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without any word speaking, went out of his chamber and came to the prison where his son was, and in an evil hour. He opened the prison door and came to his son, having by accident a little knife in his hand. In displeasure, he thrust his hand to his son's throat, the point of the knife entering a little into the throat. “Ah, traitor, why dost not thou eat thy meat ?”


The Board of Examiners. Translate into Latin prose

When you approach their sacred places, they have glorious groves and chapels, temples with goodly gates and sacred porticos, and many mysterious and religious ceremonials; but when once you are entered, and got within their temples, you shall see nothing but a cat, or an ape, or a crocodile, or a goat, or a dog, worshipped with the most solemn veneration! Nay, they deified inanimate things, that had no life or power to help themselves, much less their worshippers, as herbs, roots, and plants; nay, unmanly and degenerate passions, fear, paleness, &c. They fell down before stumps and statues, which owed all their divinity to the folly of their votaries, despised and trampled on by the sorriest creatures, mice, or swallows, who were wont to build nests in the

mouths of their gods-being forced first to make them, and then make them clean, and to defend and


protect them, that they might fear and worship them, as he in Minicius wittily derides them : “In whose worship there are (says he) many, things that justly deserve to be laughed at, and others that call for pity and compassion.”


The Board of Examiners. Translate into Greek prose

And then again the desire becomes sinful when it is excessive, when a creature craves for more than is necessary for its life. The desire for food is natural; the desire for forbidden food is sinful; and the gratification of the nature for food in excess is gluttony and becomes sinful. The nature of the flesh is this, it errs in two ways, not in the desire, but in the gratifying of the desire at a time, in a place, in a way that is forbidden, or in going on and making a god of its desire, and craving and still craving and gratifying and still gratifying beyond what is necessary for its own existence. And why is it that the nature of man thus craves for what is forbidden ? Why is it? Why is man not satisfied when all his real needs are gratified ? No animal desires beyond what is needed for its own sustenance, whereas man's appetite runs out to excess; and why is it that he is thus smitten with an insatiable desire of what is unnatural and hurtful to himself ? Because of that spirit in man which yearns for the infinite.

Because man is better than an animal, nobler than a beast; he cannot be contented with the creature enjoyments that satisfy a mere animal and unreasoning nature.



The Board of Examiners.
Translate into Latin prose-

any wise or good man be angry

if I

say, I choose this man to be my friend, because he is able to give me counsel, to restrain wanderings, to comfort me in my sorrows; he is pleasant to me in private, and useful in public; he will make my joys double, and divide my grief between himself and me? For what else should I choose ? For being a fool and useless ? For a pretty face and a smooth chin? I confess it is possible to love one that is ignorant, and pitiable, handsome and good for nothing, that eats well, and drinks deep, but he cannot be a friend to me; and I love him with a fondness or a pity; but it cannot be a noble friendship.

Plutarch calls such friendships “the idols and images of friendship." True and brave friendships are between worthy persons; and because those are the bravest friends that can best serve the ends of friendships, either we must suppose that friendships are not the greatest comforts in the world, or else we must say, he chooses his friend best that chooses such a one by whom he can receive the greatest comforts and assistances.



The Board of Examiners.

1. Describe two characters in King Richard III.,

one man (but not the King) and one woman.

2. In the Dramatis Personæ occur the words

-a pursuivant, a scrivener. What is meant by these names ? Account for the title Sir Christopher Urswick.

3. Comment on the following passages in King

(a) And if my legs were two such riding-rods,

My arms such eel-skins stuff'd, my face so thin
That in my ear I durst not stick a rose,
Lest men should say, Look, where three

farthing's goes!"
(6) Commodity, the bias of the world,

The world who of itself is peised well,
Made to run even upon even ground,
Till this advantage, this vile-drawing bias,
This sway of motion, this Commodity,
Makes it take head from all indifferency,

From all direction, purpose, course, intent. (c) To solemnize this day the glorious sun

Stays in his course and plays the alchemist. (d) I am the cygnet to this pale faint swan,

Who chants a doleful hymn to his own death. 4. Explain the following words in King John

A grave.

cockered, composition, havock, proper : in King Richard III. - Basilisks, costard, cross-row,

denier, frank'd up, parlous.
5. K. John. Thou art his keeper.

And I'll keep him so,
That he shall not offend your majesty.
K. John.


My Lord ?
K. John.

He shall not live.
K. John.

I could be

merry now.
Write out the above passage, describing the

tone in which each part should be said. 6. Lord Macaulay in his diary, speaking of a repre

sentation of King John at Windsor, says: “There are great faults in the play, considered as an acting play.

Lord Salisbury seemed not to like the part which his namesake performed in the play.” Discuss these two

points. 7. Wordsworth says of Milton

In his hand the thing became a trumpet.

Explain and comment. 8. What are the allusions in:(a) Cyriac, whose grandsire on the royal bench

Of British Themis.
(6) That good Earl, once President

Of England's Council and her Treasury.
(c) The great Emathian conqueror.
(d) Tetrachordon.

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