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Nor shall thy fate, 6 Rome,
To make the weeper laugh, the laugher weep,

And this effeminate love of a woman, doth so womanize a Resist my vow. Though hills were set on hills,

He had the dialect and different skill.

man, that, if he yield to it, it will not only make hiin an And seas met seas, to guard thee; I would through ;

Shakespeare. A Louer's Complaint. Amazon, but a launder, a distaff, a spinner, or whatsoever I, plough up rocks, steep as the Alpes, in dust;

other vile occupation their idle heads can imagine, aud

Thou pow'r that rul'st the confines of the night, And lave the Tyrrhene waters, into clouds,

their weak hands perform.--Sidney. Arcadia, b. i.

Laughter-lov'ng goddess, worldly pleasure's queen,
But I would reach thy head, thy head, proud city.
B. Jonson. Caliline, Act i. sc. 1.
Intenerate that heart that sets so light.-Daniel, Son. 10. oft did she heave her napkin to her eyne,

Which on it had conceited characters,
Some stow their oars, or stop the leaky sides,
To compass this, his building is a town,

Laund'ring the silken figures in the brine
Another, bolder yet, the yard bestrides,
His pond an ocean, his parterre a down:

That season'd woe had pelleted in tears.
And folds the sails; a fourth, with labor, laves
Who but must laugh, the master when he sees, !

Shakespeare. A Lover's Complaint. Th' intruding seas, and waves ejects on waves.

A puny insect, shivering at a breeze.
Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. x.

Pope. Moral Essays, Epic. 5.

I, and, (perhaps) thy neck

Within a noose, for laundring gold, and barbing it. The watch-dog's voice that bay'd the whisp'ring wind,

B. Jonson. The Alchymist, Acti. sc. 1. LAVE'ER, Dut. Laveren, leveren ; to go in And the loud laugh that spoke the vacant mind. an oblique course, to sail obliquely, to catch the

Goldsmith. The Deserted Village.

Of ladies, chamberers, and launderers, there were aboue

three hundred at the least.-Holinshed. Rich. II. an. 1599. wind at sea in oblique directions, (Skinner.) See Between the laughers and the envious, the book was To Veer. much ridiculed.-Walpole. Anec. of Painting, vol. iv. c. 1.

About the sixteenth yeere of the queene, began the

making of steele poking-sticks, and untill that time all

He tells us Philemon was suffocated by a sudden fit of lawndresses vsed setting stickes, made of wood, or bone. I heard a grave and austere clerk, } laughter upon seeing an ass, who found his way into the

Stow. King James, an. 1086. 3 Resolv'd him pilot both and bark;

house, devour a plate of figs, which his page had provided That like the fam'd ship of Trever,

It (his beard] does your visage more adorn, Did on the shore himself laver.-Lovelace. Lucasta, pt. ii. for him.-Observer, No. 151.

Than if 'twere prun'd, and starch'd, and landered.

Hudibras, pt. ii. c. 1. How easy 'tis, when Destiny proves kind,

LAVISH, v. To lave, (Lye,) is to draw With full spread sails to run before the wind !

LA'vish, adj.

There (the kitchen) the grand affairs of the family ought out or exhaust: and hence

to be consulted; whether they concern the stable, the dairy, But those that 'gainst stiff gales laveering go,

LA'YISHER. lavish appears to be formed.

the pantry, the laundry, the celler, the nursery, the diningMust be at once resoly'd and skilful too.

Dryden. Astræa Redux.

LA'vishly. See the quotations from Sir room, or my lady's chamber.-Swift. Directions to Servants.
LA'VISHMENT. T. More and Brende.

Myself, in youth's more joyous reign,
LAVE'NDER. Fr. Lavande; It. Lavanda ; LA'visuxess. To throw out or away pro- My laundress held in pleasing chain.

Hamilton. Horace, b. ii. Ode 4. Sp. Lavandula ; Low Lat. Lavandula, or laven- fusely, wastefully, prodigally; to waste, to squander, dula, a word unknown to Pliny and other ancient to dissipate, to disperse, wastefully, or profusely.

LAUREATE, v. It. Laureato ; Sp. Lauwriters, but Latin in its origin, (sc. lavare, In al other thing so light and laves [are they) of their LA'UREATE, n.

rear, laureado, from the to wash,) for it is so called because it is much tonge.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 250.

LA'UREATE, adj. Lat. Laurus, a bay; the sought for in bathing and washing, (Vossius, de

This was a goodly discipline yt the kinges there had of LAUREATION. modern laurel is a very : Vit. lib. iii. c. 18.) olde time vsed amongst their subiects, in punishing with LA'urel, n.

different plant. losse of life the lauesnes of ye toung, which is ther more La'URELLED.

To adorn, to deck, to Here's flowres for you;

greuously chastised then any other cryme. Hot lauender, mints, sauory marjorum.

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 67.

crown with laurel.
Shakespeare. Winter's Tale, Act iv. sc. 3.

Min herte and all my limmes ben as grene,
A certayne manne (qh. he) goyng farre from home, called

As laurer thurgh the yere is for to sene.
LAUGH, v. Goth. Hlah-yan; A. S. Hlihan, his seruauntes, and delivered them hys goodes, not to spend
them, lauyshe them out prodygally for theyr own pleasure,

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9339 LAUGH, 17.

hlihhan; Dut. Lacchen; Ger. but to get some aduauntage therefore to theyr mayster, of To Rome again repareth Julius LA'UGHABLE. Lachen ; Sw. Lee. Generally whom they had receyued the stocke.Udal. Matt. c. 25. With his triumphe laureat ful hie. La'uguer. supposed to be formed from

Id. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14,614. Athough some lauishe lippes, which like some other best, LA'UGHING, N. the sound. Wyll saye the blemishe on hir browe disgraceth all the

And what rewarde? not a crowne of oak or laurell.

Udal. Matthew', c. 5 LAUGHINGLY. To laugh at; to deride, to rest.-Gascoigne. In Praysc of Lady Sandes.

There will I build him LA'UGHTER. ridicule; to treat with merri

Be not ye niggish, & slouthfull distributours of the doc- A monument, and plant it round with shade ment, with derision, contempt, or scorn. tryne that I gave you, but put it fourth lauishly.

Of laurel evergreen, and branching palm. To laugh, (met.)--to be, or appear, cheerful,

Udal. Marke, C. 3.

Milton. Samson Agonisies. pleasant, benevolent, favourable, propitious, bene- There lavish Nature, in her best attire,

Bid amaranthus all his beauty shed,

Powres forth sweete odors and alluring sights. ficent, fertile.

And daffadillies fill their cups with tears,
Spenser. Muiopotmos.

And strow the laureat herse where Lycid lies.
The kyng somdel to lyghe tho he herde this tale.
And the much blood he lavishly had shed,

Id. Lycidas.
R. Gloucester, p. 146. A desolation on the land to bring.

Whose statues vand'ring twine

Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b.v. Of ivy mix'd with bays, circling around
Lauhynge al a loude. for lewde men sholde
When that ich were witty.

Their living temples likewise laurel-bound.
Piers Ploukman, p. 88.

- Ah, happy realm the while
That by no officer's lewd lavishment,

Bp. Hall, b. i. Sat. 1. 2 Woo to you that now leyghen for ye schulen mourne and With greedy lust and wrong, consumed art.

A famous assembly was summon'd of late: wepe.-Wiclif. Luke, c. 6.

P. Pletcher. The Purple Island, c. 6. To crown a new laureat, came Phæbus in state;
First got with guile, and then presery'd with dread,

With all that Montfaucon himself could desire,
Youre leighing be turned into weping, and ioie into

And after spent with pride and larishness.

His bow, laurel, harp, and abundance of fire. sorewe of herte.-Id. James, c. 4.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 7.

Sheffield. The Election of Poet Laureat in 1719. The folk gan laughen at his fantasie. The magistrate upon theatricall games, jesters, wrestlers,

Their temples wreath'd with leaves that still renew;

For deathless laurel is the victor's due.
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 3838. sword-players, and such kinde of men, larishes out his
whole patrimony, and that onely to purchas the applause of

Dryden. The Flower and the Leaf. And gan his best yapes forth to cast, the people.-IIakewill. Apologie, iy, s. 3.

"Just is your suit, fair daughter," said

ne dame : And made her for to laugh at his follie,

"Those laureľd chiefs were meri of mighty fame." That she for laughter wente to die.-Id. Troil. & Cres. b.ii. Tertullian very truly observeth,--God is not a lavisher,

Id. ib. but a dispenser of his blessings.

Or laurell'd war did teach our winged fleets And Sara sayd: God hath made me a laughing-stocke ;

Fotherby. Athcomania, p. 189.

To lord it o'er the world. Smart. The Hop-Garden. for all that heare, will laughe at me.-Bible, 1551. Gen.c. 21. There God himself in glorys larishness

In this reign, the first mention of the king's poet under Diffus'd in all, to all, is all full blessedness.'

the appellation of laureate. occurs. John Kay was appointed And when he came vp, he told Maiester Bradford (for

P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c. 5.

poet laureate to Edward IV. they both lay in one chamber) that he hadde made the Bishop of London afraid : for (saith he laughingly) his chapFor if time be (as Theophrastus called it truely) a thing of

Warton. History of English Poetry, vol. ii. p 128. laine gaue him councaile nat to strike me with his crosier

the most precious value (or expence) it were a great folly to About the year 1470, one John Watson, a student in staffe, for that I would strike again; and by my troth (said lavish it away unprofitably.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 15.

grammar, obtained a concession to be graduated and lanhe rubbing his handes) I made him beleeue I would do so

Not all the lavish odours of the place

reated in that science.--Id. Ib. p. 129. indeed.-Pox. Martyrs, p. 1385. Life & Acts of Dr. Taylor.

Offer'd in incense can procure his pardon,

On which occasion (i.e. taking degrees in grammar) a I may therefore conclude, that the passion of laughter is

Or mitigate his doom.

Blair. The Grave.

wreath of laurel was presented to the new graduate, who nothing else but sudden glory arising from a sudden concep- These wounds that waste so lavishly thy life,

was afterwards, usually styled poeta laurealus.

These tion of some eminency in ourselves, by comparison with the Were they not all receiv'd in my defence?

scholastic laureations however seem to have given rise to infirmity of others, or with our own formerly: for men laugh

Smollett. The Regicide, Act v. sc. 8.

the appellation in question.-Id. Ib. at the follies of themselves past, when they come suddenly to remembrance, except they bring with them any present


A. S. Lag-a, lah; Dut. LA'UNDER, v. From Lav-are, to wash. dishonour.-Hobbs. Human Nature, c. 9.

LA'WFUL. Lauwe; Ger. Lage; Sw. Laq; Lavender, or Fr. Lavandière ; It. Lavan

LA'WFULLY. Fr. Loy; _It. Legge; Sp. Laughing without offence must be at absurdities and in- LA'Under, n. daja; Sp. Lavandera, a

LA'WFULNESS. firmities abstracted from persons, and when all the company

Ley; Lat. Lex; A. S. Lahman, LA'UNDERER. laundress or washerwoman; may laugh together : for laughing to one's self putteth all

LA'WLESS. a lawyer; anciently written

LAUNDRESS. the rest into jealousy and examining of themselves.--Id. Ib.

and so Mr. Tyrwhitt inter

La'WLESSLY. Law-er and law - ier, and prets-lavender; the word in Dante is Meretrice ;

LA'WLESSNESS. the i then changed into y. Nature hath fram'd strange fellowes in her time: Sp. Lavandero, a launder, or washerman. Some that will euermore peep through their eyes,

LA'WER, or (Hickes, Gram. Anglo - Sax. And laugh like parrits at a bag-piper; To launder,-is to lave, to wash.

LAWYER. p. 14.) In Bale it is written Arid other of such vinegar aspect, Envie is lavender of the court alwaie,

LAWYERLY. each way. (Image, pt. ü.
That they'll not shew their teeth in the way of smile, For she ne parteth neither night ne day,
Though Nestor sweare the iest be laughable.

Out of the house, of Cesar, thus saith Dant.

c. 12.) So Sawer, or Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, Act i. sc. I.

Chaucer. Legende of Good Women, Prol. ' yer. Law (says Tooke) was anciently written


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Laak, lagh, lage, and ley; as inlaugh, utlage, Feare not: he beares an honourable minde,

Loe from the hill above on th' other side, kared-lagh, &c. It is merely the past tense And will not vse a woman lawlesly.

Through the wide lawnds, they gan to take their course. Shakespeare. Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act v. sc. 3.

Surrey. Viryile. Æneis, b. iv. and past part. Lag, or læg, of the Goth. and A.S. verb. Lagyan, lecgan, ponere, and it means

How lawlessly vicious are the lives of too many, which He [Sir John Chandos; lost the sight [of ye one eye) a fyue

yere before, as he hunted after an hart in the laundes of something or any thing, chose, chosa, aliquid,) might have been in all likelihood, somewhat restrained.

Bp. Hall. Imposicion of Hands, s. 14. Burdeaux.-Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. I. c. 270. bad down, as a rule of conduct." Wachter had

Gluttonie, malice, pride and covetize, already said,-“ All from Leg-en, poner

Sink. Vnder this thick growne brake, wce'l shrow'd statuere, And lawlessnes raigning with riotize.

ourselues. constituere, (in the judgment of Stiernhielmus;)

Spenser, Mother Hubberd's Tale.

For through this laund anon the deere will come. for what is law, but something laid down or im- To affirm the giving of any law or lawlike dispense to sin

Shakespeare. 1 Pt. Hen. VI. Act iii. sc. 1 psed either by God or nature, or of a people for hardness of heart, is a doctrine of extravagance from the The buck forsakes the lawns where he hath fed, binding themselves, or of a prince governing a sage principles of piety.--Millon. Doct. of Divorce, b. ii. c.7.

Fearing the hunt should view his velvet head. people ?"_Tooke adds,—The Lat. Lex (i. e. legs) To which and other law-tractates I refer the more lawyerly

Drayton. Pastorals, Ecl. 1. is no other than our past part. Læg. Wachter,— If mooting of this point which is neither my element, nor my Thro' forrests, mountains, or the launy ground

If 't happ you see a maid weepe forth her woe, we think the Latin word (sc. lex) flowed from the proper work here.—Id. An Answer to Eikon Basilike.

As I have done; oh! bid her, as ye goe, same fountain, we shall wander far-nec a sensu The rules that they make for other men's actions, must, Not lavish tears.--Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b.ii. 6.1. Focis, nec a ratione temporis; since Scythian

as well as their own, and other men's actions, be conformable

to the law of nature, i.e. to the will of God, of which that is Stern beasts in trains that by his truncheon fell, words are far more ancient than the Latin, and

a declaration, and the fundamental law of nature being the Now grisly forms, shoot o'er the lawns of hell. increased the Latin language with many additions. preservation of mankind, no human sanction can be good,

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xi. Any thing laid down, (sc.) as a rule of action ; or valid against it.

Close was the vale and shady; yet ere long

Locke. On Civil Government, b. ii. c. 11. s. 135. a rule imposed, fixed or established, decreed or

Its forest's sides retiring, left a lawn determined; a statute or decree, an edict. And The king answered, “No put-offs my lord; answer me

Of ample circuit, where the widening stream

Now o'er its pebbled channel nimbly trips see, further, the quotations from Hooker and presently:"-" Then sir." said he, “I think it is lawful for

you to take my brother Neale's money; for he offers it." In many a lucid maze.-Mason. English Garden, b. iii. Dagald Stewart.

Johnson. Life of Waller.

- They, along Laring of dogs,—see the quotation from Rastal, If God's word be there (1 Tim. iv. 5.) taken for his law,

The lawny vale, of every beauteous stone, and! EXPEDITATE. Lawing is used by Sir T. More or revealed will, it is there signified, that our actions are

Pile in the roseat air with fond expense. and Holinshed as equivalent to litigation. sanctified by their laufulness, or conformity to that good

Dyer. The Ruins of Rome. Lares he (Alfred) made rygtuollore, and strengore than rule, God's declared will.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 1.

LAX, adj. Fr. Laratif, (lascher, to er vere. R. Gloucester, p. 266. Were he a tyrant, who by lawless might

Lax, or

loose ;) It. Lassativo; Sp. A man I salle the make, richely for to lyue, Oppress'd the Jews, and rais'd the Jebusite,

LASK, n.

Laxativo; Lat. Laxatwus, Well might I mourn. Ot my chefe justise, the lates to mend and right.

Dryden. Absalom & Achitophel.

LAXA'Tion. from lax-are, to loose. The R. Brunne, p. 69. These faculties and principles are the general lars of our LA'XATIVE, adj. ( lax, or laske, (as Holland That lyuen with here handes

constitution, and hold the same place in the philosophy of LA'XATIVE, n. writes it,) Minshew terms,Leelythe and latefullethe. Piers Plouhman, p. 150.

the mind that the general laws we investigate in physics,
hold in that branch of science.


laritas intestinorum. Cot. The heereris of latre ben not iust anentis God, but the

Stewart. The Human Mind, pt. i. Introd. LA'xness.

grave explains-larité laxadoers of the late schulen be maad iuste.-Wiclif. Rom. c. 2.

tiveness. Lax, the adj.As the freeholders were found ignorant of the intricate Lo thi disciplis don that thing that is not leeful to hem to principles and forms of the new law, the lawyers gradually

Loose, slack, untied, unfastened, unconstrained, da in sabotis.-12. Matt. c. 12.

brought all business before the king's judges, and aban- unrestricted, dissolute.

doned the ancient popular judicature. Pebold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do

Hume. History of England, vol. ii. App. 2.

"A day or two ye shul han digestives pon the sabboth daye.- Bible, 1551. Ib.

Of wormes, or ye take your lasatires."
LAWN, 2 From the Fr. Linon. (See Linen.)

Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14,868. And we witen that the law is good if ony man use it lawe

Lawny. / Cotgrave calls it, and Linomple,"a Now, sire," quod she," when we flee fro the beames, fili.-Wiclif. I Tym. c. 1. fine, thin, open-waled linnen, much used in

For Goddes love, as take some laxatif."-Id. Ib. v.14,950. We know that the law is good, yf a man vse it lawfullye. Picardie, (where it is made) for women's kerchers If the juice thereof (garden skirwort) be drunke with

Bible, 1551. Ib.
Telle I prey,
and church-men's surplices."

goat's milke, it stayeth the flux of the belly called the laske.

Holland. Plinie, b. xx. c. 5. If there be leful any weye,

The next to it in goodnesse, is the line called Byssus : Withoute sinne a man maie slea ?-Gower, Con. A. b. iii. the fine lawne or tiffanie wherof our wives and dames at

Mean while inhabit laze, ye Powers of Heav'n. home set so much store by for to trim and decke themselves :

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. vii. Enmytie, lawyng, emulacion and stryfe. Sir T More. Workcs, p. 700. it groweth in Achaia within the territorie about Elis.

So all I wish must settle in this sum

Holland. Plinie, b. xix. c. 1. That more strength from laxations come. The Lorde shalbe oure lave-geuer.-Bible, 1551. Isay, c.33. In the third yeare of the raigne of Queene Elizabeth,

Cartwright. A New-Year's Gift to a Noble Lord. But then goeth he furth and sheweth vs a solemne pro- 1562, beganne the knowledge and wearing of lawne, and Is it imaginable there should be among these a law which Desde that God & necessitie is laweles.

cambrick, which was then brought into England by very God allow'd not, a law giving permissions laxatire to unSir T. More. TVorkes, p. 428. small quantities.-Stow. King James, an. 1604.

marry a wife and marry a lust, a law to suffer a kind of Id not my verse your lawlike minds displease.

tribunal adultery?- Milton, Tetrachordon.
It was an angry with her lawny veil,
Gascoigne, The Fruits of Warre.
That from his sight it enviously should hide her.

The vehicle of water and bony, is of a laxative power As though I had condempned the lawemaker, lawe, and

Drayton. Moses his Birth and Jiracles, b. i. itself.-Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 3. tierution thereof.-Barnes. Workes, p. 207. That undeflour'd and unblemishable simplicity of the

If sometimes it cause any larity it is in the same way Lteers hauynge greate desyr to confyrme and establyshe Gospel -- not she herself, for that would never be, but a false

with iron unprepared, which will disturb some bodies, and whited, a lawny resemblance of her. ther opinions by the lare of man, say, that it is shame to

work by purge and vomit.--Id. Ib. b. ii. c. 3. weake without iarre.- Bible, 1551. Esdras, Pref.

Milion. Reason of Church Government, b. ii. c. 3.
Those limbs, in lawn, and softest silk array'd,

The flesh of that sort of fish being lax, and spungy, and And he whose dogge is not lawed and so founde, shalbe From sun-beams guarded, and of winds afraid,

nothing so firm, solid and weighty as that of the bony fishes. azerced, and shall pay for the same iii.s. Can they bear angry Jove? can they resist

Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii. Rastall. Collect. of Statutes, fol. 186. Charta de Forestå. The parching Dog-star, and the bleak North-East?

Rye is more acid, laxative, and less nourishing than

Prior. Edwin & Emma. And ruch laring shalbe done by the assise commonly

wheat.-Arbuthnot. Nature of Aliments, c. 3. Prop. 4. sed: that is to say, that iii. clawes of the forefoote shall bee The laun-rob'd prelate and plain presbyter,

Whence there ariseth a laxity and indigestion in the tut off by the skin.-12. Ib. c. 4. fol. 183.

Ere-while that stood aloof, as shy to meet,
Familiar mingle here, like sister streams

wound.--Wiscman. Surgery, b. vi. c. 5. Such a new hart and lusty courage vnto the lawward canst That some rude interposing rock had split.

The word æternus itself is sometimes of a lax significaon neuer come by of thine owne strength & enforcement,

Blair. The Grave.

tion, as every learned man knows, and sedet, veternumque but by the operation and workyng of the Spirite. Tyndall. Workes, p. 40. LAWND, or “ Fr. Lande. A land, or laund; sedebit, may mean; as long as he remains in Tartarus.

Jorlin. On the Christian Religion, Dis. 6. That which doth assign unto each thing the kinde, that LAUND. a wild untilled, shrubby, or

For the free passage of the sound into the ear, it is requiheh doth moderate the force and power, that which doth Lawn.

bushy plain,” (Cotgrave.) It.

site that the tympanumbe tense, and hard stretched ; point the forme and measure of working, the same wo LA'WNY. and Sp. Landa. Camden calls otherwise, the larness of that membrane will certainly dead learne a law.-Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. i. $ 2. it“ a plaine among trees,” (Rem. 118.) It ap

and crany the sound.-Holder. Elements of Speech. There was such lawing & vexation in the towns, one dailie pcars to have been applied generally to-

LAY, n. Mr. Tyrwhitt is inclined to believe, bring and troubling another, that the veterane was more Plain land; lands untilled, extending between “that the Isl. Liod, Ger. Lied, A. S. Leoth, and taotled with laring within the towne, than he was in planted lands or woods. Teri) at large with the enimie.

Fr. Lai, are all to be deduced from the same Holinshed. Conquest of Ireland, b. ii. c. 38. And under lynde in a launde. Jenede ich a stounde Goth. original.” Wachter leads us to this original;

To lithen here laies, and here loveliche notes. This (judicial trial of right) yet remains in some cases as

he derives the Ger. Lied from the verb, “ Lauten,

Piers Plouhman, p. 169. a ärine lot of battle, though, controverted by divines,

canere, sonare;

Dut. Luiden; Sw. Liuda ;" Latebing the lawfulnes of it.--Bacon. Charge against Duels.

And in a lande as ich lay. Id. p. 1.

which are themselves from the A. S. Hlyd-an, to If it be evil, this is the very end of lawgiving, to abolish And through a laund as I yede a pace.

make a (loud) noise, to low or bellow, A. S.

Chaucer. The Complaint of the Black Knight. eri eustot:s by wholesome laws.-Milton. Tetrachordon.

Hlowan, from which is also formed hleoth-rian, All softe walkende on the gras

canere. And leoth (the initial h omitted) is said And wrong repressed, and establisht right, Tyll she came where the launde was.

by Somner to be not only “a verse, a song, a song Which lawlesa men had formerly fordonne.

Through wh ere ran a great riuere.
Spenser. Paerie Queene, b. v. c. 1,

Gouer. Con. A. b. iv. of rejoicing, an ode or psalm, but a shout or noise;


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(though he restricts it improperly) to the shout This retreat, so suited to the genius of a Gray, or a Milton, The King of Ava, in revenge of his vassal the King of or noise) which mariners make when they doe any keep it clean, a task which he performs with great care and is now occupied by a lay-brother, who resides in it merely to Tangu, with an armie of 120,000 inen, and a fleet of 400

vessels, laid siege to Brito in his strong fort of Siriam. thing together, or when the matter doth call or success.-Eustace. Italy, vol.iii. c. 10.

Mickle. Hist. of the Portuguese Empire in Asia. encourage them.” Mariners still retain the same

The progress of the ecclesiastical authority gave birth to Many trees may be propagated by layers, the evergreens custom, and the noise they make confirms the

the memorable distinction of the laity and of the clergy, about Bartholomew tide, and other trees about the month of etymology, viz. hlow-eth, lowth, the third person of which had been unknown to the Greeks and Romans. The February.--Miller. Gardener's Dictionary. the verb hlowan, and whence leoth, a low or lay. former of these appellations comprehended the body of the

If they do not comply well in the laying of them down, For Mr. Tyrwhitt's definition of the word lay, christian people.—Gibbon. Roman Empire, c. 15.

they must be pegged down with a hook or two.--Id. Ib. see the quotation from him : the explanation of

LAY, v. Goth. Lag-yan ; A.S. Lec-gan; Somner is more ample and satisfactory.

LAY, n.

[Crispin Pass] describes the use of the Maneken or layman : Dut. Leggen ; Ger. Leg-en; Sw.

for disposing draperies. And under lynde in a launde. lenede ich a stounde Layer. Legga ; ponere, to put or place.

Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. v. Engravers, To lithen here laies. and her loveliche notes.

LA'YING, n. To put or place; literally and
Piers Plouhman, p. 169.
LA'YSTALL. metaphorically ; literally, when a

LAZAR. Some (says Junius) think And in a lettre wrote he all his sorwe, state of rest is intended.

LAZARD. lazer so used from Lazarus, the In manere of a complaint or a lay Used with prepositions it is equivalent to the

LAZARET. beggar. Fr. Ladrerie, lazaret ; Unto his faire freshe lady May.

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9755. Lat. verb Ponere, to put or place, and its com-

It. Lazaretto; Dut. Lasereisch. Thise olde gentil Bretons in hir dayes pounds; thus,

A place for lazers, or lepers ; for those afficted Of diuers auentures maden layes,

To lay or put down ; to deposit ; to lay or put with any sort of disease or malady. Rimeyed in hire firste Breton tonge ;

upon; to impose; to lay or put out, or before, to Better than a lazar or a beggere. Which layes with hir instruments they songe, Or elles redden hem for hir plesance. expose; to lay or put together; to compose; to

Chaucer. Prologue to the Canterbury Tales, v. 242. Id. The Frankeleines Prologue, v. 11,022. lay, put, or place near to ; (in apposition ;) to put

Immediately a place
or place in their proper places, to dispose : to put

Before his eyes appear'd, sad, noysom, dark,
He sings of love, and maketh loving layer,
And they him heare, and they him highly prayse. or place up, in store, at rest; to repose.

A lazar-house it seem'd, wherin were laid

Numbers of all diseas'd, all maladies.
Spenser. The Teares of the Muses.
It has very numerous consequential applications,

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. xi. While Philomel is ours; while in our shades, which may be inferred from the context of the

Forlorn, a friendless orphan oft to roam, Through the soft silence of the listening night, sentence in which they occur.

Craving some kind, some hospitable home;
The sober-suited songstress trills her lay.

Thomson. Summer.
A layman employed by painters, may be that Or, like Ulysses, a low lazar stand

Beseeching pity's eye, and bounty's hand.
According to these examples we should rather define the upon which drapery is layed.

Savage. The Wanderer, c. 5. lay to be a species of serious narrative poetry, of a moderate The Romaynes laie sone adoun, he made emty place, length, in a simple style and light metre.

And the Britones a ryse faste. R. Gloucester, p. 50.

Did piteous lazards oft attend her door?
Tyrwhitt. Chaucer, Introd. Disc.

She gave-farewell the parent of the poor.
The Kyng his castelle sesis, and held ther his pask day,

Id. Epitaph on Mrs. Jones.
Him and his ther esis, and alle that feste ther lay.
LAY, adj. Fr. Lai, lay; It. Laico; Sp.

R. Brunne, p. 271. The same penalty also attends persons escaping from the La'ic, adj. | Lego; Dut. Leeck; Ger. Ley.

lazarets, or places wherein quarantine is to be performed. And whanne Poul hadde leid on hem hise hondis the Holi LA'ıc, n. By the Anglo-Saxons, says Junius,

Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iv. c. 13. Goost cam in him.-Wiclif. Dedis, c. 19. LAICAL. læwede man was formerly called And Paull layd hys handes vpon them, and the Holy

Thus he [St. Charles Borromeo] founded schools, colleges, Lality. laicus, profanus; whence has rcGooste came on thē.--Bible, 1551. Ib.

and hospitals, built parochial churches, most affectionately LA'YMAN. mained to this day the word lewd ;

attended his flock during a destructive pestilence, erected a There dorste no wight hond upon him legge.

lazaretto, and served the forsaken victims with his own and Tooke affirms that lewd is the past part, and

Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 3935. hands.-Eustace. Italy, vol. iv. c. 1. lay the past tense, and therefore past part. of the

That I myghte desyre of hym a prosperous journey and A.S. verb Lew-un, prodere, to delude, to mislead; a good waye for vs, yea for vs, for our children & for

LAZE, v. Dut. Lossigh, remissus, piger, and means, “misled, led astray, deluded, imposed ye cattell, because of the layinges a wayte.


Bible, 1551. 3 Esdras, c. 8. upon, betrayed into error.” Hence it was applied

LAZILY. the verb Lossen, A. S. Les-an, to

This place of Smythfeelde was at yt daye a laye stowe of LA'ZINESS. dimittere, remittere, to dismiss, to The common people, the vulgar, from their igno- all order of fylth.-- Fabyan, vol. i. c. 226.

remit or relax, Ger. Lassen, remittere animum a rance, so easily misled; and subsequently, by the The Britains also assembling togither in companies, labore; to remit or relax the mind from labour, arrogance of the clergy, to all not of their order. greatlic annoied the Saxons as they lay there at siege.

Holinshed. Historie of England, b. v. c. 9. Lazy, adj.

and consequentially to remain inactive or inert. See the quotation from Gibbon; and Lewd.

And because it workes better when any thing seemeth to Inactive, inert, slow, slothful, sluggish, indolent. Lered men & lay, fre & bond of toune.

R. Brunne, p. 171.

be gotten from you by question, than if you offer it of your- | To laze,--to be or remain inactive or slothful; to

selfe, you may lay a bait for a question, by showing another live or spend the time slothfully or sluggisbly. When they saw the boidness of Peter and John, & vnder- visage and countenance, than you are wont. stode that they were vnlerned men and lay people, they

Bacon. Ess. Of Cunning.

Up, and laze not! marueyled.--Bible, 1551. Acts, c. 4.

To some men he seemed too desirous of glory: and indeed

Hadst thou my business, thou couldst ne'er sit so. that passion, amongst all other, euen of wise men is last

Middleton. The Witch, Act i. sc. I. If he be of the lay sorte, so joyneth he himself vnto the

layed away.--Savile. Tacitus. Historie, p. 140. false prophetes, to persecute the truth.

Fer. No, precious creature !
Tyndall. Workes, p. 189.

I had rather cracke my sinewes, break my backe,
In plastering likewise of our fairest houses ouer our heads,

Then you should such dishonour vndergoe He entēded to set forth Luther's heresy teching that prest. we vse to laie first a lainc (layer, stratum) or two of white

While I sit lazy by.--Shukespeare. Tempest, Act ii. sc. 1. mortar tempered with haire vpon laths. hed is no sacrament, but the office of a lay-man or a lay

Hulinshed. The Description of England, b. ii. c. 12. Fly, envious Time, till thou run out thy race,
womů appointed by the people to preache.
Sir T. More. Workes, p. 442.
Sir Walter looked upon it as an uneven lny to stake him-

Call on the lazy, leaden-stepping hours,
No wonder though the people grew profane,
self against Sir Amias, a private and single person, though

Whose speed is but the heavy plummet's pace.

Milton. Ode on Time. When churchmen's lives gave laymen leave to fall. of good birth and courage; yet of no considerable estate. Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. iv.

Oldys. Life of Sir Ifaller Ralegh.

That wit, born apt high good to do,

By dwelling lazily They should be still frequented with such an unprincipi'd,

The hard gravel, or pebble, at the first laying, will not On Nature's nothing, be not nothing too.

suffer the grasse to come forth upright. unedify'd, and laie-rabble, as that the whitf of every new

Donne. The Doctors.

Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 565. pamphlet should stagger them out of their catechism and

I might have been more exact in new modelling, and Christian walking.-Milton. Of Unlicens'd Printing.

Scarce could he footing find in that foule way

could perhaps have given them a turn that would have been For many corses, like a great lny-stall,

more agreeable to some fancies, but my laziness, or my Needs must it be, that as laicks, so priests also, of whom

Of murd'red men.--Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 6. judgment made me think there was no need of that trouble. men are created, should yeeld their service to the divine

Glanvill. Ess. Pref. will and preordination to the creating of them.

Before this time, Smithfield was a loistal of all ordure and Bp. Hall. Honour of the Maried Clergie, b. iii. Conc. filth, and the place where felons were put to execution. He that takes liberty to laze himself, and dull his spirits

Bacon. Hen. I. an. 1112. for lack of use, shall find the more he sleeps, the more lie A flattering priest (for in all ages the clericall will flatter,

shall be drowsy; till he become a very slave to his bed, aud as well as the laicall) tolde him that his godlines and virtues If he will live, abroad, with his companions,

make sleep his master. iustly deserved to have in this world the empire of the world, In dung and leyslalls; it is wortli a feare.

Whateley. Redemption of Time, (1634,) p. 23. and in the world to come, to raigne with the sonne of God.

B. Jonson. Every Man in his Humour, Act ii. sc. 5.
Camden. Remaines. Wise Speeches.

(The consideration of our latter end will engage us) not to With watching overworn, with cares opprest,

be lazy and loitering in the dispatch of our onely consideraThe laity perceiuing either none, or else verie few to bee Unhappy I had laid me down to rest;

ble business concerning eternity.-Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 14. remaining at home, entred the cleark's lodgings, and carried And heavy sleep my weary limbs possest. away a great deal and many kinds of stuffe.

Dryden. Virgil. Æneis, b. vi. Shall we keep our hands in our bosome, or stretch our-
Stow. Edw. I. an. 1295.
Pompey, who then lay about Candavia, hearing of Cæsar's

selves on our beds of laziness, while all the world about us Mysteries are barr'd from laic eyes. arrival, and being in pain for Dyrrhachium, marched that

is hard at work, in pursuing the designs of its creation. Rochester. Upon Nothing. way.-Rowe. Lucan, b. v. Arg.

Id. Ib. Ser. 19. These indiscretions lend a handle

Oh! could I give the vast ideas birth
The whole body of the church [at Sienna) is chequer'd with
To lewd lay-tongues, to give us scandal.

Expressive of the thoughts that flame within,
Guy. The Equivocation.
different lays of white and black marble. --Addison. Italy.

No more should lazy luxury detain
The lay part of his majesty's subjects, or such of the For what remains you are to have a layman almost as big

Our ardent youth. --Akonside. A British Philippic. people as are not comprehended under the denomination of as the life, for every figure in particular; a figure of wood, Thro' tedious channels the congealing flood clergy, may be divided into three distinct states, the civil, the or cork, turning upon joints.

Crawls lazily, and hardly wanders on. military, and the maritime.-Blackstone. Com. b. i. c. 12.

Dryden. Du Fresnoy, Art of Painting, $ 220.

Armstrong. The Art of Preserving Health



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And first,

He fashioneth the clay with the arm, and boweth down LEAF, v. Goth. Lauf; A. S. Leafe; Dut. As soon as laziness will let me, his strength before his feet; he applieth himself to lead it

LEAF, n. Loof; Ger. Laub; Sw. Loef. I ise from bed, and down I sit me.

over; and he is diligent to make clean the surface. Dodsley. The Footman.

Bible. Ecclesiastes, xxxviii. 30.

LE'Arless. Wachter derives from obsolete

LE'AFY. Ger. Laub-en, tegere, to cover, LEA. A. S. Leag, ley. Somner calls it, island Cassiteris. - Holland. Plinie, b. vii. c. 56. Midacritus was the first man that brought lead out of the

LE'AVED. whence also Laub, a covered LEASE. terra inculta, lay-land, land that

LE'AVY. place. Junius, - from the Gr. Le'asow. S lieth untilled. Gower uses the ex

For thy he thril'd thee with a leaden dart


To love fair Daphne, which thee loved lesse. pression—" the lease, which is plaine;" Verstegan

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 11.

Leaf is applied to various things, fiat and thin ; takes Legh, ley, or lea, " to signifie ground that

as the leaf of a tree, of a book, of a table, of a meth unmanured, and wildly overgrowne." And

There is a great difference, and discernable even to the

door; to a substance beaten flat and thin, as leafeye, betwixt ; , skinger says, that a lay or lea of land may perhaps Whichi can show you so like steel, and so unlike common gold, leaf-silver. be from the A.S. Lec-gan, ponere, to lay, because lead-ore, that the workmen upon that account are pleased

I se it by ensample in sommer time on trees in the year we allow it to remain untilled, we lay to call it steel-ore.--Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 323.

There some bowes ben leued, and some bere none. dung upon it. And see the quotations from

Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 78. A leaden tower upheaves its heavy head, Beaum. & Fletch, and Dryden; who write it lay.

Large leaden arches press the slimy bed,

Alle the leres fallen. Id. Ib. p. 306. There is, however, in the A. S. the verb Læsw-ian, The soft soil swells beneath the load of lead. pascere, pabulari, to feed, to foster, or pasture

Fawkes. The Temple of Dulness.

And lie sauz a fige tre bisidis the weye and cam to it

and fond nothing therynne byt leeves onely. cattle, as is usual on commons; and the noun

Wiclif. Matthew, c. 21. LEAD, v. Laste, pascuum, feeding ground or pasture, a

A.S. Led-an; Dut. Leyd-en, lease or common. Wiclif uses both verb and noun.

LEAD, n.
leed-en; Ger. Leyten; Sw. Led-a,

And spied a fygge tree in the waye, and came to it, and
LE'Ader. ducere.

fonde nothyng theron but leues onely.--Bible, 1551. Ib. And see Lesuris in Jamieson. From plain or pasture land it is extended to the LE'ADING, N. To go before as guide or con- Turne over the leaf, and chese another tale. LE'Adman.

Chaucer. The Milleres Prologue, v. 3237. plain surface of water. See the first quotation duce to follow; to conduce or conduct; to induce, frum Spenser.

Archigallus was thus restored to the kingdome, and attract, or persuade, to regulate the course; to

learned by due correction that he must turne the lease, and ů velles swete and colde ynow, of lesen and of mede. draw on; to cause to follow or pursue.

take out a new lesson, by changing his former trade of R. Gloucester, p. 1.

liuing into better, if he would reigne in suertie. Lead, with prepositions, is used as equivalent

Holinshed. The Historie of England, b. ii. c. 7. And not fer fro hem was a flock of many swyn lesewynge.

Wiclis. Matthew, c. 8.
to the compounds of the Lat. Ducere; e. g. to

Then I no more shall court the verdant bay,
abduce, to adduce, &c.
And be schal go yn and schal go out, and he schal fynde

But the dry leafless trunk on Golgotha. leseria.-Id. Jer, c. 10.

To hys mayne he seyde,

Carew. To Master George Sands. That he wolde to his Godes his ofryng lede.

She, all as happy as of all the fairest, And upon this, also men sayn,

R. Gloucester, p. 25. Is, with her fellow maidens, now within That fro the lease, which is plaine

The leafy shelter that abuts against Into the breres thei forcatche.--Gower. Con. A. Prol.

He ariued at Southhampton, as the wynd hym had y lad.


The island's side. Shakespeare, Pericles, Act v. sc. 1.

Id. p. 91.
The borse ybred in holte

Sing no more ditties, sing no moe,
Ard fed on lusty lense,
The Scottes & the Peihtes togider gan thei chace,

of dumps so dull and heauy, In time will champe the fomie bit

To waste alle Northumberland, the godes away thei ledde. The fraud of men were euer so,
His rider's will to please.

R. Brunne, p. 7. Since summer first was leafy.
Tuttercile. That Time conquereth all Things.
And he that best laborede. best was alowede

Id. Much Adoe about Nothing, Act ii. sc. 3.
Let wife, and land,

And leders for here laborynge. overe al the lordes goodes. I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the Lie lay till I return.

Piers Plouhman, p. 141. two leared gates, and the gates shall not be shut. Beaum. & Fletch. Love's Pilgrimage, Act iii. sc. 3.

Bible. Modern Version. Isaiah, xxiv. 1. Thei ben blynde and leederis of blynde men, and if a As #ben two warlike brigandines at sea, blinde man lede a blynde man, bothe fallen downe in the

For most trees do begin to sprout in the fall of the leaf or With murd'rous weapons arm’d to cruell fight, diche.-Wiclis. Matthew, c. 15.

autumn, and if not kept back by cold and outward causes, De meete together on the wat'ry lea,

would leas about the solstice. They steinme ech other with so fell despight. They be the blynde lenders of the blynde. If the blynde

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 6.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 2. leade the blynde, bothe fall into the dyche.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

Like leares on trees the race of man is found,
Thengh many a load of marle and manure layd,
This knight is to his chambre ladde anon

Now green in youth, now withering on the ground:
Revir'd his barren leas, that erst lay dead.
And is unarm'd, and to his mete ysette.

Another race the following Spring supplies ;
BR. Hall, b. v. Sat. 1.

Chaucer. The Squieres Taie, v. 10,486. They fall successive, and successive rise.
Fye, shepheard's swaine, why sitt'st thou all alone.

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. vi. And Hanniball was thilke while Whilst other lads are sporting on the lenes ? Joy may have company, but Grief hath none, The prince and leader of Carthage.--Gower. Con. A. b. v.

On the leafless elm

The noisy rook builds high her wicker nest.
Where Pleasure never came, sports cannot please.
Hir fader, whiche in Romaine

Somervile. The Chase, b. iv.
Browne. Brilannia's Pastorais, b. i. 8.3.
The ledynge of the chiualrie

And all her train, with leafy chaplets crown'd,
Al the forenamed places the said Earle gaue and granted
In gouernance hath vndertake.-Id. Ib. b. vii.

Were for unblam'd virginity renown'd. mibe said John, sonne to the King of England, for euer

Dryden. The Flower and the Leaf. What supports me, dost thou ask? are with his daughter, so freelie, wholie and quietlie, (in The conscience, friend, t'have lost them overply'd

As from the summit of some desert rock, 3d and cities, castels, fortresses, or other places of defense, In liberty's defense, my noble task,

The sport of tempests, falls the leafless oak, Dedowes, leassewes, &c. - Holinshed. Hen. II. an. 1173.

Of which all Europe talks from side to side.

Of all its honours stript.-Wilkie. The Epigoniad, b. viii. A tuft of daises on a flowery lay

This thought might lead me through the world's vain Scarce stole a breeze to wave the leafy spray,

mask. They saw, and thitherward they bent their way.

Scarce trill'd sweet Philomel her softest lay.
Dryden. The Flower and the Leaf.
Content though blind, had I no better guide.

Mason. Isis, a Monologue.

Millon. To Cyriac Skinner. Othere old Cam soft paces o'er the lea

LEAGUE, n. Fr. Ligue; It. Lega; Sp. in persive mood, and tunes his Doric reeds.

So that we may justly impute all that was extraordinary in the valour of Cæsar's men, to their long exercise vnder a

League, v. Liga; Low Lat. Liga, a bond, Thomsor., Castle of Indolence, c. 2.

good leader, in so great a warre.--Hakewill. Apol. b. iv. 8.9. LE'AGUER. a confederation, a ligando. The curfer tolls the knell of parting day,

(Voss. de Vit. lib. iii. c. 20.) See LIEGE. Tte lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea.

Flaccus selected out of his legions a company of chosen Gray. Elegy written in a Country Church-yard. men, and committed them to the leading of Dillius Vocula,

A bond or obligation, (sc.) to perform certain
lieutenant of the eighteenth legion.---Savile. Tacitus, p.151. covenants; a covenant, a combination, a confe-
LEAD, n.
A. S. Læd; Dut. Loot; Ger.

Such a light and mettled dance
Lot. Wachter derives from Loosen, Saw you never,

Furthermore signifying that he dyd consecrate a newe LEADEX. solvere, to dissolve; or Lassen, And by leadmen for the nonce,

league of the euangelical profession by this misterie, LE'ady.

Udal. Matt. c. 26, fundere, liquefacere, to melt.

That turn round like grindle stones.-B. Jonson.
Sinner,-from Lad-an, ducere, because of all the

Within his breast, as in a palace, lye
Why would my Muse enlarge on Lybian sw ns;

Wakeful ambition leagu'd with hasty pride. (4349 metals it is (as he thought) the most ductile. Their scatter'd cottages, and ample plains ?

P. Fletcher. Upon the Picture of Achmet. Where oft the flocks, without a leader, stray. (1 selger and of gold, of tyn and of lead.

Dryden. Virgil, Georg. 3.

As th' earnest to confirm and ratify
R. Gloucester, p. 1.

The league between them two, newly begun.
The land after Saturne groweth,
Then why, like ill-condition'd children,

Daniel. Cirit Ware, b. viii, And Jupiter the brass bestoweth.--Gower. Con. A. b. iv. Start we at transient hardships in the way That leads to purer air and softer skies,

Wee, and our friends, are seconded from Italy, Spayne, Ar they that shoulde be brasse, tynne, yron, and leade,

And a ne'er setting sun?

Blair. Grave.

Flaunders, and Germany, besides the matchlesse strength its in the fyre become drosse.Bible, 1551. Ezekiel, c. 22.

of resolute leaguer, in this holy vnion. He try'd each art, reprov'd each dull delay,

Stow. Q. Elizabeth, an. 1590. He eauseth th' one to rage with golden burning dart, Allur'd to brighter worlds and led the way.

In me affianc'd, fortify thy breast, And doth alay with leaden cold again the other's hart.

Goldsmith. Deserted Village.

Though myriads leagued ihy rightful claim contest. Surrey. Description of the Fickle Affections, &c. The party which takes the lead there has no longer any

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. XX. The rosiall colour whiche was wonte to be in his visage, apprehensions.Burke. On a Regicide Peace, Let. 3.

Whose only aim tarred into a salowe, the resydue pale, his ruddy lippes

Is to preserve their Country; who oppose, Tan, & his eyen ledy and holowe.

thank God, I am neither a minister nor a leader of op- In honour leagu'd, none but their country's foes. Sir T. Elyot. The Governour, b. ii. c. 12. position.-Id. Ib. Let. 1.

Churchill. Gotham, b. iii.


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LEAD, v.


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} en :

LEAGUE, 1. Fr. Lieue; It. Lega; Sp. LEAM, or ? A hunter's word, (Skinner). To move at springs or bounds, as distinguished Leyua; Lat. Leuca. The most ancient instance LIAM.

The cord or string with which from the step in walking or running; to jump, to of the Lat. word, which Vossius had met with, is dogs are lead is so called from the Fr. Lien, a band. spring, to bound. See the quotation from Brown. in the original of the passage quoted from Ammi. See Lime.

Leap-year, (see BissexTILE,) q. d. annus saltans, anus, The true reading of the word is uncertain.

But lyckynge the legges and handes of the man, whiche because it leaps over, i. e. exceeds others by one Spelman writes it leuca, leuga, leuica, and lega; laye dysmayde, lokinge for deathe (the lion) toke acquaint- day, (Skinner.) the etymology is unknown. (See Vossius, de Vit. ance of him, and euer after folowed hym, beynge ladde in a Leaper is in speech a common word. lib. ii. c. 11, and lib. iji. c. 12.) Also Spelman, in small lyam.--Sir T. Elyot. Gorernovr, b. ii. C. 13.

And somme leple her & there. R. Gloucester, p. 390. v. Leuca, and Menage, in v. Licue.

My hound then in my lyam, I by the woodman's art

Forecast where I inay lodge the goodly high-palm'd hart. He & othr wt hym. that hulde nougt wt treuthe The storme was so hedeouse, that in lasse than a day

Drayton. The Aluses' Elysium, Nymphal 6. Lopen out in lotchliche forme. Piers Plouhman, p. 18. they were driuen a hundred leages fro the place wher they were before.—Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. i. c. 81.

& (modris) seide with a greet voice, rise, thou upright on LEAN, v. A.S. Hlion-an, hlyn-ian; Ger.

thi feet: and he lippide and walkide.-Wiclif. Dedis, c. 14. From the place whence the Romanes advaunced their LEANING, n. ) and Dut. Lenen; Sw.Laena, restanderds unto the barbarians fort, it was fourteene leagues, cumbere, inclinare, inniti :

The wif came leping inward at a renne, that is to say, one and twentie miles.

She sayd, " Alas! youre hors goth to the fenne."
Holland. Ammianus, p. 69.
To press against in an oblique direction; to

Chaucer. The Reres Tale, v. 4077. incline, to recline, to repose; to be out of an That some few leagues should make this change,

And she whiche toke of death no kepe, To man unlearn'd seems mighty strange. upright position; to incline or bend towards, or

Anone forth leple in to the depe.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv. Prior. Alma, c. 2. have an inclination for.

And euen so shal the children of M. More's faythlesse faith, Some traverse many a league of country o'er,

And lende vp hys sseld, & harkned hym ynou.

made by the persuation of mā, leap short of the rest which And some review their native scats no more.

R. Gloucester, p. 308.

our Sauiour Jesus is risē vnto.-- Tyndall. Workes, p. 268. Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b. xx.

Unto the someres tide ther gan he lende. LE'AGUER, v.

Johan, come out at some windowe and speke with us, and See Beleagur, Ger. Lag

R. Brunne, p. 18.

we shall receive you : make a leape, in lykewise as ye haue LEAGUER, n.

And in a lānde, as Ich lay, lenede Ich & slepte.

made some of us to leape we in this yer, yt behoueth you tu

Piers Plouhman, p. 1. Lic-yan, to lay; Ger. Lager ; Dut. Legher ; (Sw.

make this leape.-Berners. Froissari. Cronycle, c. 378. Laeger, from ligga, quatenus commorari notât,- Set me that I maye touche the pillers that the house

A man leapeth better with weights in his hands, than Ihre.) stande vpon, and that I may leane to them.

without. The cause is, for that the weight, (if it be propor Bible, 1551. Judges, c. 16.

tionable,) strengthencth the sinewes, by contracting them. A camp; where an army or body of soldiers lay Whereon the queen her weak estate might lean.

Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 696 or are laid.

Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. iii. A town leaquer'd,-a town before which an army

And laughing lope to a tree. or host is laid, (sc. to assault or attack it.) Leaning long upon any part maketh it mumme, and, as

Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. April we call it, asleep.-Bacon. Natural Historie, $ 735.

More famous long agone, than for the salmon's leap When as it was perceiued that their slender ranks were not

For beavers Tivy was. able to resist the thicke leghers of the enemies, they began There's not a blessing individuals find,

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 69 to shrinke and looke backe one vpon an other, and so of But some way leans and hearkens to the kind.

One Barrow made a leap from a vain and libertine youth force were constreined to retire.

Pope. Essay on Man, Epist. 4.

to a preciseness in the highest degree. Holinshed. Historie of England, b. vi. c. 13.

Bacon. Observations on a Liber It is this; that faith is not an assent to propositions of That 'tis not strange your laundress in the leaguer any kind, but a recumbency, leaning, resting, rolling upon, Or whether they move per frontem et quadratum, a Grew mad with love of you. adherency to (for they express themselves in these several

Scaliger terms it, upon a square base, the legs of both side Massinger. The Fatal Dowry, Act iii. sc. 1. terins, and others like them) the person of Christ.

moving together, as frogs and salient animals, which is pro For know, though I appear less eager,

Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 4. perly called leaping.Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 6. I never mean to raise my leuguer, Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride,

Some late writers vppon hope of reward or to curry fauo Till or by storm, or else by famine,

And ev'n his failings lean'd to virtue's side.

with time and state, haue very vaingloriously recomiende I force you to the place I am in.

Goldsmith. The Deserted Village.

vnto endles memory, many land-leapers, bragging cowardi Cotton. To John Bradshaw, Esq.

The mover being a person in office, was, however, the only &c.-Slow. 2. Elizabeth, an. 1602. Two inighty hosts a leaguer'd town embrace,

indication, that was given of such a leaning. And one would pillage, one would burn the place.

Burke. Leller to T. Burgh, Esq.

On the fiue and twentith daie of Februarie, being Shroue Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xviii.

sundaie in the leape yeare, they were solemnlie crowned bi I'm none of those that took Maestrick,

the Bishop oi Winchester.-Hulinshed. Edw. II. 30. 1308

LEAN, adj. A.S. Hlæn-ian, lan-ian, ma-
Nor Yarmouth leaguer knew.

LE'ANNESS. cerare, marcessere; to be or With stilts and lope staves that do aptliest wade.
Rochester. Upon drinking in a Bowl.
LE'ANY. become or cause to be thin or

Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b.
Gr. Lechen, lachen, hiare; Dut.
mneagre. And the adjective lean-

Whether the bull or courser be thy care, LEAK, n. Leck, rima, a chink: leck schip, Thin, meagre, poor'; having no flesh or fleshy Let him not leap the cow, nor mount the mare. LEAK, adj. navis rimosa. substance; no wholesome or nutritious substance,

Dryden. Virgil, Geor. . LEAKAGE. To gape or open; and, conse- or quality.

It is a short history of the lover's leap, and is inscribe: LE'aky.

An account of the persons male and female, who offered ! quentially, to admit or emit, (sc.)

But God wot what that May thought in hire herte, their vows in the temple of the Pythian Apollo in the fort any fluid; to admit or let in, to emit, or let, or Whan she him saw up sitting in his sherte

sixth Olympiad, and leaped from the promontory of Leuca drop out; to be unable to contain or retain.

In his night cap, and with his necke lene.

into the Ionian Sea, in order to cure themselves of the pa

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9727. sion of love.-Spectator, No. 233. Seldome chaunseth it, that whoso lyke a foole placeth hymselfe in a leakinge shyppe with such as after, by mis

Not halfe so pale was Avarice,

The space of a year is a determinate and well-known p fortune, be cast into the sea, doothe scape alyue to lande, Ne nothing like of leannesse. Id. Rom. of the Rose. riod, consisting commonly of 365 days ; for, though in bi and all the reste be drowned.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1386.

The hors on whiche she rode was black,

sextile or leap-years it consists properly of 366, yet by :)

statute 21 Hen. iii. the increasing day in the leap-year, tog He by Sithrike's procurement was sent to Flanders in a All leane, and galled vpon the backe.-Gower. Con. A. b.iv.

ther with the preceding day, shall be accounted for one d. ship that leaked, and so was drowned.

And then, vii. other kyne came vp after them, poore and

only.--Blackstone. Commentaries, b. ii. c. 9. Holinshed. Historie of England, b. vi. c. 19.

very euyl fauored and leane fleshed.--Bible, 1551. Gen. c.41. Fool. Her boat hath a leak,

LEAP, or A.S. Lear, calathus, a baske And she must not speak Theyr bodye is worne awaye with leanesse.

LEPE. hamper or pannier of osiers, (Son Why she dares not come over to thee.

Udal. Matthew, c. 7. LE'PEFUL. ner.)
Shakespeare. Lear, Act iii. sc. 6.

They are sped;
And fifty sisters water in leke vessels draw.
And when they list, their lean and fleshy songs

In lepes & in coufles so muche vyss hii ssolde lym bryng
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 5. Grate on their scrannel pipes of wretched straw.

R. Gloucester, p. 26

Millon. Lycidas. Thei token up that, that lefte of relifs sevene leppis. Gons. Ile warrent him for drowning, though the ship were no stronger than a nutt-shell, and as leaky as an No drought, no leancnesse that can draw

W'iclif. Mark, c. vnstaunched wench.-Shakespeare. Tempest, Act i. sc. 1.

The moysture from the wither'd limmes.

And leeten hym doun in a leap bi the wal.
Beaumont. A Funeralle Hymne out of Prudentius.

Id. Dedis, c. (They found) a cask in one place, and a cask in another;They han fat kernes, and leany knaves,

And bi a wyndow in a leep I was latun doun bi a wal. sunie stay'd against the trees, and leek'd out. Dampier. Voyage, b. ii. pt. iii. c. 6. Their fasting flockes to keepe.

Id. 2 Corynth. c. 1 Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. August.

And alle eeten and weren fulfilld and thei token that th As, when Against a secret cliff, with sudden shock

Thirst, leanness, excess of animal secretions, are signs

was lett of relifis sevene lepfull.-Id. Matthew, c. 15. A ship is dash'd, and leaking drinks the sea.

and effects of too great thinness of blood. J. Philips. Cider, b.ii.

Arbuthnot. Of Aliments, c. 2.

LEAR. See Lere.
When unrelenting thus the leaks they found,
Now while the stomach from the full repast

LEARN, v. A.S. Læran; Ger. Lerei
The clattering pumps with clanking strokes resound.
Subsides, but ere returning hunger gnaws,

LE'ARNER. Dut. Lecren; Sw. Learn ; 0
Falconer. The Shipwreck, c. 2.
Ye leaner habits, give an hour to toil.


Armstrong. The Art of Preserring Health, b. ii. To accumulate their misfortunes, they were soon obliged

English, to lere (qv.); A. i

LEARNEDISI. Leornian ; Ger. Lernen, to cut away their bowsprit, to diminish, if possible, the

LEAP, v. Dut. Loop-en; Ger. Lauffen; LEARNEDLY. leakay, at the head.--Anson. Voy. round the World, b. i. c.3.

LEAP, n. Sw. Loepa, currere, to run;

the Ger. have lesen, as well as leren, and lerner There is no blab like to the quest'ning fool;

LE APER. Goth. II laup-an; A. S.Hleap-an, the Goth. Lis-an, and the A. S. Lis-an, and lesa. Even scarce before you turn yourself about, Wlate'er he hears his leaky tongue runs out.

LE APING, N. salire, saltare, to leap or skip, legere, colligere ; to glean, to gather, to collect Hamilton. Horace, b. i. Epist. 18. (Somner ) See Lope.

Eng. to lease, (sc. corn.) See LEASE, LEASER.


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