the must not only encounter the pain
of labour in the sun,' but must also way of compensating this pain, and "be able to resist firmly the seducing tempting him to labour; but for pleasure afforded by repose in the coercing him, and for placing him shade'-' the enjoyment sought for under the power of that effective and prized by all around them.' instrument, the cart-whip, which he
By what motive then,' he asks seems to hold to be indispensable, very feelingly, are these men to not only for the slave population, be withdrawn from the enjoyment but for all those African captives, of that pleasure of repose which has on whom repeated acts of the Bria value so much higher in the torrid tish Parliament have conferred freezone than in Europe? Any man,' dom. I am not now, however, conhe adds, may convince himself, sidering the justice and humanity that this enjoyment of repose is a of Major Moody's inferences, (his high pleasure, by honestly examining philosophy of labour,' as he calls his own inclination for any laborious it,) but merely the facts themselves: exertion in the open air, when the and what do they prove? Do they sun in Europe radiates a heat mea- prove that the slave population of sured by 80 degrees of the thermo- the West Indies are happy? Do meter.' It appears to Major Moody, they not prove the reverse ? The therefore, to be impossible to induce slaves, Major Moody give us to any free Negro, “to work eight understand, hate labour in a tropical hours in a day for another man, in sun, to such a degree, that wages return for ordinary wages, in a cannot bribe them to undertake it. country where the labourer could It is pain,' it is painful' thus to more easily obtain the same value labour. To do so is to do violence in subsistence, by working for him- to nature, which, in such a burning self only half an hour, or an hour, climate, intensely desires repose in or two hours.' In warm climates, the shade. And yet all the insti• where
repose is one of the most tutions of the West Indies, and parstrong desires of men,' to obtain, ticularly the driver with his cartwithout coercion,' the steady labour whip, and the overseer with his arof uncivilized men, he conceives bitrary power of thirty-nine lacerawill, in practice, be found to be tions, and confinement in the stocks, most difficult.' In short, he deems are skilfully framed, so as to comit vain to 'expect voluntary, steady, pel them to this painful labour by continuous, and moderate industry the means of a still more painful in the low lands of the torrid zone' infliction, the torture of the lash without coercion ; for, he adds, in well laid on, or the dread of that the torrid zone where steady labour experienced torture. They are forcin the sun is painful from the phy- ed, not by the sweetening influence sical influence of heat, time cannot of reward, or by any of the hopes altogether remove the pain felt, which elsewhere stimulate man to though it prepares the bodies of labour, but by the application of a some men to endure it. No dexte- superior degree of physical pain, to rity in the use of tools can diminish do that, steadily and continuously, the heat of the sun's rays, and, at which it is painful, according to the end of forty years, as at the end Major Moody, to do at all. To take of four months, the pleasure of re- the laws of Jamaica as a specimen pose in the shade is found to be of the rest - They authorise the most powerful in diminishing volun- master (see the law of 1816, sec. tary steady industry.'
20, 27) to compel, by brute force, “ These physical facts, however, this painful labour in the field, from are not produced by Major Moody five in the morning till seven in the as a reason for sparing the Negro evening of each day: I say, in the the agony of intense labour in the field; for these hours do not include sun ; or for giving him wages by the time consumed in the morning CHRIST. Observ. APP.
in going to that field, and in the tish fleet was sent only a few years evening in returning from it, nor since to lay the port of Algiers in the time consumed in procuring, ruins :—That England on that ocand bringing home grass for the casion justly resented the barbarous cattle, after the labour of the field practice adopted by the Algerines, is over : so that at least fifteen hours of converting their enemies taken in of painful labour in the day, with war into slaves, as an uncivilized the interval of two hours and a half modification of the right assumed by for meals, are regularly exacted by savages of putting the prisoners to the superior pain of the cart-whip, death :- That British subjects, born or the dread of it; and during four within the King's allegiance, and months of the year, namely, in crop- innocent of all crime, cannot be detime, four more hours must be added prived of their civil existence, and to this number, making in all nine- reduced to a state of slavery by any teen hours out of the twenty-four, power known to the constitution of extracted from beings to whom this country:—That such a power every such hour, according to Major necessarily supposes the annihilation Moody, is painful. And yet the of every principle on which the reslaves of Jamaica are happy !!!" ciprocal claims of allegiance and
The last Number of the Reporter protection are founded, and at once entitled “ Statistics of Slave Co- destroys the basis of the social comlonies,"contains twenty-four closely pact :- That such a power, if it printed pages, being an abstract of could exist, might reduce to slavery much important information recently all the born subjects of the King. laid before the House of Commons, as justly as any particular portion in the shape of Returns from the of them :-That while in Russia Slave Colonjes, relative to a va- civil death has been awarded as an riety of particulars; such as the appropriate punishment for high marriage of slaves, the separation treason, and in Algiers slavery is of families, the value of slaves, substituted for the savage right of their manumission, colonial pauper- taking the life of a captured enemy, ism, the general population, &c.- in the West-Indian dominions of the But important as are these matters, British Crown, unoffending aliens our limits oblige us, at least for the and unoffending British subjects are present, to pass them over. We deprived of their civil existence by cannot, however, refrain from copy- thousands, and hundreds of thouing the following passages from a sands, solely for the emolument of Petition presented to Parliament private individuals, who, for that from the Surrey Anti-Slavery So- purpose alone, by a monstrous and ciety, which is a model of force illegal usurpation, condemn thei and eloquence, and not more dis. fellow-subjects to a state of irreme tinguished by these qualities than diable slavery, and extend the dread by its truth and justice. It sets ful curse to their children, and their forth,
children's children:- That the clain “ That the population of our set up by the West-Indian slave West-Indian Colonies consists chief- masters, to their fellow-subjects, ly of Negroes, who are either un- and to helpless strangers, as their offending foreigners, carried thither property, rests on no better basis by force, or British subjects, born than the claim of robbers and re within the King's allegiance:—That ceivers to goods which they have these unoffending foreigners possess stolen, or purchased knowing them rights under the Law of Nations to be stolen :- That the crime of which England is bound to recog- depriving an innocent man, whether nize and uphold, as a civilized state, a foreigner or a British subject, of and for the violation of which, in the his civil existence, immeasurably persons of other foreigners, a Bri- exceeds any one of those descrip