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OF

The weald of Kent,

WITH AN OUTLINE OF

THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE COUNTY,

BY

ROBERT FURLEY, F.S. A.

ALSO,

A SKETCH OF THE PHYSICAL FEATURES OF THE DISTRICT,

BY

HENRY B. MACKESON, F. G. S.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

ASHFORD:
HENRY IGGLESDEN, 94, HIGH STREET;

W. J. THOMPSON; W. MILLER.
LONDON: JOHN RUSSELL SMITH, 36, SOHO SQUARE.

1871.

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TO

S. MUSGRAVE HILTON, ESQ.,

OF BRAMLING HOUSE, KENT,

THIS WORK

IS DEDICATED BY HIS

SINCERE FRIEND,

R. F.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

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...

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CHAP.

PAGE

1. INTRODUCTION.-THE BRITONS.—THE DRUIDS

1

II. THE ROMAN INVASION...

8

III. OCCUPATION OF BRITAIN BY THE ROMANS

17

IV. INTRODUCTION OF CHRISTLANITY INTO BRITAIN

30

V. THE DEPARTURE OF THE ROMANS, AND SETTLEMENT OF THE

SAXONS

38

VI. THE CITY OF ANDERIDA, OR ANDREDES-CEASTER

45

VII. ÆSC TO ETHELBERT.—THE FOREST.-THE MARK.-THE OWNEB 54

VIII. ETHELBERT TO EGBERT

63

IX. THE FIRST CHARTERS RELATING TO THE FOREST

72

X. EGBERT TO ALFRED

79

XI. ALFRED THE GREAT

92

XII., XIII. THE CIVIL AND ECCLESIASTICAL DIVISION OF KENT ... 99, 110

XIV. EDWARD THE ELDER TO HAROLD

126

XV. FURTHER CHARTERS RELATING TO THE FOREST.-ANGLO-SAXON

LAW-SUITS, AND WILLS

142

XVI. ANGLO-SAXON RANKS AND INSTITUTIONS

154

XVII. ANGLO-Saxon LAND TENURES. -THE WITAN.-SHIREMOTES

AND FOLKMOTES. -TRIAL AND THE ORDEAL

174

XVIII. THE ANGLO-SAXON CHURCH.-PAROCHIAL SYSTEM.-TITHES ... 193

XIX. THE LAST OF THE FOREST UNDER THE ANGLO-SAXON SOVE-

REIGNS

203

XX. THE NORMAN INVASION.-THE CONQUEROR IN KENT

210

XXI., XXII., XXIII. THE DOMESDAY SURVEY

216, 231, 242

XXIV. THE FEUDAL SYSTEM.--THE MANOR AND ITS COURT

271

XXV. WILLIAM Rufus.-HENRY I.--THE EARL, SHERIFF, COURT OF

EXCHEQUER, CORONER, BAILIFF.—CORPORATE TOWNS 277

XXVI. THE ANCIENT CITIES, TOWNS, AND CORPORATIONS OF KENT... 290

XXVII. THE “SEVEN HUNDREDS" IN THE WEALD

315

XXVIII. KING STEPHEN

325

XXIX. HENRY II.-RICHARD I.

337

XXX. KING JOHN

353

XXXI. THE FORESTS OF KENT AND THE FOREST LAWS.—THE OTHER

PRINCIPAL WOODS IN THE COUNTY

371

XXXII. THE CHURCH IN ANGLO-NORMAN TIMES

395

XXXIII. THE KENTISH Roang.–ARCHIEPISCOPAL RESIDENCES

408

APPENDIX. GEOLOGY OF THE WEALD

423

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