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2610 After a week of alternate hope and justice of the terms of peace agreed Peace!

and fear the welcome news was upon, for fuller information is required sent forth from Portsmouth on Tuesday before these things can be intelligently noon of this week that, at the postponed weighed; but that the only effective peace session of that morning, the Japanese is that which will be stable because it is and Russian plenipotentiaries had ar- founded on justice is (as we say in an rived at complete accord on all the editorial in another column, written questions before the conference. It while the issue was still in doubt) fundawas added that a decision had been mental and vital. It is not, however, in reached to proceed at once to an elabor- any way too early to congratulate sination of the treaty, and it seemed to be cerely and heartily the two great nations beyond doubt that the signing of a treaty whose peace and future prosperity have of peace had been substantially assured. been hanging in the balance. It is emiProtocols had been drawn up relating to nently proper also to extend the expresthe several demands of the Japanese as sion of congratulation to President each of them had been accepted in sub- Roosevelt, whose wise and courageous stance and principle by the conference. efforts induced the two Powers to make Similar protocols were agreed upon at an attempt to end the war even while this critical and decisive meeting of each expressed its disbelief in the possiTuesday morning regarding those ques- bility of such an attempt being brought tions upon which agreement had been to a happy solution. Humanity and theretofore impossible. It is understood civilization have attained in this peace a that the formal treaty itself will be framed, triumph of inestimable value. as to all important matters, in accordance with these protocols, although there is

Last week Lord Curroom for discussion as to the exact

zon of Kedleston, Viceterms to be used, and probably also with

roy of India, resigned regard to minor concessions and condi- his office, to which the Earl of Minto tions. The press despatches assert that was immediately appointed. The cor“Japan, with a magnanimity worthy of respondence leading up to this event, her heroic achievements in the war, met now published by the India Office, the Czar's ultimatum by abandoning her shows that Lord Curzon's dissatisfaction demands, not only for reimbursement reached its climax with the refusal of for the cost of the war, but for the re- the British Cabinet to appoint his purchase of the northern half of the nominee as Military Member of the island of Saghalien, while Russia agreed Viceroy's Advisory Council. Through on her part to the division of the island.” this Military Member, Lord Kitchener, as As had been expected, the Japanese also Commander-in-Chief of the forces, has withdrew their demands for the surrender been checked. Lord Curzon requested of the interned war-ships and for the a reconsideration of the decision “in limitation of the Russian naval power in order to enable me to accept the rethe Far East. These latter conditions sponsibility which I infer his Majesty's have all along been regarded as demands Government still desire me to assume.” made without a determination to push Mr. Brodrick, Secretary for India, again them rigorously and as points as to 'refused, and Lord Curzon replied : It which the Japanese would readily yield. is apparent that his Majesty's GovernThe Outlook must postpone until its ment deny me that confidence which next issue any discussion of the fairness alone can enable me to serve them, and

Lord Kitchener and

Lord Curzon

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attach a fundamentally different inter- already been provided. While it cerpretation than myself to the modifica- tainly seems a large sum and a heavy tions on the acceptance of which I alone debt for a struggling young republic to consented to remain in office.” Lord undertake, it must be remembered that Curzon thereupon requested Mr. Balfour, patriotic sentiment in the island made as Prime Minister, to place his resigna- liberal treatment of the old soldiers an tion in King Edward's hands. Mr. absolute political necessity, while the Balfour asked Lord Curzon to recon- difficulty of deciding justly and accusider, but, in a final despatch, the latter rately as to the merits of individual declared : “ The main question is not claims may easily be understood by the the choice of an individual, but of the citizens of the neighboring republic principles underlying our administra- which is paying so many millions of tion. I am reluctantly driven to the dollars yearly in pensions to the soldiers conclusion that the policy of his Majes- of a war ended forty years ago. The ty's Government is based on principles Platt Amendment, which forms part of that I could not conscientiously carry the treaty between Cuba and the United into execution.” These principles have States, provides in effect that Cuba must to do with the supremacy of civil gov- not contract excessive public debternment in India. The question is as such, that is to say, as cannot be cared to whether the Viceroy shall be supreme for as to interest and reasonable sinkingor the Commander-in-Chief. On the fund provision out of the ordinary revemere technical question of Lord Cur- nues, and after current expenses are zon's efforts to limit the freedom of the paid. It has been urged in this country British Cabinet in its choice of a Military that the bill just signed by President Member of the Indian Council, the Min- Palma carries just such an excessive isters were, perhaps, obliged to accept expenditure as was forbidden by the the Viceroy's resignation. But that Platt Amendment. The repetition of seems no reason why the army should this charge has brought out a response be entirely withdrawn from civil control, from the Cuban Minister at Washington, no matter how magnificent the military Señor Quesada. The most pleasing and qualities of the present distinguished satisfactory part of this statement is that Commander-in-Chief. The event shows which deals with the growth of Cuban that England still thinks military con- prosperity. Señor Quesada points out trol more important for India than civil that there a surplus of about government, presumably because of twenty-two million dollars in the Cuban Russia's strategical advantages along treasury just before this law was passed; the Persian and Afghan borders. Lord that commercial and agricultural conKitchener recently stated that Russia, ditions have improved beyond the hope even while grappling with Japan, was of the most optimistic; that production pushing forward her preparations for a and investment are increasing at such contest in which the British Empire in a rate that the wealth of the country India would have to fight for its existence. must be doubled within a few years ; Mr. Balfour has now responded to this and that the notable sanitary revolution warning by giving to the Commander-in- in Cuba has had a wonderful effect in Chief practically a free hand.

attracting, not only pleasure-seekers, but business men and industrial investors.

Appropriations for public works and Last week President Palma improvements have been made on a

signed the bill providing large scale, and will not be hindered by for the payment of $28,500,000 to the the payment to the soldiers. On the Cuban soldiers who took part in the war other hand, the method now chosen for against Spain which resulted, through clearing off the perplexing financial the interposition of the United States, problem of meeting the soldiers' claims in Cuban independence. This is only will keep those claims from falling into part of the entire amount devoted by the hands of speculators and usurers. Cuba to this purpose, the rest having Altogether, to judge om Señor Que


Cuban Finances


Senatorial Primaries

sada's statement, the Cuban Govern- Governments have each designated one ment cannot be accused of reckless distinguished engineer to serve on the financiering, and is not in danger of board. being unmindful of its national and international obligations.

Little by little there in Virginia

seems to be develop

ing a constitutional While the work of prepara- change in this country not unlike that

tion, organization, and sani- which affected the Presidential elections tation is actively going on at Panama, in the early days of the Republic. Virthe question as to how the actual digging ginia has joined that group of States in of the canal shall be done is not to be which, without any alteration of the forgotten. Everything that is done now written Constitution, United States Senaand that will be done for a year to come tors are practically chosen by the people. will be of exactly as much use whether Last week the very active and at times the sea-level plan is or is not adopted, acrimonious contest between Governor and some engineers say that the final A. J. Montague and Senator Thomas decision may properly be left open for S. Martin for election as the Demoa much longer period of time. Mean- cratic candidate for United States Senwhile it will be remembered that when the ator culminated in the popular primaries. present Canal Commission was appointed Senator Martin was successful. Strictly, there was appointed also an international of course, the vote was a recommendabody of expert advisers. This body will tion to the Legislature to re-elect Senator meet in Washington next week and Martin. This recommendation the Legcompare and weigh a vast amount of islature is at liberty to disregard, just as material already gathered for this pur- the Presidential electors are free to dispose. It is reported that the members regard the wishes of the party which has of the board differ radically in their chosen them. As a matter of fact, howpresent beliefs as to the construction of ever, not only is the party contest ended, the canal. They will take up the ques- but the State contest is practically over. tions involved, not as partisans, but as The Legislature being overwhelmingly experts engaged to reach definite conclu- Democratic, Senator Martin is virtually sions by thorough study and judicial elected United States Senator as truly as attitude of mind. If necessary, the Mr. Roosevelt was virtually elected Presiboard will make a visit to the Isthmus dent, not in February, but in the precedof Panama and look into some of the ing November, In this case the machine problems on the ground. The question candidate won. Senator Martin is an of cost will be carefully scrutinized from organization man. Popular primaries data furnished by accountants and finan- do not cure all political ills, but do put ciers. No one can tell what the result the organization under scrutiny. Senator of this investigation will be, for the Martin has been forced to appeal to the members of the board themselves do people for approval as he never would not know what it will be and cannot have done if the choice had been left know it until the several propositions only to the Legislature, Governor Mon

. have been exhaustively examined and tague has performed a public service in compared. The constitution of this board bringing the issues involved in the Sena

. of advisers is such that practical results torial candidacy before the people. Virseem certain. Its chairman is General ginia may have decided wrongly, but Davis, formerly Governor of the Canal it has not been forced to submit to the Zone, and among the eight American decision of an irresponsible machine. associates are such renowned engineers At the same time the Democratic nomias Mr. William Barclay Parsons, of nation for Governor was made, and New York, Professor William H. Burr, resulted in the choice of ex-Congressman of Columbia University, and General Claude A. Swanson. This year the Henry L. Abbott. In addition, the contest for Governor has not been ended British, German, French, and Dutch by the nomination of the Democratic

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