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They intend not your precise abstinence from any light And on her legs she painted buskins wore,

No lamps, included liquors, lachrymatories, or tear-bottles, and labourless work.

Basted with bends of gold on every side,

attended these rural urnes, either as sacred unto the Manes Brerewood. On the Sabbath, (1630.) p. 48. And mailes betweene, and laced close afore.

or passionate expressions of their surviving friends. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 5.

Browne. Urne-Burial, c. 3. The annual labour of every nation is the fund which originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveni- For striving more, the more in laces strong

It is of an exquisite sense, that, upon any touch the tears encies of life, which it annually consumes, and which con- Himselfe he tide, and wrapt his winges twaine, might be squeezed from the lachrymal glands, to wash and sists always either in the immediate produce of that labour, In lymie snares the subtil loupes among.

clean it.-Cheyne. Philosophical Principles. or in what is purchased with that produce from other na

Id. Muiopofmos. tions.-Smith. Wealth of Nations, vol. i. Introd.

What a variety of shapes in the ancient urns, lamps, laCooke. And whom for mutton and kid ?

chrymary vessels.-Addison. Italy. Rome.

Child. A fine lac'd mutton. The number of useful and productive labourers, is every

B. Jonson. Neptune's Triumph. A Masque. where in proportion to the quantity of capital stock which is

The learned Mr. Wise, late Radclivian librarian, had a employed in setting them to work, and to the particular way He scratch'd the maid, he stole the cream,

glass lachrymatory, or rather a sepulchral aromatic phial, in which it is so employed.--Id. Ib.

He tore her best lac'd pinner.

dug up between Noke and Wood-Eaton. Prior. The Widow and her Cat.

Warton. History of Kiddington, p. 57. Why does the juice, which flows into the stomach, contain powers which make that bowel the great laboratory, as it is Mr. Nisby [is] of opinion that lac'd coffee is bad for the

LACK, v.

Dut. Laecken, minuere, dimiby its situation the recipient, of the materials of future nu- head.---Spectator, No. 317.

LACK, n. nuere, attenuare, extenuare, detrition ?-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 7.

He is forced every morning to drink his dish of coffee by LACKER, terere; deficere, deesse ; Those who have dragged their understanding laboriously itself, without the addition of the Spectator, that used to be

To lessen or diminish, to weaken, to fail or be better than lace to it.-Id. No. 488. along the tiresome circuit of ancient demonstration, may be

deficient, to be faulty; to want or be wanting. unwilling to grant that they have taken all these pains to no Swift from her head she loos'd, with eager haste,

To diminish, consequentially, to degrade, to find purpose. --Beddoes. On the Elements of Geometry, Ded. 11.

The yellow curls in artful fillets laed.
Hoole. Jerusalem Delivered, b. x.

fault with, to blame. LABU'RNUM. See the quotation from

Shakespeare uses the compounds lack-beard, Plinie.

By mercers, lacemen, mantua-makers press'd,
But most for ready cash for play distress'd,

-brain, -linen, -lustre. The cypresse, walnut, chesnut-trees, and the laburnum, Where can she turn-Jenyns. The Modern Fine Lady.

Where is & shall be eternall cannot in any wise abide waters. This last named, is a tree

LACERATE, v. proper unto the Alpes, not commonly knowne: the wood

Joy, incomparable myrth without heaviness,
Fr. Lacérer; It. Lace-

Loue with charity and grace celestiall thereof is hard and white: it beareth a blossome of a cubite

LACERATION. rare; Sp. Lacerar ; Lat. Lasting interminable, lacking no goodness. long, but bees will not settle upon it.

LACERATIVE
Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 18.

R. Gloucester, p. 548. App.
Lacerare, from the Gr. Aak-
LA'CERABLE. ELV, which not only denotes

Fair scho was. thei seiden, & gode withouten lak.
And pale laburnum's pendent flowers display

R. Brunne, p. 95. sonare, crepare, but also cum crepitu rumpi, Their different beauties.- Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 2. ut fit in iis, quæ lacerantur.

Ac ich wolle lacke no lyf. quath that lady sotthly.
· Laburnum, rich
To rend or tear asunder; to sever—with the

Piers Plouhman, p. 18. In streaming gold.

Cowper. Task, b. vi.
parts torn, (and not cut evenly.)

Hem lacked no vitaille that might hem plese.
LA'BYRINTH. ? Fr. Labyrinthe ; It. and And if the heat breaks through the water with such fury,

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,498. LABYRI'NTHIAN. Sp. Labarinto; Lat. Laby- as to lacerate, and lift up great quantities or bubbles of

I trowe that if enuie I wis water, too heavy for the air to carry or buoy up, it causeth rinthus ; Gr. AaBupivoos ; Locus viarum amba- what we call boyling.

Knew the best man that is gibus ad capiendum aptus, from AaB-ELv, to take.

Derham. Physico-Theology, b. ii. c. 5. Note 2.

On this side or beyond the see, A place formed to take or hold, confine, or keep

Yet somewhat lacken hem would she.-Id. Rom. of the R.

They (nitrous and sulphurous exhalations] force out their within; difficult to pass through or escape from; way, not onely with the breaking of the cloud, but the

If I do that lakke, formed with many windings or turnings, or in- laceration of the air about it.

Do stripen me and put me in a sakke,

And in the nexte riuer do me drenche.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 5. tricate, involved, or perplexed ways or paths : as

Id. The Marchantes Tale, v. 10,073. applied generally,–intricacy, perplexity.

If there be no fear of laceration, pull it out the same way

Por lacke of answere, none of us shul dien. it went in.-Wiseman. Surgery, b. v. c. 1. Since wee have finished our obeliskes and pyramides, let

Id. Ib. v. 10,145. us enter also into the labyrynthes; which we may truly say,

Some depend upon the intemperament of the part ulceare the most nionstrous works that ever were divised by the rated, others upon the continual afflux of lacerative humours.

What helpeth a man haue mete. hand of man.-Holland. Plinie, b. xiii. c. 13.

Harvey. On Consumption.

Where drinke lackethe on the borde.-Gower. Con. A. b.iv. And like a wanton girl, oft doubting in her gate,

Since the lungs are obliged to a perpetual commerce with Lo thus to broke is Christe's folde, In Labrinth-like turns, and twinings intricate.

the air, they must necessarily lie open to great damages, Wheroi the focke, without guide
Drayton. Poly Olbion, s. 22. because of their thin and lacerable composure.--Id. Ib. Deuour'd is on euery side,

In lacke of them, that be ynware
Mark, how the labyrinthian turns they take;
Hither the feble pair, by mutual aid,

Shepherdes.

Id. Ib. Prol. The circles intricate, and mystic maze.

* The warrior's lacerated corpse convey'd. Young. Complaint, Night 9.

Lewis. Statius. Thebais, b. xii. Thereat the feend his gnashing teeth did grate,

And griev'd, so long to lacke his greedie pray.
LACE, v. ? Also, in old authors, written
v
LACHE. Minshew derives from the Fr.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 7. Lace, n.

La'chesse. | Lascher, or Lasche, slacke, loose, The lack of one may cause the wrack of all; Lat. Laqueus, (Skinner.) The Lat. Laqueus, and slow, remisse. (See Lash.) Skinner,-from Although the lackers were terrestrial gods, It. Laccio, as well as the Eng. Latch, and lace, Lat. Larus. Lache, in Chaucer, says Junius, is

Yet will they ruling reel, or reeling fall.

Davies. Wit's Pilgrimage. are the past tense and past part. of the A.S. explained_sluggish, dull, heavie, lazie ; and he Læcc-an, læc-gan, læcc-ean, prehendere, appre- suspects that lache was the original way of writing Frugal, where lack, supplies with what redounds, hendere, to catch, to hold, (Tooke.) lazie. (See Lazy.) The Dut. Laecken, Eng.

And here bestows what noxious there abounds.

Brooke. Universal Beauty, b. i. A lace, -- any thing which catcheth or holdeth, Lacke, is deficere, deesse; the noun Laecke, detieth, bindeth, or fasteneth; applied to cords, or fectus; and lache may be the same word, ke

But tho' each Court a jester lacks, strings, or threads, plain or interwoven of various softened into che; meaning

To laugh at monarchs to their face,

(Yet) all mankind behind their backs materials; also to the substance formed by such A defect or failure, a want, (sc.) of strength, of Supply the honest jester's place. interweaving. activity, care, diligence : and thus, consequen

Dödsley. The Kings of Europe. Laced, as laced coffee, i.e. coffee inter-laced, tially, slackness or sluggishness; remissness, neg

LACKER, v. intermingled, or intermixed with some other ingre- ligence.

To lay on, to cover with dient.

LA'CKER, or lacquer, or lacque, i. e. with a The lord of hus lacchese. and hus luther sleuthe,

LACK, n. preparation of lac. It. Lacca. Nailing the speres, and helmes bokeling, By nom hym al that he hadde.-Piers Plouhman, p. 141.

See Lake, and the quotation from Dampier. Guiding of sheldes, with lainers lacing. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2506. And if he be slowe, and astonyed, and lache, men shall

The lack of Tonquin is a sort of gummy juice, which holde him lyke to an asse.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv.

drains out of the bodies or limbs of trees. The cabinets, Hire shoon were laced on hire legges hie. Id. The Milleres Tale, v. 3268.

Then cometh lachesse, that is, he that whan he beginneth desks, or any sort of frames to be lackered, are made of fir, any good werk, anon he wol forlete and stint it.

or pine tree. The workhouses where the lacker is laid on, And therefore sith I know of love's peine,

I The Persones Tale. are accounted very unwholesome. And wot how sore it can a man destreine,

Dampier. Voyages, an. 1638. The first point of slouth I call As he that oft has ben caught in his las, Lachesse, and is the chief of all,

What shook the stage, and made the people stare ?
If you foryeve all holly this trespas.
And hath this properly of kinde,

Cato's long wig, flowr'd gown, and lacquer'd chair.
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 1888.
To leuen all thyng behinde.--Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

Pope. Imitation of Horace, Ep. 1. And shode he was with maistrie,

The law also determines that in the king can be no negli- Alum and lacque, and clouded tortoiseshell. With shoone decoped, and with lace.-Id. Rom. of the R. gence, or laches, and therefore no delay will bar his right.

Dyer. The Fleece, b. iv. But certes, loue, I say not in soch wise,

Blackstone. Commentaries, b. i. c. 7.

In vases, flow'r pots, lamps, and sconces,
That for to scape out of your lace I ment.

LA'CHRYMAL. Fr. Lachrymal; It. La- Intaglios, cameos, gems and bronzes,
Id. The Complaint of Venus.
LA'CHRYMARY.

These eyes have read through many a crust
grimal; Sp. Lacrymoso ;

Of lacker, varnish, grease and dust.
And plant my plaint within her brest,
LA'CHRYMATORY. Lat. Lacrima; Gr. Aaxpu-

Cawthorn. The Antiquarians.
Who doutlesse may restore againe
My harmes to helth, my ruth to rest,
ua, & changed into I, a tear.

Or oblong buckle, on the lacker'd shoe, That lased is within her chaine.

That can or may shed tears, that can or may With polish'd lustre, bending elegant ncertaine Auctors. The Louer thinkes no paine, 8c. weep.

In shapely rim.

Jago. Edge Hin, b. iii.

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} A. S. Mladle

LACKEY, v. Fr. Lacquay; It. Lacayo. After it hath been strained through those curious co- To lay or put on, to impose, a weight or burden; LA'CKEY, R. Junius (who proposes the verb landers, the lacteah we ins: Imight also observe its impregna- to put in, to take in, that which is to be borne or

glands and to lacke ; q. d. one who lacks, is poor or indigent,

Derham. Physico-Theology, b. iv. c. 9.

carried ;-the cargo. and therefore servile) interprets the Goth. Laik

I might next trace it through the several meanders of the And they laded their asses with the corne and departed 4, saltare, exultare. Wachter,—the Ger. Læk-en, guts, the lacteals, and into the blood.-Id. Ib.

thence. --Bible, 1551. Gen. c. 42. the same; and also currere, and lakei, curror. | Ihre,-the Sw. Lacka, currere, and Lack-ere, little stars constipated in that part of heaven, flying so This lactean whiteness ariseth from a great number of Pomegranets, lemons, citrons, so

Their laded branches bow, unor, a runner. Hence also the Eng. Leg; and swiftly from the sight of our eyes, that we can perceive Their leaves in number that outgo thecce a lacquey, one who uses his legs, (a legger.) nothing but a confused light.-Nioxon. Astron. Cards, p. 13. Nor roomth will them allow. A runner, a running follower or attendant, a

Drayton. The Description of Elysium. Among pot-herbs are some lactescent plants, as lettice, runner of errands, a footboy; generally, a follower endive, and dandelion, which contain a most wholesome But before they deuided themselues they agreed, after the or attendant.

juice, resolvent of the bile, anodyne and cooling, extremely lading of their goods at their seuerall ports, to meet at Zante. useful in all diseases of the liver.

Stow. Queene Elizabeth, an. 1585. Treye luther lackes he adde wyth hym al out.

Arbuthnot. On Aliments, Prop. 4.
R. Gloucester, p. 389.

H'is growne too much the story of men's mouths Than they of Heynnaulte bought lyttle nagges to ryde at

And this lactescence, if I may so call it, does also commonly To scape his lading. ensue, when spirit of wine being impregnated with those

B. Jonson. The Direll is an Asse, Act i. sc. G. beyr ease, (and they sent back) theyr lackettes and pages.

parts of gums or other vegetable concretions, that are supBerners. Froissart. Cronycle, c. 18.

posed to abound with sulphureous corpuscles, fair water is No toiling teams from harvest-labour come To a prince of ours, a page of theirs they set, suddenly poured upon the tincture or solution.

So late at night, so heavy laden home. Add a French lacquey to an English lord.

Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 219.

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3. Drayton. The Battle of Agincourt.

He makes the breasts to be nothing but glandules of that Some were made prize : while others burnt, and rent, Harp. To clear your doubts, he doth return in triumph, sort they call conglomeratæ, made up of an infinite number With their rich lading to the bottom went. Kings lackeynge by his triumphal chariot. of little knots or kernels, each whereof hath its excretory

Waller. War with Spain, (1651.) Massinger. The Virgin Martyr, Act i. sc. 1. , vessel, or lactiferous duct.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. i.

I'll show thee where the softest cowslips spring What cause could make him so dishonourable LAD. Junius derives from A. S. Lad-an,

And clust'ring nuts their laden branches bend. To drive you so on foot, unfit to tread

Warton, Ecl.u. And lackey by him, 'gainst all womanhead.

La’dkin. ) ducere, to lead or guide ; because

If large the vessel, and her lading large,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 2. children are led or educated to manly virtues.

And if the seas prove faithful to their charge,
So dear to Heaven is saintly chastity,

Skinner and Lye prefer A. S. Leode, people, (see Great are your gains.--Cooke. Hesiod. Works Tia: when a soul is found sincerely so,

the quotation from Piers Plouhman); also, as the A thousand liveried angels lackey her.-Milton. Comus.

latter asserts, signifying juvenis ; but leode means LADE, v. A. S. Hlad-an, to draw out. Lord of the Seasons! They in courtly pomp a companion, follower, or attendant, and may itself LA'DLE.

Camden says--that L3quay ihy presence, and with glad dispaich

be from læd-an, to lead. Lad will thus mcan- lade is a passage of water, and that aquæductus in Por at thy bidding, o'er the land and sea. Grainger. The Sugar Cane, b. iii.

One who, on account of his tender years, is the old Glossarie is translated water-lada. Hence

under a leader, guide, or director : a male child, it appears that hladan, to draw out, is merely a LACONICK. Fr. “ Laconizer, to live a boy ; generally, a youth; or one acting in the consequential usage of læd-an, to lead, guide, or LACO'SICAL. strictly or sparingly, to speak services usually performed by youth. See Lass. conduct; and that water-lada is a conduit for LACO'SICALLY. briefly or pithily." And Hol- And the more he hath and wynneth the world at hus water; that by which water may be conducted or LACOʻXICISM. land-To laconize, to imitate wille

drawn off. The application is, LA'CONISM. the Lacedæmonians, either in And lordeth in leedes the lasse good he needeth.

To dip (sc. some vessel or implement) into

Piers Plouhman, p. 187. LACONIZE, v. short and pithy speech or in

water or other liquid, and throw out the contents

Be large ther of while hit laste to leedes that ben needy. kard life, (Plutarch, Explanation of Terms.)

Id. Ib.

or quantity received. You that were once so economic,

There is a lad here, which hath fiue barly loues and two And lerede men a ladel bygge. with a long stele. Quitting the thrifty style laconic, fishes; but what is that amog so many.

Piers Piouhman, p. 380. Tum prodigal in makeronic.

Bible, 1551. John, c. 6.
Desham. A Dialogue between Sir J. Pooley & Mr. Killegrew.

Alas that he ne had hold him by his ladel!
Then the babes be plukt from their mothers' bosoms) and

Chaucer. The Manciples Prologue, v. 17,000. A: Gaunt we fell upon a Cappucine novice, which wept

laddes but of their fathers handes to be slayne. erly, because he was not allowed to be miserable. His

Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, Epist. Ded. Some stirr'd the molten owre with ladles great. tea had now felt the razor, his back the rod : all that The russling northern lads, and stout Welshmen try'd it.

Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. ii. c. 7. buaicai discipline pleased him well.

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 22.
Bp. Hall, Dec. 1. Ep. 5.

Like one that stands vpon a promontorie,
Tharrhon that young ladkin hight

And spyes a farre-off shore, where he would tread, Alerander Nequam, a man of great learning born at Saint He prayed his aged sire.-More. On the Soul, pt. iii. s. 31.

Wishing his foot were equall with his eye, Atzne, and desirous to enter into religion there, after hee

And chides the sea, that sunders him from thence ind signified his desire, wrote to the abbot laconically.

Young Colin Clout, a lad of peerless meed,

Saying hee'le lade it dry to haue his way.
Full well could dance, and deftly tune the reed;
Camden. Remaines. Allusions.

Shakespeare. 3 Pt. Hen. VI. Act ii.
In every wood his carols sweet were known,
The hand of providence writes often by abbreviatures, At every wake his nimble feats were shown.

“Oh! may your altars ever blaze! tierralphicks, or short characters, which, like the Laconism

Gay. The Shepherd's Week. Tuesday. A ladle for our silver-dish sibe Fall (Dan. iii. 25) are not to be made out but by a

Is what I want, is what I wish." Latur key from that Spirit which indited them.

LADDER. A.S. Hladre; Dut. Ladder; Ger. A ladle !" cries the man, "a ladle ! Brown. Christ. Mor. i. 25. Leiter ; from A. S. Læd-an; Dut. Leed-en; Ger. Odzooks, Corisca, you have pray'd ill."-Prior. The Ladie. And I grow laconic even beyond laconicisme, for some- Leiten; to lead; q. d. Ductor, scala etiam ad - I return only yes, or no, to questionary or petitionary altiora loca ducimur, (Skinner :) quod scanden

LA'DY.

Tooke has written more ela. Tisties of half a yard long.---Pope. To Swift, Aug. 17, 1736. tem ducant et dirigant, (Kilian.) Wachter resorts

LA'died. borately than usual upon the King Agis, therefore, when a certain Athenian laughed to the Celtic Klettern, to mount or climb. The LA'DYFY, v. Le Lacedæmonian short swords, and said the jugglers name is given to

LA'DILY, it to the A. S. Hlaf, the past swallow them with ease upon the stage, answered in Lassic way, And yet we can reach our enemies' hearts

A machine formed of steps, supported at each part. of hlif-ian, to raise. He supposes hlaf, sh then.-Langhorae. Plutarch, vol. i. Lycurgus. end by upright side-pieces.

first, by receiving the common participial ter

mination, ed, to become hlaf-ed, then by conThe kyng by an laddere to the ssyp clam an hey. LACTAGE. Lat. Lac, απο του γαλακτος,

R. Gloucester, p. 333.

traction hlafd, and further by the addition of LA'CTARY. the first syllable being cut Foure of his old foos han it espied, and setten ladders to

the common adjective termination ig, hlafd-ig, LA'CTBAL, Th. off ;-gara, (lac,) says Len- the walles of his hous, and by the windowes ben entred, and

or by omitting the initial h, laf, lafed," lafd, LACTEAL, adj. nep, appears to have its name beten his wif.---Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus.

lafd-ig, the ig being as usual softened to y. By LACTEAX. from its bright whiteness, and They sodainly with great force and outcry assayed to scale the mere suppression of the f, lafd-y becomes LACTEOCS. to have sprung from (the ob- the trenches. the most part by setting vp ladders

, others lady; meaning one lifted, raised or elevated, (sc.) LACTE'SCENT. solete primitive) ya-w, ab ex

climing ouer the heads of their fellowes vpon a target fence. to the rank of her husband or lord, (see Lord.)

Savile. Tacitus. Historie, p. 150. LACTE'SCENCE. plicandi notione translatum ad

Serenius finds the word written lafd-a in Goth. LACTI'FEROL'S. eam nitendi,splendendi; transBut after they were come to Syria, men named them

and Dr. Jamieson lafd-e in Icelandic; and as in Climacides, as one would say ladderesses, for that they used ferred from the notion of explaining or making to lie along, and to make their backs stepping stools or lad

R. Gloucester, it is written leuedy. See Jamiepain and clear, to that of brightening, of shining. ders, as it were for queens and great men's wives to get

son, in v. Laird. Lacteal,-milky, bearing or producing milk, or

upon,
when they would mount into their coaches.
Holland. Plutarch, p. 71.

That heo comen alle to London the hey men of this londe, a liquid resembling milk.

And the leuedys so god, to ys noble fest wyde.

If the barren sound It is thought that the offering of Abel, who sacrificed of

R. Gloucester, p. 156. of pride delights thee, to the topmost round Es socks, was only wool, the fruits of his shearing; and of fortune's ladder got, despise not one,

For mony was the faire ledy, that y come was therto. , or rather cream, a part of his lactage. For want of smooth hypocrisy undone.

Id. Ib.
Shuckford. On the Creation, vol. i. p. 79.

Churchill. Sermons, Ded.

The eldre man to the chosun ladi and to hir children. Yet Fere it no easie probleme to resolve) why also from LADE, v. ? A. S. Lad-an; Dut. Laden ;

Wiclif. 2 Jon, c. I. Izetary or milky plants which have a white and lacteous ja e dispersed through every part, there arise flowers blew

LA'ding, n. ) Ger. Laden; Sw. Ladda. See

The elder to the electe ladye and hir children. 29d yellow,--Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vi. c. 10. To LOAD.

Bible, 1551. It.

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Such sorrow this lady to her tooke,

Whether you prove a lagger in the race,

recipients of liquid substances. Lake, in Wiclif, That truly I that made this booke,

Or with a vigorous ardour urge your pace,

is in the common version wine-press. The usual Had such pitie and such routh

I shall maintain my usual rate: no more.
To rede her sorrow, that by my trouth

Prancis. Horace, Ep. 2. T. Lollius. application is to-
I farde the worse all the morrow
Superfluous lags the vet'ran on the stage,

A large expanse of water within land, or having After, to thinken on her sorrow.-Chaucer. Dreame.

Till pitying nature signs the last release,

no immediate connexion with the sea. And whan she goth to here masse And bids afllicted worth retire to peace.

And the lake (lacus] was trodun withoute the citee, and That time shall nought ouerpasse,

Johnson. Vanity of Human Wishes.

the blood went out of the lake til to the bridelis of horsis bi That I ne approche hir ladihede.--Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

LA'INER, Fr. straps or thongs, (Tyrwhitt.) furlongis a thousynde and sixe hundride. Now sonne tell me then so,

Wiclif. Apocalips, c. 14. Skinner writes it lamers, thongs; and suggests the What hast thou done of besiship To loue, and to the ladiship Lat. Laminæ.

And sprincles eke the water counterfet,

Like unto blacke Auernus lake in hell.
Of hir, whiche thy ladie is?

Id. Ib.
Nailing the speres, and helmes bokeling,

Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. iv.
Guiding of sheldes, with lainers lacing.
A lovely ladie rode him faire beside,

So stretcht out huge in length the arch-fiend lay

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2507. Upon a lowly ass more white than snow;

Chain'd on the burning lake.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i. Yet she much whiter ; but the same did hide

LAIR, or Skinner writes it leer, - clearly Our spacious lakes; thee, Larius, first; and next Under a vele, that wimpled was full low.

Lare.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. I.

enough, he says, from Ger. Læger, Bonacus, with tempest'ous billows vext.
cubile, and this from liegen, to lay. It is imme-

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 2. To be plain argues honesty, but to be pleasing argues diately from lay, or lai, layer or lair.

I started up, and looking out, observed by the light of the discretion. Sores are not to be anguisht with a rustick

The place where any one (deer or other animal) and the waves dashing against the walls of the inn, and

moon the lake (Desensano) in the most dreadful agitation, pressure, but gently stroak'd with a ladied hand.

Feltham, pt. i. Res. 8. lays or is laid. Applied to the land or pasture in resembling the swellings of the ocean, more than the petty More did I feare, than euer in

which they lie. In Hardyng's Chronicle (quoted agitation of inland waters.-Eustace. Italy, vol. i. c. 5." Your ladiship I found,

by Dr. Jamieson) the place where Arthur was Disdainefull lookes from those faire eyes

LA'KENS. The diminutive of our lady, i. e. laid in burial. That me with loue did wound.

ladykin, (Steevens.)
Warner. Albion's England, b. xi. c. 64. The mynster church, this day of great repayre
Of Glastenbury, where now he has his leyre.

By our lakens brother husband (qh. she,) but as properlye And now and then among, of eglantine a spray,

Harding. Chronicle, p. 77.

as yt was preached, yet woulde I rather abyde the perill of By which again a course of lady-smocks they lay.

breding wormes in my bely by eating of fleshe without Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 15. More hard for hungrey steed t'abstaine from pleasant lare. breadde, then to eate with my meate the breadde that I wist

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 8. well wer poysoned.—Sir T. More. Workes, p. 849.
He made a knight,
And your sweet mistress-ship ladyfied, you wore

Instead of his Æmylia faire

Gon. By'r laken, I can go no further, sir,
Satin on solemn days, a chain of gold,
This gyant's sonne that lies there on the laire

My old bones akes.-Shakespeare. Tempest, Act iii. sc. 3. A velvet hood, rich borders, &c.

A headlesse heap, him unawares there caught.-Id. Ib.
Massinger. The City Madam, Act iv. sc. 4.
Haue the winters been so set,

LAMB, v. Goth. A. S. Dut. Ger. and
To raine and snowe, they have wet

LAMB, n.

Swed. Lamb, agnus. The soldier here his wasted store supplies,

The origin All his driest laire.

LA'MBKIN. And takes new valour from his ladie's eyes.

of the word, says Junius, imWaller. Instructions to a Painter.

By which means his sheep have got
Such a deadly curelesse rot

probably enough, is to be sought, prefixo l, from * This lady-fly I take from off the grass,

That none living are.-Browne. Shepheard's Pipe, Ec.. 3.

the initial letters of the Gr. Auvos. This etymoWhose spotted back might scarlet red surpass,

Out of the ground uprose

logy, says Wachter, Stiernhiem despises, but Fly, lady-bird, North, South, or East, or West,

As from his laire the wilde beast where he wonns suggests no other. Ihre remarks, Apud ArmoFly where the man is found that I love best. Gay. The Shepherd's Week, Thursday. In forrest wilde, in thicket, brake or den.

ricos lamma notat saltare, which does not ill suit Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vii.

this kind of animal. Minshew, from lamb-ere, to Such as your titled folks would choose

Where nature shall provide

lick. It is applied toAnd lords and ladyships might use,

Green grass and fat'ning clover for their fare !
Which style whoever would succeed in,
And mossy caverns for their noontide lare:

The young offspring of the sheep; (met.) to Must have small wit and much good breeding.

With rocks above to shield the sharp nocturnal air. any one having the meekness, innocence of a
Lloyd. To G. Colman, Esq. 1761.

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. 3. lamb.
LAG, v.
Skinner thinks lag is quasi lang,
But the sea-fowl is gone to her nest,

Non lyckore ys brother hym nas, than an wolf ys a lombe.

The beast is laid down in his lair; LAG, n. (the n omitted,) from the A. Š.

R. Gloucester, p. 280. Even here is a season of rest Lag, adj. Lang, long; as we say, he stayes And I to my cabin repair.

And gaf the kyngdome to hus knave. that kept sheep &

lambren. LAGGARD. long, hee's long a comming. Min- Cowper. Verses, supposed to be written by A. Selkirk.

Piers Plouhman, p. 59. LA'GGER. shew derives from log, truncus,

Go ye lo Y sende you: as lambren among woluys.

LAIT, n. Perhaps from the A. S. Lat-an, and it is not improbable that it may have the æstimare, reputare, judicare. Skinner prefers the

Wiclif. Luke, c. 10. sume origin, viz. the Goth. Lag-yan, A. S. Lecg. Fr. Laicter, lactare.

Go your wayes: beholde, I sende you forthe as lambes

among wolues.-Bible, 1551. Ib. an, to lay or lie; and, consequentially, to remain

Incessantly busie her prey for to gete, at rest, inactive, sluggish.

So 'twixt them both they not a lambkin left;
To bring to the lure whom she doth lait.
To move slowly or sluggishly, to tarry or remain

And, when the lambs fail'd, the old sheepes lives they reft.
Chaucer. The Remedie of Loue.

Spenser. Mother Hubberd's Tale. behind, to come or follow slowly after; to come in

LAITY. See LAY.

I finde those that commend use of apples, in splenaticke late or latterly, at the latter end, after others.

LAKE. Tyrwhitt remarks,-it is difficult to and this kinde of melancholy (lambs-wool some call it) For a gunstone I say had all to lagged his cap.

which howsoever approved must certainely be corrected of Skelton. Phe Crowne of Laurell. say what sort of cloth is meant. Laecken, Belg: cold rawnesse and winde. signifies both linen and woollen cloth, (Kilian.)

Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 395. When with the luggage such as lagg’d behind, And that were set the carriages to keep, Fine cloth and lawn (says Skinner.) Somner has

In the warm folds their tender lambkins lie
'Gainst God and Moses grievously repin'd,
lach, chlamys, a kind of garment.

Apart from kids, that call with human cry.
Wanting a little sustenance and sleep.
He didde next his white lere

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xiii.
Drayton, Moses his Birth and Miracles, b. iii.
Of cloth of lake fin and clere.

Er'n while I sing,
O gods, the senators of Athens, together with the common

Chaucer. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,787. Yon wanton lamb has crop't the woodbine's pride, tegge of people, what is amisse in them, you gods, make

That bent beneath a full-blown load of sweets, suteable for destruction.

LAKE. Fr. Lacque; It. and Low Lat. Lacca. And fill'd the air with perfume.
Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act iii. sc. 6. (See Menage and Martinius.) A word, says the

Mason. The English Garden, b. ii.
former, of Arabic origin. (And see the quotation Nor dread we more the rigour of the year,
There, I take it,
They may cum priuilegio, wee [wear) away

from Boyle.) Fr. “ Lacque, sanguine; rosie or T'han the fell wolf the fearful lambkins dreads The lag end of their lewdnesse, and be laughed at. rubie colour. The true lacca is an Armenian gum,

When he the helpless fold by night invades. id. Hen. VIII. Act i. sc. 3. used in the dyeing of crimsons, and afterwards

Beattie. Virgil, Past. 7. Some tardie cripple bare and countermand,

(grown artificial) employed by painters,” (Cot- LAMBENT. Lat. Lambens, present That came too lagge to see him buried.

And see LACKER.

LA'MBAtive, adj. part. of lambere, to lick.
Id. Rich. III. Act ii. sc. 1. grave.)
Architecture, who no less

LA'MBATIVE, n. Lambere, from the Gr. MartYet not content, more to encrease his shame,

A goddess is, than painted cloth, deal board,

elv, which means (Vossius) to lick or lap, or to Whenso she lagged, as she needs mote so,

Vermilion, lake, or crimson can afford He with his speare (that was to him great blame)

drink by licking or lapping, and itself seems to be Expression for.-B. Jonson. Etpostulat. with Inigo Jones. formed from the sound. Would thumpe her forward and inforce to goe. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 2. I met the other day, Pyrophilus in an Italian book, that Licking, touching lightly—as with the tongue ;

treats of other matters, with a way of preparing what the To this, Idomeneus: “The fields of fight Have prov'd thy valour, and unconquer'd might;

author calls a lacca of vegetables, by which the Italians moving about or around, as if licking, or touching

mean a kind of extract fit for painting, like that rich lacca lightly. And were some ambush for the foes design'd,

in English, commonly called lake, which is employed by Ev’n there, thy courage would not lag behind.

The star that did my being frame
Pope. Homer. Iliad, b.xiii. painters as a glorious red.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 782.

Was but a lambent flame.

Cowley. Destiny. Decrepit winter, laggard in the dance,

LAKE. Fr. Lac; It. and Sp. Lago; Lat. Sudden a circling flame was seen to spread (Like feeble age oppress'd with pain) Lacus, which Vossius thinks may be from the Gr.

With beams refulgent round lulus' head;
A heavy season does maintain,

Then on his locks the lambent glory preys,
Aakis, hiatus terræ ; and that it means, terra fissa
With driving snows, and winds, and rain.

And harmless fires around his temples blaze.
Hughes. Ode to the Creator of the World. recipiens aquam; and hence applied to other

Pilt. Virgil. Æncid, b. ii.

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Upon the mantle-tree, for I am a pretty curious observer, Thou knowest the teares of my lamentacyon

Here did she pause, and with a mild aspect stood a pot of lambative electuary, with a stick of liquorish! Cannot expresse my hartes inward restrayntes.

Did towards me those lamping turns direct.
Tatler, No. 266.
Wyall, Psalm 38.

Drummond, s. 18. IT then put him into bed, and let him blood in the arm,

Thammus came next behind,

Oh sacred fyre, that burnest mightily
arising a lambative of album, &c.
Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd

In liuing brests, ykindled first above
Wiseman. Surgery, b. V. c. 5. The Syrian damsels to lament his fate

Emongst th' eternal spheres and lamping sky.
To stroke his azure neck, or to receive
In amorous dittyes all a summer's day.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b.iii. c. 3.
Milton. Paradise Lost, b. i.

That love, sir,
The lambent homage of his arrowy tongue.
Cowper. The Task, b. vi.

Which is the price of virtue, dwells not here,
Eve, who unseen

Your ladies eyes are lampless to that virtue.
Yet all had heard, with audible lament
LAME, v. A. S. Lam; Dut. Lam, laem ;

Beaum. & Fletch. The Mad Lover, Act ii. sc. 1.
Discover'd soon the place of her retire.-12. Ib. b. xi.
LAVE, adj. Ger. Lam; Sw. Lam; Dut.

For his sake then renew your drooping spirits,
LAMELY.
Lamen;

Small griefs are soon wept out; but great ones come
Ger. Læmen, debilitare,

Feed with new oil the wasting lamp of life,
With bulk, and strike the straight lamenters dumb.

That winks and trembles, now, just now expiring. LA MENESS. to weaken.

Brome. On the Death of his Schoolmaster.

Smith. Phædre & Hippolitus, Act i. sc. I. Lamish. To weaken or debilitate, to

Her teme at her commaundment quiet stands, want, to injure, or deprive of, the natural power Whiles they the corse into her wagon reare,

The splendour of your lamps; they but eclipse or strength; to maim, to cripple.

And strowe with flowres the lamentable beare.

Our softer satellite.

Cowper. Task, b. i.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 4. And a man that was lame fro the wombe of his modir was

Various and violent have been the controversies, whether borun, and was leid ech dai at the ghate of the temple. A hundred and twentie temporall men with diuers préests

our author here intended to celebrate a lamp-lighter, or a Wiclif. Dedis, c. 3. and many women were drowned and lamentablie perished.

link-boy.-P. Whitehead. The Gymnasiad, b. ii. Note. The golde hath made his wittes lame.

Holinshed. Edw. III. an. 1339.
Gower. Con. A. b. v.
But among the Britains there was nothing else heard but

LAMPOON, v. Cotgrave has lamponnier, I set aside to tell the restlesse toyle,

mourning and lamentation, both of men and women that LAMPOON, n. a fond or idle companion, The mangled corps, the lamed limbes at last. were mingled togither.-Id. Hist. of England, b iv. c. 18.

LAMPO'ONER. probably from the old Fr. Gascoigne. The Fruites of Warre.

Admit they were, it would not be uncharitable to part | Lamper, pofare, to drink, (Lacombe ;) and from Auf. I cannot help it now,

them; yet sometimes they are not both actors, but the one the ribalury, slander, and satire in which drinking Vnesse by vsing means I lame the foote

of them most lamentedly passive.—Milton. Colasterion. companions indulge themselves, the word may or our desiga. Shakespeare. Coriolanus, Act iv. sc. 7.

Disconsolate he wanders on the coast,

have derived its application to
And thence,
That before pleas'd them all takes but one sense,
Sighs for his Country, and laments again

Satire or abuse of persons, their peculiarities
To the deaf rocks and hoarse resounding main.
And that so lamely, as it leaves behind

or failings.

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xiii.
A kind of sorrowing dulnes to the mind.
Dorne. Farewell to Love. But now, ah dismal change! the tuneful throng

" Mr. Bettesworth," answered he, “I was in my youth To loud la mentings turn the cheerful song.

acquainted with great lawyers, who, knowing my disposiBanck feels no lameness of his knotty gout,

tion to satire, advised me, that if any scoundrel or blockhead

Congrede. Death of the late Marquis of Blandford. His moneyes travaile for him in and out.

whom I had lampooned should ask, “Are you the author of Ben. Jonson. On Bank the Usurer.

[It was) but an universal (infinitely rich and abundant) this paper ?' I should tell him that I was not the author :

goodness, mercy and pity toward this eminent part of his and therefore I tell you, Mr. Bettesworth, that I am not the A tender foot will be galled and lamed, if you set it going

creation, sunk into distress and lamentable wretchedness, author of those lines.”—Johnson. Life of Swift. in rugged paths; a weak head will turn, if you place it

which induced God to send his son for the redemption of Ligh, or upon the brink of a precipice.

Like her, who miss'd her name in a lampoon,
mankind.--Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 39.
Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 3.

And griev'd to find herself decay'd so soon.
Nothing of worth or weight can be atchieved with half a One clad in purple, not to lose his time,

Dryden. Essay upon Satire. mind, with a faint heart, with a lame endeavour.

Eats and recites some lamentable rhymne.
Id. Ib. Ser. 18.

Dryden. Persius, Sat. 1.

Lampooners and criticks rush'd in like a tide,

Stern Dennis and Gildon came first side by side. He (Peter) could but very lamely have executed such an When the long-sounding curfew from afar

Buckinghamshire. Election of a Poet Laureat. cifice.--Id. Of the Pope's Supremacy.

Loaded with loud lament the lonely gale,
Young Edwin, lighted by the evening star,

It cannot be supposed that the same man, who lampooned Though some part of them [its imperfections) are covered Lingering and list’ning, wander'd down the vale. Plato, would spare Pythagoras.-Observer, No. 142. in the verse (as Ericthonius rode always in a chariot to

Beattie. The Minstrel, b. i.

Libanius must have possessed a consummate impudence, hide his la meness,) such of them as cannot be concealed

Starting, he forsakes

who could address to a Christian emperor a mere panegyric Jou will please to connive at, though, in the strictness of

A thorny pillow; rushes on the deck

on Paganism, and a lampoon on Christianity; for such is Four judgment, you cannot pardon.

With lamentations to the midnight moon.
Dryden. Virgil. Æneis, Ded.

his oration.-Jortin. On the Christian Religion, Dis. 6.

Glover. The Alhenaid, b. i. He did by a false step, sprain a vein in the inside of his

LAMPREY. Fr. Lamproye; It. Lampreda ;

; kg, which ever after occasioned him to go lamish.

LAMM. Skinner says,– perhaps from the Sp. Lamprea; Lat. Lampetra ; a petrá dicta, Wood. Alhena Oxon, vol. ii. James Shirley. Ger. Lahmen, Dut. Lamen, to lame ; and interprets nempe a lambendis petris. Even lameness from its leafy pallet crawls, it, -cædere, ictibus permolere. See Slam.

And tho he com hom, he wyllede of an lampreye to ete. To join the favour'd gang.--Grainger. Sugar Cane, b. iii. To beat, to bruise with blows.

R. Gloucester, p. 422. LAMELLAR.

By all the saintes that we prey,
Lat. Lamella, diminutive

And lambd ye shall be e're we leave ye.

Beaum. & Fletch. The Beggar's Bush, Act iii. sc. 3. But they defend them with lamprey, &c. LAMELLATED. of lamina, a thin plate.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose. LA'MINATED. Consisting of thin plates, LAMMAS. A. S. Hlaf-masse. The calends After the tale of the boy that would fayne haue eaten of flakes, or scales. or first day of August ; (q.d.) loaf-mass, perhaps the pastie of lamprese, but durst not ynto the belles sang

vnto him,-Sit down Jacke and eate of the lampreye. The lanellated antennæ of some, the clavellated of others, because on that day an offering was made of bread

Tyndall. Workes, p. 388. are surprizingly beautiful, when viewed through a micro- | made of new corn; the first fruits of harvest. xeope. - Derham. Physico-Theology, b. viii. c. 4. Note 3. See Somner and Skinner, and Hammond's Works,

There were found in Cæsar's fish-ponds, lampreyes to have We took an ounce of that [refined silver) and having la- vol. i. p. 660.

liued threescore years.-Bacon. Hist. of Life of Death, $ 11. minated it, we cast it upon twice its weight of beaten subli

And to the lammasse afterward he spousede the quene. LANCE, or Fr. Lancer, lance; It. Lanciare, mate.---Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 81.

R. Gloucester, p. 317. LAUNCE, v. lancia ; Sp. Lanzar, lanza; Dut. I took two parcels of gold, the one common gold thinly The fift day it was after Lammasse-tide.

LANCE, n. Lancie, lansse ; Ger. Lanze; Sw. lagiaated, and the other very well refined.--Id. Ib. p. 82.

R. Brunne, p. 221. LA'NCELY. Lants; Lat. Lancea. The etv. Calcareous marl is-sometimes of a compact, sometimes How long is it now to Lammas-tide ?

LANCER. mologists have written much Ha lamellar texture.--Kirwan. On Manures.

Shakespeare. Romeo & Juliet, Act i. sc. 3.

LANCET.

about this word, and agree in LAMENT, v. Fr. Lamenter ; It. Lamen

Nurse. Euen or odde, of all daies in the yeare come Lam- ascribing it to a Celtic origin. (See Vossius, de mas Eue at night shall she be fourteene.

Id. Ib. LAMENT, n. tare; Sp. Lamenta; Lat. La

Vitiis, b. i. c. 3, his Etymologicon in v.-Menage, La'MENTABLE. mentari ; perhaps from the LAMP, n. Fr. Lampe; It. Lampa, lan- Wachter, and Ihre.) Wachter and Lye think the LAMENTABLY. Gr. Jaleuos, carmen lugubre.

LAMPED. pada ; Sp. Lampara ;

Lat.
root preserved in the Armoric Lança, jaculari,

A lance will thus LAMENTA'TION. To feel grief or sorrow, to

LAMPING, adj.

Lampas ; Gr. Aaunas, from vibrare, to throw, to brandish. LAME'NTEDLY. bewail, to deplore, to bemoan ; LAMPLESS.

; Lauttely, to shine.

signify, generally, any thing thrown; and lance, LAME'NTER. to declare or make known A light; any thing possessing or communicating the verb, or lanch, (qv.) LAME'NTING, n. grief or sorrow. light, -(lit, or met.)

To throw; and (from the form and purpose of

a lance) consequentially, to pierce or penetrate; The case it selfe is inly lamentable.

Hit is as lewede as a lampe, that no lyght ys ynne.
Chaucer. The Assembly of Ladies.

Piers Plouhman, p. 22.

to cut with a lancer or lancet, or small lance, or

sharp-pointed instrument. This child with pitous lamentation

But the five foolis token her lampis, and token not oile Was taken up, singing his song alway. with hem.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 25.

Lance, in ba-lunce, and used uncompounded by Id. The Prioresses Tale, v. 13,551.

Spenser, may be the same word, applied conseAnd wel ycovered with a lampe of glas? Perelye verelye I say vnto you: ye shall wepe and la

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,167. quentially; poise, equipoise. sette and the worlde shall reioyce.--Bible, 1551. Jon, c. 16. A cheerliness did with her hopes arise

In ys rygt hond ys lance he nom, that ycluped was Ron.

R. Gloucester, p. 17'. Por sorow and fayth made her importunate-she foloweth That lamped clearer than it did before, ** his backe, and cryeth lamentably: Haue mercy vpon me And made her spirit and his affections more.

With a herde thei mette, a herte therof gan lance. Lode. Udal. Mathew, c. 15.

Daniel. Civil IV ars, b. viii.

R. Brunne. p. 94.

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& scharp lance that thrilled Ihesu side.-R.Brunne, p. 30. They cried to have the sailos hoisted vp, and signe giuen In like sort halfe a mile beyond this into the landward Plomos and cherries

to lanch foorth, that they might passe forward on their iour. goeth another longer creeke.
That lyghtliche launcelh up litel wile dureth.
nie.-Holinshed. History of England, vol. i. b. iv. c. 24.

Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, c. 12.
Piers Plouhman, p. 213.
In divers enquiries about providence, to which our cu-

Heere we consum'd a day; and the third morne
A blind knight-men called Longias,
riosity will stretch itself, it is impossible for us to be resolved,

To Daintry with a land-wind were wee borne. With a speare aproched vnto my souerain, and launching into them we shall soon get out of our depth,

Corbet. Iter Boreale. Launsing his side full pitously alas.

so as to swim in dissatisfaction, or to sink into distrust. Thus royal sir, to see you landed here, Chaucer. The Lamentation of Mary Magdalen.

Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 23.

Was cause enough of iriumph for a year.
And yet I hope par ma fay,
He chose Menætes from among the rest;

Dryden. To his Majesty.
That thou shalt with this launce gay
At him he launch'd his spear, and pierc'd his breast.

A tax laid upon land seems hard to the land-holder, be. Abien it ful soure.

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xii.
Id. The Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13,091.

cause it is so much money going visibly out of his pocket: We cut our cable, launch into the world,

and therefore as an ease to himself, the landholder is always With many a firie launce And fondly dream each wind and star our friend.

forward to lay it upon commodities. He woundeth ofte, where he woll not hele.

Young. The Complaint, Night 8.

Locke. On the Lowering of Interest. Gower. Con. A. b. viii.

A good conscience is a port which is land-locked on every And as he put forth his honde

LAND, v. Goth, A.S. Ger. Dut. and side, and where no winds can possibly invade, no tempesta Upon my body, where I laie,

LAND, n.

can arise.Dryden. Virgil. Geor. Pref.

Sw. Land: of unknown ety-
Me thought a firie launcegaie,
Which whilom through my hert he cast,

LA'NDING, n. mology. (See Wachter and Ihre.) Divines but peep on undiscover'd worlds,
He pulleth oute.

Id. Ib.
LA'NDLESS. May it not be formed of (Goth.

And draw the distant landskape as they please.

Id. Don Sebastian, Act ii. sc. 1. And with that word, with all his force a dart

Lagy,) Lay-en-ed, Lan-ed, Land ? He launced then into that croked wombe.

As a substance, it is opposed to water.

The prettiest landscape I ever saw, was one drawn on the Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii.

walls of a dark room, which stood opposite on one side to a

It is also applied to the inhabitants of the land, navigable river, and on the other side to a park. The surgen launcelh and cutteth out the dead flesh. of the country, or region.

Spectator, No. 414. Tyndall. Workes, p. 119.

It is not unfrequent in composition ; and some As soon as the land of any country has all become private The cut wherof like a lytle launsing knife may let out the instances from our elder writers are given.

property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap foule corrupcion of the soule.-Sir T. More. Workes, p.1391.

Landlady and lundlord are applied to the mistress natural produce.-Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. 6.

where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its He carried his lances, which were strong, to give a lancely and master of the house, more especially of a blow.-Sidney. Arcadia. public one.

Religion's harbour, like th' Etrurian bay

Secure from storms, is land-lock'd ev'ry way. And they cried lowd, and cut themselues, as their maner Landskip,-Dut. Landschap ; A. S. “ Landscipe,

Harte. Thomas à Kempis. was, we knyues and launcers.--Bible, 1551. 3 Kings, c. 18. a country, a region, a quarter, a coast; whence

Nothing can be better fancied than to make this enormous Whole hosts of sorrows her sick heart assail,

our land-skip, q.d. land-shape,(Somner.) See son of Neptune use the sea for his looking-glass; but is When ev'ry letter lanc'd her like a dart. the quotation from Dryden.

Virgil so happy when his little landsman says, Non sum adeo Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. vi.

informis ?-Fawkes. Theocritus, Idyl 6. Note 45.
Towards them did pace

Engelond ys a wel god lond, ich wene of eche lond best,
An armed knight, of bold and bounteous grace,
Y set in the ende of the world, as al in the West.

LANE. Dut. Laen ; and Lye says, the A. S. Whose squire bore after him an heben launce

R. Gloucester, p. 1.

have Lana. It may be Hlæne, læne, thin, and, And cover'd shield.-Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 8. In the se sailand he lendes toward Lumbardie,

therefore, narrow. Need teacheth her this lesson hard and rare,

R. Brunne, p. 186.

A narrow way or passage-between houses or That fortune all in equall launce, doth sway,

& the kyng Cadwaladre this lond had alle torn.-Id. p. 1. hedges, or any lateral confinement. And mortal miseries doth make her play. Id. Ib. b. iii. c. 7. Al the puple was aboute the see on the lond.

“ In the subarbes of a town," quod he, Each launceer well his weightie launce did wield,

Wiclif. Mark, c. 4. Lurking in hernes and in lanes behind.'
Each drew his sword and well addrest his shield.
With which landing tho I woke.-Chaucer. Dreame.

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Prologue, v. 16,124.
Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 822. The monthe vnto this signe ordeigned

It is becomme a turnagaine laine vnto them, which they These carried a kind of lance de gay, sharp at both ends, Is Februar, whiche is bereigned

cannot goe through.--Tyndali. Workes, p. 388. which they held in the midst of the staff.

And with landflodes in his rage

The trees and bushes growing by the streets' sides, doo Raleigh. Hist. of the World, b. v. c. 3. At fordes letteth the passage. Gower, Con. A. b. vii.

not a little keepe off the force of the sunne in summer for Although at one time there came an army of eighteen And God sayde: let ye waters that are ynder heauen drieng vp the lanes.- Holinshed. Desc. of Britaine, c. 19. thousand foot, at another time an army wherein were gather themselues vnto one place that the drye land may Forth issuing from steep lanes, the colliers' steeds reckoned twelve thousand launce-knighls. appere.-Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. 1.

Drag the black load ; another cart succeeds.
Baker. Hen. VIII. an. 1546.

Gay. Triria, b. iii.
And let thy wife visit thy landladye three or four tymes
To the rescue whereof, the French king sent an army,

He (the Earl of Chatham, 7 April, 1778) was led into the in a yeare, wyth spised cakes, and apples, pears, cherries,

7. under the leading of the Constable of France, which consisted of nine hundred men at arms, with as many light and such like. --Tyndall. Workes, p. 210.

house by his son and son in law Mr. w. Pitt and Lord Vi.

Mahon, all the lords standing up out of respect, and making horse, eight hundred reysters, two and twenty ensigns of Yea, poll thyselfe and preuent other, and geue the baylife a lane for him to pass to the earl's bench. lancaquenets, and sixteen ensigns of French footmen. or like officer now a capon, now a pigge, now a goose, and

Belsham. History of England, vol. vi. Id. Queen Mary, an. 1557. so to thy landlord likewise.--Id. lb. Receipts abound; but searching all thy store, Por soine men there be, that remoue other men's lande

LANGUAGE, v.

Fr. Language; It. LinThe best is still at hand, to launch the sore. markes.-Bible, 1551. Job, c. 24.

LA'NGUAGE, n.

guaggio; Sp. Lengua, lenDryden. Virgil, Geor. 3.

LA'NGUAGEless.
There this fayre virgin wearie of her way
While making fruitless moan, the shepherd stands,

Must landed bee.-Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. i. c. 12.
And when the launching knife requires his hands,

linga, from Ling-ere, to lick, cum lingua unicum &

sit linctus instrumentum. Vain help, with idle pray'rs from heav'n demands.-Id. Ib. Defend all landings, bar all passages..

That which the tongue utters, or speaks;

Daniel. Civil Wars, b. vii.
They lightly set their lances in the rest,
And, at the sign, against each other press'd.

Now sir young Fortinbras,

speech, oral or written; applied to the general Id. The Flower and the Leaf. Of vnimproued mettle, hot and full,

character or style of speaking or writing; to the With that he drew a lancet in his rage,

Hath in the skirts of Norway, heere and there,

people or nation speaking or writing. To puncture the still supplicating sage. Shark'd vp a list of landlesse resolutes.

For in the langage of Rome, Rane a frogge ys.

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act i. sc. I.
Garth. The Dispensary, c. 5.

R. Gloucester, p. 69. In his pockets he had a paper of dried figs, a small bundle

Down from the neighbouring hills those plenteous springs
that fall,

And thei spaken the langagis and prophecieden.
of segars, a case of lancets, squirt, and forceps and two old
razors in a leathern envelope.--Observer, No. 88.

Nor land-floods after rain, her never move at all.

Druyton. Poly-Olbion, s. 9. And al the worlde was of one toge & one language. LANCH, or See Lance.

Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. 11. 4 LAUNCH.

Those same the shephcard told me, were the fields
To throw, to send forth, to
In which dame Cynthia her landheards fed.

To bere this apell was comaunded a clerke, well langaged cmit, to dart, to push forth, to push on, to rush

Spenser. Colin Clout's come home again.

to do such a besynesse.-Berners. Prois. Cron. vol. i. c. 243. forth; also, (as in Spenser,) to pierce as with a

It is nothing strange that these his landloping legats and lance, or lancet. And see in v. LANCE the quota- nuncios haue their manifold collusions to cousen christian

In which matter I have used greatly the help of one Swer,

der, a servant of my lord of Canterbury, a young man well tions from Dryden. kingdoms of their reuenues.-Holinshed. Hen. III. an. 1244.

learned, and well languaged, of good soberness and discreAnd doun his hond he luuncelh to the clifte,

Were he as Furius, he would defy

tion.-Sir T Wyatt. To the King, 7 Jan. (1540.)
In hope for to finden ther a gift.
Such pilfering slips of petty landlordry.

The only languag'd-men, of all the world!
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 7658.

Bp. Hall, b. v. Sat. 1,

B. Jonson. The Fox, Act ii. sc. 2. He said vnto them : Let us goe ouer vnto the other syde Hence countrie loutes land-lurch their lords

A new dispute there lately rose of the lake. And they lanched forth.

And courtiers prize the same.

Betwixt the Greeks and Latins, whose
Bible, 1551. Luke, c. 8.

Warner. Albion's England, b. ix. c. 46.

Temples should be bound with glory For, since my brest was launcht with lovely dart

Lad. To find out that, good shepherd, I suppose

In best languaging this story.-- Lovelace. Lucasta, pt. i. of deare Sansfoy, I never ioyed howre.

In such a scant allowance of star-light,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 4. Would overtask the best land-pilot's art,

Our ancient English Saxons language is to be accompted

the Teutonicke tonge, and albeit we have in latter ages Without the sure guess of well-practis'd feet. That simple fisher-swain

mixed it with many borrowed words, especially out of the Whose little boat in some small river strays;

Milton. Comus.

Latin and French; yet remaineth the Teutonicke unto this Yet fondly lanches in the swelling main,

Some inventing colours, others shadowes and landskips, day the ground of our speech, for no other off-spring haib Soon, yet too late, repents his foolish plays. and others rules of proportion.

our language originally had then that. P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c. 6.

Hakewill. Apologie, b. iii. c. 9. s. 3.

Verstegan. Restit. of Decayed Intelligence, 6. 7.

Wiclif. Dedis, c. 19:

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