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wide distribution of these speeches would be of the Capitol in Washington, with a glitof public benefit.

tering star at its apex.

Those who saw

it, with the great dome of the Capitol rising THE COMMUNITY

behind it and the wings flanking it, felt CHRISTMAS TREE

that it was a National tree and expressed a A great throng of people filled Madison National spirit. Square in New York from half-past four on In Grant Park, in Chicago, thousands Christmas Eve until late at night; a crowd of people gathered, not only to look at that varied, it is estimated, from five to the tree but to hear the full chorus of fifteen thousand people, melting away at the the Grand Opera Company and to listen to edges and filling up again from the side . speeches by the Mayor and others. Cincinstreets. All the city was there, every class nati, with its musical traditions, listened to in the community was represented ; it was a the chiming of bells and the fanfare of trumveritable community Christmas celebration. pets and to choruses by boys, and gathered

There was a fanfare of trumpets, then round its glowing tree. In Detroit the tree a solemn and noble rendering of “Holy stood on the City Hall lawn, gayly decorated Night " by the Oratorio Society. A child with lights and toys, a luminous center of a taken from the crowd pushed a button, vast crowd. Three hundred men and boys and a star blazed from the top of the great standing beneath the great tree in Cleveland Christmas tree, to be followed by myriads of

sang choruses.

Philadelphia opened a celeother lights—red, green, blue, and white- bration which was to continue for a week, the until the tree was a glowing mass of colors, Mayor touching the electric button which set splendidly distinct against the darkness of the the great community tree in Independence night. At half-past five the chimes of the Square aglow. Boston repeated its municiMetropolitan tower ceased ringing, but for pal Christmas festivities of last year; and the half an hour the Oratorio Society sang selec- glow of community trees warmed the hearts tions of old Christmas hymns, and a choir of of thousands in communities from the Atlantic Welsh male singers added their moving, char- to the Pacific. acteristic rendering of Welsh songs. Mean- And there were many forms of organized while a hundred Boy Scouts were moving cheer in all parts of the country. A dingy through the crowd, keeping the way open so basement on lower Broadway in New York that the singers might pass to the platform. was luminous on Christmas Eve with There was no need of enforcing order ; the concerted friendliness. As from a fountain, star and the tree did that.

all sorts of good things were poured out to After a recess for dinner, or supper, as needy Italians who carried their baskets the case might be, a military band played away with incoherent words of thanks and patriotic and religious selections, there was tears in their eyes ; and not the least moving a quartette of church soloists, and later a feature of the festivities was the fact that the Negro chorus of a hundred voices singing King of Italy had given his patronage to the the old-time plantation songs; and not until undertaking and had sent a personal word midnight, when the Metropolitan chimes for all those who needed aid. The “ Italian sounded the last notes of " America,” did Journal," which was largely responsible for the throng disperse and the lights go out. this happy friendliness, is to be commended

Some people came in furs and in their for keeping it from publicity and any kind automobiles, many by trolley and subway, of advertising more walked from a distance. Scattered through the crowd were hundreds of out- CHRISTMAS ON THE casts, and it was noticed that silver was passing from gloved hands to bare ones quietly A novel and very agreeable surprise was through the crowd. It was the second mu- furnished in all parts of this country and nicipal Christmas tree in New York.

Canada by the use of the billboards for
Christmas purposes.

A large and wellIN ALL PLACES, FOR

printed color picture of the Nativity stood out

among all kinds of announcements of commany other communities Christmas trees modities. The picture was large enough to were centers of happiness. A noble tree rose command attention ; it was ten feet high and out of the pavement at the foot of the steps twice as long, and the shepherds and Magi

a

BILLBOARDS

ALL PEOPLE

In

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always been a town of ideas, and last year revived the old-fashioned Christmas “ waits.”

This year there were six bands, numbering nearly a hundred, singing the familiar Christmas hymns in the streets. They visited more than a hundred and fifty homes, and had a very good time in doing it. There was no noise, and great consideration was shown for homes in which there was sorrow, or age, or the shadow of death. But there was also a great deal of merriment. No refreshments were offered or accepted. This example is worth following:

THE LAUREATE'S
CHRISTMAS SONG

The first official poem written by Robert Bridges, recently appointed Poet Laureate by George V, appeared in the London “Times” on Wednesday of last week. A timely reprint of Mr. Bridges's poetical works (Humphrey Milford, New York) has recently put in convenient form the poetry of the Poet Laureate, excluding his dramas. This volume is instinct with the classical spirit; its workmanship is delightful, and, if the note is not original, it is distinctive, and in that sense individual ; and whatever may be the limitations of Mr. Bridges's interests, he is entirely free from the commonplaceness of his pred

ecessor.

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His first poem is a celebration, not of an incident of the State, but a Christian festival ; and he uses the form adopted by his predecessor in 1310, the verse form of “The Vision of Piers Plowman." The “ Times," in introducing the poem, recalls the fact that one of the most insignificant of the Laureate's predecessors, Nahum Tate, has survived and will long survive by virtue of one happy poem, "While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks." The Outlook reprints two verses of Mr. Bridges's “ Christmas Eve :") “ A frosty Chrismas eve, when the stars were

shining, Fared I forth alone where westward falls the

hill, And from many a village in the water'd valley Distant music reached me, peals of bells

a-ringing; The constellated sounds ran sprinkling on

earth's floor As the dark vault above with stars was span

gled o'er. “ Then sped my thought to keep that first

Christmas of all When the shepherds watching by their folds

ere the dawn

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PANIC AND
DEATH

Heard music in the fields and, marveling, tected. On the other hand, they have failed could not tell

to have fized the minimum wage at $3 per Whether it were angels or the bright stars singing."

day for “ trammers ” and $3.50 for miners. They have failed also (and ought to fail) to compel the companies to put two men at work on a

one-man drill.” This, as we The night before Christmas a terrible dis- understand it, is a new machine that with aster from panic took place in Red Jacket, one man at work can get as good results as Michigan. Seventy-two persons, the major

the old machine with two men. The men's ity of whom were children, lost their lives in

demand, therefore, was something like that of the Italian Union Hall, where, under the some printers, when the linotype was intromanagement of the Western Federation of duced, that more men than were needed should Miners, a Christmas tree festival was being be employed “ for the good of the trade." held for the benefit of the miners now on As to organization of the men into unions, strike. Possibly a slight fire started in the the companies are bitterly opposed to the tree. A cry of fire from a man in the audi- Western Federation, and it is said that pubence set the excited crowd into a mad and lic sentiment supports the companies. The fatal rush.

companies blamed the Federation for all the President Moyer, of the Federation, seems excesses of the strike and for stirring up the inclined to blame the enemies of the strikers

troubles which resulted in violence, military for the disturbance which caused the panic. rule, and bad feeling. To make such a charge without strong

It is reported that out of the common proof is in itself atrocious, and unless evi- sympathy for the victims of the Red Jacket dence is produced Mr. Moyer incurs serious disaster has grown an effort to mediate and blame for his wild accusation.

settle the labor troubles still existing. The lesson of such disasters is that small halls of this kind are too often more danger- COMMERCE, INDUSTRY ous than large audience-rooms. Constant

AND INVENTION inspection, rigid regulation, or a complete Trade, machinery, and invention are imsuppression of such halls is needed if such mensely human. Strip off statistics and techcalamities are not to be of frequent occur- nicalities, and these things tell the history of

Unquestionably hundreds of just the rise of man. They are also capable such dangerous places exist the country over. of graphic illustration. Their history and

evolution form one of the great chapters THE COPPER STRIKE

in the book of knowledge. It is a splendid IN MICHIGAN

and monumental undertaking, therefore, to For several months an extended strike has present and preserve these records. been carried on by copper-mine workers in A plan has been formed for New York Michigan. It is now, according to a long City to have a College of Commerce and a and apparently fair-minded account in the Museum of Commerce—the former not a Grand Rapids “Press,” nearly at an end. technical school, but a school that compreThe correspondent points out as a singular hends what commerce has variously come and paradoxical fact that while the strike was to mean in this age; the latter not a museum brought about by the Western Federation which merely shows objects of barter, for of Miners, which “inspired, directed, and barter is a small part of commerce nowafinanced it, the result has been that, al- days, but a museum that takes note of though the strikers have obtained a victory inventing, making, improving, distributing the on most of their demands, the Western machinery and products of modern civilizaFederation has totally failed to secure the tion, and negotiating the necessary financing, recognition which it was seeking

credit, and exchange for world-wide dealings. The men, this account states, obtain in the These are the objects of the projectors as we partial settlements made an eight-hour day for find them described in an article by Mr. surface as well as underground labor, have Franklin Clarkin in the Boston “Transcript.” assured to them the right to present griev- The projectors include such men as George ances, and to secure the dismissal of bosses F. Kunz, Thomas A. Edison, Jacob H. Schiff, against whom repeated charges of injustice E. H. Gary, Admiral Peary, and others. are presented, and in other ways are pro- Their conviction, as stated by Mr. Clarkin,

rence.

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is that there are passions for machinery as Here, some one has said, the word is “ Try: well as for paints and brushes and chisels : it yourself," instead of “ Hands off.” that if pretty pottery is a creative art, why is To go through the great section showing there no creative art in putting the breath of the development of the dwelling-places of power and motion into metal and causing it man is alone an experience not to be forgotto run or fly?” They ask :

ten easily. Everything is visual, graphic, If it is valuable to teach the beginnings of art, simple. The ingenuity and clarity of the and the progress of art, by exhibited examples,

arrangement are truly wonderful.

To quote why is it not valuable to teach the beginnings

Mr. Clarkin once more: and progress of science and mechanical invention?

Some of the rooms exhibit visually to the Is the advance from the daguerreotype to the visitor the progress from windmills to the steam moving-talking photograph less interesting than engine; from land printing by monks in their collections of carved sea-shells, ivories, peach- monasteries to the linotype and swift Hoe press; blow vases ?

from galleys to ocean greyhounds; locomotives Is inlaid armor more interesting than a gun from the one which couldn't go out in the rain that shoots ten miles ?

to the latest Pacific mogul; flying-machines Is a diplodocus better worth spending hun- from the elemental wings of Lilienthal to the dreds of thousands of dollars to dig for than machines of Zeppelin and the Wrights; and the perfection of the art of Aying ?

Is the discovery of coal, oil, radium, of no consequence beside the excavation of a mummy

In short, the Deutsches Museum is a marvelor a cuneiform inscription in Egypt?

ous history, told not in books or even picIt is hoped to secure a fine site on the

tures, but in solid material, sometimes in Hudson River below Grant's Tomb, to se

model or miniature, sometimes in full sizecure large private contributions, and to obtain

things that can be handled and often oper

ated. It is municipal support.

of the modern world's wonders.

If New York can do within its field what THE DEUTSCHES MUSEUM

the Deutsches Museum is doing for Germany, Only one great museum of commerce ex

it will achieve something of permanent value ists in the United States—that at Philadelphia,

to civilization. which is doing good work, although in a necessarily limited way. But the world's model THE BARRERE for this kind of exhibition is the Deutsches ENSEMBLE Museum at Munich. It is only nine years When chamber music is mentioned, most old, but it is a triumph of intelligence, people, we imagine, think of either a string It now occupies two separate large build- quartette

song piano recital. ings in somewhat distant parts of Munich, There is another form of chamber music, but it has a new $2,500,000 building nearly however, which has in it elements of popucomplete, and even then it may be cramped larity as great as either of the others—chamfor space.

Every branch of science and ber music for wind instruments. There are invention is presented with German com- chamber music organizations in this country pleteness.

which use wind instruments, notably the Step by step one sees how the mechanic Longy organization and the Barrère Enarts and the theoretic sciences grew. Often semble. the original apparatus of early explorers or A recent concert in New York City by inventors is shown. But what humanizes the Barrère Ensemble furnished a capital and popularizes the whole is that the illustration of the popular character of this visitor's own eye and own hand

form of chamber music. There is a couraged to work the models, use the micro- rent impression that the best music, or scopes, set the machines in motion. Thus even good music, can be enjoyed only he may demonstrate the X-ray for himself. by those who are connoisseurs. Nothing He goes down into a miniature mine, sees could be further from the truth. It has how the iron ore is obtained, follows it been proved time and time again that all through the processes of smelting, and so on sorts and conditions of people can be trusted until a finished locomotive stands before him. to enjoy the best in music. In what is good, Constantly he is invited by notices in several however, there is a difference between that languages to press an electric button or turn which makes an immediate popular appeal a crank and "look-see,” as the boys say. and that which does not make an appeal so

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immediate. The programme of this con- consider their own taste cultivated would cert was of the former kind.

regard the Beethoven duet as rather dry, It was not only the programme but the kind but it is not unlikely that this - made as wide of instruments used in this concert that gave an appeal as anything on the programme. it the element of popularity. Four stringed Probably the very simplicity of a piece by two instruments seem very much alike and give wind instruments, each of which could play the impression of being monotonous until only one note at a time, accounted for a part one realizes the wide scope of expression and of that general appeal. There was a piece tone color of the violin fåmily. On the other on the programme which in paternity hand, no one can help seeing that a flute is Dutch,” but, unlike the cook in the “Capital very different from a bassoon, and that a Ship,': did not “ behave as such."

It was a French horn does not in the least resemble goblin dance (Ronde des Lutins) by Chriseither a clarinet or

an oboe.

And when tiaan Kriens, which captivated the audience the instruments are sounded they obviously at once. Then there was a piece that ought differ from one another in tone.

to have appealed to every golfer. It was a and almost unfeeling tones of the flute are in walking tune by Percy Aldrich Grainger, a as strong contrast as possible to the mellow, young Australian composer, who calls this appealing, satisfying tones of the French “Room-music Titbits for Wind Five-some.” horn; while both differ from the penetrating It is that word “ five-some ” that catches notes of either of the three reed instruments the golfer's eye. Moreover, the composer -the oboe, the clarinet, and the bassoon. says that he made this tune while walking in Then there is the interest in distinguishing the Scottish Highlands The theme reminds these various instruments as they play. We one of an Irish folk song, “The Moreen." should not be surprised to learn that the It is plainly Celtic, anyway, and it is cleverly great majority of regular attendants at orches- and pleasantly managed. Then at the end tral concerts cannot distinguish between the came the most interesting piece on the whole oboe and the clarinet either in sound or

programme, a spontaneously written “ Diverappearance.

In the intimate environment tissement” by Albert Roussel for the wind of a chamber music concert the contrast quintette with piano. The assisting pianist between these two instruments is at once in this case was Miss Carolyn Beebe, who seen and heard. So a chamber concert of played with skill and sympathy this modern wind instruments provides a very interesting French music which seemed to float in a dismethod of becoming acquainted with some of solving cloud of tonalities. the most important members of the orchestra. There is no reason why the whole country

should not be dotted with organizations such

as the Barrère Ensemble-like it in character PROGRAMME

even if few could equal it or even approach it Then in the case of this particular concert in musical skill. There are many communities, there was the programme.

First there was moreover, which could not afford to maina quintette by Henry Woollett. If one were to tain an orchestra which could afford regularly guess at the composer's nationality by looking to enjoy chamber music such as this. at his name, the obvious guess would be— English. If one were to guess at it from his music JULES CLARETIE as exemplified in this quintette, a perfectly nat- Jules Claretie, who died in Paris on Decemural and defensible guess would be that he ber 23, was sometimes called the prince of was a German suffering from the influence of

theater managers.

For nearly thirty years, Richard Strauss. The fact is that he is a con- and until within a few weeks of his death, he temporary Frenchman. Just what he means was the director of the Comédie Française, by describing this quintette as being "on Molière's playhouse ; a position which he themes in a popular form we do not know, filled with credit to himself and benefit to his but the themes themselves were of the sort country. that would make an instant popular appeal. Although a man of varied gifts and Then came two pieces on the programme activities-he had been journalist, novelist, which anybody would admit were classi

and dramatist, as well as theater managercal”—a duet for clarinet and bassoon by his permanent reputation is likely to rest Beethoven and a sonata for piano and Aute to a large extent on his record in the by Haydn. A good many people who would last-named capacity. He was an Academi

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