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Æstuo.” Nudus agas ! Minus est insania turpis.
“ En habitum, quo te leges ac jura ferentem
Vulneribus crudis populus modo victor et illud

Montanum positis audiret vulgus aratris.” 75 Quid non proclames, in corpore judicis ista

Si videas ? Quæro, an deceant multicia testem?
Acer et indomitus libertatisque magister,
Cretice, perluces. Dedit hanc contagio labem

Et dabit in plures; sicut grex totus in agris 80 Unius scabie cadit et porrigine porci, Uvaque conspecta livorem ducit ab uva.

Fædius hoc aliquid quandoque audebis amictu.
Nemo repente venit turpissimus. Accipient te

15 sq.

* These are the dog-days :' LU. tos- crine nitens, niger unguento, perlucidus tam fervens Julius coquit messem ; Mart. ostro; Mart. XII. xxxviii. 3. R. X. Jxii. 7. R.

• The distemper is catching : it will 71. If you are so dreadfully hot, you spread.' BRI. Adspice, quid fuciant comhad better strip at once! you might then mercia! 166. contagia vites; hæc etiam have some claim upon our piry as a pecori sæpe nocere solent : &c. Ov. R. A. lunatic.' LU. Nudus (as yupevòs) means 613 sqq. Virg. E. i. 51. VS. R. Pesicovou with nothing but the tunic on; (Virg. fon xeñor operaíces xaraí: Menander G. i. 299.) R. instead of which, com- quoted by St Paul, 1 Cor. xv. 33. (Livy petitors at the games wore campestria xxix, 6, marg. ED.] drawers.' Hor. I Ep. xi. 18. AD. 79. Virg. G. iii. 441 sqq. 468 sqq. R. With agas understand causas. R. “ One sickly sheep infects the flock, And

72. A pretty dress, forsooth, you poisons all the rest;" Watts, D. S. xxi. would adopt!' cf. Virg. Æ. iv. 597. xii. 359 sqq. &c. R.

81. According to the proverb, uva uvam 73. “ Our legions, with fresh laurels videndo varia fil: vs. Bórgus argos Bórgur crown'd, And smarting still from many a rivalvstau Suidas. GR. It was a vulgar glorious wound.”

notion that the dark colour, in ripening, 75. As. Mare, terra, cælum, Di vostram was communicated from grape to grape.' fidem." Plaut. or O tempora ! O mores!' T. 'One plum gets colour by looking Cic. Cat. i, 1. GR. Mart. IX. lxxi. R. at another' is a common saying in Persia : See note on 25. PR.

Gladwin, Bahar Danush. G. Livor is 76. · It would be indecent even in a the purple tinge ;' pihæróxews witness: much more in a judge; and agus Anacr. l. 1. lividos distinguet that judge a stoic! An argument a for. autumnus racemos purpureo varius tiori. BRI, GR.

colore; Hor. II Od. v. 10 sqq. variat 77. · Sour and rigid. R.

liventibus uva racemis ; Prop. IV.ü. It was the tenet of the Stoics őtt péros 13. R. ο σοφός ελεύθερος, και πας άφρων δούλος. 82. • You will not stop here :' quandolibertas est potestas vivendi ut velis; Cic. que' some of these days.' Ρar. V. 1. 4. Μ. ελευθερία, εξουσία αυτο- Perhaps we should read aliud. LU. Teagías D. Laert. vii. 121. cf. Hor. II 83. “Never let man be bold enough S. vii. 83 sqq. I Ep. xvi. 63. R. to say, Thus, and no farther let my pas

78. Perluces has a double meaning: sion stray: The first crime past compels • the veil thrown over your disposition us on to more, And guilt proves fate, is as flimsy as that which exposes, rather which was but choice before.” The than conceals, your person.' PR. In the author I have forgotten. M.

". There is latter sense we have a beau described as a method in man's wickedness, It grows

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Paulatim, qui longa domi redimicula sumunt 85 Frontibus et toto posuere monilia collo

Atque Bonam teneræ placant abdomine porcæ
Et magno cratere Deam. Sed more sinistro
Exagitata procul non intrat femina limen.

Solis ara Deæ maribus patet. “ Ite profanæ !” 90 Clamatur: nullo gemit hic tibicina cornu.

Talia secreta coluerunt Orgia tæda
Cecropiam soliti Baptæ lassare Cotytto.


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up by degrees. I am not come so high By a contrary regulation.' FA.
as killing of myself; there are A hundred 88. Sacra Bonæ, maribus non adeunda,
thousand sins 'twixt it and me, Which Dee; Tib. I. vi. 22. M.
I must do; I shall come to't at last ;" 89. parody of “ procul,

procul, 0 procul Beaum. King and no King. Gresset este, profani,' conclamat vates, totoque applies it very happily to the singular ubsistite luco !" Virg. Æ. vi. 259 sq. M. depravity of the unfortunate Ver-Vert: Et procul hinc, moneo, procul hinc, quaIl démentit les célébres maaimes nous cunque profanæ, ferte gradus ; Sil. xvii. lisons, qu'on ne vient aux grands crimes 28 sq. cf. Suet. Ner. 34. The Greek Que par dégrés. Il fut un scélérat Profès formulary was ixàs, éxàs, ortis ådorpès or d'abord, et sans noviciat." G.

έκας. εκάς ίστε βέβηλοι. R. Venit for fit, as venias for fias; vii. 29. 90. · Here no female minstrel sounds R. In French devenir, in Italian the plaintive horn. The horn, flute, and divenire,' to become.'

trumpet were used (as the bell among us) • In time, no doubt, you will be con- to summon the worshippers together. LU. sidered qualified for admission into that (cf. Dan. iii.) The Phrygian Aute abominable club of atheists, which has (tibia, ii. 63.) was curved and is conbeen formed for the sole purpose of stantly called cornu: as nota Bonæ secreta burlesquing the rites of the Good Deæ, quum tibia lumbos incitat et cornu Goddess. G. vi. 314. Ov. A. A. iii. pariter vinoque feruntur; vi. 314 sq. 244. R.

adunco tibia cornu; Ov. Met. iii. 84. Domi. in private.'

533. xi. 16. F. iv. 181. • The BerecynRedimicula · fillets' or ' ribbons' hang- thian horn' (Hor. I Od. xviii. 13 sq.) ing from their caps : et tunicæ manicus et is used as synonymous with “the Berecynhabent redimicula mitræ; Virg. Æ. ix. thian flute;' III Od. xix. 18 sq. IV Od. 614, &c. PR. iii. 66. R.

i. 22 sq. R. 85. Monilia are so called as having Gemere ; vii. 71. R. been originally 'memorials' of merit. Ti.

91. Orgies' were so called from the See vote on orgittopópos. Her. viii. 113. enthusiastic rage (ágyn) with which they · These necklaces' often consisted of so were' celebrated.' FA. many rows as to cover the whole neck.' Mystic torches' were carried in the M.

Eleusinian procession. R. 86. It appears that more than one 92. The Athenians were called Cegoddess was worshipped under this cropians from Cecrops their first king. name : Macrob. Sat. i. 12. PR. vi. 314 GR.

Bapta so called from being deeply Antiqui sumen vocabant abdomen; imbued in impurities,' or from their Plin. xi. 84. PR. It may here be put, plunging in water' to purify themselves by synecdoche, for the whole animal, as after their nefarious rites. GR. It is the in xii. 73. M.

title of a comedy of Eupolis, wherein he 87. Cf. xii. 8. PR. Ov. F. iii. 418. R. lashed such effeminate practices; in con• The large bowl' hints at the free indul- sequence of which, Alcibiades, who was gence which prevailed even among the the principal object of attack, endealadies at their secret rites. G. vi. 315. voured to have the author assassinated. On crater see note on Her, iii, 130. VS.

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Ille supercilium madida fuligine tactum

Obliqua producit acu pingitque trementes 95 Adtollens oculos : vitreo bibit ille Priapo

Reticulumque comis auratum ingentibus implet,
Cærulea indutus scutulata aut galbana rasa
Et per Junonem domini jurante ministro.
Ille tenet speculum, pathici gestamen Othonis,

p. 23,

• So as to fatigue and disgust even drawing it through between them, it Cotylto, the goddess of wantonness,' blacks the inside, leaving a narrow black whose worship was introduced from rim all round the edge.” M. See BO. Edonia in Thrace. GR.

93. We have here a picture quite in • Turning up his eyes, which quiver Hogarth's style. We are admitted ioto under the operation, from the extreme the conventicle of this detestable club, sensitiveness of the part. They might be and behold the members at their several also tremulous from wantonness.'vii.241. employments.

oculos udos ac tremulos, ac prona libi. 94. The custom of tinging the eyes dine marcidos, jam jamque semiadoperand eyebrows originated in the East. tulos; Apul. Met. iii. p. 135. Ov. A. A. Jezabel put her eyes in paint;" 2 Kgs. ii. 721. Pers. i. 18. Hor. I Od. xxxvi. 17. ix. 30, margin ; " i.e. in stibium, which Lucian. Am. 14. LU. M. R. made the eyes look black, and was ac- 95. In poculis libidines cælare juvit ac counted beautiful : and also dilated the per obscænitates bibere ; Plin. xxxiii. pr. eyebrows, and made the eyes appear big; GR. which, in some countries, was also thought Priapus, the son of Bacchus and very amiable.” PT. La grande beauté Venus, was the god of gardens and the des dames Arabes et de toutes les femmes de tutelary deity of Abydos. PR. l'Orient est d'avoir de grands yeu x 96. ' His long and thick tresses are noirs bien fendus et à fleur de téte; confined in network of gold. Plin. xii. Mémoires d’Arvieux t. iii. p. 297. We 14. PR. M. Otho and Elagabalus powread of A styages as xixorunuivos oplado dered their hair with gold dust. HN. iToygaon Xen. Cyr. 1. iii. 2. From the 97. Understand vestimenta. · Blue East, this fashion travelled to Greece; checks, or green (or pale yellow) stuffs, from Greece to Rome : the Greek ladies shorn of the pile.' Whence galbanos used antimony or black lead; the Romans habet mores; Mart. I. xcvii. 9. LU. lamp-black mixed with bear's grease. homo galbanatus; Id. III. Ixxxii. 5. M. Plin. xxxviii. 11. AR. Black was the The Gauls invented checked stuffs. Rasa favourite colour ; Hor. A. P. 37. PR. are opposed to peza. GR. They came Mart. IX. xxxviii. 6. Nigro pulvere ocu- into fashion in the Augustan age. PR. lorum exordia producuntur; Tert. de Mart. II. lxxxv. 4. Lana Istriæ Libur. Hab. Mul. 2. R. The fashion continued niæque pilo propior quam lanæ, pexis till a late date : undè piaans redion aliena vestibus, et quam Salacia scutulato Baspápoor o rwTas. Naumach. G. and textu commendat in Lusitania ; Plin, viii. Jerome speaks of orbes stibio fuliginatos. 48 s 72. xi. 24 s 28. R. FA. The operation, as performed by 98. 'Nay even the valet swears by the Turkish females at Aleppo, is thus his lord's Juno.' BR. Men used to described by Shaw and Russel : " Their swear by the Gods, women by the Godmethod of doing it is by a cylindrical desses, Plio. ii. 7. PR. and servants by piece of silver, steel, or ivory, about two their master's Genius. cf. Tib. III. vi. inches long, made very smooth, and about 49. R. Notes on Hor. III Od. xvii. 14. the size of a common probe. This they 99. Another parody on Virgil : magni wet with water, in order that the powder gestamen Abantis; Æ. iii. 286. vii. 246. of lead ore may stick to it, and applying and corripit hastam Actoris Aurunci spothe middle part horizontally to the eye, lium; Æ. xii. 93 sq. This wretch was they shut the eyelids upon it, and so proud of the effeminale Otho’s mirror,'

100 Actoris Aurunci spolium, quo se ille videbat

Armatum, quum jam tolli vexilla juberet.
Res memoranda novis annalibus atque recenti
Historia, speculum civilis sarcina belli.

Nimirum summi ducis est, occidere Galbam 105 Et curare cutem; summi constantia civis,

Bebriaci campo spolium affectare Palati
Et pressum in faciem digitis extendere panem :

no less than Turnus was of the gallant maitre.' After his suicide, his soldiers Actor's spear.' LU. Or' of which Otho extolled him as fortissimum virum, unicum had erst despoiled some other redoubted imperatorem ; Suet. 12. Our satirist obchampion.' "Their mirrors were made of serves that such a character was un. polished metal, and sometimes equalled doubtedly (nimirum is used ironically, the full length of the figure. Sen. Q. N. xiv. 54. Sil. v. 114. Hor, II S. ii. 106. i. 17. HN. Stat. III S. iv. 94. BO. On as scilicet in 122. v. 76. vi. 239. vii. 159. the effeminacy of Otho, see Suet. 2. and xiv. 156.) Otho's due.' Suet. Galb. 19. 12. Tac. H. i. 71. &c. R. Though a Tac. H. i. 41 sqq. It was a great feat to favourite of Nero, he was the first to join murder an old man' manibus pedibusque Galba, of whose assassination he after articulari morbo distortissimis; S. G. 21. wards became the author. As an enemy 23. It was a worthy occupation to be of Galba (whom Vespasian suspected of a sostening his cheeks with cosmetics :' design upon his life) and of Vitellius, he munditiarum pæne muliebrium; vulso corwas regarded with favour by the Flavian pore; quin et faciem quotidie rasitare, ac family, and consequently with aversion pane madido linere consuetum : idque inby Juvenal. Tacitus represents differ- stituisse a prima lanugine, ne barbatus ently his last march : nec illi segne aut unquam esset; Suet. Oth, 12. PR. HN. corruplum luxu iter ; sed lorica ferrea R. usus est, et ante signa pedester, horridus, 105 and 107. vi. 464. Hor. I Ep. iv. 15. incomplus, famæque dissimilis; H. ii. 11. R. In cute curanda plus æquo operata G.

juventus; Id. ii. 29. 101. When an army encamped, the Consistency worthy of the first citizen standards were pitched in the ground in the republic ! R.' It was currently near the general's tent. When battle reported after his death, Galbam ab eo was to be given, the general commanded non tam dominandi, quam reipublicæ ac the standard to be taken up.' Tolli is libertatis restituendæ causa interemptum ; opposed to statui. GR. M. The vexillum Suet. Oth. 12. was ' a red flag,' which was hoisted on a 106. • The battle of Bebriacum' (bespear from the top of the general's tent tween Verona and Cremona) decided as a signal of preparation for battle. LI. the fate of the empire and transferred the • Otho gave his orders from his toilet, purple to Vitellius. Tac. H. ii. 14 sqq. while he was admiring himself in the Suet. Oth. 8 sq. PR. R. glass.' LU.

* The spoil of the palace'intimates that 102. In · Annals, the facts are di- the imperial dignity had become the prey gested under their several years. PR. of each daring adventurer. R.

103.' In a civil war, when the empire 107. Slices of bread, made of rice, of the world was at stake!' viz. that beans, or wheat, and soaked in asses' between Otho and Vitellius. Nec deerant milk, were spread over the face as a qui ambitione stolida lururiosos apparatus cosmetic. LU. vi. 461 sqq. CAS. Cutem conviviorum, et irritamenta libidinum, ut in fucie erugari et tenerescere, et candorem instrumenta belli mercarentur; Tac, H. custodiri lacte asinino putabant; unde i. 88. FA.

Poppæa uxor Neronis, quocunque ire con104. The antithesis here depends on ligisset, secum sercentas asellas ducebat; the punctuation. HK. • At one time to Plin. xxviii. 12. xi. 41, PR. Tib. I. viji. be acting the assassin, at another the petit 11, R.

Quod nec in Assyrio pharetrata Semiramis orbe,

Mosta nec Actiaca fecit Cleopatra carina.
110 Hic nullus verbis pudor aut reverentia mensæ.

Hic turpis Cybeles et fracta voce loquendi
Libertas et crine senex phanaticus albo
Sacrorum antistes, rarum ac memorabile magni

Gutturis exemplum conducendusque magister. 115 Quid tamen exspectant, Phrygio quos tempus erat jam

More supervacuam cultris abrumpere carnem?
Quadringenta dedit Gracchus sestertia dotem

108. Even the most luxurious queens, šor', oud' si xaxím cílev indoo, gsīvou úti. when they went forth to war, discontinued μήσαι προς γάρ Διός είσιν άπαντες ξείνοι το such effeminate habits.' Semiramis, As- TTwroops Hom. Od. = 56 sqq. 2 107 syriorum regina, cum ei circa cultum sq. “I tried your charity, When in a capitis occupato nuntiatum esset Baby- beggar's shape you took me up, And lonem defecisse, altera parte crinium adhuc clothed my naked limbs, and after fed, soluta, protinus ad eum expugnandam As you believed, my famish'd mouth. cucurrit, nec prius decorem capillorum in Learn all, By your example, to look on ordinem, quam tantam urbem in potestatem the poor With gentle eyes ! for in such suam, redegit. Quocirca statua ejus Baby- habits, often, Angels desire an alms;" lone posita est illo habitu, quo, ad ultionem Massinger Virg. Mart. IV. iii. G. exigendum, celeritate precipiti tetendit; 111. ' Such disgraceful licentiousness V. Max, ix. 3. Just. i. 2. PR.

as prevails at the Megalesian rites among Orbe' empire.' VA.

the emasculated priests of the Phrygian 109. Cleopatra, daughter of Ptolemy goddess.' LU. cf. Diod. Sic. iv. 5. Ov. F. Auletes, queen of Egypt and mistress iv. PR. R. The grossness of these cereof Antony, was present to witness her monies was such, that the parents of the paramour’s ‘sad' defeat by Augustus ' at actors were ashamed to be present at the Actium.' LU. cum aureu puppe veloque rehearsals, which took place at home, prepurpureo se in altum dedit; Plin. xix. 1. vious to the celebration of the festival. G. See Shakspeare's description of her gal. They lisped their obscenities • in a ley, Ant. and Cl. II. ii. M. Flor. iv. 1). falsetto voice.' GE. cf. Augustin. xi. cf. Hor. I Od. xxxvii. R. Prop. IV. vi. 111. LU.

112, Phanaticus' possessed.’ Virg. Æ. 110. In this precious conclave.' apie vi. 46 sqq. M. σεζα μιν ιερόν χρήμα, δι' ής ο θεός 114. See i. 140. R. τιμάται φίλος της και ξένιος: Synes. Εp. *If one would take lessons in gluttony.' 57. TH. Nusquum reverentiu mensæ ; tum si magistrum cepit ad cam rem improClaud. in Ruf. i. 229. R. Among bum; Ter. An. I. i. 19. M. many absurd and many impious tenets of 115. Why hesitate (Ov. Ep. iii. 83.) paganism, there are some of excellent any longer about completing your resemtendency and not undeserving of imita- blance to those effeminate priests, when a tion. Such was their hospitality, founded knife will rid you in a moment of the on the notion that celestials sometimes superfluous characteristics of manhood ?' visited the abodes of men. cf. Hebr. xii. Ti Ov. F. iv. 243. Tib. I. iv. 70. R. 2. Gen. xviii. 1--8. xix. 1-3. Olim mos This' Phrygian fashion’ was adopted in erat et mensæ credere adesse deos; Ov. F. imitation of the boy Atys whom Cybele vi. 305 sq. Præsentes namque ante domus loved. PR. invisere castas scepius, et sese mortali osten- 116. The knives were of sharp stone : dere cætu cælicole, nondum spretu pietate, vi. 514. Claud. in Eut. i. 280. R. as solebant; Cat. Ixiv. 385 sqq. Hence a among the Jews. PR. Exod. iv. 25. stranger, however humble his exterior, 117. Cf. i. 92. 106. vi. 137. was treated with respect : fiii od por divers brought with him.' PR, i, 62, 78.

57 sqq.

· Has


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