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Apocrypha. 31 Then straightways certain of Heliodo- 6 For he saw that it was impossible that rus’ friends prayed Onias, that he would call the state should continue quiet, and Simon upon the Most High, to grant him his life, leave his folly, unless the king did look therewho lay ready to give up the ghost.
32 So the high priest, suspecting lest the 7 But after the death of Seleucus, when king should misconceive that some treache- | Antiochus, called Epiphanes, took the kingry had been done to Heliodorus by the Jews, dom, Jason the brother of Onias laboured offered a sacrifice for the health of the man. underhand to be high priest,
33 Now as the high priest was making an 8 Promising unto the king by intercession atonement, the same young men in the same three hundred and three score talents of clothing appeared and stood beside Heliodo- silver, and of another revenue eighty talents: rus, saying, Give Onias the high priest great 9 Beside this, he promised to assign an thanks, insomuch as for his sake the Lord hundred and fifty more, if he might have hath granted thee life:
license to set him up a place for exercise, 34 And seeing that thou hast been scourg- and for the training up of youth in the fashed from heaven, declare unto all men the ions of the heathen, and to write them of mighty power of God. And when they Jerusalem by the name of Antiochians. had spoken these words, they appeared no 10 Which when the king had granted,
and he had gotten into his hand the rule, he 35 So Heliodorus, after he had offered forthwith brought his own nation to the sacrifice unto the Lord, and made great vows Greekish fashion. unto him that had saved his life, and saluted 11 And the royal privileges granted of Onias, returned with his host to the king. special favour to the Jews by the means of
36 Then testified he to all men the works | John the father of Eupolemus, who went of the great God, which he had seen with his ambassador to Rome for amity and aid, he eyes.
took away; and putting down the govern37 And when the king asked Heliodorus, ments which were according to the law, he who might be a fit man to be sent yet once brought up new customs against the law : again to Jerusalem, he said,
12 For he built gladly a place of exercise 38 If thou hast any enemy or traitor, send under the tower itself, and brought the chief him thither, and thou shalt receive him well | young men under his subjection, and made scourged, if he escape with his life : for in them wear a hat. that place, no doubt, there is an especial 13 Now such was the height of Greek power of God.
fashions, and increase of heathenish manners, 39 For he that dwelleth in heaven hath through the exceeding profaneness of Jason, his eye on that place, and defendeth it; and that ungodly wretch, and not high priest ; he beateth and destroyeth them that come to 14 That the priests had no courage to hurt it.
serve any more at the altar, but despising the 40 And the things concerning Heliodorus, temple, and neglecting the sacrifices, hastenand the keeping of the treasury, fell out oned to be partakers of the unlawful allowance this sort.
in the place of exercise, after the game of CHAP. IV.
Discus called them forth; 1 Simon slandereth Onias : 34 Andronicus trait- 15 Not setting by the honours of their
orously murdereth bim : 36 for which the king fathers, but liking the glory of the Grecians causeth bim to be put to death.
best of all. THIS Simon now, of whom we spake 16 By reason whereof sore calamity ca
money, and of his country, slandered Onias, | enemies and avengers, whose custom they as if he had terrified Heliodorus, and been followed so earnestly, and unto whom they the worker of these evils.
desired to be like in all things. 2 Thus was he bold to call him a traitor, 17 For it is not a light thing to do wickthat had deserved well of the city, and ten- edly against the laws of God: bụt the time dered his own nation, and was so zealous of following shall declare these things. the laws.
18 Now when the game that was used ev. 3 But when their hatred went so far, that ery fifth year was kept at Tyrus, the king by one of Simon's faction murders were com- being present, mitted,
19 This ungracious Jason sent special mes. 4 Onias seeing the danger of this conten- sengers from Jerusalem, who were Antiotion, and that Apollonius, as being the gove chians, to carry three hundred drachms of ernor of Celosyria and Phenice, did rage, and silver to the sacrifice of Hercules, which increase Simon's malice,
even the bearers thereof thought fit not to 5 He went to the king, not to be an accu bestow upon the sacrifice, because it was not er of his countrymen, but seeking the good convenient, but to be reserved for other of all, both publick and private :
Apocrypha. 20 This money then, in regard of the and coming to Onias in deceit, gave him his sender, was appointed to Hercules' sacrifice; right hand with oaths; and though he were but because of the bearers thereof, it was em- suspected by bim, yet persuaded he him to ployed to the making of galleys.
come forth of the sanctuary: whom forth21 Now when Apollonius the son of Me- with he shut up without regard of justice. nestheus was sent into Egypt for the coro- 35 For the which cause not only the Jews, nation of king Ptolemeus Philometor, Antio- but many also of other nations, took great chus, understanding him not to be well af- indignation, and were much grieved for the fected to his affairs, provided for his own unjust murder of the man. safety : whereupon he came to Joppe, and 36 G And when the king was come again from thence to Jerusalem :
from the places about Cilicia, the Jews that 22 Where he was honourably received of were in the city, and certain of the Greeks Jason, and of the city, and was brought in that abhorred the fact also, complained bewith torch light, and with great shoutings : cause Onias was slain without cause. and so afterward went with his host unto 37 Therefore Antioclius was heartily sorPhenice.
ry, and moved to pity, and wept, because of 23 Three years afterward Jason sent Me- the sober and modest behaviour of him that nelaus, the aforesaid Simon's brother, to bear was dead. the money unto the king, and to put him in 38 And being kindled with anger, forthmind of certain necessary matters.
with he took away Andronicus his purple, 24 But he being brought to the presence and rent off his clothes, and leading him of the king, when he had magnified him for through the whole city unto that very place, the glorious appearance of his power, got the where he had committed impiety against priesthood to himself, offering more than Ja- Onias, there slew he the cursed murderer. son by three hundred talents of silver. Thus the Lord rewarded him his punishment,
25 So he came with the king's mandate, as he had deserved. bringing nothing worthy the high priest- 39 Now when many sacrileges had been hood, but having the fury of a cruel tyrant, committed in the city by 1.ysimachus with and the rage of a savage beast.
the consent of Menelaus, and the bruit there26 Then Jason, who had undermined his of was spread abroad, the multitude gathown brother, being undermined by another, ered themselves together against Lysimawas compelled to flee into the country of the chus, many vessels of gold being already carAmmonites.
27 So Menelaus got the principality : but 40 Whereupon the common people rising, as for the money that he had promised unto and being filled with rage, Lysimachus armthe king, he took no good order for it, al- ed about three thousand men, and began beit Sostratus the ruler of the castle requir- first to offer violence ; one Auranus being ed it :
the leader, a man far gone in years, and no 28 For unto him appertained the gather- less in folly. ing of the customs. Wherefore they were 41 They then seeing the attempt of Lyboth called before the king.
simachus, some of them caught stones, some 29 Now Menelaus left his brother Lysi- || clubs, others taking handfuls of dust, that machus in his stead in the priesthood ; and was next at hand, cast them all together Sostratus left Crates, who was governor of upon Lysimachus, and those that set upon the Cyprians.
them. 30 While those things were in doing, they 42 Thus many of them they wounded, of Tarsus and Mallos made insurrection, bé- and some they struck to the ground, and all cause they were given to the king's concu- of tbem they forced to flee : but as for the bine, called Antiochis.
church robber himself, him they killed beside 31 Then came the king in all haste to ap- || the treasury. pease matters, leaving Andronicus, a man in 43 Of these matters therefore there was authority, for his deputy.
an accusation laid against Menelaus. 32 Now Menelaus, supposing that he had 44 Now when the king came to Tyrus, gotten a convenient time, stole certain ves- three men that were sent from the senate sels of gold out of the temple, and gave pleaded the cause before him : some of them to Andronicus, and some he 45 But Menelaus, being now convicted, sold into Tyrus and the cities round about. promised Ptolemee the son of Dorymenes, to
33 Which when Onias knew of a surety, give him much money, if he would pacify he reproved him, and withdrew himself into the king toward him. a sanctuary at Daphne, that lieth by An- 46 Whereupon Ptolemee taking the king tiochia,
aside into a certain gallery, as it were to 54 9 Wherefore Menelaus, taking An- take the air, brought him to be of another dronicus apart, prayed him to get Onjas into mind : bis hands; who being persuaded thereunto, 47 Insomuch that he discharged Mene
Apocrypha. Jaus from the accusations, who notwithstand-, there to find succour by reason of his kining was cause of all the mischief : and those dred : poor men, who, if they had told their cause, 10 And he that had cast out many unbe. yea, before the Scythians, should have been ried had none to mourn for him, nor any soljudged innocent, them he condemned to emn funerals at all, nor sepulchre with his death.
fathers. 48 Thus they that followed the matter 11 Now when this that was done came to for the city, and for the people, and for the king's ear, he thought that Judea had the holy vessels, did soon suffer unjust pun- revolted : whereupon removing out of Egypt ishment.
in a furious mind, he took the city by force 49 Wherefore even they of Tyrus, moved of arms, with hatred of that wicked deed, caused 12 And commanded his men of war not them to be honourably buried.
to spare such as they met, and to slay such 50 And so through the covetousness of as went up upon the houses. them that were in power Menelaus remained 13 Thus there was killing of young and still in authority, increasing in malice, and old, making away of men, women, and child being a great traitor to the citizens.
dren, slaying of virgins and infants. CHAP. V.
14 And there were destroyed within the 2 Of the signs and tokens seen in Jerusalem. 15 space of three whole days four score thou
The spuiling of the temple. 27 Maccabeus sand, whereof forty thousand were slain in fleets into the wilderness.
the conflict ; and no fewer sold than slain.
15 4 Yet was he not content with this, pared his second voyage into Egypt : but presumed to go into the most holy temple 2 ( And then it happened, that through of all the world ; Menelaus, that traitor to all the city, for the space almost of forty the laws, and to his own country, being his days, there were seen horsemen running in guide: the air, in cloth of gold, and armed with 16 And taking the holy vessels with pol. lances, like a band of soldiers,
luted hands, and with profane hands pulling 3 And troops of horsemen in array, en- down the things that were dedicated by othcountering and running one against another, er kings to the augmentation and glory and with shaking of shields, and multitude of honour of the place, he gave them away. pikes, and drawing of swords, and casting of 17 And so haughty was Antiochus in darts, and glittering of golden ornaments, | mind, that he considered not that the Lord and harness of all sorts.
was angry for a while for the sins of them 4 Wherefore every man prayed that that that dwelt in the city, and therefore his eye apparition might turn to good.
was not upon the place. 5 Now when there was gone forth a false 18 For had they not been formerly wraprumour, as though Antiochus had been dead, ped in many sins, this man, as soon as he had Jason took at the least a thousand men, and come, had forthwith been scourged, and pur suddenly made an assault upon the city; and back from his presumption, as Heliodorus they that were upon the walls being put was, whom Seleucus the king sent to view back, and the city at length taken, Menelaus
the treasury. fed into the castle :
19 Nevertheless, God did not choose the 6 But Jason slew his own citizens with people for the place's sake, but the place for out mercy, not considering that to get the the people's sake. day of them of his own nation would be a 20 And therefore the place itself, that was most unhappy day for him ; but thinking partaker with them of the adversity that they had been bis enemies, and not bis coun- happened to the nation, did afterward contrymen, whom he conquered.
municate in the benefits sent from the Lord : 7 Howbeit, for all this he obtained not and as it was forsaken in the wrath of the the principality, but at the last received Almighty, so gain, the great Lord being reshame for the reward of his treason, and conciled, it was set up with all glory. filed again into the country of the Ammo- 21 So when Antiochus had carried out of nites.
the temple a thousand and eight hundred tal8 In the end therefore he had an unhap- ents, he departed in all haste unto Antiochia, py return, being accused before Aretas the weening in his pride to make the land naviking of the Arabians, fleeing from city to gable, and the sea passable by foot : such city, pursued of all men, hated as a forsaker was the haughtiness of his mind. of the laws, and being had in abomination 22 And he left governors to vex the 13as an open enemy of his country and coun. tion: at Jerusalem, Philip, for his country a trymen, he was cast out into Egypt.
Phrygian, and for manners more barbarous 9 Thus he that had driven many out of than he that set him there ; their country perished in a strange land, re- 23 And at Garizim, Andronicus ; and be tiling to the Lacedemonians, and thinking sides, Menelaus, who worse than all the rest
Apoerypha. bare an heavy hand over the citizens, hav- || who had circumcised their children ; whom ing a malicious mind against his countrymen when they had openly led round about the the Jews.
city, the babes hanging at their breast, they 24 He sent also that detestable ringleader cast them down headlong from the wall. Apollonius, with an army of two and twen- 11 And others, that had run together inty thousand, commanding him to slay all to caves near by, to keep the sabbath day those that were in their best age, and to sell secretly, being discovered to Philip, were all the women and the younger sort :
burnt together, because they made a con25 Who coming to Jerusalem, and pre- , science to help themselves for the honour of tending peace, did forbear till the holy day the most sacred day. of the sabbath, when taking the Jews keep- 12 Now I beseech those that read this ing holy day, he commanded his men to arm book, that they be not discouraged for these themselves.
calamities, but that they judge those punish26 And so he slew all them that were ments not to be for destruction, but for a gone to the celebrating of the sabbath, and chastening of our nation. running through the city with weapons
slew 13 For it is a token of his great goodness, great multitudes.
when wicked doers are not suffered any long 27 ( But Judas Maccabeus with nine oth- time, but forthwith punished. ers, or thereabout, withdrew himself into the 14 For not as with other nations, whom wilderness, and lived in the mountains after the Lord patiently forbeareth to punish, till the manner of beasts, with his company, they be come to the fulness of their sins, so who fed on herbs continually, lest they dealeth he with us, should be partakers of the pollution.
15 Lest that, being come to the height of CHAP. VI.
sin, afterward he should take vengeance of 1 The Fows are compelled to leave the law of us. God. 4 Tbe temple is defiled.
16 And therefore he never withdraweth ОТ
man of Athens to compel the Jews to with adversity, yet doth he never forsake his depart from the laws of their fathers, and not people. to live after the laws of God :
17 But let this that we have spoken be 2 And to pollute also the temple in Jeru- for a warning unto us. And now will we salem, and to call it the temple of Jupiter come to the declaring of the matter in few Olympus ; and that in Garizim, of Jupiter words. the Defender of strangers, as they did desire 18 Eleazar, one of the principal scribes, that dwelt in the place.
an aged man, and of a well favoured counte3 The coming in of this mischief was sore nance, was constrained to open his mouth, and grievous to the people :
and to eat swine's flesh. 44 For the temple was filled with riot 19 But he, choosing rather to die gloriand revelling by the Gentiles, who dallied ously, than to live stained with such an with harlots, and had to do with women abomination, spit it forth, and came of his within the circuit of the holy places, and be- own accord to the torment, sides that brought in things that were not 20 As it behoved them to come, that are lawful.
resolute to stand out against such things, as 5 The altar also was filled with profane are not lawful for love of life to be tasted. things, which the law forbiddeth.
21 But they that had the charge of that 6 Neither was it lawful for a man to keep wicked feast, for the old acquaintance they sabbath days or ancient feasts, or to profess had with the man, taking him aside, besought himself at all to be a Jew.
him to bring flesh of his own provision, such 7 And in the day of the king's birth, every as was lawful for him to use, and make as if month they were brought by bitter con- he did eat of the flesh taken from the sacristraint to eat of the sacrifices ; and whenfice commanded by the king ; the feast of Bacchus was kept, the Jews were 22 That in so doing he might be delivercompelled to go in procession to Bacchus, | ed from death, and for the old friendship carrying ivy.
with them find favour. 8 Moreover, there went out a decree to 23 But he began to consider discreetly, the neighbour cities of the heathen, by the and as became his age, and the excellency suggestion of Ptolemee, against the Jews, of his ancient years, and the honour of his that they should observe the same fashions, gray head, whereunto he was come, and his and be partakers of their sacrifices :
most honest education from a child, or ra9 And whoso would not conform them- ther the holy law made and given by God : selves to the manners of the Gentiles should therefore he answered accordingly, and be put to death. Then might a man have willed them straightways to send him to seen the present misery.
10 For there were two women brought, 24 For it becometh not our age, said be, in
Apocrypia. any wise to dissemble, whereby many young,
6 The Lord God looketh upon us, and in persons might think that Eleazar, being four truth bath comfort in us, as Moses in his song, score years old and ten, were now gone to a which witnessed to their faces, declared, saystrange religion;
ing, And he shall be comforted in his ser25 And so they through mine hypocrisy, I vants. and desire to live a little time and a moment 7 So when the first was dead after this longer, should be deceived by me, and I get manner, they brought the second to make a stain to mine old age, and make it abom- him a mocking stock : and when they had inable.
pulled off the skin of his head with the hair, 26 For though for the present time I they asked him, Wilt thou eat, before thon be should be delivered from the punishment of punished throughout every member of thy men : yet should I not escape the hand of body? the Almighty, neither alive, nor dead.
8 But he answered in his own language, 27 Wherefore now, manfully changing and said, No. Wherefore he also received this life, I will shew myself such an one as the next torment in order, as the former did. mine age requireth,
9 And when he was at the last gasp, he 28 And leave a notable example to such said, Thou like a fury takest us out of this as be young to die willingly and courageous- present life, but the King of the world shall ly, for the honourable and holy laws. And raise us up, who have died for his laws, unto when he had said these words, immediately everlasting life. he went to the torment :
10 After him was the third made a mocke 29 They that led him changing the good ing stock : and when he was required, he will they bare him a little before into hatred, put out his tongue, and that right soon, holdbecause the aforesaid speeches proceeded, as ing forth his hands manfully, they thought, from a desperate mind.
11 And said courageously, These I had 30 But when he was ready to die with from heaven ; and for his laws I despise stripes, he groaned, and said, It is manifest them; and from him I hope to receive tbera unto the Lord, that hath the holy knowl- || again. edge, that whereas I might have been deliv- 12 Insomuch that the king, and they that ered from death, I now endure sore pains in were with him, marvelled at the young man's body by being beaten : but in soul am well | courage, for that he nothing regarded the content to suffer these things, because I fear | pains. him.
13 Now when this man was dead also, 31 And thus this man died, leaving his they tormented and mangled the fourth in death for an example of a noble courage, | like manner. and a memorial of virtue, not only unto 14 So when he was ready to die, he said young men, but unto all his nation.
thus, It is good, being put to death by mea, CHAP. VII.
to look for hope from God to be raised up The constancy and cruel death of seven brethren again by him : as for thee, thou shalt have
and their mother in one day, because they would no resurrection to life. not eat swine's flesh at the king's commandment. 15 Afterward they brought the fifth also, came to pass also, that seven brethren and mangled him.
16 Then looked he unto the king, and pelled by the king against the law to taste said, Thou hast power over men, thou art swine's 'flesh, and were tormented with corruptible, thou doest what thou wilt ; yet scourges and whips.
think not that our nation is forsaken of God; 2 But one of them that spake first said 17 But abide a while, and behold his thus, What wouldest thou alk or learn of || great power, how he will torment thee and us ? we are ready to die, rather than to thy seed. transgress the laws of our fathers.
18 After him also they brought the sixth, 3 Then the king, being in a rage, com- who being ready to die said, Be not demanded
and caldrons to be made hot: ceived without cause: for we suffer these 4 Which forthwith being heated, he com- | things for ourselves, having sinned against manded to cut out the tongue of him that our God: therefore marvellous things are spake first, and to cut off the utmost parts of done unto us. his body, the rest of his brethren and his 19 But think not thou, that takest in hand mother looking on.
to strive against God, that thou shalt escape 5 Now when he was thus maimed in all | unpunished. his members, he commanded him being yet 20 But the mother was marvellous above alive to be brought to the fire, and to be fri- all, and worthy of honourable memory : for ed in the pan : and as the vapour of the pan when she saw her seven sons slain within was for a good space dispersed, they exhorted the space of one day, she bare it with a good one another with the mother to die manfully, courage, because of the hope that she had saying thus,
in the Lord.
I , .