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NEW DICTIONARY

OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE

BY

CHARLES RICHARDSON

ALDI

DISCIP.

ANGLVS

VOL. II.

LONDON
WILLIAM PICKERING

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A NEW

ENGLISH DICTIONARY.

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L.

LA'BIAL, adj. ? Lat. Labium ; Fr. Lèvre ; I sente you to repe that whereon ye bestowed no labour,
Labial, n. $ It. Labbro, labio; the lip.

other më laboured, & ye are entred into their labours.

Bible, 1551. John, c. 4. That may be, that are, (formed by, spoken by) the lips.

Dead be thei, that liue not to God, and in the space of called by B. Jonson a letter half-vowelish,

this temporall death laboriously purchase themself eternall which though the Italians (especially the Floren

The Hebrews have been diligent in it, and have assigned, death.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 16.

which letters are labiall, which dentall, which gutturall. tines) abhor, we keep entire with the Latins, and

Bacon. Naturall Historie, 198. With wery trauel, and with laborous paines so pronounce. It is not used (says Wilkins) by

Alwaies in trouble and in tediousness. the Brasileans, nor the men of Japan: others style lips.-Wilkins. Real Character, pt. iii. c. 14. The labials are represented by two curve figures for the

Wyatt. Complaint rpon Loue, 8c. it the sweetest of all letters. It melteth (B. Jon

He [Julius Cæsar] labourously and studiously discussed son adds) in the sounding, and is therefore called

P and B are labial : Ph and Bh, or F and V, are labio

controversies.---Sir T. Elyot. The Governovr, b. iii. c. 10. dental.-Holder. Elements of Speec... a liquid, the tongue striking the root of the palate

There is greater store growing in the tops of the moungently; Wilkins,-the top of the tongue striking LA'BILE. Lat, Labi, to fall or fail. See tains then below in the valleis : but it is wonderfull labouragainst the foremost part of the palate. It unites

some and also dangerous traueiling vp vnto them and downe very easily with C and G in pronunciation, as in

againe, by reason of the height and steepenesse of the hilles. Clinch, Gloom, (qqv.) It is doubled, where the But sensibility and intelligence, being by their nature and

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 824. essence free must be labile, and by their lability may actually Towel sounds hard upon it; with no necessity: lapse, degenerat, and by habit acquire a second nature.

Adam, well may we labour still to dress coless a syllable follow which may require the con.

Cheyne. On Regimen, Dis. 5.

This garden, still to tend plant, herb and flower,

Our pleasant task enjoyn'd; but till more hands tinuance of its sound; as in kil-ling, fil-ling, wil-ling. LA'BOUR, v. Fr. Labourer; It. Lavo

Aid us, the work under our labor grows,

Luxurious by restraint.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ix. LAB. “I am no lab ;i.e. no be-lab, or blab; LABOUR, n.

rare; Sp. Laborear; Lat. Dut. Labberen. (See BlaB.) Consequentially,–

LABOURER. Laborare; (of uncertain ety- When down he came like an old o'ergrown oak, To pour forth from the lips whatever occurs to LABO'Rious. mology.) Scheidius thinks His huge root hewn up by the labourer's stroke. 18; to tell all that we think or know; to prate or LABORIOUSLY.

Drayton. David & Goliah.

from Λαβ-ειν, whence ελαtalk, thoughtlessly, carelessly, without reserve or LABO'RIOUSNESS. Bov, used as the 20 Aor, of

Who but felt of late, discrimination.

LABORANT. dan Bav- eiv, to take, to seize.

When the fierce foe hung on our brok'n rear
LA'BORATORY.

Insulting, and pursu'd us through the deep,

Dixerunt (he adds) naubav-
I am no labbe,

With what compulsion and laborious flight
Ne though I say it, I n'am not lefe to gabbe.
LA'BOURLESS. ELV Epyov, arripere opus : We sank thus low.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii.
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 8505. LA'BOUROUS. unde notio operis, s. laboris.
I have a wif, though that she poure be ;

LA'BOUROUSLY.

Besides, the king set in a course so right,
To work hard; to work

Which I for him laboriously had tract.
Eat of hire tongue a labbing shrewe is she.
LA BOURSOME. with difficulty or diligence;

Drayton. Legend of Thomas Cromwell.
Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,301.
to bear up against or support, or sustain with

And forget
LABEL, n.
Fr. Lambeau, a shread, rag, diligence, with difficulty, with pain; to exert, to

Your laboursome and dainty trimmes, wherein
LABEL, 0.

for small piece of stuff. Labels persist, pursue, or prosecute with care or dili- You made great Juno angry. hanging downe on garlands or crownes, a labando gence, pain or difficulty; to do any thing with

Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act iii. sc. 4. u falling downe,” (Minshew.) Skinner prefers exertion or effort.

I sing the conqueror of the universe. the Ger. Lapp. See Lap. To Frankis & Normanz, for thar grete laboure.

What can an author after this produce ?
Any thing falling or depending, suspended or

R. Brunne, p. 72.
The labouring mountain must bring forth a mouse.

Dryden. The Art of Poetry. appended; a name, title or description, appended, Cometh now quath ('onscience, ge cristyne, and dyneth

Then we caused the laborant with an iron rod dexterously , ( as now used,) otherwise affixed.

That han labered leely. at this Lente tyme.
Then baste thou a labell, that is shapen like a rule, saue

Piers Plouhman, p. 386.
to stir the kindled part of the nitre.

Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 604. Saat it is strait and hath no plates on either ende.

And right anon he changed his aray,
Chaucer. The Astrolabie.
And clad him as a poure labourer.

For thankless Greece such hardships have I bray'd, It nę beautie) shalbe inuentoried and euery particle and

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1411.

Her wives, her infants, by my labours sav'd ;

Long, sleepless nights in heavy arms I stood,
Teile labell's to my will.
Shakespeare. Twelfth Night, Act i. sc. 5.
My lord is hard to me and dangerous,

And sweat laborious days in dust and blood.
And min office is ful laborious.

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b.ix. The said Sir William said on his oth in the tenth yeare of

Id. The Freres Tale, v. 7009. Henrie the fourth, that before the times of Edward the third,

Laboriousness shuts the doors and stops all the avenues of the labell of three points was the different appropriat and

It maketh me drawe oute of the waie

the mind, whereby a temptation would enter, and (which is utenant for the cognizance of the next heire. In soleyn place by my selfe,

vet more) leaves no void room for it to dwell there, if by any Holinshed. Rich. II. an. 1390.

As doth a laborer to delfe. Gower. Con. A. b. iv. accident it should chance to creep in.--South, vol. vi. Ser.10. Data the subtlest of their conjurors

If thou wilt here

Whence labour or pain is commonly reckoned an ingreSeard up the labels to his soul-his ears. Of hem, that whilom vertuous

dient of industry; and laboriousness is a name signifying it. Butlt. On the Licentious Age of Charles II. Were, and therto laborious. Id. Ib.

Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 18. VOL. IL

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