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the "window" theory of perception-Projection of sensations
THE NATURE AND OUR PERCEPTION OF MATTER
Nature of Matter-Reality and nature of atoms-Perception
Truth objective and subjective; or truth as fact or reality,
The intellect as conditioned in the making of truth by the
SUBJECT AND OBJECT.
THE SUBJECT OR SOUL
"To write a chapter for the purpose of showing that nothing is known, or can be known, of the subject which the title of the chapter indicates, will be thought strange." These are the words with which Mr. H. Spencer opens the chapter in his Psychology on the "Substance of Mind." The present discussion has its occasion in the conviction that the human mind is a permanent entity or substance, which can be and is known; and the primary purpose of the discussion is to expound and defend that conception. This statement is made for the convenience of the reader, that at the very beginning he may know clearly and certainly the point of view and aim of the essay; and it is hoped he will not be repelled by the frank avowal.
But this purpose, it must be admitted, goes against what seems to be the main psychological tendency of the time. It is the contention of many that "the explanation of psychic life demands the complete elimination of the concept of substance"; and that the concept prevails only among "unreflective minds." Some of the most zealous opponents deride mental substance as an "accursed idol."
1 Psychology, I, p. 145.