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confined to the immediate sphere of gers of glad tidings, and the builders their exertion ; the spirit of Chris- of a spiritual church, among a tianity is silently working its way; people with whom its Almighty and, unseen by the world, in many Founder has given some striking cases perhaps unknown to them- manifestations of his delight to selves, they are made the messen- dwell."
AFRICAN INSTITUTION. This society's Twentieth Report for the effectual suppression of the states, first, the progress which may trade; and some important improvehave been made, whether in law or ments in this respect have been lately public opinion, on the general ques. added. The law of France unfortuntion of the Slave Trade ; next, the ately remains hitherto in the same imstate of the Slave Trade, as now ac- perfect state as before; but the subtually carried on; and lastly, some ject seems at last to have a chance particulars respecting tbe colony of of being forced upon the attention Sierra Leone, and European inter- of the government, by the expostucourse with the interior of Africa. lations of our ministers and the reso
Under the first of these heads it lute investigations of enlightened must be borne in mind, that Por. individuals in France. Petitions tugal and the Brazils are the only signed by the most eminent merstates which still regard the Slave chants, and other distinguished inTrade as legal; being bound, how. dividuals, have been presented from ever, by treaty, that their subjects Paris, from Havre (once itself shall carry it on under certain re tainted with this trade), from Cette, strictions. The Netherlands, Spain, Montpelier, Caen, and from Marand France, and every other civi. seilles; and public feeling has been lized kingdom, have placed it with- so far awakened, that a more rapid out the protection of the law. In progress may perhaps now be looked their case, therefore, it is only ne- for. The Baron de Stael obtained cessary to ascertain that the laws at Nantz, specimens of the irons which are respectively passed to used in their slave-ships ; upon laycarry into execution this common ing which before the dauphin, his principle are adequate for their pur- royal highness promised that every pose,andalso faithfully administered. measure adapted for the suppression The details, as respects the actual of the Slave Trade shall have bis state of the law in the various na support. tions above-mentioned, will not well The States of Spanish America, admit of abridgment. The general the most interested in the traffic of complexion is painful; some of the slaves, have been justly held up by cabinets acting as if they considered Mr. Canning, as reproaching the themselves as having been entrapped ancient monarchy of France by their into stipulations of humanity, which eagerness to disown and prohibit it. they would now willingly violate, so One of the first acts of the Constifar as their political connexion with tuent Assembly of Guatimala was Great Britain allows them to do so the abolition of slavery: and by the with impunity. But the wisdom and thirteenth article of their Constitufirmness of the British authorities, tion, « every man in the Republic at home and abroad, has so far is free; and no one who takes recounteracted this tendency, that in fuge under its laws can be a slave: various instances there have been nor shall any one be accounted a progressive advances towards a bet- citizen who carries on the Slave ter state of the law on this important Trade."-One hundred slaves from question. The Netherlands govern- the Honduras escaped thither, on ment has adopted better regulations hearing of this law; and, though than those of either Spain or France demanded back by our superintendant, were, on the same principles Mr. Canning officially declares, in by which the slaves of the Perle writing to our ambassador at Paris; were brought up recently from Corn- “Scarcely an arrival takes place wall by habeas corpus and liberated, from Africa, without bringing with allowed the shelter of the law which it accounts that slave-trade unhad proclaimed them free.
dertakings, covered by the flag and In our own colonies the legislators carried on by the subjects of France, of Antigua have requested the 'co: are in activity from north to south, operation of the other islands in re- and from west to east, throughout sisting the freedom of such slaves the whole coast of that vast peninas have been in England but have sula; and in the African islands, since returned to the West Indies. the West Indies, and elsewhere, Surely the effect of the emancipa- French subjects are continually tion thus conferred is not local or heard of as fitting out' vessels for the temporary only: it can neither be Slave Trade. In the very ports of lost by change of place, nor worn France herself, these undertakings out by lapse of time. The case, form the entire and almost public under the instructions of Lord concern of companies' of her mer? Bathurst, was to be tried in the chants. One of these ports, that of Vice-Admiralty Court of Antigua, Nantz, seems to be entirely devoted and to be reheard, if necessary, in to it; and is thus pointed out to the this country upon appeal.
marked attention of the French go. In passing from the state of the vernment. Your Excellency and law to the condition of the trade it your predecessor have repeatedly self, the Directors are under the given to the French minister the painful necessity of stating, that particulars of these equipments, much remains in promise and upon from their earliest state to the time paper only. The co-operation of at which they leave that port for the king of the Netherlands in the their ultimate destination ; but still measures necessary for its suppres. these proceedings go forward with sion, relieves that government from unabated vigour, and, as it appears, any such imputation; but Surinam, with perfect impunity. The French nevertheless, appears to be a con- laws on this subject are neither effisiderable mart for slaves.
cient in themselves, even in the The Portuguese and Brazilian heart of her' dominions; nor can Slave-Trade is not only carried on it be believed that they are actas extensively as ever, but without ed upon with integrity. You will any regard to those restrictions, submit these statements to the goeither as to place or tonnage, to vernment of France; and you will the observance of which Portugal express a hope, that his most Chrisis bound by treaty. The Spanish tian majesty will not longer permit, trade has been also carried on with on the part of his subjects, a traffic the same indifference to treaties, which has been abandoned, as disand the same carelessness of con- graceful, by every other power of cealment. Commodore Bullen the civilized world." states, that all the Spanish vessels The details on this subject are boarded by his squadron were armed deeply afflicting. We quote only and manned for piracy, as well as the following short specimens :slaving; and that they fire at, and The Orphée of Nantz, being the attempt to plunder, nearly every same vessel which was boarded by vessel they fall in with. But the the Maidstone, June 1824, in the most painful article of this long Bonny, after eleven 'hours' chase, catalogue of crimes, is the fearful was brought to by the Maidstone share of this infamous and prohibit- in five days from the Calabar. She ed traffic which is retained by the had lost two slaves, and had 698 subjects of the king of France. on board, whom it appears she afCHRIST. OBSERV. APP.
terwards landed safely on the south says;—“ The unblushing audacity side of Cuba. Commodore Bullen with which the Slave Trade is carwrites: “The state in which my ried on in this place, exceeds every lieutenant found the miserable ob- thing that I could have imagined jects of this brutal traffic is truly from what I have read or heard on revolting to the feelings of human the subject. Slave-dealing is the nature: the whole of the men (550 common topic at the exchange and in number) were heavily chained in in the commercial clubs. They do couples, some round the ancles and not take even the trouble of conarms, and many by the necks; the cealing their human cargoes under whole of whom he set at liberty, and the names of mules, bales, or logs. suffered them, during the search, to Insurance, which was at thirty-three inhale the fresh air. The confined shillings last year, is now as low as and putrid air issuing from the slave. twenty-five shillings, and in great deck, a height of scarcely three feet, demand on the part of the assurers. was so strong as almost to deter my · The names of those engaged in the lieutenant from exploring it; but, trade are a mystery to nobody, In considering it his imperative duty, order to secure an interest in their and my orders being to search every favour, the slave-dealers oblige most part of her as minutely as possible, of the tradesmen whom they emthat I might be the better enabled ploy—such as sail-makers, shipto particularise every circumstance chandlers, &c. to take shares for respecting her, he did so, and found part of their dues. The number of her as before described. My in- vessels employed by them, according structions positively forbidding my to the most moderate calculation, exinterference with French vessels, ceeds eighty, of the average tonnage other than as before mentioned, it of 130. When they have any reason was with feelings of reluctant regret to suspect that one of their vessels, I allowed the master to triumph in on her return to Nantz, will be subhis villany, by suffering him to pro- jected to a severe examination, letceed on his execrable and inhuman ters are sent out to all the pilots on voyage." In September 1825, there the coast, to warn her off, and send were, " in the Bonny alone, 2007 her to Antwerp. I walked down tons of shipping, 293 persons, and the quay, and had my attention 35 guns, under the fag of the pointed by a friend to several obFrench nation, employed in the jects which, not being a sailor myspeculation of human flesh. Lieu- self, might have escaped my notice. tenant Griffin and other officers were Great numbers of water-casks, the shewn by them round their slave- size and object of which could not decks, whilst they exulted in their be mistaken by a person who has savage trade, and in the knowledge any practice in that matter, were that we could not interfere with lying on the quay, ready for emthem." The Paris Petition states, barkation. Four vessels, of the best “that it is established, by authentic possible cut for sailing, were in the documents, that the slave captains docks' nearly finished. I went on throw into the sea every year about board one of them, which had been three thousand Negroes, men, wo- sold on the same morning, and was men, and children; of whom more to be launched in a few days. The than half are thus sacrificed whilst dimensions of the hatches clearly yet alive, either to escape from the indicated her destination at the first visit of cruisers, or because, worn sight: but this is not all; the platdown by their sufferings, they could form, two and a half feet from the not be sold to an advantage.” deck, was already fitted up for the The Baron de Stael, who visited reception of slaves. Seven other
, Nantz with a view to obtain ac- vessels, most evidently slave ships curate information on the subject, --schooners, brigs, and a lugger
were afloat on the river : one was a or generally of Africa itself, that new ship, not yet named; three bad this condition must materially detheir names struck out, which they pend on the degree in which Europe generally do after every voyage; has redeemed its pledge to Africa the three others were the Pauline, by the abolition of the Slave Trade. the Constante of Nantz, and Bri- The English commissioners having tonne, 106 tons. I went on board reported their inquiries at Sierra this last, which was for sale. An Leone, the public may shortly exiron kitchen, of a size sufficient for pect authoritative information on a man-of-war, yas fastened on the the state of the liberated Africans, deck, as if to leave no doubt of this the most important part of the pobeing a slave ship. She had made pulation, and on all branches of the one successful voyage; and, though public service. Want of capital and the platform had been removed, the of leisure keeps back the progress horrid smell of the human victims of agriculture. The Slave Trade could not be mistaken. The sailor necessarily carries much of the nawho was on board as a guard seemed tive trade elsewhere; but our exto suspect our intentions; and as I ports from the Gambia for 1824 observed that he understood Eng- were rated in value at 140,0001, lish, I thought the best way would The late General Turner bears be to ask him plainly how many strong testimony to the “rapid imslaves his schooner would hold. provement of the colony, both in Upon this he hesitated, and answer- regard to its internal management, ed, that he knew nothing about it. and to the security and extension
Well,' said my friend, - how many? of its trade.” 250, do you think?' · Rather more,' The name and character of the was his reply. But this is not all; colony are spreading rapidly, as is I wanted something more positive, proved by the repeated messengers and I begged of my companion to sent from the rulers of distant get some iron shackles for me, which nations, and the eagerness with I could take to Paris as a corpus which they seek our friendship and delicti. He said that nothing could alliance. The encouragements of a be more easy, and walked into the peaceful commerce are also bringing first blacksmith's shop on the quay, strangers from distant nations to the only requesting that I should remain coast. at a certain distance, in order not The past year has been one of to excite suspicion. The blacksmith very considerable expense to the at first hesitated; but afterwards society. Several cases of grievous shewed him a loft, where shackles, oppression have called for the interhandcuffs, and thumb-screws were ference of the Directors. The five heaped by hundreds, and bought me Africans brought accidentally into the horrid samples that I wanted.” St. Ives, in Cornwall, in a French
The United States Slave-Trade, slave-ship, the Perle, the particulars we are happy to learn, seems almost of which have already appeared in entirely extinct.
our pages, especially called for We have not space to relate the their good offices, at an expense details in the Report, under the to the society of between 2001. and third topic; namely, the condition of 300l. while, we lament to say, the Sierra Leone, and our intercourse whole income of the Institution durwith the interior of Africa ; nor is iting the past year has been only perhaps necessary, as we have so 5531. 158.; a sum far short of the often touched upon the subject. It expenditure. In looking back to should always be remembered, in the period of the formation of this attempting to investigate the con- Institution, the exertions which have dition of any settlement in Africa, been made, and the results which have attended them; it cannot but Europe, have decreed the abolition excite a feeling of deep interest, and of slavery itself. of gratitude to Providence, that the But great as have been the exer. success should have been so great. tions and success of this Institution, The Slave Trade has been declared exertions equally great are still repiracy, not only by this country, quired; and therefore the Directors but by America. All the great justly urge all the friends of the powers of Europe, in congress as- abolition of the Slave Trade, in sembled, have stigmatized it as every part of the United Kingdom,
repugnant to the principles of to support, with a liberality comhumanity and of universal morality; mensurate to its objects, an Instias the desolation of Africa, the de- tution which has so long laboured gradation of Europe, and the afflict. to bring about that total abolition ing scourge of humanity." Treaties of the Slave Trade which, in the have subsequently been entered into, language of the congress of Vienna, with all the powers of Europe, for would be “one of the greatest moits suppression ; and the new States numents of the age that undertook it, of South America, outstripping in the and of that which should have glorirace of humanity the parent states in ously carried it into complete effect."
GERMAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY. Besides the Rev. Theophilus Blum- Isaiah, five—the English Language, hardt, three other tutors reside in six-Art of Instruction, three-Exthe missionary house at Basle. The ercise in Preaching, three-Arabic, first classes also attend lectures three-Pastoral Theology, two. at the university, and several cle- Second Division: Christian Misrical members and friends of the sionary History, six hours-Analysis society give lessons in different de- of Bible Passages for acquiring partments. At the last anniversary, Composition, four-Gospel of St. the number of students was thirty- John, with practice in Greek, sixfive : seven of whom were still on Books of Samuel, with exercise in trial, and five of them were accepted; Hebrew, six- English, four-Geotwo others were in the mission- metry, three-Practice in Singing, house at Paris, to benefit by the two. opportunities which that city offers Third Division : Christian Misfor literary pursuits.
sionary History six hours -- Bible As the number of young men who Analysis, four-Greek Language, wish to enter into the missionary five-Latin, four-Geography, three seminary is very considerable, a more -Arithmetic, four - Practice in careful choice will be made than singing, two. before; and, in order to have still a Fourth Division: Bible Analysis, choice after the probation is over, four hours-German Language, with instead of the usual number of eight, Practice of Style, eight-Latin, five from twelve to sixteen will now be -Arithmetic and Geometry, sixtaken on probation. The following Geography, three-Writing, twois an outline of the studies in the Practice in singing, two. present half-year, of each respective Besides these lessons, the students division ; with the number of hours in general, early every morning, per week devoted to each object. have an hour of practical explana
First Division: Christian Mission- tion of different books of the New ary History, six hours-Explanation Testament, by the Rev. N. von of the Gospel of St. John, four- Brunn, president of the society. Explanation of the Prophecy of