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tions of theft for which the punish- tion of such measures as may be ment of death is usually awarded in necessary for the speedy attainment this country, as it includes them of that desirable object'; but at the all :- That it is one continued sys- same time they beg leave respecttem of daily and hourly robbery, fully to submit
, that there is one wresting from the miserable victim measure which, while it is unques, his natural liberty, his rights as a tionably safe, would also prove a man, as a husband, as a father; his most efficacious corrective of many rights as a British subject by the of the immediate evils of Colonial constitution of his country, or as an Slavery, and might be carried into innocent foreigner by the Law of effect without loss of time: the peNations:- That the crime is nothing titioners allude to the abrogation of less than that of robbing a human the bounties and protecting duties being of all his mental and moral sugar :-That these bounties energies, of keeping his mind in and protecting duties prevent sudarkness lest he should become ac- gar, now become one of the necesquainted with his rights, and of re- saries of life, from being imported ducing him for all civil purposes to from various parts of the world, at a the condition of a murdered man: price so much below the sugar from That the West-Indian Negro, though the West Indies, as to make a difborn to all the privileges of a British ference to the British public of one subject, is allowed no inheritance penny per pound, or about one milbut slavery; that if he attempts to lion and a half sterling on the agassert his just claims, he is consign- gregate annual consumption of the ed to the gallows or the stake as a people of Great Britain and Ireland : traitor, on the principle by which – That these protecting duties pirates put to death those who do have now been in force twelve years, not quietly submit to their injustice; many of them years of great distress and thus natural death is added to to the agriculturists and manufaccivil death, and judicial murder to turers of this country, during which robbery in its most complicated the West-Indian sugar-farmers have form, - to robbery momentarily re- received eighteen millions sterling peated through a life of terror, of for their sugars, over and above the scourgings, and of mental and bodily price at which sugars might have degradation. The petitioners beg been purchased in the markets of leave to observe that these are no England if the West-Indian planter fancied horrors, but positive and had not been protected from the admitted facts, and that they are effects of fair competition :-That it here speaking of the sufferings of in- is from the forced and unremitted nocent aliens, whose privileges are cultivation of sugar in the comconsecrated by that Law of Nations paratively inferior and exhausted which England has shed her bravest soils of the British West-Indian blood to maintain, and of British Islands, excited by the hope of high subjects born in the King's alle- profits, that the sufferings of the giance, whose rights have the same Negroes chiefly arise, and that upon foundation and are as inalienable the shewing of the planters them. as those of every Member of the selves, this forced cultivation is solely House :-That the petitioners, re- kept up by the artificial stimulus garding the slavery of their fellow- of bounties and protecting duties, subjects in the West Indies as an which impede the commerce of Great outrage upon all justice, and sensi Britain, and operate as an oppressive ble of the duty of putting an end. tax on the public:- That when the with as little delay as possible, to a exhaustion of the soils, and the ruinsystem which is pregnant with such ous and expensive system of slave complicated evils, confide in the cultivation and non-residence, prewisdom of the House for the adop- vent the importation of sugars from the West-Indian Islands at the price sovereign of the attributes of his for which they could be obtained crown, and annihilate the civil exfrom various parts of the world, the istence of a portion of his people, petitioners humbly conceive that equal in number to the population the West-Indian planters have no of a principality; on behalf of the just claim to bounties and protect- consistency and the credit of the ing duties to enable them to con- nation, whose cannon so recently tinue an improvident speculation :- swept the ramparts of Algiers, and That the petitioners humbly submit, dealt death to thousands on the that the bounties and protecting African shore, that a barbarous duties on sugar, for the benefit of people might be compelled to aba comparatively few individuals, who stain in future from reducing into hold their fellow subjects in slavery, slaves, not the subjects of this ought not, in justice to the agricul- country merely, but those of all tural and manufacturing interests of other European powers, and to act this country, to be continued:- on principles of which Britain is the That, next to British farming pro- public champion, and of which her duce, sugar is the chief article of West-Indian slave-owners are as domestic consumption, and ranks publicly the unpunished and daily among the necessaries of life:- violators; on behalf of the suffering That the effect of abrogating the manufacturers of England, whose bounties and protecting duties on trade with nearly the whole of sugar would be, to transfer the cul- South America, with Mexico, with tivation of that article to the East Hayti, with China, with New HolIndies, and other places where it can land, and, above all, with India and be produced by the free labour of her one hundred millions of inhabinative farmers, and at little expense: tants, is checked and stunted in its
– That this transfer would tend to growth, because protecting duties increase the growth of the proper and bounties prevent_those counfood of the Negro-British subject in tries from sending to England their the West Indies, diminish his fa- sugars in exchange for the products tigues, his privations, and his suffer- of British industry, and this in order ings; and, by rapidly increasing the that the slave cultivation of the Black population, would so reduce West Indies may be exclusively the price of slaves, and facilitate encouraged; on behalf of every manumissions, that the slave system virtue, and of every interest that is would gradually become extinct, dear to Englishmen, the petitioners without violence or commotion :- implore the House to take into their That the petitioners therefore, on earliest consideration the repeal or behalf of the thousands of innocent the protecting duties and bounties foreigners, and of hundreds of thou. granted to the cultivators of sugar sands of their fellow-subjects, forci- by slave labour,--that, whatever bly held in slavery ; on behalf of the difficulties the slave question may people of England, whose rights present under other aspects, the and liberties are invaded in the people of England may at least be persons of innocent Englishmen, delivered from the bitter consciousdenied that justice which ought to ness of maintaining by oppressive be extended with rigid impartiality and unnecessary premiums, a systo the powerful and to the helpless, tem of iniquity, degrading to the to the Black Colonist as to the national character ; criminal beyond White; on behalf of the King, nearly all other modes of robbery and rioseven hundred thousand of whose lence; subversive of every legal and natural-born subjects are wrested every constitutional principle, and from the guardianship of his pro- equally at variance with the dictecting hand, within his own do- tates of sound policy, humanity, minions, by those who strip their and justice."
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY, The board of managers of the Ameri- busily engaged in finishing and imcan Colonization Society state, that, proving their dwellingsand property. from the dispatches received from Mechanics receive two dollars per the colony at Liberia, bearing date day ; labourers from three quarters 23 January 1826, it appeared that of a dollar to a dollar and a quarter, there was a degree of prosperity and with constant employment. The security in that establishment which, whole prospect is animating to the with all their expectations, the residents, and imposing to the nufriends of African colonization could merous foreigners who resort to scarcely have been led to hope. In Monrovia. A vessel of ten tons, all the internal concerns and foreign called the St. Paul, admirably fitted relations of the colony, there was for the coasting trade and for proevery evidence of growing prospe- curing supplies, has been built by rity, strength, and security. The one of the colonists, according to health of the colonists is as good as the plan and under the direction of that of any community. Since June the agent : several other boats be1825, to the date of the dispatches, long to the establishment. there have occurred five deaths; Stockton has been rebuilt, so as to three adults and two children. After be one of the most conspicuous obacclimation, the Coloured emigrants jects on the Cape ; and, with some acquire a perfect vigour of constitu- other fortifications, renders the town tion, accommodation to the African perfectly secure against any foe. climate, and ability to support every Two well-disciplined companies, one hardship which ordinary life or con- of infantry, the other of artillery, tingencies may impose.
present an active force, ready for The colonists are under the in- any service, at a moment's warning. Auence of a mild, but energetic, go. The emigrants from Boston have vernment-one which is a terror to been received as “ brothers and evil-doers, and a protection to the sisters." good. As the settlement has in- To the American public, to the creased in population, commerce, state and national legislatures, to and wealth, the moral character the free People of Colour who may has advanced; the intelligence and desire to emigrate, the board of mavirtue of the people evincing their nagers declare, that a peaceful, capacity for self-government. The healthful, prosperous community has arrangements now making for the been founded at Monrovia : and settlement of families on farms, pro- was, in January, the date of these mise that agriculture will keep pace advices, in most flourishing cirwith commerce; and these two great cumstances : and they therefore, sources of support and wealth are with renewed confidence, declare now in such happy operation at their object worthy of the continued Monrovia, as to ensure the adequacy patronage of a generous Christian of the colony to its own mainte- people, and of its wise and patriotic nance, in its present condition. The legislators. trade in rice, coffee, camwood, and In consequence of a piratical act, ivory, is already considerable; and committed on a British merchantis so regulated as to inspire the con- vessel, in Liberia Bay, and within the fidence of the natives in the liberal Society's jurisdiction, by a Spanish and fair dealings of the colonists. slave-trader, it became necessary for
During the past year, two churches the agent at Monrovia to interfere, have been built. Five schools are and destroy three slave-factories in active operation, besides Sunday within ten miles of the town. In doing schools: the children, emigrant and this, 116 miserable victims were resnative--the latter sixty in number- cued from slavery; and are now comare well instructed. The adults are fortably clothed, fed, and in progress of education, at Monrovia. The with a fine fertile territory, enjoying circumstances have been minutely the respect and confidence of the nadetailed to the Government; and tives, with a government in systematic the report to the Board assures operation, with a military force comthem of the judicious, firm, and petent to its perfect protection, with a proper course of the agent. The commerce steadily improving, with neighbouring tribes have congratu. Christian and civil institutions of the lated the colonists on their energetic purest character, affixing the seal of measures ; and, in the language of performance to the promises, and of the agent, “ between Cape Mount reality to the hopes, of the friends of and Trade Town, comprehending a colonization-speaks to the people of line of 140 miles, not a slaver now this enlightened country with an emdares to attempt his guilty traffic.” phasis which, it is hoped, will not be
“ A settlement," say the manag- lost on the patriot and statesman." ers, “ thus formed on the African Morerecent dispatches are equally coast, on a most salubrious spot favourable in their statements.
SOUTH-AFRICAN MISSIONS. We have frequently adverted to the Caffre woman, informed us, that benefits conferred on the natives of she had first been brought to the South Africa by the missionary knowledge of religion by some of institutions of the London Mis- the Bethelsdorp Hottentots, who sionary Society. The following occasionally visited the place, by communication affords an addi- whom also she had been taught to tional illustration.
read the Bible in Dutch; and that “ While travelling in company she had also since resided at interwith the missionary, we walked, vals, for a few weeks at that station, rather late in the evening, on a wild for the benefit of instruction.and sequestered spot, about thirty When she first heard something of miles from Bethelsdorp, near the religion, she thought it was all foolcottage of an old slave, who had, ishness; but, seeing people pray and for some years, been a sincere con- in tears, while they confessed themvert to Christianity, and entrusted selves to be sinners, and asked parby his master with the entire charge don of God, she began to think herof a farm. While seated by a fire self no better than they, and was inunder the shelter of a few bushes, duced to seek for information on the with a fine starry sky over head, subject. At length, finding that she and every thing calm and peaceful also was a sinner, and being told by around, the slave, with his family the Hottentots of Jesus Christ as and a few Hottentots who resided the Saviour of sinners, she felt comat the place, came up and joined pelled to pray for forgiveness, and us, in the hope of hearing a word of for knowledge of God's word; and exhortation, and joining with the received, she said, such hope of missionary in prayer; which we God's mercy, as has never since left found they were in the habit of her. doing, every evening, among them- “We learned that this humbledisselves. Including the Hottentots ciple of Christ, with the true spirit of our own party, they formed all of the faith which she professed, had, together a groupe of about a dozen for years, been in the daily practice persons, besides children. We en- of communicating her knowledge to tered into conversation with them those around her, and regularly inby the help of the missionary; being structing them, with her own chilgratified with the character and sen- dren, in reading the Scriptures, as timents of a set of people whom ac- well as in the duties of private and cident had thrown in our way. family devotion. Her husband has
“ The wife of the old slave, a been converted nearly in a similar manner. Hearing some Hottentot now, he had a sure and certain hope, recruits, on their way from Bethels- which would comfort him in death; dorp to join the Cape regiment, that others also had the same, and praying and confessing their sins, both he and they had great reason he asked bis master what sort of to thank God for having spared them people they were ; his master, a man and given them this knowledge. of no religion, told him that they “ After some further conversation were mad: but he soon began to re
the missionary gave out a hymn, flect that he himself led the same which the whole party sung, with a kind of life as the others did, and degree of feeling and solemnity of that therefore he must be as guilty devotion, which shewed that with as they were; and, being driven to them it was not a service of cold pray, at first as a matter of form, formality or casual amusement, but and from the shame of being left a duty in which their hearts were alone, while the others, according engaged. To a short exhortation to their custom, went out, in the which followed, they listened, with evening, each to a bush to perform an attention and delight, as to a subhis devotions, he came at last to do ject in which their affections were so, in real earnest; when he found interested. The whole then knelt he could utter nothing more than down on the ground; and joined, • Lord, help me!' He had afterwards many of them audibly, in a fervent received occasional instruction at prayer to the Father of all mercies; Bethelsdorp, and also profited by after which the service was concludthe conversation of his Christian ed with another hymn, sung with friends; and, although for some equal warmth of feeling andfervour time much persecuted by his master, of devotion as before.
We conhe had long been entrusted with his tinued conversing with them until confidence, and was now permitted near midnight. to pursue his religion as he pleased. “These facts, I trust, will speak
Another Hottentot, who had for themselves; and I shall only driven our waggon from Bethels- add what further came to our knowdorp, on being asked how salvation ledge on the same occasion, that, in was to be obtained, replied, that if two of the principal families in that he were constantly at the feet of part of the country, in which reJesus he should certainly be saved: ligion, for a time, had been much and then gave us an account of his opposed by the masters, a number conversion and religious experience, of the slaves and Hottentots were with a degree of simplicity and sober in the habit of meeting together for earnestness extremely interesting Divine worship every evening; havand affecting ; during which he also ing been induced to do so, in one evinced so clear an understanding case by an old man, and in another and such correct views of the grand by an old woman, who owed their doctrines of Christianity, as might original conversion and subsequent have put many self-righteous pro- improvement mainly to the missionfessors to the blush.
ary institutions. “ Next to this man sat another, “ Thus, then, we see that the rather aged, by trade a mason, who seed already sown has brought forth we found was the deacon of the
an abundant increase; and, although church. In reply to a question, as the journals of the missionaries, at to what benefit he thought they these and the other institutions, had derived from the knowledge of may not be swelled with long lists Christianity, he said, that, for his of nominal converts, or their labours part, he knew he had formerly lived such as to attract the applause of without God and without hope; and, men, they are proceeding not the had he died in that state, he must less steadily in their arduous course. have been lost for ever : but that Nor are the effects of their labours