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CHAPTER V.-The Dead are the Living (167)-Onesiphorus (168-174)-St.

Ignatius (168)—St. Chrysostom and Theodoret (173)-The World to

Come (174-176)-The Apostolic Constitutions (177)-Limitations of

Prayer (177-179) —The Descent of Christ's Soul into Hades (180-189)

The Limbus Patrum (182)—Patristic Opinion : Justin M., the Shepherd

of Hermas, Melito, St. Hippolytus, Irenæus, Gregory the Great, St.

Clement of Alexandria, St. Ambrose, St. Augustine, Bede (183-189)-

The Apostles' Creed (189)— Professor Godet on the Antediluvian

World (190)—The Rational Soul of Jesus (193-195)— The Revelation of

Death not possible for It (196)– Quickened in the Spirit' (197, 198)—

Archbishop Leighton (199) — Is Paradise a Place of Discipline ? (200-202)

-The Vision of Martyrs and the White Robe (203); Alford, on (204)

- Death, a Transfigurement (205, 206) — The Purity of the Blessed Souls

(207)--Their Contemplation of Eternity (208-210)-Their Intercom-

munion (210, 211)-Their Inviolable Security and Felicity (211-213)—

The Roman Error of confounding Justification with Sanctification (214-

217)- Epistle to Diognetus, St. Clement of Rome, St. Bernard (215-217)

- Richard Rolle on Paradise (218).

CHAPTER VI.—Sorrow a Paralysis, and its Relief (219-223)—The Apocry-

phal Testimony to Praying for the Dead (224, 225)- The Jewish

Liturgies and Épigraphs (226-228)— The Sub-Apostolic Writings (229)

-The Spurious Writings of pre-Nicene Antiquity: (229, 230)— The

Martyrium of St. Polycarp, the Didache, St. Clement of Rome, St.

Irenæus, St. Hippolytus (231-233)—Tertullian and St. Cyprian (233-237)

-Origen (238)–Apostolic Constitutions (239, 240)—Bishop Lightfoot

(241)-The Vincentian Canon (241-243)— The First Four Councils (243-

245) –Tertullian on Traditional Rites (246)-Reply to Bishop Harold

Browne on the Councils (247-251)—The Catacombs (251-254)-Pope

Damasus (254-257); Dean Milman's History of the Times of (257-259)

-Dated Inscriptions in the Catacombs (259, 260) - Bishop Lightfoot's

Conjectural Epitaph on Abircius (261)---Primitive Conceptions of the

State of the B. Dead in these Monumental Inscriptions (262-270)—

The Ancient Martyria (270-272)—Canon Robertson and Dean Milman

on Anniversaries of Martyrs (272-277)-St. Jerome (277) -Council of

Elvira (278) — The Alexandrian and African_Schools (278-280) —

Martyrium of Perpetua (281)-Aërius, Claude of Turin and the Vaudois

Church (282)— Prayer for the Unhallowed Dead unsanctioned by

Primitive Use (283)—The Ancient Liturgies, Interpolations in (283-293) :

Dr. Swainson's Introduction to (293-298) — The Judgment of the

Eastern Church on the Liturgies of St. James and St. Mark (294)--

Palæocappa (295)— The ‘Hail Mary' (296) —The juiv in the Divine

Liturgy of James (297)—Episcopal Testimonies of the Reformed Church

of England from the Time of the Reformation against Prayer for the

Dead (298-301)—The Refusal of the Drugged Cup at the Crucifixion

(301-305)- The Doctrine of the cévwois, and the Higher Criticism'

(304, 305).

ERRATA.
Page 23, line 16, for 'Felicia,' read 'Felicitas.'
Page 234, line 5, add after 'six books,' 'and part of another, the fourth.'

PREFACE.

The subject of the following book is one which must possess the deepest interest for all, inasmuch as the state of the departed dead cannot be regarded with coldness or insensibility by those who have mourned—and who has not ?over the loss of friends, and who themselves are hastening to 'the undiscovered country, from whose bourn no traveller returns.' Death, which breaks up the fondest ties, and severs the dearest attachments, has no power to take from the heart the tender regard we feel for the loved ones over whose graves have been uttered the solemn words, “Earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust. Although they have passed away for ever from the world, they live in our affections, are still enshrined within our memories ; and while there is a melancholy satisfaction in peopling the past with their images, there is a sacred pleasure in dwelling upon their present state and condition. The heart is thrilled with joy as we picture them to our minds living in the light of God's countenance, and rejoicing in the radiance which issues from the everlasting Throne. We know that so sure as having lived, we shall live again ; that so sure as having loved, we shall love again; and that the separation is but as one beat in the great pendulum of eternity!'

In the following pages the subject of the intermediate state is treated with great freshness and originality, and a considerable amount of learning. The author shows an acquaintance with the Ante-Nicene and certain of the later Fathers and the Scholastic writers. The words in which he clothes his thoughts are forcible and often full of a tender beauty.

The author, while allowing that room for the imagination which the subject admits and demands, yet indulges in no fanciful speculation; the appeal is ever to that Inspired Word from which alone we gather our knowledge of the future; every argument is brought to the law and to the testimony'; and the conclusions arrived at are in accordance with those of Scripture and of the Reformed Church of England. When controversy is entered on, and the opinions of another are contravened, he never forgets the Apostolic command, 'Be courteous'; and victory is sought, not for the sake of justifying the peculiar views of the writer, but of vindicating the truth of God, and commending it to the heart and conscience of the reader.

There may be a difference of opinion on some of the author's views, such as the clothing of the spirit at once on its exodus from the body with its house which is from heaven,' and the rapid and extraordinary change, only second to what takes place at conversion, which passes over the soul at death, and which is needed to fit it on the instant for the holiness of the heaven it is about to enter. A great deal of sin must be left behind with the body. But these are subjects on which we may agree to differ, and they do not touch the undoubted truth of the immediate happiness of the believer when he puts off the earthly tabernacle.

The treatise cannot be read without both pleasure and profit; for I believe it will be found to be marked by sound doctrine, practical piety, and Christian instruction, and that it will lift the soul above the things of time and sense, and carry it straight within the veil. I know it to be the writer's great desire that God will use this book for the glory of His name, the maintenance of His truth, and the edification of His people. It is a real pleasure to me to write these few words of introduction at the request of my friend, the author, whose father's memory is still fragrant in Cheltenham, and of whom it may be said, 'He being dead, yet speaketh.'

CHARLES D. BELL, D.D.

THE RECTORY,

CHELTENHAM.

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